ORTHODOX ANSWER to REFORMED JUDAISM #6


CONTINUING  with  Professor  Cherry's  lecture:


NOW  NOT  EVERYONE  THOUGHT  HASSISISM  WAS  A  GOOD  IDEA.  THERE  WERE  OPPONENTS  TO  HASSIDISM  CALLED  "MITNAGDIM"  (OPPONENTS),  AND  THEY  WERE  SKEPTICAL  OF  THE  NEW  MYSTICAL  MOVEMENT,  FOR  TWO  REASONS  PRIMARILY  -  IT  DID  CONTAIN  A  HANDFUL  OF  INNOVATIONS,  VERY  MINOR  HALAHIK  INNOVATIONS;  IT  ALSO  CHALLENGED  THE  SUPREMACY  OF  TALMUDIC  STUDY.


THEY  WERE  TRADITIONALISTS  IN  THE  MID-19TH  CENTURY,  AND  THEY  THOUGHT  THE  RIGHT  TO  JEWISH  PIETY  WAS  THROUGH  TAMULD  TORAH.


THERE'S  ALSO  SOME  CONCERN  AND  SKEPTICISM,  SOME  WEARINESS,  THAT  THIS  POPULAR  MYSTICAL  MOVEMENT  MIGHT  HAVE  SOME  ECHOS  OF  A  PREVIOUS  POPULAR  MYSTICAL  MOVEMENT  THAT  WENT  WRONG.  I'M  TALKING ABOUT  THAT  MOVEMENT  OF  SHABBATAI  TZVI (1626-1676)  WHO  WAS  THE  FALSE  MESSIAH  IN  THE  17TH  CENTURY.  AND  WE'RE  NOT  SO  FAR  AFTER  THE  17TH  CENTURY  THAT  THE  MEMORY  OF  SHABBATAI  TZVI  IS  COMPLETELY  GONE.


SHABBATAI  TZVI  BROUGHT  THIS  MASS  MOVEMENT  OF  MYSTICAL  ELEMENTS  AND  HE  BECAME  A  FALSE  MESSIAH;  HE  CONVERTED  TO  ISLAM,  AND  THOUSANDS  AND  THOUSANDS  OF  JEWS  WERE  LEFT  STRANDED  AND  HOPELESS.


SO  THE  MITNAGDIM  DID  NOT  WANT  ANYTHING  LIKE  THAT  TO  HAPPEN  AGAIN,  SO  THEY  REALLY  TRIED  TO  DAMPEN  THE  POPULARITY  OF  HASSISISM.


THERE  WAS  MUTUAL  RECRIMINATIONS  BETWEEN  THEM  AND  THESE  GROUPS.  THERE  WERE  EXCOMMUNICATIONS  OF  ONE  RABBI  FROM  ANOTHER.  BUT  EVENTUALLY  THEY  PERCEIVED  THEY  WERE  BETTER  SERVED  AS  ALLIES  AGAINST  THEIR  COMMON  FOES,  THE  MODERN  ORTHODOX  AND  CERTAINLY  THE  REFORM.


TODAY  IN  CONTEMPORARY  LANGUAGE  WE  USE  THE  TERM  "CHAREDI" (QUAKERS)  -  SOMEONE  WHO  QUAKES  WITH  THE  FEAR  OF  GOD.  TO  INCLUDE  WHAT  WE'VE  CALLED  IN  THIS  LECTURE,  THE  HUNGARIAN  ULTRA-ORTHODOX,  THE  EASTERN  EUROPEAN  HASSINEM,  AS  WELL  AS  THEIR  OPPONENTS - THE MITNAGDIM.


THEY'RE  ALL  EASILY  RECOGNIZABLE  BY  THEIR  BLACK  GARB,  AND  THE  HERADIM  TEND  TO  LIVE  IN  A  FEW  CITIES  IN  THE  UNITED  STATES,  THE  UK,  CONTINENTAL  EUROPE,  AND  ISRAEL.


THE  MOST  FAMOUS  SECT  WITHIN  HEREDI  JUDAISM  ARE  THE  LUBAVITCH (CHABAD),  GER,  AND  BRATSLAV.


WHAT  UNITED  ALL  THESE  GROUPS  IS  THE  COMMITMENT  OF  THE  DIVINITY  OF  THE  TORAH,  AND  THE  BINDING  QUALITY  OF  HALAHA.  THAT'S  WHAT  LINKS  THE  ULTA-ORTHODOX  TO  THE  MODERN  ORTHODOX.


NOW  THROUGHOUT  THE  19TH  CENTURY  NEW  JUDAISMS  HAVE  EMERGED,  AND  FOR  THE  FIRST  TIME,  ONE  CAN  OPED  OUT  OF  JUDAISM  ALTOGETHER;  IT'S  NOT  REALLY  NEW,  FOR  THE  FIRST  TIME,  BORAS  MANOZIM  IN  THE  17TH  CENTURY  REPRESENTS  THE  OPTING  OUT  OF  JUDAISM  ALTOGETHER.


BUT  AS  WE  SEE  THESE  NEW  JUDAISMS  EMERGE,  THERE  IS  ONE  MORE  ANCIENT  JEWISH  YEARNING  THAT  EMERGES  IN  THIS  AGE  OF  EUROPEAN  NATIONALISM,  AND  I'M  TALKING  ABOUT  ZIONISM.


AND  THAT  IS  THE  SUBJECT  OF  OUR  NEXT  LECTURE.

....................


VERY  INTERESTING  HAS  BEEN  THE  LECTURE  BY  PROFESSOR  CHERRY  ON  HOW  JUDAISM  MOVED  AND  CHANGED  IN  THE  LAST  400  YEARS.


WE  SEE  THERE  ARE  CLEAR  DIVISIONS  IN  JUDAISM  AS  THERE  ARE  IN  CHRISTIANITY  -  VARIOUS  SECTS  -  HOLDING  VARIOUS  DIFFERENT  THEOLOGICAL  IDEAS  AND  DIFFERENCES  IN  DAILY  LIVING,  DOWN  TO  THE  CLOTHES  YOU  WEAR.


IT  IS  ALSO  A  FACT  THAT  ALL  THESE  RELIGIOUS  JEWS (except the Sadducee group who believe there is nothing after death, ever)  BELIEVE  THEY  WILL  "GET  TO  HEAVEN"  TO  DWELL  WITH  GOD,  WITHOUT  THE  NEED  FOR  JESUS  CHRIST  TO  BE  THEIR  SAVIOR.  AS  THE  APOSTLE  PAUL  SAID,  THEY  HAVE   A  ZEAL  FOR  GOD,  BUT  WITHOUT  KNOWLEDGE.  AND  AS  PAUL  WROTE  IN  THE  9TH  TO  THE  11TH  CHAPTERS  OF  ROMANS,  MOST  JEWS  AND  ISRAELITES  ARE  STILL  VERY  MUCH  BLINDED  TO  THE  TRUTHS  OF  GOD'S  WORD.  THEY  ARE  NOT  THE  ELECTION  OF  GRACE.  THEY  ARE  NOT  BEING  CALLED  TO  SALVATION.  BUT  THE  DAY  WILL  COME  WHEN  THEY  SHALL  BE.  AND  THAT  TRUTH  IS  COVERED  IN  MY  STUDY  CALLED  "THE  GREAT  WHITE  THRONE  JUDGMENT"  ON  MY  WEBSITE.  



Keith  Hunt