PROVERBS…. of Wisdom
IN THE FIRST NUMBER OF CHAPTERS IT IS PRETTY WELL EASY TO UNDERSTAND, NOTHING TOO HARD OR COMPLICATED - Keith Hunt
The Book of
From the New King James Study Bible
The Book of Proverbs is a collection of short, pithy instructions on how to live in God's world. It is, in fact, a collection of collections of proverbs and wisdom literature. The outline divides the book into eight sections, each containing proverbs from various authors and dates.
The first verse ties the entire book to Solomon, the most famous wise man in ancient Israel. Also, the first section (1:8—9:18) is closely connected with Solomon, although he is generally understood as the one who inspired the proverbs or the one to whom they were ascribed, rather than the author of them. The sections in 10:1—22:16
and 25:1—29:27 are titled "proverbs of Solomon." These titles are likely conventional names for pithy wisdom traditions preserved in Israel, although Solomon was probably the author of much of the material.
First Kings 1—11 narrates the renowned wisdom traditions about Solomon, and 1 Kings 4:30 records that "Solomon's wisdom excelled the wisdom of all the men of the East and all the wisdom of Egypt." He delivered 3,000 proverbs, 1,005 songs, and spoke over a broad range of topics. People from many nations came to listen and to learn of his wisdom (1 Kin. 4:33, 34). Proverbs 25:1 indicates that some of Solomon's sayings were preserved for future generations by writing. They were later copied by others.
Wise men in addition to Solomon have contributed material in Proverbs. The section 22:17—24:34 identifies a block titled "words of the wise." The similarity of the proverbs in this section to those found in the Egyptian "Wisdom of Amen-em-ope" has long been noted. Wise sayings from other non-Israelites are clearly identified in the book, such as those attributed to Agur son of Jakeh (30:1) and to King Lemuel (31:1-9).
Solomon is probably the original composer of much of the material in Proverbs, although there were also contributions by other wise men who spoke in the wisdom tradition that Solomon had consolidated and crystalized.
Some material in Proverbs is very early, having been partly recorded in Solomon's reign (10:1; 25:1). Other material cannot be dated with any certainty (such as chs. 1—9; 22:17—24:34; 30—31).
The date of the completion of the book is unknown. Proverbs 25:1 indicates that the material in 25:1—29:27 was put in place after Hezekiah's reign (715-686 B.C.). Thus, the final form of the book was not complete until at least two hundred years after Solomon.
A reasonable date is sometime in the fifth century B.C.
The backdrop of Israel's wisdom literature (Proverbs, Job, Ecclesiastes) was international, encompassing the entire ancient Near East. Each nation claimed its own group of wise men and wise women (see 1 Kin. 4:29-34), and each tended to reflect its particular nationalistic wisdom.
Religion permeated the social life and structure of Israel. Thus wisdom was directly tied to monotheism and other emphases of her unique faith in God. The fear of the Lord (1:7) and a vision of justice making everyone responsible to Him motivated His people to live lives of righteousness.
In Israel the most important socializing group was the family. The father was charged with inculcating and demonstrating wisdom (4:3-6). The wife/mother also played a vital part (31:10-31).
The purpose of Proverbs is stated in the introduction to the book (1:2-7). The goal is to emphasize acceptable moral and religious behavior based on Israel's religious faith. Wisdom is described as the most desirable possession of humankind. He who gets wisdom pleases both God and people, lives successfully in this life, and "obtains favor from the Lord" (8:35, 36). Ultimately the NT equates "the wisdom which comes down from above" with holiness (James.3:13-18). To learn the ways of the Creator and follow them by the empowerment of the Holy Spirit is to fulfill the commandments.
The nature of Israelite wisdom in Proverbs lies in both its form and content. The basic form is the sentence or saying. A proverb is a short statement based on experience gathered over a significant period of time.
The subject matter of Proverbs is broad, dealing with all of life under the sun. It is concerned that God's people should know "how to live life before God and man in a way that results in success before both God and man."
The proverbs are written in condensed language; therefore, special attention is sometimes needed to gain their full impact. This may be done by reading them aloud, reading them often, and meditating on them.
Outline of Proverbs
I. Introduction 1:1-7
A. Solomon's relationship to
B. Purposes: to teach wisdom 1:2-6
C. The fear of the Lord and the
disposition of fools 1:7
II. The value and appeal of
A. Parental instructions: a
path to moral success 1:8-19
B. Wisdom's plea and
promise of life 1:20—4:27
C. Shun immoral women; be
faithful in marriage 5:1-23
D. Flee faults; pursue
E. Pursue wisdom; shun
F. Wisdom personified; the
way to life 8:1-36
G. Wisdom's invitation 9:1-18
III. The value and practice
of wisdom 10:1—22:16
A. The righteous and
the wicked 10:1—15:33
B. The life and conduct
of the wise 16:1—22:16
IV. The words of the wise 22:17—24:34
A. Wise men's instruction
for their pupils 22:17—24:22
B. Instructions for moral
V. The wise words copied
by Hezekiah's men 25:1—29:27
VI. The wise words of Agur 30:1-33
VII. The wise words of Lemuel 31:1-9
VIII. The wise ways of a virtuous wife 31:10-31
The Beginning of Wisdom
The proverbs of Solomon the son of David, king of Israel:
