THE  BOOK  OF  PROVERBS  #3



CHAPTER 9


Wisdom's Invitation



Wisdom has built her house, She has hewn out her seven pillars; 

2 She has slaughtered her meat, she has mixed her wine, she has also furnished her table. 

3 She has sent out her maidens, she cries out from the highest places of the city, 

4 Whoever is simple, let him turn in here!  As for him who lacks understanding,  she says to him, 

5 Come, eat of my bread and drink of the wine I have mixed. 

6 Forsake foolishness and live, and go in the way of understanding.

7 He who corrects a scoffer gets shame for himself, and he who rebukes a wicked man only 

harms himself. 

8 Do not correct a scoffer, lest he hate you;  rebuke a wise man, and he will love you.


VERSE  7  AND  8  HAVE  TO  BE  UNDERSTOOD  AS  “GENERAL”  STATEMENTS;  THERE  CAN  BE  A  TIME,  THE  RIGHT  TIME [HENCE  WISDOM]  THAT  A  SCOFFER  AND  WICKED  PERSON  NEED  TO  BE  REBUKED.  THEN  OTHER  TIMES  A  SCOFFER  AND  A  WICKED  PERSON  WILL  BRING  HARM  TO  YOU.  THE  WISE  PERSON  WILL  WANT  TO  BE  CORRECTED  WHEN  WRONG,  AND  THEY  WILL  LOVE  THOSE  WHO  CORRECT  -  Keith Hunt


9 Give Instruction to a wise man, and he will be still wiser; Teach a just man, and he will increase in learning.

10 The fear of the Lord is the beginning of wisdom, and the knowledge of the Holy One is understanding. 

11 For by me your days will be multiplied, and years of life will be added to you.

12 If you are wise, you are wise for yourself [it will be good to you - Keith Hunt] and if you scoff, you will bear it alone [ general statement - if you scoff when in the utter wrong, at those who are correct, you will be all alone to bear the ignominy (shame, disgrace) - Keith Hunt]

13 A foolish woman is clamorous [boisterous - mrg.]  She is simple, and knows nothing. 

14 For she sits at the door of her house, on a seat by the highest places of the city, 

15 To call to those who pass by, who go straight on their way: 

16 “Whoever is simple, let him turn in here"; and as for him who lacks understanding,  

she says to him, 

17 “Stolen water is sweet, and bread eaten in secret is pleasant." 

18 But he does not know that the dead are there, that her guests are in the depths of hell 

[or Sheol, which is death - Keith Hunt].

……


From  the  New  KJV  Study  Bible


9:1-18 These verses treat three themes with equal balance. Verses 1-6 describe the appeal of the good woman, wisdom. Verses 7-12 show the response of a wise man and a fool to wisdom. Verses 13-18 picture the call of folly, personified in the foolish immoral woman. 

9:1 Wisdom's house is sound and well built. Seven represents perfection. It will not fall (see Matt. 7:24-27).

9:3 Both wisdom and folly make'a public call from the highest places (see vv. 14,15). But there is no deception or secretiveness behind the call from wisdom (see vv. 17, 18 and note).

9:4-6 Wisdom and folly issue similar calls (see vv. 14-16). Both profess to help a young person "grow up." But wisdom brings maturity while folly deteriorates life. The one calls for open commitment; the other offers secret pleasures at no cost (v. 17).

9:7-9 The scoffer mocks the very principles of morality. He cannot be instructed and hurls his shame back upon the one who would correct him. The wise man accepts correction and grows wiser.

9:10,11 The fear of the Lord: Living in the light of God's commands is health; it prolongs the lives of many. See note on 3:16 and "The Fear of the Lord" at Gen. 20:11.

9:12 As folly destroys its follower, so wisdom benefits the wise: you are wise for your own profit.

9:13-16 To choose folly is to accept the seduction of a foolish (immoral) woman (7:5). Like wisdom, she too offers to teach the simple (see v. 4).

9:17,18 The seductress operates in secret ways and in dishonesty. Her guests die (v. 18); wisdom's guests live.

(v. 6).

……


CHAPTER 10


The Value of Wisdom


The proverbs of Solomon:


1 A wise son makes a glad father, but a foolish son is the grief of his mother.

WISE  ALSO  MAKES  GLAD  THE  MOTHER;  FOOLISH  GRIEVE  THE  FATHER  ALSO.  THIS  IS  IN  THE  CONTEXT  OF  FATHER  AND  MOTHER  WALKING  IN  THE  WAY  OF  THE  LORD  -  Keith Hunt


2 Treasures of wickedness profit nothing, but righteousness delivers from death.

IN  THE  LONG  TERM  OF  ETERNITY  WICKEDNESS  WILL  NOT  PROFIT;  RIGHTEOUSNESS  WILL  DELIVER  FROM  THE  SECOND  DEATH.  SO  IT  IS  THE  LONG  TERM  OF  THINGS  THAT  COUNTS,  FOR  WICKEDNESS  CAN  PROFIT  IN  THE  PHYSICAL  LIFE  AT  TIMES,  AND  SOMETIMES  THE  RIGHTEOUS  HAVE  BEEN  PUT  TO  DEATH  IN  PERSECUTION  -  Keith Hunt


3 The Lord will not allow the righteous soul to famish, but He casts away the desire of the wicked.

GENERAL  STATEMENTS - THE  RIGHTEOUS  DO  AT  TIMES  HAVE  BAD  TIMES  IN  THE  PHYSICAL [SEE  HEBREWS  11],  AND  SOMETIMES  THE  DESIRE  OF  THE  WICKED  DOES  COME  TO  PASS - Keith Hunt


4 He who has a slack hand becomes poor, but the hand of the diligent makes rich.

USUALLY  THE  SLACK  HANDED  PERSON  DOES  NOT  GAIN  WEALTH [UNLESS  THEY  WIN  THE  LOTTERY  OR  INHERIT  SOME  FORTUNE],  AND  THE  HAND  OF  THE  DILIGENT  MAKES  RICH,  IN  THE  SENSE  OF  LIVING  A  DECENT  PHYSICAL  LIFE,  MEETING  THE  PAYMENT  OF  BILLS  ETC.  GOD  IS  NOT  SAYING  TEACHING  HERE  THE  “PROSPERITY  GOSPEL”  THAT  SOME  TEACH;  BEING  “RICH”  IS  A  SEMANTIC  WORD  -  PAUL,  PETER,  JOHN,  NEVER  BECAME  ‘RICH’  IN  THE  PHYSICAL  WAY  MANY  WANT  TO  INTERPRET  THIS  WORD  -Keith Hunt


