From  the  book  “THE  BRAIN - THE  STORY  OF  YOU”


by  David  Eagleman




Introduction



Because brain science is a fast-moving field, its rare to step back to view the lay of the land, to work out what our studies mean for our lives, to discuss in a plain and simple way what it means to be a biological creature. This book sets out to do that.


Brain science matters. The strange computational material in our skulls is the perceptual machinery by which we navigate the world, the stuff from which decisions arise, the material from which imagination is forged. Our dreams and our waking lives emerge from its billions of zapping cells. A better understanding of the brain sheds light on what we take to be real in our personal relationships and what we take to be necessary in our social policy: how we fight, why we love, what we accept as true, how we should educate, how we can craft better social policy, and how to design our bodies for the centuries to come. In the brains microscopically small circuitry is etched the history and future of our species.


Given the brains centrality to our lives, I used to wonder why our society so rarely talks about it, preferring instead to fill our airwaves with celebrity gossip and reality shows. But I now think this lack of attention to the brain can be taken not as a shortcoming, but as a clue: we’re so trapped inside our reality that it is inordinately difficult to realize we’re trapped inside anything. At first blush, it seems that perhaps there's nothing to talk about. Of course colors exist in the outside world. Of course my memory is like a video camera. Of course I know the real reasons for my beliefs.


The pages of this book will put all our assumptions under the spotlight. In writing it, I wanted to get away from a textbook model in favor of illuminating a deeper level of enquiry: how we decide, how we perceive reality, who we are, how our lives are steered, why we need other people, and where we're heading as a species that's just beginning to grab its own reins. This project attempts to bridge the gap between the academic literature and the lives we lead as brain owners. The approach I take here diverges from the academic journal articles I write, and even from my other neuroscience books. This project is meant for a different kind of audience. It doesn’t presuppose any specialized knowledge, only curiosity and an appetite for self-exploration.


So strap in for a whistle-stop tour into the inner cosmos. In the infinitely dense tangle of billions of brain cells and their trillions of connections, I hope you’ll be able to squint and make out something that you might not have expected to see in there…..You.


All the experiences in your life - from single conversations to your broader culture - shape the microscopic details of your brain. Neurally speaking, who you are depends on where you've been. Your brain is a relentless shape-shifter, constantly rewriting its own circuitry - and because your experiences are unique, so are the vast, detailed patterns in your neural networks. Because they continue to change your whole life, your identity is a moving target; it never reaches an endpoint.


Although neuroscience is my daily routine, I’m still in awe every time I hold a human brain. After you take into account its substantial weight (an adult brain weighs in at three pounds), its strange consistency (like firm jelly), and its wrinkled appearance (deep valleys carving a puffy landscape) - what’s striking is the brains sheer physicality: this hunk of unremarkable stuff seems so at odds with the mental processes it creates.


Our thoughts and our dreams, our memories and experiences all arise from this strange neural material. Who we are is found within its intricate firing patterns of electrochemical pulses. When that activity stops, so do you. When that activity changes character, due to injury or drugs, you change character in lockstep. Unlike any other part of your body, if you damage a small piece of the brain, who you are is likely to change radically. To understand how this is possible, lets start at the beginning.