2 To know wisdom and instruction, to perceive the words of understanding,
3 To receive the instruction of wisdom, justice, judgment, and equity;
4 To give prudence to the simple, to the young man knowledge and discretion—
5 A wise man will hear and increase learning, and a man of understanding will attain wise counsel.
6 To understand a proverb and an enigma, the words of the wise and their riddles.
7 The fear of the Lord is the beginning of knowledge, but fools despise wisdom and instruction.
WE ARE GIVEN THE KEY IMMEDIATELY….. TO FEAR GOD IS THE BEGINNING OF KNOWLEDGE AND WISDOM AND INSTRUCTION. TRUE WISDOM AND KNOWLEDGE AND INSTRUCTION ON HOW TO USE THAT WISDOM AND KNOWLEDGE, DOES NOT COME FROM THE UNIVERSITIES OF THIS WORLD. THAT DOES NOT MEAN YOU CAN NOT SEEK A SKILL AND BE EXCEEDINGLY GOOD WITH IT, FROM UNIVERSITIES AND COLLEGES. THE WORLD NEEDS ALL KINDS OF SKILLS, EVEN THOSE WITH PhD. GOD IS HEAR TALKING ABOUT THE TRUE KNOWLEDGE, WISDOM, UNDERSTANDING, THAT MAKES FOR THE RIGHT WAY TO LIVE TOWARDS GOD AND YOUR FELLOW MAN. IT IS THE WISDOM AND KNOWLEDGE AND UNDERSTANDING THAT WILL LEAD TO LIFE ETERNAL. NOTICE THE LORD SAYS IT IS FOOLS THAT DESPISE WISDOM AND INSTRUCTION. SO THE CHILD OF GOD WILL ALWAYS BE READY TO BE INSTRUCTED - THEY WILL ALWAYS BE HUNGERING AND THIRSTING AFTER RIGHTEOUSNESS [PS. 119:172 - DEFINITION OF RIGHTEOUSNESS]. THE CHILD OF GOD WILL WANT TO BE GUIDED AND INSTRUCTED BY THE SPIRIT OF GOD. IT WILL TRULY ONLY FOOLS THAT WILL NOT BE INSTRUCTED IN SALVATION AND THE WAY TO LIFE ETERNAL. THESE VERSES HERE ARE ALSO SAYING WHAT THE NEW TESTAMENT SAYS; WE ARE TO GROW IN GRACE AND KNOWLEDGE OF OUR LORD AND SAVIOR. WE ARE EVER TO BE LEARNING; WILLING TO BE TAUGHT AND CORRECTED. IT ALSO TEACHES HERE THAT OTHERS CAN HAVE WISE COUNSEL TO GIVE, THEY CAN BE EXPERTS IN A CERTAIN FIELD THAT YOU ARE NOT; YOU TAKE YOUR CAR TO THE EXPERT MECHANIC TO FIX A PROBLEM; YOU SEEK COUNSEL FOR THE INVESTMENT MONIES; YOU SEEK COUNSEL WHEN BUYING A NEW HOME AND ETC. SOME THINGS YOU ARE “SIMPLE” IN - YOU DO NOT HAVE THE EXPERTISE SO PRUDENCE YOU MUST ATTAIN FROM OUTSIDE YOURSELF. THE YOUNG ARE STILL YOUNG IN LIFE AND SO MUST STILL OBTAIN KNOWLEDGE AND DISCRETION. THE BEST WAY TO ATTAIN ALL THIS IS TO FIRST FEAR [DEEPLY RESPECT] THE LORD.
A Path to Success
8 My son, hear the instruction of your father, and do not forsake the law of your mother;
9 For they will be a graceful ornament on your head, and chains about your neck.
10 My son, if sinners entice you, "Do not consent.
11 If they say, "Come with us, Let us lie in wait to shed blood; let us lurk secretly for the
12 innocent without cause; Let us swallow them alive like Sheol, and whole, like those who go down to the Pit;
13 We shall find all kinds of possessions, We shall fill our houses with spoil;
14 Cast in your lot among us, Let us all have one purse"—
15 My son, do not walk in the way | with them, keep your foot from their path;
16 For their feet run to evil, and they make haste to shed blood
17 Surely, in vain the net is spread in the sight of any bird;
18 But they lie in wait for their own blood, they lurk secretly for their own lives.
19 So are the ways of everyone who is greedy for gain; it takes away the life of its owners.
The following is from the commentary in this New King James Study Bible:
1:1-7.These verses form an introduction to the entire Book of Proverbs. The rest of the book is designed to fulfill the purposes set but here. It is offered to provide its readers with wisdom and instruction (v. 2). Similar words emphasize this purpose: judgment and equity (v. 3), prudence, knowledge, and discretion (v. 4), learning and wise counsel (v. 5). All these are related to knowing how to live well and deciding to live that way. proverbs of Solomon: See Introduction: Author. The great wisdom of this king made a deep impression on the visiting queen of Sheba (see 2 Chr. 9:1-12).
1:6 The proverb was a short statement of truth concerning some aspect of human life. The enigma, as well as riddles, presented a principle of truth through a puzzle or problem to be solved.
1:7 Fear of the Lord is reverence and obedience to Him (see Ps. 111:10; see also "The Fear of the Lord" at Gen. 20:11). Knowledge in the moral and religious sense of Proverbs is possible only if one has a proper regard for God (see Job 28:28 and note). Fools are contrasted to the wise man throughout the book.
1:8—9:18 A picture of the value of wisdom. Wisdom is personified as a woman pleading with men and women to pursue her. A strong contrast is developed between the fruits of pursuing wisdom and the corruption of following folly.
1:8-19 These verses encourage the son to obey his parents' instructions, and warn of the dangers of rejecting their guidance.
1:9 chains: Probably golden, a sign of honor and splendor (see Dan. 5:7).
1:12 In the OT Sheol is the realm of the dead. Pit indicates the same idea. See "Sheol" at 2 Sam. 22:6.
1:14 Fallen human nature makes it impractical and unwise for all humans to share one purse.
1:17 Even a bird is smart enough to avoid an obvious snare. Sinners are not as smart in the face of temptation.
1:18,19 The wicked actually destroy themselves because of their greed. They do not realize that the trap they set for others is a trap that will actually ensnare them. See 28:10 1:20—4:19 Wisdom's plea is important. The one who rejects that call perishes (1:32), but he who responds finds life and security (1:33).
1:20, 21 Wisdom is pictured as a woman who calls to everyone passing by the gates—major public gathering spots in ancient Near Eastern cities. This is in contrast to the prostitutes who frequented those spots, luring people to destruction. Wisdom is further personified in 3:16-18; 4:5-9; 8:1-21, 32-36; 9:1-6.
1:22 The simple ones lack discernment and are easily led astray. Moreover, they are often obstinate in their lack of discernment (v. 25). Fools are those who consciously desert God's way (Ps. 14:1).