5 He who gathers in summer is a wise son; He who sleeps in harvest is a son who causes shame.

IT  IS  WISE  TO  SAVE  WHEN  TIMES  ARE  GOOD;  IT’S  UNWISE  TO  BE  SLEEPING  IN  YOUR  PHYSICAL  LIFE,  WHEN  THE  HARVEST  IS  GOOD  TO  BE  WISE  WITH  PHYSICAL  THINGS,  WHEN “TIMES  ARE  GOOD”  -  BE  WISE  WITH  YOUR  PHYSICAL  LIFE.  GOD  EXPECTS  HIS  CHILDREN  TO  BE  WISE  IN  USING  THE  PHYSICAL  THINGS  YOU  HAVE,  WHEN  TIMES  ARE  GOOD  -  Keith Hunt


6 Blessings are on the head of the righteous, but violence covers the mouth of the wicked.

GENERALLY,  WHEN  LIVING  THE  RIGHT  GODLY  WAY,  YOU  WILL  HAVE  MANY  BLESSINGS;  BUT  THE  WICKED  TEND  TO  SAY  WICKED  THINGS,  AND  SO  OFTEN  VIOLENCE  COMES  THEIR  WAY  -  Keith Hunt


7 The memory of the righteous is blessed, but the name of the wicked will rot.

MOST  ENJOY  HEARING  ABOUT  “GOOD”  PEOPLE,  PEOPLE  MENTORS  FOR  OTHERS.  BUT  THE  WICKED  MOST  OF  THE  TIME,  ARE  FORGOTTEN  AND  NOT  REMEMBERED.  YOU  HAVE  TO  HAVE  A  NAME  LIKE  ADOLPH  HITER  TO  BE  REMEMBERED  -  Keith Hunt


8 The wise in heart will receive commands, but a prating fool will fall.

IF  YOU  ARE  WISE  AND  RECEIVING  GOD’S  COMMANDMENTS.  YOU  ARE  INDEED  ON  THE  CORRECT  PATHWAY;  BUT  FOOLS  TEND  TO  PAY  NO  ATTENTION,  AND  WALK,  ON  TO  FALL  IN  THE  BRAMBLE  BUSH.

Keith Hunt


9 He who walks with integrity walks securely [sure keeps you out of a lot of troubles, that many who do not walk with integrity find coming their way - Keith Hunt]. 

But he who perverts his ways will become known [yes it usually comes out and people know and pass  it  on  -  Keith Hunt]


10 He who winks with the eye causes trouble, but a prating fool will fall [obviously this is the wrong winking with the eye, the intent of the heart is bad.  A fool is one step further, their whole  life  is  foolishness  that  usually  find  them  falling  on  their  nose  -  Keith Hunt[


11 The mouth of the righteous is a well of life, but violence covers the mouth of the wicked [as  the  mind  is  so  speaks  the  mouth,  the  righteous (Psalm 119:172) bring forth good  words;  the  wicked  in  heart, the  opposite  of  righteousness,  can  often  end  up  in  in  physical  violence;  they  speak  and  act  in  the  context  that  can  end  in  violence  -  Keith Hunt]

  

12 Hatred stirs up strife, but love covers all sins [we  are  witness  to  what  hatred  does,  on  the  news  each  day…..strife  and  often  killings.  Love  knows  when  to  not  broadcast  sins;  there  is  a  time  that  sins  must  be  declared,  but  at  other  times  love  must  cover  them  over.  Wisdom  and  God’s  word  tells  you  when  and  how.  My  study  “Church  Disfellowshipping”  under  my  section  Church  Government,  shows  you  how  to  apply  love  and  sin  -  Keith Hunt]


13 Wisdom is found on the lips of him who has understanding, but a rod is for the back of him who is devoid of understanding [wisdom  in  living  with  the  correct  mind  and  voice,  is  truly  understanding  how  to  live;  but  those  who  do  not  have  it,  can  get  into  troubles  where  physical  penalties  are  handed  out.  Singapore  has  laws  that  if  you  break  you  can  literally  get  the  cane  -  Keith Hunt]


14 Wise people store up knowledge, but the mouth of the foolish is near destruction [using  wisdom  correctly  knowledge  will  come  with  it,  you  learn  more  how  to  handle  things by  being  wise;  the  mouth  speaks  as  the  mind  is, and  so  foolishness  is  not  far  from  the  destruction  of  many  aspects  of  life.  How  many  times  have  you  heard  people  saying  “I  ended  up  in  this  mess  because  I  was  so  foolish”  -  Keith Hunt]


15 The rich man's wealth is his strong city; the destruction of the poor is their poverty [the  physical  rich  can  lord  it  over  their  subjects  or  employees;  they  do  not  realize  or  contemplate  it  is  largely  to  do  with  their  common  workers  that  helped  them  get  rich;  so  if  the  relatively  poor  and/or  average  worker  is  not  there,  the  ones  who  got  rich  on  their  back,  they  themselves  will  see  poverty  -  Keith Hunt]


16 The labor of the righteous leads to life, The wages of the wicked to sin [living in,  working  in  righteousness  will  usually  bring  forth  a  good  life,  certain  in  the  long  run  it  will  be  life  instead  of  death.  Not  that  we  can  use  good  works  to  inherit  eternal  life,  but  God  will  not  give  eternal  life  through  grace  and  faith  to  those  who  work/live  wickedly,  for  all  they  bring  forth  is  sin,  and  Paul  said,  the  wages  of  sin  is  death (Romans 6:23)  - Keith Hunt]


17 He who keeps instruction is in the way of life, but he who refuses correction goes astray [God  can  only  give eternal  life  to  those  who  can  be  led  to  keep  instruction.  God  instructs  that  repentance  is  needed  to  have  eternal  life;  but  those  that  refuse  to  be  instructed  are  on  the  wrong  path,  and  can  not  have  life  eternal.  Even  in  this  physical  life  willing  to  be  instructed  and  follow  the  right  way,  gives  a  better  life  than  those  who  will  not  be  instructed  to  their  own  folly  -  Keith Hunt]


18 Whoever hides hatred has lying lips, and whoever spreads slander is a fool [if  you  are  going  to  hide  your  hatred  from  people,  sooner  or  later  you  will  have  to  lie;  spreading  untruths  about  people  will  come  back  on  you,  for  what  your  doing  people  will  discern  eventually,  and  you  end  up  with  people  against  you,  thinking  your  a  very  foolish  person;  you  will  have  very  few  friends,  if  any  -  Keith Hunt]

……


From  the  New  KJV  Study  Bible


10:1—22:16 The value and the practice of wisdom are encouraged throughout these chapters. No organization of the material under specific themes is apparent.


10:1—15:33 This section of the book is characterized by proverbs which contrast wise and foolish behavior. There is a recurring use of the word but to set the one against the other.

10:1 proverbs of Solomon: See note on 1:1-7 and Introduction: Author.

10:2 Treasures of wickedness are acquired by unjust or immoral means. Righteousness is our security against the ultimate threat of death.

10:4,5 Hard work and diligence produce both material gain and moral character.