[THE  AUTHOR  IS  NOT  WRITING  ABOUT  THE  BRAIN  FROM  A  THEOLOGY  POINT  AT  ALL;  WHAT  HE  AND  TENS  OF  MILLIONS  OF  OTHER  PEOPLE  DO  NOT  KNOW,  IS  THE  FACT  THAT  THE  REVEALED  KNOWLEDGE  OF  GOD  AS  FOUND  IN  THE  HOLY  BIBLE,  TELLS  US  THAT  MAN  HAS  A  “SPIRIT  IN  MAN”  THAT  WORKS  WITH  THE  HUMAN  PHYSICAL  BRAIN.  THERE  ARE  LARGER  BRAINS,  IN  SIZE,  THAN  THE  HUMAN  BRAIN.  WHAT  MAKES  THE  HUMAN  BRAIN  SO  DIFFERENT  THAN  ANY  OTHER  BRAIN  OF  ANY  OTHER  CREATURE  ON  EARTH,  IS  THE  UNSEEN  “SPIRIT”  FROM  GOD  THAT  IS  CONNECTED  TO  OUR  PHYSICAL  BRAIN.  TOGETHER  WE  HAVE  THE  MOST  UNIQUE  BRAIN  ON  EARTH.  THIS  “SPIRIT  IN  MAN”  GIVES  US  THE  ABILITY  TO  THINK  AND  REASON,  TO  LEARN  AND  UNDERSTAND,  TO  GROW  IN  KNOWLEDGE,  TO  INVENT,  AND  TO  DO  ALL  THAT  MANKIND  HAS  EVER  DONE,  BE  IT  GOOD  OR  BAD.  WE  HUMANS,  UNDER  A  NORMAL  HEALTHY  LIFE,  CAN  COME  TO  KNOW  WHAT  IS  GOOD,  WHAT  IS  BAD,  WHAT  IS  RIGHT,  WHAT  IS  WRONG….. WHAT  IN  THE  THEOLOGY  WORLD  IS  CALLED  RIGHTEOUSNESS  AND  SIN,  OR  GOODNESS  AND  EVIL.  

THIS  SPIRIT  IN  MAN  CAN  ONLY  FUNCTION  AS  IT  WAS  MEANT  TO  FUNCTION  BY  GOD,  WITHIN  THE  PARAMETERS  OF  A  NORMAL  BRAIN,  THAT  HAS  NO  DEFECT.  IN  OTHER  WORDS  IF  THE  PHYSICAL  BRAIN  IS  DAMAGED  IN  WHATEVER  WAY,  THE  SPIRIT  IN  MAN  DOES  NOT  JUMP  IN  AND  COMPENSATE  FOR  A  DAMAGED  BRAIN.  THIS  SPIRIT  IN  MAN  IS  NOT  SOME  LIVING  ENTITY  IN  MANKIND  THAT  IS  THE  REAL  YOU;  IT  IS  NOT  THE  THEOLOGICAL  TEACHING  OF  THE  IMMORTAL  SOUL,  THAT  TEACHES  THE  REAL  YOU  IS  INSIDE  THE  PHYSICAL  BODY,  AND  SO  AFTER  DEATH  CAN  CONTINUE  TO  THINK,  TO  TALK,  TO  WALK  AROUND,  TO  SEE  AND  CONVERSE  WITH  OTHERS  THAT  WENT  BEFORE.  THE  SPIRIT  IN  MAN  IS  NOT  AN  IMMORTAL  YOU  THAT  UPON  DEATH  EITHER  GOES  TO  HEAVEN  OR  HELL;  THAT  CONTINUES  TO  FUNCTION  IN  EVERY  WAY,  BUT  ONLY  IN  A  DIFFERENT  PLACE  -  HEAVEN  OR  HELL.