1:23 my spirit: The spirit of wisdom given to impart understanding (see Ex. 31:2, 3 and note).
1:24-27 you refused: Evil consequences (vv. 26, 27) follow wrong decisions of those who reject wisdom's invitation (w. 24;25).
1:24-26 stretched out my hand: As the Lord reaches out to a rebellious people, so wisdom does to these fools (see Is. 65:2 and note). Similarly, both the Lord and wisdom laugh at the foolishness of those who imagine that their way is better than the divine option offered to them (see note on Ps.2:4-6).
1:28 God's call must be heeded when given, not merely at one's convenience (see Heb. 3:12-15).
1:30-32 See vv. 24-28 and note. The complacency (v. 32) of the fools blinds them to the reality that they will eventually face the consequences of their own way and fancies (v. 31). See vv. 18, 19 and note.
HERE WE START TO SEE THE MANY “GENERAL STATEMENTS” IN THIS BOOK OF PROVERBS. IN FACT GENERAL STATEMENTS ARE USED THROUGHOUT MANY PARTS OF THE BIBLE. IT IS ONE OF THE KEYS TO CORRECT BIBLE READING. WE SEE A GENERAL STATEMENT AS USED IN VERSES 8 AND 9. IT HAS TO BE UNDERSTOOD IN THE CONTEXT OF A FATHER AND MOTHER FOLLOWING THE LORD - IT IS SILLY TO THINK EVERY FATHER AND MOTHER MUST BE OBEYED, THAT THEY ALL HAVE GOOD INSTRUCTION AND THE RIGHT LAW. LIFE FOR THOUSANDS OF YEARS HAS SHOWN US THAT IS NOT TRUE OF EVERY FATHER AND MOTHER. THIS IS A GENERAL STATEMENT - THOSE PARENTS WHO HAVE TRUE INSTRUCTIONS AND LAWS, SHOULD BE LISTENED TO - BE WISE AND TAKE THE GOOD THEY HAVE, IT WILL BE LIKE A FINE PIECE OF JEWELRY FOR YOU
20 Wisdom calls aloud outside; She raises her voice in the open squares.
21 She cries out in the chief concourses, at the openings of the gates in the city.
22 She speaks her words; How long, you simple ones, will you love Simplicity?
For scorners delight in their scorning, and fools hate knowledge.
23 Turn at my rebuke; Surely I will pour out my spirit on you; I will make my words known to you.
24 Because I have called and you refused, I have stretched out my hand and no one regarded,
25 Because you disdained all my counsel, and would have none of my rebuke,
26 I also will laugh at your calamity; I will mock when your terror comes,
27 When your terror comes like a storm, and your destruction comes like a whirlwind, when distress and anguish come upon you.
28 Then they will call on me, but I will not answer; they will seek me diligently, but they will not find me.
29 Because they hated knowledge and did not choose the fear of the Lord,
30 They would have none of my counsel and despised my every rebuke.
31 Therefore they shall eat the fruit of their own way, and be filled to the full with their own fancies.
32 For the turning away of the simple will slay them, and the complacency of fools will destroy them;
33 But whoever listens to me will dwell safely, and will be secure, without fear of evil.
The Value of Wisdom
My son, if you receive my words, and treasure my commands within you,
2 So that you incline your ear to wisdom, and apply your heart to understanding;
3 Yes, if you cry out for discernment, and lift up your voice for understanding,
4 if you seek her as silver, and search for her as for hidden treasures;
Notes from the New KJV Study Bible
2:1-9 To one who earnestly seeks the truth (vv. 1-5) God holds out the promise of a fruitful search (vv. 5-9).
2:3 Discernment is a mark of wisdom. The simple lack this virtue of insight into what is right.
2:4, 5- Diligence is needed to receive the gift of wisdom (see Deut. 4:29, 30 and note). Wisdom is far more valuable than silver (see 3:14; Job 28:12,15).
THE WORD “SIMPLE” CAN BE USED IN DIFFERENT WAYS, SO THE CONTEXT MUST BE TAKEN INTO ACCOUNT. PAUL WROTE, “THE SIMPLICITY THAT IS IN CHRIST JESUS.” USED AS REFERRING TO THE GOSPEL AND JESUS IN HIS MINISTRY DID NOT MAKE IT COMPLICATED. THE FOUR GOSPELS ARE RELATIVELY EASY TO UNDERSTAND. HERE IT IS USED AS BEING “SIMPLE MINDED” - SILLY, STUPID, A MIND THAT DOES NOT HAVE COMMON SENSE EVEN. NOTICE WISDOM IS PERSONIFIED, MADE INTO A WOMAN WHO CRIES OUT FOR PEOPLE TO TAKE WHAT SHE CAN OFFER. THE WISDOM THAT COMES FROM GOD IS HERE PERSONIFIED. SOMETIMES IN THIS LIFE, AS DAVID SAID IN THE PSALMS, THE FOOLISH AND SIMPLE MINDED WHO DO NOT TAKE WHAT GOD CAN OFFER, ARE NOT ALWAYS PUNISHED WITH DISASTERS IN THIS LIFE - SOMETIMES THEY PROSPER IN THIS PHYSICAL WORLD. BUT EVENTUALLY IF THEY NEVER TURN TO THE WAYS OF THE LORD, THEY WILL FACE DESTRUCTION IN THE SECOND DEATH [REVELATION 20]. THEN IT TROUBLES AND RIUN AND DESTRUCTION CAN COME ON THEM IN THIS LIFE. THIS CAN BE APPLIED TO INDIVIDUALS AND/OR NATIONS. THE LORD WILL USUALLY SEND A PERSON OR PEOPLE TO WARN NATIONS OF THEIR EVIL AND UNWISE WAYS; AND IF THEY DO NOT LISTEN AND SEEK TO HAVE GOD’S WISDOM IN THEIR WAYS, HE WILL LAUGH AT THEM WHEN THEY FINALLY REAP WHAT THEY HAVE SOWN. THEN FOR WHATEVER TIME SPAN, GOD WILL TURN HIS BACK ON THEM; THEY WILL SEEK HIM BUT WILL NOT FIND HIM.