10:6, 7 Violence fills the speech of an evil person (see v. 11); therefore, the memory of him will be an unpleasant thing.

10:8 A prating fool talks big, but eventually comes to shame.

10:9 will become known: as Moses warned Israel about breaking God's command, "Be sure your sins will find you out" (Num. 32:23).

10:10 winks with the eye: A sign of insincerity (see 16:30).

10:12 Love soothes and calms differences; it does not stress them. The result is reconciliation and peace. See  1 Cor. 13:4-7.

10:13 Force sometimes awakens the fool and results in understanding.

10:14 mouth ... near destruction: In contrast to the wise man, the foolish talk before they understand.

10:15 Wealth cannot satisfy every need, but poverty often encourages crime and destruction of persons.

……


19 In the multitude of words sin is not lacking, but he who restrains his lips is wise [Paul condemned the busybody, always talking, to no good  end, there’s  a  time  to  refrain  from  talking  too  much,  it  often  ends  up  sliding  down  into  sin. James  chapter  two  expounds  on this  proverb  -  Keith Hunt]

 

20 The tongue of the righteous is choice silver; the heart of the wicked is worth little [a contrast  between  goodness  and  wickedness  -  Keith Hunt]


21 The lips of the righteous feed many, but fools die for lack of wisdom [the  righteous  know  how  to  help  others;  the  fools  have  no  such  discernment,  for  lack  of  wisdom  -  Keith Hunt]


22 The blessing of the Lord makes one rich, and He adds no sorrow with it [certainly  a  general  statement  -  for  the  fact  is  some  Christians  do  not  become  “rich”  in  the  physical  life,  and  they  can  have  sorrow.  But  the  Lord  blesses  in  the  spiritual,  and  so  is  rich;  the  sorrow  that  comes  is  bearable  -  Keith Hunt] 


23 To do evil is like sport to a fool, but a man of understanding has wisdom [the  wise  person  knows  the  end  result  of  evil  is  not  good;  but  the  foolish  think  of  it  as  a  sport  to  do  evil,  their  mind  lacks  even  common  sense  -  Keith Hunt]


24 The fear of the wicked will come upon him, and the desire of the righteous will be granted [often  but  not  always,  the  wicked  get  what  they  know  can  come  their  way  from  the  authorities;  if  they  reject  salvation  they  will  know  the  second  death  awaits  them.  The  desire  of  those  living  within  God’s  law,  living  by  God’s  every  word,  the  righteous,  will  have  their  desire  of  eternal  life.  Their  desire  in  the  here  and  now  may  be  granted   as  the  NT  says,  if  we  ask  according  to  His  will.  For  both  the  wicked  and  the  righteous  in  the  now,  has  to  be  understood  as  a  general  statement  -  Keith Hunt]


25 When the whirlwind passes by, the wicked is no more, but the righteous has an everlasting foundation [in  the  here  and  now,  in  the  physical,  this  is  also  a  general  statement;  in  the  spiritual  end  result,  the  wicked  will  be  no  more,  and  the  righteous  will  have  the  foundation  of  eternal  life  -  Keith Hunt]


26 As vinegar to the teeth and smoke to the eyes, so is the lazy man to those who send him [it  is  not  a  good  thing  for  the  hirer  to  have  a  lazy  man  working  for  him;  and  it  is  not  good  for  the  sender,  to  hire  out  a  lazy  man;  your  business  will  not  last  long  if  your  hired  out  hands  are  lazy….a  bad  reputation  flies  around  like  a  house  on  fire  -  Keith Hunt]


27 The fear of the Lord prolongs days, but the years of the wicked will be shortened [a very  general  statement,  for  we  know  not  all  of  God’s  children  do  not  live  long  lives;  and  the  years  of  the  wicked  are  not  always  shortened.  This  is  certainly  a  proverb  that  shows  the  Bible  uses  “general  statements”  -  actually  many  of  the  proverbs  are  in  the  general  statement  category  -  Keith Hunt]


28 The hope of the righteous will be gladness, but the expectation of the wicked will perish [once  more  the  end  result  in  the  long  term  will  be  such;  it  does  not  always  work  this  way  in  this  physical  life.  We  should  not  think  all  Christians  will  have  a  “charmed  life”  -  gladness  and  a  big  party  all  the  time;  what  the  wicked  hope  for  some  do  see  it  happen  -  Keith Hunt]


29 The way of the Lord is strength for the upright, but destruction will come to the  workers of iniquity [again  in  the  long  term  at  the  end  of  it  all,  the  upright  will  be  eternally  strong,  the  workers  of  iniquity  shall  be  destroyed  in  the  second  death  -  Keith Hunt]


30 The righteous will never be removed, but the wicked will not inhabit the earth [this  is  most  definitely  looking  at  the  end  result  of  the  plan  of  God  for  mankind  on  this  earth;  and  note  the  truth  that  it  is  this  earth  that  the  righteous  inherit,  as  proved  by  many  studies  on  this  website  -  Keith Hunt]


31 The mouth of the righteous brings forth wisdom,  but the perverse tongue will be cut out  [a  way  of  saying  the  righteous  and  their  wise  tongue  will  prevail  over  the  perverse  tongue,  not  always  in  this  life,  but  at  the  end  of  it  all,  when  the  Eternal’s  plan  for  mankind  is  complete  the  righteous  tongue  will  prevail  over  the  perverse  tongue  -  Keith Hunt]


32 The lips of the righteous know what is acceptable, but the mouth of the wicked is perverse  [as  the  mind  so  the  mouth  speaks;  the  righteous  know  what  righteousness  is (Psalm 119: 172),  so  what  is  acceptable  to  God;  the  mind  and  mouth  of  the  wicked  is  twisted  and  perverse  -  Keith Hunt]

……


CHAPTER 11


Wickedness Is Folly


Dishonest scales are an abomination to the Lord, but a just weight is His delight [honest businesses are God’s delight - Keith Hunt]


2 When pride comes, then comes shame; but with the humble is wisdom [many  a  person  has  fallen  into  sin  and  shame  from  getting  a  big  head  through  human  proudness;  the  ones  who  stay  humble  are  using  wisdom  -  Keith Hunt]


3 The integrity of the upright will guide them, but the perversity of the unfaithful will destroy them [keeping  integrity  and  humbleness  in  serving  the  Lord  will  guide  and  keep  them  in  the  right  path;  but  the  unfaithful in  God’s  ways  will  in  the  end  destroy  them  -  Keith Hunt]


4 Riches do not profit in the day of wrath, but righteousness delivers from death [when  the  day  of  God’s  wrath  comes  to  earth  all  the  physical  riches  will  not  profit;  the  righteous (Ps. 119: 172)  who  have  Jesus  as  personal  Saviour,  and  obey  the  commandments  of  God  will  be  delivered  from  the  second  death,  for  the  righteous  are  not  always  in  this  life  delivered  from  death  from  persecution  etc.  Keith Hunt]