WE  CLEARLY  SEE  THAT  IF  A  PERSON  IS  DAMAGES  IN  A  PART  OF THE  BRAIN,  SAY  THAT  OF  SPEAKING,  THE  “SPIRIT”  IN  MAN  DOES  NOT  JUMP  IN  TO  TAKE  OVER  THE  SPEAKING,  AND  GIVE  NORMAL  SPEAKING  TO  THE  PERSON  WHOSE  BRAIN  IS  DAMAGED  IN  THAT  PART  OF  THE  BRAIN  TO  DO  WITH  SPEECH.  THE  SAME  TRUTH  CAN  BE  USED  FOR  WALKING,  FOR  SEEING,  FOR  HEARING,  AND  ETC.  THE  “SPIRIT  IN  MAN”  ONLY  GIVES  THE  ABILITY  FOR  A  PHYSICAL  HUMAN  BRAIN  TO  BE  A  PHYSICAL  HUMAN  BRAIN,  THAT  IS  FAR  ABOVE  THE  ANIMAL  BRAIN.  FOR  THE  TENS  OF  THOUSANDS  OF  YEARS  THAT  MAN  AND  MONKEY  HAVE  BEEN  ON  THE  EARTH,  THE  MONKEY  IS  NO  CLOSER  TO  INVENTING  A  TYPE-WRITER,  AND  COMPILING  THE  MANY  VOLUMES  FULL  OF  FACTS  AND  TRUTHS  OF  THE  OLD  ENCYCLOPEDIA  BRITANNICA   MANY  OF  US  HAD  BEFORE  THE  COMPUTER  AGE…… AND  NO  MONKEY  IS  ANY  CLOSER  TO  INVENTING  THE  COMPUTER,  FROM  THE  DAY  IT  CAME  INTO  THIS  WORLD.

THE  HUMAN  BRAIN  IS  UNIQUE  AMONG  ALL  THE  BRAINS  THAT  EXSIST  IN  ALL  CREATURES  THAT  HAVE  BRAINS.

THAT  UNIQUENESS  IS  BECAUSE  OF  THE  “SPIRIT  IN  MAN”….. AND  I  HAVE  WRITTEN  A  FULL  IN-DEPTH  STUDY  ON  THE  THEOLOGICAL  TRUTH  THAT  THERE  IS  A  SPIRIT  IN  MAN.  YOU  WILL  FIND  IT  UNDER “LIFE, DEATH, AND RESURRECTION”  STUDY  #7  -  Keith Hunt]


Born unfinished


At birth we humans are helpless. We spend about a year unable to walk, about two more before we can articulate full thoughts, and many more years unable to fend for ourselves. We are totally dependent on those around us for our survival. Now compare this to many other mammals. Dolphins, for instance, are born swimming; giraffes learn to stand within hours; a baby zebra can run within forty-five minutes of birth. Across the animal kingdom, our cousins are strikingly independent soon after they're born.


On the face of it, that seems like a great advantage for other species - but in fact it signifies a limitation. Baby animals develop quickly because their brains are wiring up according to a largely preprogrammed routine. But that preparedness trades off with flexibility. Imagine if some hapless rhinoceros found itself on the Arctic tundra, or on top of a mountain in the Himalayas, or in the middle of urban Tokyo. It would have no capacity to adapt (which is why we don’t find rhinos in those areas). This strategy of arriving with a pre-arranged brain works inside a particular niche in the ecosystem - but put an animal outside of that niche, and its chances of thriving are low.


In contrast, humans are able to thrive in many different environments, from the frozen tundra to the high mountains to bustling urban centers. This is possible because the human brain is born remarkably unfinished. Instead of arriving with everything wired up - let’s call it "hardwired" - a human brain allows itself to be shaped by the details of life experience. This leads to long periods of helplessness as the young brain slowly molds to its environment. It's "livewired".


[SO  THE  HUMAN  BRAIN  IS  VERY  NEUTRAL  AT  BIRTH;  IT  IS  NOT  FILLED  WITH  “ORIGINAL  SIN”  FROM  ADAM  AS  SOME  TEACH;  THAT  TEACHING  I  FIND  IS  ONE  OF  THE  MOST  FAR  OUT,  PLANET  PLUTO  TEACHINGS  I’VE  EVER  HEARD.  THE  HUMAN  BABY’S  BRAIN  IS  NEUTRAL!  ADAM  WAS  CREATED  WITH  A  BRAIN  THAT  WAS  NEUTRAL;  IT  DID  NOT  KNOW  ANYTHING  ABOUT  RIGHTEOUSNESS  OR  SIN;  ADAM  AND  EVE  WERE  AS  WE  MIGHT  SAY  “CLEAN  SLATED”  WHEN  THEY  CAME  INTO  THIS  WORLD,  THEY  HAD  A  CLEAN  SLATED  MIND  THAT  COULD  GO  EITHER  WAY  -  RIGHT  OR  WRONG;  IT  COULD  BE  INFLUENCED  EITHER  WAY,  BUT  BEFORE  BEING  INFLUENCED  TO  SIN  IT  WAS  NEUTRAL.  SO  IS  A  BABY  AND  A  SMALL  CHILD….. THEIR  MIND  IS  NEUTRAL  -  Keith Hunt]