WE SEE HERE, SHALL WE SAY, THE HUMANIST OF GOD. HE CAN AND WILL AT TIMES LAUGH AT PEOPLE AND NATIONS WHEN THEY REAP WHAT THEY HAVE SOWN, BY NOT LISTENING TO THE WAYS OF THE LORD AS CRIED OUT BY RIGHTEOUS WISDOM. AND GOD CAN BE LIKE A PHYSICAL FATHER WHO AFTER TRYING TO GUIDE A SON OR DAUGHTER IN THE RIGHT PATH, AND THEY REFUSE, THE FATHER MAY THROW HIS HANDS UP AND SAY, “OKAY I TRIED TO HELP YOU, SO NOW I WILL WALK AWAY AND LET THE TROUBLES COME UPON YOU. I HAVE TO GIVE YOU SPACE AND TIME AND NOT HELP EVEN WHEN YOU CRY OUT TO ME. YOU NOW HAVE TO LEARN THE HARD WAY BY THE CHOICES YOU HAVE MADE.”
THE LORD FINISHES CHAPTER ONE WITH THE ADMONITION TO LISTEN TO HIM, SO YOU CAN DWELL SAFELY AND BE SECURE IN NOT FEARING EVIL. THIS DOES NOT MEAN THERE WILL BE NO TRIALS, AND TROUBLES TO FACE IN LIFE. MOST OF US HAVE UPS AND DOWNS DURING A FULL LIFE. BUT GENERALLY [THERE IS THAT WORD AGAIN] MOST CHRISTIANS WILL NOT FEAR THAT EVIL IS AROUND THE CORNER, THEY WILL FOR THE MOST PART HAVE A GOOD NIGHTS SLEEP. FOR THOSE WHO DO GET PERSECUTION AND MAY HAVE TO GIVE UP THEIR LIFE FOR GOD AND CHRIST, THEY UNDERSTAND THAT THIS CAN BE SO, AND THEY COUNT IT A BLESSING TO JOIN THE SAINTS OF HEBREWS 11.
MANY OF THE PROVERBS AND WORDS IN THESE CHAPTERS MUST BE TAKEN IN THE SETTING OF THE ENTIRE BIBLE.
5 Then you will understand the fear of the Lord, and find the knowledge of God.
6 For the Lord gives wisdom; from His mouth come knowledge and understanding;
7 He stores up sound wisdom for the upright; He is a shield to those who walk uprightly;
8 He guards the paths of justice, and preserves the way of His saints.
9 Then you will understand righteousness and justice, equity and every good path:
10 When wisdom enters your heart, and knowledge is pleasant to your soul,
11 Discretion will preserve you; understanding will keep you,
12 To deliver you from the way of evil, from the man who speaks perverse things,
13 From those who leave the paths of uprightness to walk in the ways of darkness;
14 Who rejoice in doing evil, and delight in the perversity of the wicked;
15 Whose ways are crooked, and who are devious in their paths;
16 To deliver you from the immoral woman, from the seductress who flatters with her words,
17 Who forsakes the companion of her youth, and forgets the covenant of her God.
18 For her house leads down to death, and her paths to the dead;
19 None who go to her return, nor do they regain the paths of life—
20 So you may walk in the way of goodness, and keep to the paths of righteousness.
21 For the upright will dwell in the land, and the blameless will remain in it;
22 But the wicked will be cut off, from the earth, and the unfaithful will be uprooted from it.
From the New KJV Study Bible
2:6-9 The Lord is the source of wisdom, knowledge, and understanding. However, His resources are for His saints, those who seek to please Him by living uprightly (see Ps. 18:20-24 and note).
2:10-22 When wisdom enters: All of the benefits described in these verses come from wisdom's presence in the hearer's life.
2:16-19 As wisdom is symbolized by a woman (1:20, 21), so is folly. But these are not merely symbols. A woman who embodies wisdom can make a man (31:10-31), while one who embodies folly will destroy him (7:6-23).
2:17 companion of her youth: Her husband (see 5:18). The covenant probably refers to the marital promises made before God in a marriage ceremony (see Mai. 2:13-16 and note).
2:21,22 Obedience to God was always the determining factor as to whether Israel would dwell in the land God had given them, or be cut off (see note on Deut. 28:15-68).
Ultimately those who follow God will inherit the earth with His promised blessings (see Matt. 5:5 and note);
Trust God for Direction
My son, do not forget my law, But let your heart keep my commands;
2 For length of days and long life and peace they will add to you.
3 Let not mercy and truth forsake you; Bind them around your neck, write them on the tablet of your heart,
4 And so find favor and high esteem In the sight of God and man.
5 Trust in the Lord with all your heart, and lean not on your own understanding;
From The New KJV Study Bible
3:1-12 My son: The form of address regularly used in Proverbs to designate instructions for the young.
3:1, 2 The connection between keeping God's commands and enjoying long life is supported by the fifth
commandment (see Ex. 20:12).
3:3 tablet of your heart: Make God's ways internal, not merely external (see Deut. 6:4-9; Ezek. 36:26, 27);
3:5, 6 Verses, worthy of being memorized, which sum up the biblical approach to life. Wisdom is not the result of mere human insight, but of learning God's unchanging ways.
