From Walt Brown
Have Scientific Tools Detected Adam and Eve within Us?
Virtually all cells of every living thing (plants, animals, and humans) contain tiny strands of coded information called DNA. DNA directs the cell, telling it what to produce and when. Therefore, much of your appearance and personality is determined by DNA you inherited from your parents.
In human cells, the nucleus contains 99.5% of the DNA. Half of it came from the individual's mother and half from the father. Because both halves are shuffled together, it is difficult to identify which parent contributed any tiny segment. In other words, half of this DNA changes with each generation. However, outside the nucleus of each cell are thousands of little energy-producing components called mitochondria, each containing a circular strand of DNA. This mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) comes only from, the mother. Where did she get hers? From her mother— and so on. Normally, mtDNA does not change from generation to generation.
DNA is written with an alphabet of four letters: A, G, T, and C. One copy of a person's mtDNA is 16,559 letters long. Sometimes a mutation changes one of the letters in the mtDNA that a mother passes on to her child. These rare and somewhat random changes allow geneticists to identify families. For example, if your grandmother experienced an early mutation in her mtDNA, her children and any daughters' children would carry the same changed mtDNA. It would differ, in general, from that in the rest of the world's population.1
In 1987, a team at the University of California at Berkeley published a study comparing the mtDNA- of 147 people from five of the world's geographic locations.2 They concluded that all 147 had the' same female ancestor. She is now called "the mitochondrial Eve"
Where did mitochondrial Eve live? Initial research concluded it was probably Africa. Later, after much debate, it was realized that Asia and Europe were also possible origins for the mitochondrial Eve.3
From a biblical perspective, do we know where Eve lived? Because the flood was so destructive, no one knows where the Garden of Eden was.4 However, Noah's three daughters-in-law, who lived only a dozen or so generations after Eve, began raising their families near Mount Ararat in eastern Turkey—very near the common boundary of Asia, Africa, and Europe. (Each of us can claim one of Noah's daughters-in-law as our ever-so-great grandmother.) So, it is not surprising that Asia, Africa, and Europe are candidate homes for mitochondrial Eve.
FALSE ASSUMPTION….. NOTE BROWN SAYS "NEAR MOUNT ARARAT." THE BIBLE SAYS NO SUCH THING. THE BIBLE SAYS "THE MOUNTAINS OF ARARAT." AND FURTHER IT IS SHOWN IN THE STUDY "NOAH'S FLOOD WAS NOT WORLDWIDE" [ON THIS WEBSITE] AND THERE IS A DISPUTE OVER WHERE THE MOUNTAINS OF ARARAT ARE LOCATED - Keith Hunt
Likewise, when similar words, sounds, and grammar of the world's most widely spoken languages are traced back in time, they also seem to originate near Ararat.5 Another convergence near eastern Turkey is found when one traces agriculture back in time.6
VERY DISPUTED IDEAS; THERE WAS ONE LANGUAGE AND SPEECH [GEN.11:1] IN THE WORLD, WHICH BY GENESIS 11 COULD HAVE COVERED MUCH LAND IN THE SO-CALLED MIDDLE-EAST; GOD CONFOUNDED THE LANGUAGE AND SCATTERED THE PEOPLE. THE ARGUMENTS ABOVE ARE WEAK TO TRY AND PROVE A CERTAIN POINT YOU HOLD - Keith Hunt
[Figure 167: Language Divergence. Languages are related, as are genes. One of thousands of examples is the word for "from, of." It exists in French (de), Italian (di), Spanish (de), Portuguese (de), and Romanian (de). So, these languages, now spoken generally in southwestern Europe, are twigs on a tree branch called the Romance languages (Romance referring to Rome). This branch joins a larger branch that includes all languages derived primarily from Latin. They merge with other large branches, such as the Germanic branch that includes English, into a family called the Indo-European languages. When these and other languages are traced, back in time, they appear to converge near Mount Ararat, a likely landing site of Noah's Ark. Linguists admit that they do not understand the origin of languages, only how languages spread.7]
NOTE BROWN'S WORDS "THEY APPEAR to converge near Mount Ararat" - AGAIN GRASPING AT STRAWS TO HOLD A SPECIFIC IDEA OF ONE MOUNTAIN THEY WANT TO CALL ARARAT IN A CERTAIN LOCATION, BECAUSE THEY BASE IT ALL ON A PREMISE THAT HAS NO BIBLICAL AUTHORITY TO UPHOLD IT; BUT OLD ESTABLISHED IDEAS AND BELIEFS ARE HARD TO LET GO OF - Keith Hunt
When did mitochondrial Eve live? To answer this, one must know how frequently mutations occur in mtDNA. Initial estimates were based on the following faulty-reasoning: "Humans and chimpanzees had a common ancestor about 5 million years ago. Because the mtDNA in humans and chimpanzees differ in 1,000 places, one mutation occurs about every 10,000 years." Another incorrect approach began by assuming that Australia was first populated 40,000 years ago. The average number of 'mitochondrial mutations' among Australian aborigines divided by 40,000 years gave another extremely slow mutation rate for mtDNA. These estimated rates, based on evolution, led to the mistaken belief that mitochondrial Eve lived 100,000-200,000 years ago.8 This surprised evolutionists who believe that our common ancestor was an apelike creature that lived 3 and 1/2. million years ago.