Childhood pruning: exposing the statue in the marble


What's the secret behind the flexibility of young brains? It's not about growing new cells - in fact, the number of brain cells is the same in children and adults. Instead, the secret lies in how those cells are connected.


At birth, a baby's neurons are disparate and unconnected, and in

……


Many animals are born genetically preprogrammed, or "hardwired" for certain instincts and behaviors. Genes guide the construction of their bodies and brains in specific ways that define what they will be and how they'll behave. A fly's reflex to escape in the presence of a passing shadow; a robin's preprogrammed instinct to fly south in the winter; a bear's desire to hibernate; a dog's drive to protect its master: these are all examples of instincts and behaviors that are hardwired. Hardwiring allows these creatures to move as their parents do from birth, and in some cases to eat for themselves and survive independently.

In humans the situation is somewhat different. The human brain comes into the world with some amount of genetic hardwiring (for example, for breathing, crying, suckling, caring about faces, and having the ability to learn the details of their native language). But compared to the rest of the animal kingdom, human brains are unusually incomplete at birth.The detailed wiring diagram of the human brain is not preprogrammed; instead, genes give very general directions for the blueprints of neural networks, and world experience fine-tunes the rest of the wiring, allowing it to adapt to the local details.

The human brain's ability to shape itself to the world into which it's born has allowed our species to take over every ecosystem on the planet and begin our move into the solar system.

……


the first two years of life they begin connecting up extremely rapidly as they take in sensory information. As many as two million new connections, or synapses, are formed every second in an infants brain. By age two, a child has over one hundred trillion synapses, double the number an adult has.


It has now reached a peak and has far more connections than it will need. At this point, the blooming of new connections is supplanted by a strategy of neural "pruning". As you mature, 50% of your synapses will be pared back.


Which synapses stay and which go? When a synapse successfully participates in a circuit, it is strengthened; in contrast, synapses weaken if they aren't useful, and eventually they are eliminated. Just like paths in a forest, you lose the connections that you don t use.


In a sense, the process of becoming who you are is defined by carving back the possibilities that were already present. You become who you are not because of what grows in your brain, but because of what is removed.


Throughout our childhoods, our local environments refine our brain, taking the jungle of possibilities and shaping it back to correspond to what were exposed to. Our brains form fewer but stronger connections.


In a newborn brain, neurons are relatively unconnected to one another. Over the first two to three years, the branches grow and the cells become increasingly connected. After that, the connections are pruned back, becoming fewer and stronger in adulthood.



As an example, the language that you re exposed to in infancy (say, English versus Japanese) refines your ability to hear the particular sounds of your language, and worsens your capacity to hear the sounds of other languages. That is, a baby born in Japan and a baby born in America can hear and respond to all the sounds in both languages. Through time, the baby raised in Japan will lose the ability to distinguish between, say, the sounds of R and L, two sounds that aren't separated in Japanese. We are sculpted by the world we happen to drop into.