6 In all your ways acknowledge Him, and He shall direct your paths.
7 Do not be wise in your own eyes; fear the Lord and depart from evil.
8 It will be health to your flesh, and strength to your bones.
9 Honor the Lord with your possessions, and with the firstfruits of all your increase;
10 So your barns will be filled with plenty, and your vats will overflow with new wine.
11 My son, do not despise the chastening of the Lord, nor detest His correction;
12 For whom the Lord loves He corrects, just as a father the son in whom he delights.
13 Happy is the man who finds wisdom, and the man who gains understanding;
14 For her proceeds are better than the profits of silver, and her gain than fine gold.
15 She is more precious than rubies, and all the things you may desire cannot compare with her.
16 Length of days is in her right hand, in her left hand riches and honor.
17 Her ways are ways of pleasantness, And all her paths are peace.
18 She is a tree of life to those who take hold of her, and happy are all who retain her.
19 The Lord by wisdom founded the earth; By understanding He established the heavens;
20 By His knowledge the depths were broken up, and clouds drop down the dew.
21 My son, let them not depart from your eyes— Keep sound wisdom and discretion;
22 So they will be life to your soul and grace to your neck.
23 Then you will walk safely in your way, and your foot will not stumble.
24 When you lie down, you will not be afraid; yes, you will lie down and your sleep will be sweet.
25 Do not be afraid of sudden terror, nor of trouble from the wicked when it comes;
26 For the Lord will be your confidence, and will keep your foot from being caught.
27 Do not withhold good from those to whom it is due, when it is in the power of your hand to do so.
28 Do not say to your neighbor, "Go, and come back, and tomorrow I will give it," When you have it with you.
29 Do not devise evil against your neighbor, for he dwells by you for safety's sake.
30 Do not strive with a man without cause, if he has done you no harm.
Notes from the New KJV Study Bible
NN3:7 Fear the Lord ... depart from evil: See Job 1.1 and note.
3:9 Honoring the Lord meant giving Him the portion of material goods that He required (Deut. 26:1, 2, 9-13).
Firstfruits were the first items harvested, and often the best.
3:11,12 If God did not love us, He would not bother to correct us. See Heb. 12:5-11 and note.
3:13 Happy also means blessed. In Proverbs such a person is satisfied and content; v. 17 explains why.
3:16 Wisdom, gives long life because in Proverbs wisdom means living as God commands us (see vv. 1,2).
3:19, 20 Wisdom was the "master craftsman" (see 8:30) through whom God did His creative work (see 8:22-31 and notes).
3:24-26 Serving God saves us from many fears.
3:27-30 The wise person promotes good relations.
VARIOUS POINTS OF GENERALLY LIVING A GOOD AND PLEASING LIFE TO GOD AND TO MANKIND.
SOME OF THIS MUST BE PUT IN THE ORDER OF “GENERAL STATEMENTS.” CERTAINLY WISDOM CAN KEEP YOU AWAY FROM PHYSICAL HARM AND DANGER, AND SO GRANT YOU MORE DAYS OF LIFE, BUT THIS DOES NOT TEACH HAVING GOD’S WISDOM WILL GUARANTEE YOU WILL LIVE TO BE 90 OR 100. OVERALL SERVING THE LORD WILL GIVE YOU A WHOLESOME, PLEASANT, AND SAFE LIFE. BEING A GOOD STEWARD OF YOUR PHYSICAL THINGS WILL BE PLEASING TO GOD, AND HE WILL NOT FORGET TO REWARD YOU ACCORDINGLY AS YOU USE THOSE PHYSICAL THINGS TOWARD GOD AND YOUR FELLOW HUMAN. IF YOU HIRE SOMEONE TO DO A DAYS WORK, OR A WEEKS WORK, PAY THEM RIGHT AWAY AFTER THE WORK IS FINISHED AND INSPECTED. DO NOT BE A PERSON WHO LIKES TO GET ONE OVER ON HIS NEIGHBOUR. YOU ARE ONLY TO STIVE WITH OTHERS IF YOU HAVE A GENUINE CAUSE, AND IMPORTANT ENOUGH; OFTEN WE SHOULD JUST LET IT GO BY. IN OTHER WORDS DON’T NIT-PICK WITH OTHERS. A LOT OF THINGS IN LIFE ARE NOT IMPORTANT ENOUGH TO MAKE A BIG DEAL ABOUT IT. YET A CHRISTIAN SHOULD NOT BE A MAT FOR PEOPLE TO WALK ALL OTHER…… WISDOM IS NEEDED TO DECIDE WHEN A THING IS LARGE ENOUGH TO HAVE CAUSE TO STRIVE OVER.
WISDOM FROM GOD IS IMPORTANT IN HAVING A GENERALLY CALM, PEACEFUL, SMOOTH, LIFE IN ALL YOUR UNDERTAKINGS AND WORKINGS WITH OTHER PEOPLE. LACKING WISDOM CAN AND DOES GET US INTO A WRONG MIND-SET, AND MANY TROUBLES OF THE FLESH AS WE WALK OUR PHYSICAL LIFE. IT SEEMS TO ME TODAY EVEN “COMMON LOGIC” AS WE CALL IT, IS LACKING IN SO MANY. WISDOM FROM GOD ALSO MEANS WE SEEK OUT OTHERS WHO HAVE WALKED THE SAME PATH WE ARE FIGURING TO TAKE, AND FIND OUT WHAT THEY HAVE TO SAY NOW THAT THEY CAN LOOK BACK ON IT ALL.
31 Do not envy the oppressor, and choose none of his ways;
32 For the perverse person is an abomination to the Lord, But His secret counsel is with the upright.
33 The curse of the Lord is on the house of the wicked, but He blesses the home of the just.
34 Surely He scorns the scornful, but gives grace to the humble.
35 The wise shall inherit glory, but shame shall be the legacy of fools.
Notes from the New KJV Study Bible
3:31-33 The oppressor has God's curse upon him. His material success becomes ultimate moral and religious failure.
IT MAY NOT ALL HAPPEN IN THIS LIFE TIME, GENERAL STATEMENTS AGAIN. BUT THE END RESULT WILL BE GOOD FOR THE GODLY AND BAD FOR THE UNGODLY. IN THIS LIFETIME SOME OF THE UNGODLY PROSPER AND SEEM TO HAVE LITTLE TROUBLES; SOMETIMES IN THIS LIFE THE GODLY DO NOT ALL HAVE IT AS A BED OF ROSES…… SO THE GODLY HAVE TO LOOK AT THE END OF IT, AT THE INHERITANCE.