AGAIN FALSE PRESUMPTIONS BY EVOLUTIONISTS BASED UPON FALSE IDEAS OF MUTATIONS….. LEADS TO ONE FALSE IDEA BUILT UPON ANOTHER FALSE IDEA - Keith Hunt
A greater surprise, even disbelief, occurred in 1997, when it was announced that mutations in mtDNA occur 20 times faster than had been estimated. Without assuming that humans and chimpanzees had a common ancestor 5 million years ago or that Australia was populated 40,000 years ago, mutation rates can now be determined directly by comparing the mtDNA of many mother-child pairs. Using the new, more accurate rate, mitochondrial Eve lived only about 6,500 years ago?
NOPE! ALL THIS BASED UPON NEW IDEAS OF HOW FAST MUTATIONS OCCUR. HENCE BROWN LIKES THE NEW IDEA, AS IT PUTS THE TEACHING THAT ADAM AND EVE WERE CREATED ABOUT 6,000 YEARS AGO; A BELIEF HELD BY FUNDAMENTAL PROTESTANTS FOR THE LAST FEW HUNDRED YEARS. THE FALSENESS OF IT ALL LIES IN THE FACT MUTATIONS MAY NOT HAVE BEEN A CONSTANT, A LAW UNBREAKABLE, SINCE CREATION. GOD CAN HAVE MUTATIONS HAPPENING AS OFTEN AND AS VARIED IN TIME, AS HE WISHES. NONE OF US LIKE BROWN, WERE THERE IN THE BEGINNING, OR IN THE LAST THOUSANDS OF YEARS [HOWEVER MANY THOUSANDS] SINCE ADAM AND EVE - Keith Hunt
Is there a "genetic Adam"? A man receives from his father a segment of DNA which lies on the Y chromosome; this makes him a male. Where did your father receive his segment? From his father. If we all descended from one man, all males should have the same Y chromosome segment—except for rare mutations.
A 1995 study of a worldwide sample of 38 men showed no changes in this segment of the Y chromosome that is always inherited from fathers. Had humans evolved and all men descended from one male who lived 500,000 years ago, each should carry about 19 mutations. Had he lived 150,000 years ago, 5.5 mutations would be expected.10 Because no changes were found, our common father probably lived only thousands of years ago. While Adam was father of all, our most recent common male ancestor was Noah.
AGAIN FALSE PRESUMPTION THAT MUTATIONS WERE "CONSTANT" THROUGH PAST TIME; WHICH GIVES BROWN WHAT HE NEEDS TO PUT ADAM ABOUT 6,000 YEARS AGO, AS ALL FUNDAMENTAL PROTESTANTS STILL WANT TO TEACH - Keith Hunt
For completeness, we must also consider another possibility. Even if we all descended from the same female, other women may have been living at the same time. Their chains of continuous female descendants may have ended; their mtDNA died out. This happens with family names. If Mary and John XYZ have no sons, their unusual last name dies out. Likewise, many other men may have lived at the same time as our "genetic Adam (or Noah)." They might have no male descendants living today. How likely is it that other men lived a few thousand years ago but left no continuous male descendants, and other women lived 6,000 years ago but left no continuous female descendants, and we end up today with a world population of almost 7 billion people? Extremely remote!11
VARIOUS GRAPHS OF PAST HISTORY AND RECENT HISTORY SHOW HOW QUICKLY THE WORLD POPULATION IS MULTIPLYING TODAY, EVEN IN THE LAST 100 YEARS. AGAIN BROWN IS GRASPING AT STRAWS TO STICK TO A 6,000 YEAR AGO CREATION OF EVERYTHING IN THE UNIVERSE - Keith Hunt
Yes, new discoveries show that we carry traces of Adam and Eve in our cells. Furthermore, our common "parents" are probably removed from us by only 200-300 generations. All humans have a common and recent bond—a family bond. We are all cousins.
CERTAINLY WE ALL COME FROM ADAM AND EVE; 200-300 GENERATIONS IS ONLY GUESS WORK BY BROWN. SOME GENEALOGIES OF THE BIBLE, ACTUALLY LEAVE OUT GENERATIONS, WHICH SHOCKS MANY CHRISTIANS TO REALIZE THE WRITERS OF SOME BOOKS OF THE BIBLE ACTUALLY DID THIS.
FOR A FEW MORE SHOCKS, READ THE STUDY "HOW PAUL USED THE OLD TESTAMENT" ON THIS WEBSITE; BE PREPARED FOR SOME REVEALING TRUTH, THAT SHOW NOT ALL IS NICELY BLACK AND WHITE OR TIED UP NEATLY WITH A PINK RIBBON IN BIBLE USE.