[THE  BIBLE  SAY  THERE  IS  A  LENGTH  OF  TIME (WHICH  CAN  VARY  DEPENDING  ON  MANY  FACTS  OF  THE  SURROUNDING  WORLD  OF  INFLUENCE)  WHEN  “CHILDREN”  ARE  VERY  INNOCENT,  OR  CAN  BE  VERY  INNOCENT  AGAIN  DEPENDING  ON  OUTSIDE  FACTORS  THE  CHILD  FINDS  IT  IS  IN.  MARK  THIS  VERSE  IN  YOUR  BIBLE:  “MOREOVER  YOUR  LITTLE  ONES,  WHICH  YOU  SAID  SHOULD  BE  A  PREY,  AND  YOUR  CHILDREN,  WHICH  IN  THAT  DAY  HAD  NO  KNOWLEDGE  BETWEEN  GOOD  AND  EVIL…….” (DEUT. 1:39)  -  Keith Hunt]



Nature's gamble

Over our protracted childhood, the brain continually pares back its connections, shaping itself to the particulars of its environment. This is a smart strategy to match a brain to its environment - but it also comes with risks.


If developing brains are not given the proper, "expected" environment - one in which a child is nurtured and looked after - the brain will struggle to develop normally. This is something the Jensen family from Wisconsin has experienced first-hand. Carol and Bill Jensen adopted Tom, John, and Victoria when the children were four years old. The three children were orphans who had, until their adoption, endured appalling conditions in state-run orphanages in Romania - with consequences for their brain development.


When the Jensens picked up the children and took a taxi out of Romania, Carol asked the taxi driver to translate what the children were saying. The taxi driver explained they were speaking gibberish. It was not a known language; starved of normal interaction, the children had developed a strange Creole. As they've grown up, the children have had to deal with learning disabilities, the scars of their childhood deprivation.


Tom, John, and Victoria don't remember much about their time in Romania. In contrast, someone who remembers the institutions vividly is Dr. Charles Nelson, Professor of Pediatrics at Boston Children's Hospital. He first visited these institutions in 1999. What he saw horrified him. Young children were kept in their cribs, with no sensory stimulation. There was a single caretaker for every fifteen children, and these workers were instructed not to pick the children up or show them affection in any way, even when they were crying - the concern was that such displays of affection would lead to the children wanting more, an impossibility with the limited staffing. In this context, things were as regimented as possible. Children were lined up on plastic pots for toileting. Everyone got the same haircut, regardless of gender. They were dressed alike, fed on schedule. Everything was mechanized.


Children whose cries went unanswered soon learned not to cry. The children were not held and were not played with. Although they had their basic needs met (they were fed, washed and clothed), the infants were deprived of emotional care, support, and any kind of stimulation. As a result, they developed "indiscriminate friendliness". Nelson explains that he'd walk into a room and be surrounded by little kids he'd never seen before - and they'd want to jump into his arms and sit on his lap or hold his hand or walk off with him. Although this sort of indiscriminate behavior seems sweet at first glance, it's a coping strategy of neglected children, and it goes hand-in-hand with long-term attachment issues. It is a hallmark behavior of children who have grown up in an institution.


Shaken by the conditions they were witnessing, Nelson and his team set up the Bucharest Early Intervention Program. They assessed 136 children, aged six months to three years, who had been living in institutions from birth. First, it became clear that the children had IQs in the sixties and seventies, compared to an average of one hundred. The children showed signs of under-developed brains and their language was very delayed. When Nelson used electroencephalography (EEG) to measure the electrical activity

……



ROMANIA'S    ORPHANAGES


In 1966, to increase the population and the work force, Romanian president Nicolae Ceausescu banned contraception and abortion. State gynecologists known as "menstrual police" examined women of childbearing age to ensure they were producing enough offspring. A "celibacy tax" was levied on families who had fewer than five children.The birth rate skyrocketed.

Many poor families couldn't afford to care for their children -and so they gave them over to state-run institutions. In turn, the state rolled out more institutions to meet the soaring numbers. By 1989, when Ceausescu was ousted, 170,000 abandoned children resided in institutions.

Scientists soon revealed the consequences of an institutional upbringing on brain development. And those studies influenced government policy. Over the years, most of the Romanian orphans have been returned to their parents or removed to government foster care. By 2005, Romania made it illegal for children to be institutionalized before the age of two, unless severely disabled.