5 The righteousness of the blameless will direct his way aright, but the wicked will fall by his

own wickedness [ walking  with  God  in  righteousness  will  lead  to  walking aright;  the  wicked  often  fall  by  their  wickedness  in  this  life,  and  staying  wicked  will  in  the  end  pay  them  the  ultimate  fall  into  the  second  death  -  Keith Hunt]


6 The righteousness of the upright will deliver them, but the unfaithful will be caught by their lust [being  righteous  now  does  not  always  deliver  you (Hebrews  11)  from  hardships  and/or  persecution  even  unto  death  -  in  the  end  they  will  be  delivered  from  eternal  death;  the  unrepentant  unfaithful  with  their  lusts  will  be  caught  in  the  end,  and  suffer  destruction  for  all  eternity  -  Keith Hunt]

……


From  the  New  KJV  Study  Bible


10:19-21 Three proverbs which meditate on the connection between the lips and the heart (see center-column note on v. 21). The words of the righteous are beneficial to others because they come from a heart that has wisdom. 

10:22 The Lord gives riches that bring no regrets., 

10:23 He is a fool who gets his enjoyment from doing evil. 10:24, 25 God is on the side of the righteous. The wicked who do not repent must finally perish. See vv. 27-30; Ps. 1:6

10:26 The lazy man is trouble, not help, to those who would employ him.

10:30 never be removed ... not inhabit: On this contrast see 2:21, 22 and note.

10:31, 32 Living righteous lives helps develop straight thinking and consequently acceptable speech.

11:1 Dishonest scales did not show true weight. This social and economic abuse is condemned throughout the OT (see Mic. 6:11 and note). God is a God of truth.

11:4 Righteousness delivers from death because righteousness pleases God; riches do not endear one to Him.

……


7 When a wicked man dies, his expectation will perish, and the hope of the unjust perishes [most  wicked  persons  know  there  is  no  good  reward  for  them  as  their  life  comes  to  an  end  -  Keith Hunt]


8 The righteous is delivered from trouble, and it comes to the wicked instead [ certainly  a  general  statement  here;  the  righteous  are  not  always  delivered  from  troubles,  the  apostle  Paul  surely  was  not;  and  trouble  does  not  always  come  to  the  wicked,  so  a  general  statement  -  Keith Hunt]


9 The hypocrite with his mouth destroys his neighbor, but through knowledge the righteous will be delivered [ the  hypocrite  in  many  ways  can  destroy  those  near  to  him;  those  who  are  righteous  in  life  and  have  knowledge  will  so  have  wisdom,  which  can  often  deliver  them  from  many  troubles  -  a  general  statement  for  the  righteous  are  not  always  delivered…..if  the  apostle  Paul  was  here  he  would  surely  tell  you  so,  from  experience  -  Keith Hunt]


10 When it goes well with the righteous the city rejoices; and when the wicked perish, there is jubilation [ if  a  city  was  to  follow  God  in  all  ways,  truly  there  would  be  rejoicing;  as  the  wicked  would  become  less  and  less,  people  would  be  in  jubilation  -  Keith Hunt]


11 By the blessing of the upright the city is exalted, but it is overthrown by the mouth of the wicked

[if  the  wicked  increase  in  the  city; if  by  word  of  mouth  the  wicked  increase,  and  evil  is  passed  on  from  one  to  another,  the  one  time  exalted  in  uprightness  city,  will  be  overcome  by  the  wicked  -  Keith Hunt]


12 He who is devoid of wisdom despises his neighbor, but a man of understanding holds his peace [is  takes  wisdom  at  times  to  get  along  with  neighbours,  to  know  when  it  is  better  to  hold  your  peace  and  not  try  to  win  every  situation  -  Keith Hunt]


13 A talebearer reveals secrets, but he who is of a faithful spirit conceals a matter [ not  every  personal  thing,  or  known  thing  about  this  or  that  person  needs  to  be  revealed  and  made  public  -  wisdom  knows  when  to  keep  a  matter  concealed  -  Keith Hunt]


14 Where there is no counsel, the people fall; but in the multitude of counsellors there is safety [being  too  independent  can  bring  troubles;  it  is  good  to  have  a  mind-set  that  realizes  some  matters  need  to  have  many  counsellors  involved.  This  also  teaches  us  to  be  humble,  and  to  know  you  are  not  skilled  in  everything  -  Keith Hunt]


15 He who is surety for a stranger will suffer, but one who hates being surety is secure [we  have  already  covered  this  wise  proverb,  regarding  signing  as  a  co-signature  that  involves  physical  things  or  debt-money.  Here  it  is  doubly  wrong  if  you  hardly  know  the  person.  This  is  twice  given  as  a  double  emphasis  not  to  be  a  co-signer  for  anyone  -  Keith Hunt]


16 A gracious woman retains honor, but ruthless men retain riches [ you  may  loose  some  physical  whatevers….but retain honor;  you  can  be  like  the  ruthless  people  who  are  only  concerned  with  physical  riches  and  to  hell  with  everything  else  -  Keith Hunt]


17 The merciful man does good for his own soul, but he who is cruel troubles his own flesh [it can be therapeutic  to  the  life  to  show  mercy; being  a  curial  person  will  as  they  say,  eat  away  at  you..... there  are  literal  chemical  released  in  either  good  or  bad  emotions  -  Keith Hunt]


18 The wicked man does deceptive work, but he who sows righteousness will have a sure reward [many  wicked  people  can  be  deceptive  in  their  working  life;  sowing  the  commandments (righteousness - Ps. 119:172) of  God  will  bring  a  good  reward;  as  the  saying  goes,  what  you  sow  you  reap  -  Keith Hunt]


19 As righteousness leads to life, so he who pursues evil pursues it to his own death [the  Bible  teaches  over  and  over,  that  serving  God  will  lead  to  eternal  life;  living  in  evil  will  lead  to  eternal  death  -  Keith Hunt]  


20 Those who are of a perverse heart are an abomination to the Lord, but the blameless in their ways are His delight [ those  who  are,  in  God’s  sight  perverse  are  they  who  will  not  REPENT  OF  SINS!  Those  classified  as  blameless  are  worshipping  the  Father  in  Spirit  and  in  Truth.  Under  the  grace  of  God,  forgiven,  and  Jesus  as  intercessor  when  they  do  fall  and  slip,  we  are  kept  under  the  grace  of  God  -  Keith Hunt]


21 Though they join forces, the wicked will not go unpunished; but the posterity of the righteous will be delivered [has  to  be  a  “general”  statement,  for  some  wicked  do  not  always  get  punished;  and  some  of  the  righteous  do  not  get  delivered (see  Hebrews 11) - Keith Hunt]