Wisdom Brings a Satisfying Life
Hear, my children, the instruction of a father, and give attention to know understanding;
2 For I give you good doctrine: Do not forsake my law.
3 When I was my father's son, tender and the only one in the sight of my mother,
4 He also taught me, and said to me: "Let your heart retain my words; Keep my commands, and live.
5 Get wisdom! Get understanding! Do not forget, nor turn away from the words of my mouth.
6 Do not forsake her, and she will preserve you; love her, and she will keep you.
7 Wisdom is the principal thing; Therefore get wisdom. And in all your getting, get understanding.
8 Exalt her, and she will promote you; she will bring you honor, when you embrace her.
9 She will place on your head an ornament of grace; a crown of glory she will deliver to you.
10 Hear, my son, and receive my sayings, and the years of your life will be many.
11 I have Taught you in the way of wisdom; I have led you in right paths.
12 When you walk, your steps will not be hindered, and when you run; you will not stumble.
13 Take firm hold of instruction, do not let go; keep her, for she is your life.
14 Do not enter the path of the wicked, and do not walk in the way of evil.
15 Avoid it, do not travel on it; turn away from it and pass on.
16 For they do not sleep unless they have done evil; and their sleep, is taken away unless they make someone fall.
17 For they eat the bread of wickedness, and drink the wine of violence.
18 But the path of the just is like the shining sun, That shines ever brighter unto the perfect day.
19 The way of the wicked is like darkness;
From the New KJV Study Bible
4:1-13 Wisdom is the principal thing (v. 7) because it is not merely an intellectual activity; wisdom leads to a full life (v. 13; see Deut. 32:46, 47).
4:5-7 Learning without the gain of wisdom is a waste.
4:10,13 your life: See 3:1,2 and note.
4:14-17 The path of the wicked is lined with evil deeds (w. 16, 17).
4:18 Walking with God becomes better as we travel farther on. The thought is well worth remembering as we encounter the circumstances of life, the perfect day: Noon. The time when the light of day is at its fullest.
4:19 like darkness: Evil blinds and frustrates all who indulge in it. They do not know what makes them stumble.
THIS IS GOD SPEAKING AND ONCE MORE WISDOM IS PERSONIFIED. COULD BE ALSO INSTRUCTION FROM A RIGHTEOUS FATHER AND MOTHER. EITHER WAY MANY TRUTHS OF LIFE ARE GIVEN. GOING THE WRONG WAY WILL BRING WRONG FRUITS. THE RIGHT WAY IS LIKE THE SUN SHINING IN FULL STRENGTH.
Be Faithful in Marriage
20 My son, give attention to my words; incline your ear to my sayings.
21 Do not let them depart from your eyes; keep them in the midst of your heart;
22 For they are life to those who find them, and health to all their flesh.
23 Keep your heart with all diligence, for out of it spring the issues of life.
24 Put away from you a deceitful mouth, and put perverse lips far from you.
25 Let your eyes look straight ahead, and your eyelids look right before you.
Ponder the path of your feet, and let all your ways be established.
26 Do not turn to the right or the left, remove your foot from evil.
OBVIOUSLY THE FATHER HERE IS THE LORD OR THE PHYSICAL FATHER WALKING DOWN THE CORRECT PATHWAY WITH GOD.
My son, pay attention to my wisdom; lend your ear to my understanding,
2 That you may preserve discretion, and your lips may keep knowledge.
3 For the lips of an immoral woman drip honey, and her mouth is smoother than oil;
4 But in the end she is bitter as wormwood, sharp as a two-edged sword.
5 Her feet go down to death, her steps lay hold of hell.
6 Lest you ponder her path of life— her ways are unstable; You do not know them.
7 Therefore hear me now, my children, and do not depart from the words of my mouth.
8 Remove your way far from her, and do not go near the door of her house,
9 Lest you give your honor to others, and your years to the cruel one;
10 Lest aliens be filled with your wealth, and your labors go to the house of a foreigner;
11 And you mourn at last, when your flesh and your body are consumed,
12 And say: "How I have hated instruction, and my heart despised correction!
13 I have not obeyed the voice of my teachers, nor inclined my ear to those who instructed me!
14 I was on the verge of total ruin, in the midst of the assembly and congregation.
From the New KJV Study Bible
4:20—9:18 Wisdom ancffolly are described in terms of a good woman, who can be a constructive factor in a man's life (5:15-20; 8:1—9:6) or an adventuress who will destroy him (5:1-14; 6:20—7:27). The book ends (31:10-31) with the figure of the good woman, thus tying the whole picture together.
4:20-22 my words... my sayings: The commands of the Lord. They lead to life and fulfillment (see John 10:10). 4:23 For all its concerns with conduct, Proverbs is sensitive to the heart as the motive-spring of life. From the heart one loves or hates the Lord and others (see Gen. 6:5; Deut; 6:4,5).
4:24 Perverse lips utter cursing instead of blessing, disdain instead of praise to God. 4:25-27 The way of the righteous is pictured as a straight path. We stay on it by keeping our eyes on the goal, and by refusing to turn to any evil.
5:1-23 A comparison of wisdom (v. 1) to a good wife and folly to an adventuress.
5:1-14 An immoral woman (v. 3) promises much but delivers little. Evil is never as satisfying as it appears.
5:4 Wormwood, a shrub that has a bitter taste, is a symbol for sorrow and pain.
5:5-10 Associating with an immoral woman brings loss of honor (v. 9) and often loss of wealth (v. 10; see 6:26).
5:12,13 Obeying instruction from wise teachers will keep us from sexual folly.
5:14 In ... the assembly: He was about to make a public fool of himself.
15 Drink water from your own cistern, and running water from your own well.
16 Should your fountains be dispersed abroad, streams of water in the streets?
17 Let them be only your own, and not for strangers with you.
18 Let your fountain be blessed, and rejoice with the wife of your youth.
19 As a loving deer and a graceful doe, let her breasts satisfy you at all times; and always be enraptured with her love.