Millions of orphans still live in institutionalized government care around the world. Given the necessity of a nurturing environment for an infant's developing brain, it is imperative that governments find ways to get the children into conditions that allow proper brain development.

……


in these children's brains, he found they had dramatically reduced neural activity.

Without an environment with emotional care and cognitive stimulation, the human brain cannot develop normally.


[I  HAD  A  BOOK  WAY  BACK  IN  THE  1960s  ABOUT  HEALTHY  AND  UNHEALTHY  EMOTIONS,  SHOWING  CHEMICAL  CHANGES  IN  THE  BODY  DEPENDING  ON  YOUR  EMOTIONS.  ONE  SECTION  OF  THE  BOOK  TOLD  ABOUT  ORPHAN  BABIES,  THOSE  THAT  WERE  HELD  AND  CUDDLED  THRIVED  NORMALLY,  SOME  OF  THOSE  NOT  GIVEN  THAT  VERY  TOUCHABLE  LOVE,  GOT  SICK,  SOME  EVEN  DIED  -  Keith Hunt]


Encouragingly, Nelsons study also revealed an important flipside: the brain can often recover, to varying degrees, once the children are removed to a safe and loving environment. The younger a child is removed, the better his recovery. Children removed to foster homes before the age of two generally recovered well. After two, they made improvements - but depending on the age of the child they were left with differing levels of developmental problems.


Nelsons results highlight the critical role of a loving, nurturing environment for a developing child's brain. And this illustrates the profound importance of the environment around us in shaping who we become. We are exquisitely sensitive to our surroundings. Because of the wire-on-the-fly strategy of the human brain, who we are depends heavily on where we've been.

…………………………


A  FASCINATING  RELATIVELY  NEW  BOOK [2015]  ON  THE  BRAIN;  PUT  IN  EASY  TO  UNDERSTAND  LANGUAGE.  WELL  WORTH  HAVING  IN  YOUR  HOME  LIBRARY.


SOME  ANSWERS  TO  SOME  QUESTIONS  OF  SOME  BIBLE  VERSES.


THERE  ARE  THOSE  “FIRE  AND  BRIMSTONE”  PREACHERS  WHO  WILL  SHOUT  OUT  IN  NO  UNCERTAIN  VOICE  THE  VERSE  IN  JEREMIAH  17:9  THE  HEART  IS  DECEITFUL  ABOVE  ALL  THINGS;  AND  DESPERATELY  WICKED;  WHO  CAN  KNOW  IT?”


UNLESS  YOU  HAVE  A  LITTLE  KNOWLEDGE  OF  HOW  THE  BIBLE  WAS  WRITTEN  IN  ENGLISH,  OR  YOU  HAVE  A  BAD  TRANSLATION,  YOU  ARE  KINDA  STUCK  FOR  THE  ANSWER.  BUT  IF  YOU  HAVE  SAY  A  KJV  AND  KNOW  THAT  ALL  ITALIC  WORD  MEAN  THEY  WERE  NOT  IN  THE  ORIGINAL  HEBREW, THEN  YOU  CAN  KNOW  HOW  THIS  VERSE  REALLY  READS  “THE  HEART  IS  (NOT  IN  THE  HEBREW) (CAN  BE  -  IS  BETTER  FROM  READING  THE  WHOLE  BIBLE)  DECEITFUL  ABOVE  ALL;  AND  DESPERATELY  WICKED….”


ADAM  WAS  NOT  CREATED  WITH  A  DESPERATELY  WICKED  HEART!


BABIES  ARE  NOT  BORN  WITH  A  DESPERATELY  WICKED  HEART!