22 As a ring of gold  in a swine’s snout, so is a lovely woman who lack discretion [they  two  just  do  not  match;  God  created  beauty  in  the  female,  but  if  it  goes  no  further  you  know  what  they  say,  “Beauty  is  only  skin  deep.”  Truly  a  woman  who  is  beautiful  on  the  inside  as  well  as  the  outside,  is  truly  blessed,  and  blesses  all  who  know  her  -  Keith Hunt]


23 The  desire of the righteous is only good, but the expectation of the wicked is wrath [the  right  mind-set  following  God’s  righteousness,  has  goodness  in  view  as  a  way  of  life;  the  wicked  know  deep  down  they  are  in  the  wrong  before  man  and  God;  they  can  only  expect  wrath  to  catch  up  to  them  for  living  wickedly  -  Keith Hunt]


24 There is one who scatters, yet increases more; and there is one who withholds more than is right, but it leads to poverty [“There  are  those  who (generously) scatter abroad, and yet increase more; there are those who withhold more than is fitting, or what is justly due, but it results only in want” - Amplified Bible.  This is a general statement as we know it does not always work out to be so in every individual case. Nevertheless  we  should  be  on  the  giving  side;  to  give  to  others  is  a  blessing;  we  give  what  we  can  and  how  we  can  and  when  we  can  -  Keith Hunt]


25 The generous soul will be made rich, and he who waters will also be watered himself [if  thinking  only  in  the  physical  riches,  it  is  a  general  statement,  as  not  all  giving  people  will  become  rich  in  the  physical.  But  a  person  who  is  of  a  giving  nature  will  be  blessed  in  other  ways  than  physical  riches. As  it  is  written  “It  is  more  blessed  to  give  than  to  receive”  -  Keith Hunt]


26 The people will curse him who withholds grain, but blessing will he on the head of him who sells it [“The people curse him who hold back grain (when the public needs it), but a blessing (from God and man) is upon the head of him who sells it” -  Amplified Bible. In the long run of things the greedy and spiteful person will find he has few friends, and do himself harm, in not doing what is right and proper. The  man  who  sells  when  he  clearly  sees  the  need  to  do  so  to  help  others,  will  find a blessing, even if only having people love and respect  him - Keith Hunt]

……


From  the  New  KJV  Study  Bible


11:7 The wicked place their hope in things that will not last beyond this lifetime (see Matt. 6:19, 20).

11:8 The righteous do not escape all trouble, but they miss the misery that comes because of wickedness.

11:9 Knowledge serves as a defense against the malicious words of the godless hypocrite, helping the righteous know how to cope with such evil.

11:11 The prosperity of a city comes because God is pleased with the upright. Sodom is an example of a city overthrown because of the wicked (Gen. 18:20, 21; 19:24,25).

11:13 A talebearer deliberately betrays others. Joseph, a faithful man, dealt justly with Mary; he did not reveal her supposed problem (Matt. 1:19).

11:15 See 6:1-5 and note.

11:17 troubles his own flesh: Our violent and unjust acts are ultimately against ourselves. See 1:18, 19 and note.

11:19 life ... death: See 8:32-36 and note.

11:24-26 The more we give of ourselves to others, the more we receive: In contrast, one who does not share with others finds that others will not share with him.

……


27 He who earnestly seeks good finds favor, but trouble will come to him who seeks evil.

WHAT  WE  SOW  WE  SHALL  REAP  -  Keith Hunt


28 He who trusts in his riches will fall, but the righteous will flourish like foliage.

RICHES  ARE  NOIT  WRONG;  BUT  TRUSTING  IN  THEM…..EVENTUALLY  THEY  WILL  FAIR  US;  THE  RIGHTEOUS  WILL  FLOURISH,  MAYBE  NOT  SO  MUCH  IN  THIS  LIFE  BUT  IN  ETERNITY…..WHO  CAN  COMPARE  -  Keith Hunt


29 He who troubles his own house will inherit the wind, and the fool will be servant to the wise of heart.

BEING  THE  TROUBLE  MAKER  IN  YOUR  OWN  FAMILY,  WILL  IN  TIME,  INHERIT  WHAT  THE  WIND  CAN  CRUSH  AND  BLOW  AWAY;  IT  WILL  BE  YOUR  RUIN.  FOOLS  IN  THE  WAY  THEY  LIVE  USUALLY  END  UP  SERVING  THE  WISE  -  Keith Hunt


30 The fruit of the righteous is a tree of life, and he who wins souls is wise.

YOU  CAN  WIN  THEM  IN  MANY  WAYS.  AS  PAUL  SAID,  “AS  MUCH  AS  LIES  WITHIN  YOU,  LIVE  PEACEABLY  WITH  ALL  MEN.”  DOING  THE  RIGHTEOUSNESS  OF  GOD  DOES  BEAR  FRUIT,  IN  THIS  LIFE  IT  WILL  KEEP  YOU  FROM  MANY  MISTAKES  AND  SINS  WHICH  COULD  HAVE  DIRE  RESULTS.  JESUS  GAVE  A  PARABLE  ON  HAVING  FRIENDS  OF  MOMMON  OR  THE  UNCONVERTED. MANY OF THE UNCONVERTED  ARE  NICE  PEOPLE,  WHO  CAN  HELP  YOU  IN  VARIOUS  WAYS  WHEN  HELP  IS  NEEDED  -  Keith Hunt


31 If the righteous will be recompensed on the earth, how much more the ungodly and the sinner.

IN  THE  END  THERE  IS  A  TIME  OF  RECKONING   FOR  BOTH   THE  RIGHTEOUS  AND  THE  UNREPENTANT  SINNER  -  Keith Hunt

……


From  the  New  JKV  Study  Bible


11:30 He who wins souls is one who persuades or wins men and women to wisdom. Christ is the wisdom of God for the Christian (see 1 Cor. 1:24, 30).

11:31 The sinner certainly cannot escape punishment because even the righteous must face the consequences of their activities (see 1 Pet. 4:18). on the earth: The OT people did not have a clear understanding of rewards and punishment beyond this lifetime, but there are intimations of such (see Ps. 49:19 and note).