YES THE FEMALE BREASTS ARE PART OF SEXUALITY; THE PRUDENT GODLY WOMAN KNOWS THIS AND WILL NEVER EXPOSE THEM IN PUBLIC. A MAN IS SEXUALLY ATTRACTED TO FEMALE BREASTS. A WOMAN ENJOYS HER MAN’S FOREPLAY WITH HER BREASTS; THEY ARE SEXUAL FOR THEM BOTH. GOD HAS DESIGNED SEX TO HAVE MUCH FOREPLAY BEFORE THE PENIS ENTERS THE VAGINA. A MAN SHOULD LEARN NOT TO HURRY SEX…..LONG FOREPLAY IS USUALLY DESIRED BY THE WOMAN; IT IS WONDERFUL FOR BOTH THE MALE AND FEMALE. GOD DESIGNED SEX TO BE ONE OF THE GREATEST PHYSICAL PLEASURES BETWEEN A MAN AND WOMAN. HIS WORD DOES TEACH SEX IS FOR MARRIAGE AND IN MARRIAGE; ADULTERY AND FORNICATION [sex before marriage] ARE DECLARED SINS BY THE HOLY BIBLE.
20 For why should you, my son, be enraptured by an immoral woman, and be embraced in the arms of a seductress?
21 For the ways of man are before the eyes of the Lord, and He ponders all his paths.
22 His own iniquities entrap the wicked man, and he is caught in the cords of his sin.
23 He shall die for lack of instruction, and in the greatness of his folly he shall go astray.
From the New KJV Study Bible
5:15-23 The blessings of true love with one's wife (v. 18).
5:15 your own cistern: Your own wife.
5:19 A wife's love will fully satisfy you. Goodness is always more satisfying than it appears it will be.
5:21 "You . . .. are acquainted with all my ways" (Ps. 139:3).
5:22, 23 His own iniquities entrap: Sin is self-destructive. See 1:18, 19 and note.
My son, if you become surety for your friend, you have shaken hands in pledge for a stranger,
2 You are snared by the words of your mouth; You are taken by the words of your mouth.
3 So do this, my son, and deliver yourself; For you have come into the hand of your friend: Go and humble yourself; Plead with your friend.
4 Give no sleep to your eyes, Nor slumber to your eyelids.
5 Deliver yourself like a gazelle from the hand of the hunter, and like a bird from the hand of the fowler.
6 Go to the ant, you sluggard! Consider her ways and be wise,
7 Which, having no captain, overseer or ruler,
8 Provides her supplies in the summer, and gathers her food in the harvest.
9 How long will you slumber, O sluggard? When will you rise from your sleep?
10 A little sleep, a little slumber, a little folding of the hands to sleep—
11 So shall your poverty come on you like a prowler, and your need like an armed man.
12 A worthless person, a wicked man, walks with a perverse mouth;
13 He winks with his eyes, he shuffles his feet, he points with his fingers;
14 Perversity is in his heart, he devises evil continually, he sows discord.
15 Therefore his calamity shall come suddenly; suddenly he shall be broken without remedy.
From the New KJV Study Bible
6:1-5 Do not hastily commit yourself to another's debt for fear of appearing unkind. Appearances count for little when the creditors of your friend come to the door.
6:9-5 Do not worry about saving face, but make every effort to get out of the arrangement.
6:6-11 The dangers of laziness.
6:6-8 The ant, a diligent worker and provider, is a model for the sluggard to observe.
6:9-11 Poverty is not avoided by chance. It must be diligently guarded against, as against a prowler or an armed man.
6:12-15 worthless person: A troublemaker who uses all kinds of subtle, deceitful methods to sow discord. In God's providence such a person is certain to face calamity, winks:
See note on 10:10.
SURETY….SIGNING FOR A PERSON’S DEBT IS NOT RECOMMENDED BY GOD’S WORD. THERE MAYBE SITUATIONS WHERE IT MAY WORK IF DRAWN UP IN SPECIFIC WAYS, WHERE YOU WILL NOT BE TIED TO THE DOCK IF THE TIDE COMES TO COVER YOU OVER….. WHAT WAY THAT WOULD BE IN BLACK AND WHITE I HAVE NO IDEA. LAZINESS IS NOT THE WAY TO LIVE IF YOU ARE A CHILD OF GOD. THOUGH I AM 75 COME SEPTEMBER 11 - 2017, I STILL HAVE 2 PART TIME JOBS, AND CONTINUE TO BE BUSY DOING THE LORD’S WORK ON THIS WEBSITE AND MY BLOG, AND IN EMAILS. THE SUBTLE DECEITFUL PERSON WHO SOWS DISCORD, WILL REAP WHAT THEY SOW, AS WE ALL SHALL IN THE END.
16 These six things the Lord hates, yes, seven are an abomination to Him:
17 A proud look, and a lying tongue, and hands that shed innocent blood,
18 A heart that devises wicked plans, feet that are swift in running to evil,
19 A false witness who speaks lies, and one who sows discord among brethren.
THERE ARE OTHER THINGS ALSO THAT ARE AN ABOMINATION TO GOD, NOT JUST 7; HERE WE HAVE SEVEN, BUT IT DOES NOT SAY "THESE ONLY ARE AN ABOMINATION TO GOD." USING SAY STRONG'S CONCORDANCE OF THE BIBLE, YOU CAN SOON FIND WHAT OTHER EVILS GOD HATES.
From the New KJV Study Bible
6:16-19 These seven ... abominations expand upon the description of the troublemaker of vv. 12-15. They are sins of both action and attitude (v. 12); they involve private life and public evil (v. 18).
6:16 six ... seven: See Job 5:19 and note.
6:19 A second warning against one who sows discord (see v. 14).
INDEED SERMONS COULD BE BROUGHT ON ALL 7 OF THESE ABOMINATIONS THAT GOD HATES.