A  DESPERATELY  WICKED  HEART  COMES  FROM  A  LIFE  BORN  INTO  DESPERATELY  WICKED  PEOPLE  AROUND  IT;  OR  FROM  BEING  TAUGHT  FROM  THE  DUGOUT  DESPERATELY  WICKED  WAYS  TO  GROW  UP  AND  LIVE  IN,  BY  DESPERATELY  WICKED  PEOPLE.  CHILDREN  BORN  INTO  LANDS  OF  CIVIL  WAR,  BORN  INTO  A  PEOPLE  WHO  HATE  AND  WANT  TO  KILL  THIS  OTHER  PEOPLE,  BEING  SO  INFLUENCED  AND  TAUGHT  FROM  VERY  EARLY  ON  IN  LIFE,  FROM  THE  CRADLE  SHALL  WE  SAY,  WILL  PRODUCE  YOUNG  CHILDREN  WITH  DESPERATELY  WICKED  HEARTS.

CHILDREN  BORN  INTO  FAMILIES  OF  LOVE,  CALM,  PEACE;  INTO  COUNTRIES  OF  LOVE,  CALM,  PEACE,  WILL  PRODUCE  CHILDREN  THAT  FOR  EX  NUMBER  OF  YEARS,  “WHICH  IN  THAT  DAY  HAD  NO  KNOWLEDGE  BETWEEN  GOOD  AND  EVIL.”


I  WAS  BORN  INTO  A  FAMILY  AND  COUNTRY  OF  LOVE,  CALM,  PEACE,  BORN  INTO  A  SMALL  VILLAGE  IN  SOUTH  WALES,  WHERE  PEOPLE  COULD  LEAVE  THEIR  DOORS  UNLOCKED,  WHERE  CHILDREN  COULD  WANDER  AROUND  THE  VILLAGE  IN  COMPLETE  SAFETY.  FOR  A  NUMBER  OF  YEARS  IN  MY  LIFE  I  HAD  NO  KNOWLEDGE  BETWEEN  GOOD  AND  EVIL.  I  NEVER  SAW  EVIL  NOR  DID  I  HEAR  EVIL,  NOT  EVEN  FOUL  OR  BAD  LANGUAGE  FROM  ANYONE.  OTHER  CHILDREN  MY  AGE  WERE  DOING  NO  EVIL  TOWARDS  OTHER  CHILDREN,  WE  SIMPLY  PLAYED  TOGETHER  ENJOYING  OURSELVES,  ENJOYING  LIFE  IN  AN  ENJOYABLE  PLACE  AND  ENJOYABLE  SURROUNDINGS.


MANY  PREACHERS  OF  FIRE  AND  BRIMSTONE  LIKE  TO  QUOTE  THE  VERSES,  OR  PARTS  OF  VERSES  THAT  SHOW  THE  HEART  AS  EVIL, WICKED,  SINFUL  -  THEY  NEVER  QUOTE  IT  SEEMS  THE  VERSES  OR  PARTS  OF  VERSES  THAT  SHOW  THE  HEART  CAN  BE  GOOD…..LIKE——  “A  GOOD  MAN,  OUT  OF  THE  GOOD  TREASURE  OF  HIS  HEART,  BRINGS  FORTH  GOOD  THINGS…..” (MATTHEW 12:35).


YES  THE  LAST  PART  OF  THE  VERSE  IS  ABOUT  AN  EVIL  MAN  WHO  BRINGS  FORTH  EVIL  THINGS.


SO  YES  THE  HEART  CAN  BE  DESPERATELY  WICKED  AS  JEREMIAH  17:9  SAYS.  AND  AS  VERSE  10  SAYS,  GOD  KNOWS  IT,  THE  HEART,  AND  WILL  JUDGE  ACCORDINGLY,  TO  GIVE  THE  FRUIT  OF  THEIR  DOINGS.


BACK  TO  THE  BOOK  I’VE  RECENTLY  BOUGHT;  A  GOOD  BOOK,  SIMPLY  WRITTEN,  TO  SHOW  THE  WONDER  OF  THE  HUMAN  BRAIN.


AS  KING  DAVID  OF  ISRAEL  SAID,  “WE  ARE  FEARFULLY  AND  WONDERFULLY  MADE.”


Keith Hunt