……


THE  “JUDGEMENT  DAY”  FOR  THE  RIGHTEOUS,  IS  NOT  GOING  TO  BE  AS  MANY  TEACHERS  HAVE  DESCRIBED,  STANDING  BEFORE  GOD  AND  HAVING  ALL  YOUR  “GOOD”  AND  “BAD”  WORDS  AND  DEEDS  THROWN  UP  ON  A  SCREEN,  THEN  REWARDED [BEING  SAVED  IS  BY  GRACE;  REWARDS  ARE  BY  WORKS]  ON  YOUR  MERITS.  I  HAVE  ON  THIS  WEBSITE  A  FULL  STUDY  CALLED  “JUDGEMENT  DAY”  -  YOU  NEED  TO  STUDY  IT  AND  LEARN  THE  TRUTH  -  Keith Hunt


CHAPTER 12 


Righteousness Is Wise


Whoever loves instruction loves knowledge, but he who hates correction is stupid […..but he who hates reproof  is  like  a  brute  beast,  stupid  and  indiscriminating - Amplified Bible.  Pretty  well  says  it  all  if  you  do  not  like  correction  -  Keith Hunt]


2 A good man obtains favor from the Lord, but a man of wicked intentions He will condemn.


3 A man is not established by wickedness, but the root of the righteous cannot be moved [in the long run of it all  the righteous  will  win,  the  wicked  only  for  a  while  -  Keith Hunt]


4 An excellent wife is the crown of her husband, but she who causes shame is like rottenness in his bones [they  say  behind  every  good  man  there  is  a  woman; if  a  woman  causes  shame,  it  is  like  the  man’s  bones  are  slowly  decaying  -  Keith Hunt]  


5 The thoughts of the righteous are right, but the counsels of the wicked are deceitful [the thoughts and purposes of the (consistently) righteous are honest and reliable, but the counsels and designs of the wicked are treacherous - Amplified Bible. Not all the wicked are so, but the consistently righteous will never be counsels of treacherousness - Keith Hunt]


6 The words of the wicked are, "Lie in wait for blood,"  but the mouth of the upright will deliver them […..but the mouth of the upright shall deliver them and the innocent ones (thus entangled) - Amplified Bible.  There  is  hope  with  the  upright  when  things  look  bad;  the  words  of  the  wicked  only  bring  hardship  and  even  blood  -  Keith Hunt]


7 The wicked are overthrown and are no more, but the house of the righteous will stand [a  general  statement  for  this  age,  as  sometimes  the  wicked  are  not  overthrown,  and  troubles  can  come  on  the  righteous;  in  the  end  of  it  all,  this  proverb  will  stand  as  written  -  Keith Hunt]


8 A man will be commended according to his wisdom, but he who is of a perverse heart will be despised [a man shall be commended according to his Wisdom (godly Wisdom, which is comprehensive insight into the ways and purposes of God). but he who is of perverse heart shall be despised - Amplified Bible.  Most people like someone who has good wisdom in how to live, in actions and speech; the crooked and perverse in attitude and life will be despised by most people - Keith Hunt] 


9 Better is the one who is flighted but has a servant, than he who honors himself but lacks bread.

[Better is he who is lightly esteemed but works for his own support, than he who assumes honor for himself and lacks bread - Amplified Bible. Better  to  have  people  look  down  on  you (for whatever reason)  and  have  work  to  support  yourself,  than  he  who  has  self-deception  in  honoring  himself,  but  does  not  have  enough  to  eat,  by  being  lazy  -  Keith Hunt]


10 A righteous man regards the life of his animal, but the tender mercies of the wicked are cruel.

[A (consistently) righteous man regards the life of his beast, but even the tender mercies of the wicked are cruel (Deut. 25:4) - Amplified Bible.  The Lord makes it clear here that those who do not give much honor or respect to the life of their animal, are simply wicked  -  their  mind-set is such that even if they had some tender mercies in their brain, even that would still be in the cruel category as far as God is concerned  -  Keith Hunt]


11 He who tills his land will be satisfied with bread, but he who follows frivolity is devoid of understanding [the  one  who  values  a  work  ethic  will  have  his  physical  needs;  he  who  wants  to  party  all  the  time  will  find  his  needs  are  hard  to  come  by,  unless  he’s  got  inheritance  money,  or  won  the  lottery  -  Keith Hunt]


12 The wicked covet the catch of evil men, but the root of the righteous yields fruit [those  who  want  easy  money  through  evil  deeds  are  in  the  group  of  “the  wicked”;  the  ones  doing  righteousness  will  yield  good  fruit  that  will  be  pleasing  to  mankind  and  to  God  - Keith Hunt]


13 The wicked is ensnared by the transgression of his lips, but the righteous will come through trouble [usually  those  who  are  doing  wickedly  will  often  be  snared  by  their  every  own  words;  the  righteous  will  come  through  troubles,  yet  not  always  right  away  -  Keith Hunt]


14 A man will be satisfied with good by the fruit of his mouth, and the recompense of a man's hands will be rendered to him [what  you  say,  speak,  and  work  at  in  life,  will  pay  you  back,  either  good  fruit  or  bad  fruit.  Our  words  and  actions  do  come  back  on  us  in  the  end,  sometimes  sooner,  sometimes  later,  but  we  do  reap  what  we  sow  -  Keith Hunt]

……


From  the  New  JKV  Study  Bible


12:2 Intentions are the basis of God's judgments. See

I Sam. 16:7.

12:4 An excellent wife in Hebrew thought is one who is industrious, morally upright, strong, and productive (see 31:10-31).

12:6 Lie in wait: Their words are an ambush for their victims.

12:9 slighted: Receives no attention. It is better to say too little about yourself than too much.

12:10 A righteous man considers others, even animals. The wicked are so heartless, that even their kindness is cruel.

12:12 That which is off limits always attracts the wicked.

12:14 The mouth and hands are our most productive  members; success or failure depends on their proper use.

……


15 The way of a fool is right in his own eyes, but he who heeds counsel is wise.

PRETTY  WELL  EXPANDS  ITSELF  -  Keith Hunt


16 A fool's wrath is known at once, but a prudent man covers shame [A fools wrath is quickly and openly known, but a prudent man ignores an insult - Amplified Bible]


17 He who speaks truth declares righteousness, but a false witness, deceit [He who breathes out truth shows forth righteousness (uprightness and right standing with God), but a false witness utters deceit - Amplified Bible. The Bible definition of righteousness is found in Ps. 119:172 - Keith Hunt]


18 There is one who speaks like the piercings of a sword, but the tongue of the wise promotes health [There are those who speak rashly, like the piercing of a sword, but the tongue of the wise bring healing - Amplified Bible.  The wise know when to speak and how to speak in any given situation  -  Keith Hunt]


19 The truthful lip shall be established forever, but a lying tongue is but for a moment [Truthful lips shall be established forever, but a lying tongue is (credited) but for a moment - Amplified Bible. The NT says no liar shall enter God’s Kingdom. You can lie in many ways, certainly by word of mouth, but there is a lying of life, some call it being a hypocrite - the ultimate of would be saying you are a Christian but living a life that does not emulate Christ at all  -  Keith Hunt]


20 Deceit is in the heart of those who devise evil, but counselors of peace have joy [Deceit is in the heart of those who devise evil, but for the counsellors of peace there is joy - Amplified Bible. Paul was inspired to say, “If it be possible, as much as lies in you live peaceably with all men” (Rom. 12:18) - Keith Hunt]