PROUDNESS HAVE BROUGHT MANY TO THEIR DEMISE AND IN THE CONTEXT OF CHRISTIANITY, IT HAS AT TIMES PERVERTED THE MIND OF MANY CHRISTIAN LEADERS, INTO FANATICISM, WRONG TEACHINGS, AND OFTEN TURNING THEIR CHURCH INTO A CULT. THE OTHER 6, IF MEDITATING UPON THEM, YOU WILL SEE THE CONSEQUENCES THEY WOULD BRING TO A NATION. THE 7TH, SOWING DISCORD AMONG BRETHREN; MANY MAY BE SURPRISED GOD THINKS THIS AN ABOMINATION, BUT BEING A "BUSY-BODY" - "TALE-BEARER" AND ONE THAT CAUSES CONTINUAL STRIFE AMONG BRETHREN DISTURBS WITH FRICTION, MANY PEOPLE WITH NO GOOD REASON; SOMETIMES BRETHREN HAVE TO BE DISTURB BUT ONLY FOR A VERY GOOD REASON, IF IT IS NOT, GOD HATES PEOPLE WHO BRING DISCORD -
20 My son, keep your father's command, and do not forsake the law of your mother.
21 Bind them continually upon your heart; tie them around your neck.
22 When you roam, they will lead you; when you sleep, they will keep you; and when you awake, they will speak with you.
23 For the commandment is a lamp, and the law a light;
WE ARE NATURALLY DEDUCING HERE THAT BOTH PARENTS ARE FOLLOWING THE RIGHT GODLY PATH; HENCE CHILDREN SHOULD LISTEN TO THEM. FOR IT WILL BE YOUR SAFE-GUARD IN YOUR LIFE, A LIGHT TO LIVING GOOD AND SAFE FROM SINS THAT CAN DESTROY A PERSON. I WAS BLESSED INDEED THAT MY PARENTS SENT ME TO A CHURCH OF ENGLAND SCHOOL, THE THE BIBLE WAS THE FIRST 1/2 HOUR CLASS OF EACH SCHOOL DAY; THE WAY OF THE LORD KEPT ME FROM MANY EVILS AS A TEENAGER - Keith Hunt
reproofs of instruction are the way of life,
24 To keep you from the evil woman, From the flattering tongue of a seductress.
25 Do not lust after her beauty in your heart, Nor let her allure you with her eyelids.
26 For by means of a harlot a man is reduced to a crust of bread; and an adulteress will prey
upon his precious life.
27 Can a man take fire to his bosom, and his clothes not be burned?
28 Can one walk on hot coals, and his feet not be seared?
29 So is he who goes in to his neighbor's wife; whoever touches her shall not be innocent.
HERE WE GO BACK TO THE END RESULT THAT ADULTERY AND SLEEPING AROUND WITH PROSTITUTES, AND/OR LOOSE SEXUALITY CAN BRING. FEW THAT LIVE THAT WAY ARE FREE FROM THE SCARS IT CAN BRING.
30 People do not despise a thief if he steals to satisfy himself when he is starving.
31 Yet when he is found, he must restore sevenfold; he may have to give up all the substance of his house.
FOR WHATEVER REASON WE ARE GIVEN A FEW VERSES IN THE MIDDLE OF VERSES TO DO WITH SEXUALITY. I LEAVE THE READER TO PONDER IF THERE IS A LESSON.
STARVATION AND TAKING THINGS TO EAT IS ACCEPTED BY MOST COUNTRIES AND PEOPLE; BUT STEALING FOR ANY OTHER REASON IS NOT TOLERATED BY MOST NATIONS, AND THERE IS A PENALTY TO PAY...... SO STEALING, EMBEZZLEMENT, FRAUD, GOD DECLARES A STRONG PENALTY.....EVEN A REPAYMENT OF 7 FOLD, WHICH COULD COST THE PERPETRATOR ALL THAT HE HAS.
32 Whoever commits adultery with woman lacks understanding; he who does so destroys his own soul.
33 Wounds and dishonor he will get, And his reproach will not be wiped away.
34 For jealousy is a husband's fury; therefore he will not spare in the day of vengeance.
35 He will accept no recompense, nor will he be appeased though you give many gifts.
A YOUNG WORLD ACE GOLF PLAYER, FAMOUS, TOP OF THE PACK IN HIS YOUTHFUL DAY, WENT SECRETLY TO LOS VAGUS, TO GAMBLE AND HAVE SEX WITH LOOSE WOMEN AND PROSTITUTES. HIS SECRET FINALLY CAME OUT; HE HAD TO ADMIT TO HIS WIFE, HIS PARENTS, AND THE WORLD, HIS SEXUAL SINS. HIS WIFE DIVORCED HIM, HIS PARENTS WERE ASHAMED OF HIM, THE WORLD WAS STUNNED BY HIS DECEPTION [THE WORLD THOUGHT HE WAS A ROLE MODEL FOR CHILDREN AND TEENAGERS]. HE LOST HIS SKILL AS THE NUMBER ONE PRO GOLF PLAYER, AND WENT DOWN HILL IN THE SPORT.
COMMITTING ADULTERY CAN ALSO HAVE AT TIMES DIRE CONSEQUENCES..... SOME WILL NEVER FORGET; SOME HUSBANDS WILL KILL THE OFFENDER - CALLED "CRIMES OF PASSION." THERE WAS A TIME WHEN BEING A HORSE STEALER GOT YOU HUNG. I'M NOT SAYING THAT SHOULD HAVE BEEN SO, BUT IT WAS OFTEN SO WHEN STEALING A MAN'S HORSE WAS LIKE TAKING AWAY HIS LEGS OR ARMS.
THIS IS A SECTION OF PROVERBS ABOUT SEXUALITY, AND THE TROUBLES IT CAN BRING YOU.
TO THE MODERN WORLD OF "THROW GOD AND THE BIBLE OUT THE WINDOW" THIS SECTION ON SEXUALITY WILL SEEM LIKE A LOST BY-GONE AGE, AND NOT MUCH RELEVANT TO A 21ST CENTURY SOCIETY. BUT AS THAT YOUNG FAMOUS PRO GOLFER FOUND OUT, IT DID COST HIM A GREAT DEAL.
From the New KJV Study Bible
6:20-23 Observing both a good father's command and the law of a loving mother will keep us from many an evil. Proverbs recognizes a parent's command and law as the command and law of God.
6:24-29 The inescapable results of adultery.
6:25 eyelids: Seductive glances.
6:26 The contrast emphasizes the utter devastation an adulteress brings into a man's life. Compared to the
confusion a harlot creates, an adulteress consumes the very life of her victim.
6:30-35 A thief will have to pay dearly to assuage the anger of the householder he has robbed. But who can satisfy the one; who has been robbed of a spouse through adultery?
6:32 A person who commits adultery lacks understanding about the inevitable personal, spiritual, psychological, social, and physical results.
TO BE CONTINUED