21 No grave trouble will overtake the righteous, but the wicked shall be filled with evil [certainly a “general statement” here; trouble can come upon the righteous - the apostle Paul is an example, even to loosing your life as he did. The wicked at times seem to prosper, often evil does catch them in their wickedness. Overall the righteous being wise are kept from many troubles, the wicked tend to find trouble; the wicked drug gangs often kill each other and etc. Keith Hunt]


22 Lying lips are an abomination to the Lord, but those who deal truthfully are His delight [pretty straightforward here, it means what it says - Keith Hunt]


23 A prudent man conceals knowledge, but the heart of fools proclaims foolishness [A prudent man is reluctant to reveal knowledge, but the heart of (self-confident) fools proclaim their folly (Isa. 32:6) - Amplified Bible. The wise and prudent person knows when to speak knowledge and when not to. As Jesus said do not cast your pears before swine  -  Keith Hunt


24 The hand of the diligent will rule, but the lazy man will be put to forced labor [it tends to be so, at least in the business world; the hard working get promoted while the lazy stay put like being in forced labor camp;  you reap what you sow  -  Keith Hunt]


25 Anxiety in the heart of man causes depression, but a good word makes it glad [worries, and being stressed out over this or that can lead to mental depression;  someone coming along and speaking a good and helpful word makes the heart glad - Keith Hunt]


26 The righteous should choose his friends carefully, for the way of the wicked leads them astray [oh so true; mix with the wrong people and all kinds of evil can come your way. “Evil communication corrupts good manners” - 1 Cor. 15:33  - Keith Hunt]


27 The lazy man does not roast what he took in hunting, but diligence is man's precious possession [some are not totally lazy; some will hunt but then too lazy to skin and cook. So even “part lazy” is not here given a good word. Not following through on things you do in life can give you bad results  -  Keith Hunt]


28  In the way of righteousness is life, and in its pathway there is no death.

THOSE  SERVING  GOD  AND  CHRIST  IN  THE  CORRECT  MIND-SET,  REPENTANCE,  HUMILITY,  WILLING  TO  BE  CORRECTED,  GROWING  IN  GRACE  AND  KNOWLEDGE,  DOING  THE  WILL  OF  GOD,  WILL  NEVER  SEE  THE  SECOND  DEATH,  BUT  ARE  UNDER  GRACE  AND  WILL  FIND  ETERNAL  LIFE  -  Keith Hunt


……


From  the  New  KJV  Study  Bible


12:16 covers shame: Unlike the fool whose temper is uncontrolled, the prudent person - does not react quickly, either to the shame of an insult or perhaps in ways which would lead to later shame.

12:18 Blurting out all we know is not always necessary or helpful.

12:19 Truth can stand the test of time. Lies cannot: 

12:20 Only deceit can find lodging in the hearts of those who plot violence and aggression;  

12:21 Those who seek peace with their neighbors will find roon for joy. See Matt. 5:9. 

12:22 an abomination: See 6:16-19 and note. He who does not deal truthfully cannot delight the Lord.

12:25 A verse to be memorized and remembered when encountering those who are discouraged by life's trials. A good word is a word of encouragement, faith, or hope.

12:28 Righteousness always makes life better. In following God's way there is no permanent loss. The one who rejects righteousness rejects life itself (see 8:36; 11:19).

……


CHAPTER 13 


Wisdom Loves Righteousness


A wise son heeds his father's instruction, but a scoffer does not listen to rebuke.

AS  SONS  OF  GOD  WE  MUST  BE  WILLING  TO  LISTEN  TO  HIM;  LISTEN  TO  HIM  IS  MAINLY  BY  READING  HIS  WORD  -  HE  TALKS  TO  US  THROUGH  HIS  WORD;  THE  MIND-SET  OF  THE  SCOFFER  IS  NOT  WILLING  TO  BE  CORRECTED  -  Keith Hunt


2 A man shall eat well by the fruit of his mouth, but the soul of the unfaithful feeds on violence. 

BY  OUR  MOUTH  THE  HEART  AND  MIND  SPEAK. THE  TONGUE  CAN  GIVE  US  GOOD  FRUIT  OR  BAD  FRUIT  -  SEE  JAMES  CHAPTER  3.  THOSE  NOT  IN  TUNE  TO  GOD  CAN  BRING  FORTH  VARIOUS  TYPES  OF  VIOLENCE.  FOR  VIOLENCE  DOES  NOT  ALWAYS  HAVE  TO  BE  PHYSICAL  -  Keith Hunt


3 He who guards his mouth preserves his life, but he who opens wide his lips shall have destruction.

ONCE  MORE  THE  MOUTH  IS  A  LITTLE  MEMBER  OF  OUR  BODY  BUT  CAN  HAVE  HUGE  IMPLICATIONS  EITHER  GOOD  OR  BAD.  THINKING  BEFORE  SPEAKING SHOULD  BE  OUR  AIM.  THOSE  WHO  TEND  TO  BE  ALWAYS  TALKING  WILL  USUALLY  NOT  BE  GUARDING  THEIR  TONGUE,  SO  THEY  GET  THEMSELVES  INTO  A  DESTRUCTIVE  LIFE  PATTERN  -  Keith Hunt


4 The soul of a lazy man desires, and has nothing; but the soul of the diligent shall be made rich.

THE  LIFE  OF  THE  LAZY  WILL  FIND  THEY  HAVE  LITTLE  TO  SHOW  FOR  IT  AS  WE  SAY.  THE  LIFE-STYLE  OF  THE  DILIGENT  WORKER  GIVES  GOOD  PHYSICAL  REWARD  -  Keith Hunt


5 A righteous man hates lying, but a wicked man is loathsome and comes to shame.

IT  IS  A  NATURAL  PART  OF  RIGHTEOUSNESS  TO  HATE  LYING;  THE  ONE  WHO  DOES  NOT  IS  HERE  CLASSIFIED  AS  WICKED,  AND  WILL  IN  TIME  BE  BROUGHT  TO  SHAME……VERY  FEW  LIARS  EVER  GO  THROUGH  LIFE  UNDETECTED,  AND  WHEN  THEIR  LIES  ARE  BROUGHT  FORTH,  THEY  END  IN  SHAME  BEFORE  OTHERS  -  Keith Hunt


6 Righteousness guards him whose way is blameless, but wickedness overthrows the sinner.

IT’S  A  WAY  OF  SAYING  YOUR  SINS  WILL  FIND  YOU  OUT.  DOING  RIGHTEOUSNESS  GUARDS  PEOPLE  FROM  SIN  AND  ERROR;  WICKEDNESS  IS  SIN  AND  SIN  IS  WICKEDNESS,  BEING  EITHER  WILL  BRING  YOU  DOWN  SOONER  OR  LATER  -  Keith Hunt


7 There is one who makes himself rich, yet has nothing; and one who makes himself poor, yet has great riches [One man considers himself rich, yet has nothing (to keep permanently); another considers himself poor, yet has great (and indestructible) riches (Prov.12:9; Luke 12: 20, 21) - Amplified Bible. It can all depend on the attitude of mind; one may not have many physical riches but what he has that is free, makes him feel rich. Another may have great riches, but he uses it all to serve others, so making himself less physically rich every day, and he does not put too much importance on his riches as he makes himself poorer. Many years ago a retired man sold a piece of land in the Vancouver area of Canada; he found himself with 20 million dollars. He was already well off, so were his children. He asked them if they would mind that he wanted to give 95 percent of it away to good charity causes. They said it was fine with them. He was rich but made himself poor as he started to give away the 20 million dollars. In serving others he made himself poor but had the truly great riches - Keith Hunt]


8 The ransom of a man's life is his riches, but the poor does not hear rebuke [A rich man can buy his way out of threatened death by paying a ransom, but the poor man does not even have to listen to threats (from the envious) - Amplified Bible. When you have no great riches your not going to have to be concerned about someone holding you or your loved one for ransom. More stress can be on the one with great riches, the poor do not have to be stressed out by someone rebuking in a ransom act - Keith Hunt]


9 The light of the righteous rejoices,  but the lamp of the wicked will be put out [The light of the (uncompromisingly) righteous (is within him - it grows brighter and) rejoices, but the lamp of the wicked (furnishes only a derived , temporary light and) shall be put out shortly - Amplified Bible. Sooner or later the wicked and whatever light they shine, will come to an end and be no more; the light of the righteous will go on forever in the eternity of it all - Daniel 12:3 - Keith Hunt]


10 By pride comes nothing but strife, but with the well-advised is wisdom [human pride and vanity, often leads to strife with all the people the proud one is in contact with; human ego tends to rub people the wrong way. Those who put away vanity and pride, will usually seek wisdom in their dealings with others - Keith Hunt]


11 Wealth gained by dishonesty will be diminished, but he who gathers by labor will increase [those who use dishonest ways to gain their wealth often come crashing down in the end, others around them will often use dishonest ways to bring them down; what goes around comes around. Those who work honestly will have few if any enemies, and will have a steady bank account - Keith Hunt]


12 Hope deferred makes the heart sick, but when the desire comes, it is a tree of life [when a kid I wanted a bicycle for two years, in that part of my heart I was unhappy, but when I got it two years later….wow….it was like winning the million dollar jackpot  -  Keith Hunt]


13 He who despises the word will be destroyed, but he who fears the commandment will be rewarded [another way of saying, whoever is willing to live by every word of God as Jesus taught (Mat.4:4) will, with Jesus as your Saviour, find life eternal; those who do not will be destroyed in the second death (Rev. 20) - Keith Hunt


14 The law of the wise is a fountain of life, to turn one away from the snares of death [we have seen the virtues of having wisdom, it will keep you out of much trouble, pain, and sorrow - Keith Hunt]


15 Good understanding gains favor,  but the way of the unfaithful is hard [most people like some one who is wise and prudent in life; those who are not wise, unfaithful in wisdom are difficult people to be around, and they themselves have a hard life in worldly matter - Keith Hunt


16 Every prudent man acts with knowledge, but a fool lays open his folly [if you are wise there is really no need to be going around showing it; the fool tends to be easily know by the way he acts and talks - Keith Hunt]


17 A wicked messenger falls into trouble, but a faithful ambassador brings health [a wicked messenger will get into trouble by those sending him; and depending on what he says may also get into trouble with the ones the message getting the message  - Keith Hunt]


18 Poverty and shame will come to him who disdains correction, but he who regards a rebuke will be honored [in the working world, those who will be taught and take help will get ahead, but those who will not, do not get promotions, and may loose their job - Keith Hunt]


19 A desire accomplished is sweet to the soul, but it is an abomination to fools to depart from evil 

[the good finished work is sweet to those wanting to do good work of different sorts; but for the sinful mind-set, it would be an abomination to depart from the sin they enjoy - Keith Hunt


20 He who walks with wise men will be wise but the companion of fools will be destroyed [pretty well speaks for itself here; those you rub shoulders with, have as friends....you will be like them in time. And the foolish will be destroyed from off the earth in God's time plan - Keith Hunt]


21 Evil pursues sinners, but to the righteous, good shall be repaid [in general being a sinner, leading a life of habitual sin, then you have all kinds of trouble following you; but the righteous usually find good surrounds their way of life - Keith Hunt ]


22 A good man leaves an inheritance to his children's children, but the wealth of the sinner is stored up for the righteous [the man leading the good life often has something to pass on to his offspring; the sinner often finds his possessions going to more righteous people - Keith Hunt]


23 Much food is in the fallow ground of the poor, and for lack of justice there is waste [the first is easy to understand - if the poor find they have land, you bet they will make good use of it; then there are many times when the wealthy with lots of land, food is plentiful, but there is waste - all from there not being a just mind that appreciates using all foods for all people. North America is guilty of much food waste  -  Keith Hunt]


24 He who spares his rod hates his son, but he who loves him disciplines him promptly [some kids just [need  the  rod, it maybe the only way to get them to think more soberly. On the other hand some just need a sharp rebuke and they are in tears - Keith Hunt]


25 The righteous eats to the satisfying of his life, but the stomach of the wicked shall be in want [the righteous will have work, they will like to work as much as is possible, they will not be people wanting handouts, and they will have food to the satisfying of life; the wicked are often those who do not want to work, are looking for handouts, and/or looking to steal from others - because of this life style they often do not know when another meal is coming - Keith Hunt]

……


From  the  New  KJV  Study  Bible


13:1 A scoffer is an egotist who has a strong hatred for correction (see 9:7, 8). The Lord has no delight in such pride (3:34).

13:7 poor, yet... great riches: Jesus applied this same reversal of values to the life of Christian discipleship (see Matt. 10:38, 39 and note).

13:8 Riches have their benefits, but poverty also has some. The poor man does not face rebuke, perhaps because he is not a prominent person.

13:10 See 28:25, 26 and note.

13:11 See 21:6 and note.

13:12 A wise person will do his best not to raise impossible hopes in others, and to see that those which are possible, come to quick fruition.

13:13,14 word: The word of God. The law: Instruction or counsel.

13:18 Can I accept criticism and improve as a result?
13:19 The fulfillment of a worthwhile goal results in worthy satisfaction, but the pursuit of evil brings bondage.
13:22 An important contrast to remember when we see the wicked seeming to prosper.
13:23 Injustice drives people into poverty where the contributions they might have made to society are lost.
13:24 It is not an act of love to withhold discipline, including physical punishment for wrongdoing (see Eph. 6:4). Lack of discipline can result in destruction for the child (see 19:18; 23:13, 14 and notes). A disciplined child can bring honor to a family; but an undisciplined child, shame (see 29:15,
17 and note).

……