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The People of the Covenant

Had truth but most departed ...

                           TRACING OUR ANCESTORS
                            (published in 1934)

by Frederick Haberman


Chapter V.

     The story of the translation of Enoch was later paganized
into the legend of the mythical Sun-bird, the Phoenix, which made
its appearance at the end of every Phoenix cycle and then
disappeared again to be reborn or rejuvenated. During the time of
the Greeks, who themselves were Aryan-Phoenicians and did not
call themselves Greeks but Danoi, Achaeans, and Hellenes, the
term "Phoenician" applied chiefly to those daring adventurers who
went on long voyages. Horapollo in his days gives the meaning of
Phoenix as "a man returning home after a long journey."
     Scholars in general seem to have overlooked the origin of
the term Phoenix and therefore have failed to understand that the
term applied originally to the few descendants of the survivors
of the Adamic Deluge who appeared in Eastern Asia. However, as
that race became more numerous and spread themselves among the
aborigines, the term was applied only to those hardy mariners
that sailed from the eastern shores of the Mediterranean. To that
race Prof. George Rawlinson pays a fine tribute in his Story of
Phoenica, without understanding who they really were:

"The people who of all antiquity had most in common with England
and the English - the people who first discovered the British
Isles and made them known to mankind at large, the people who
circumnavigated Africa, and caused the gold of Ophir to flow into
the coffers of Solomon ... The race was formed to excel, not in
the field of speculation, or even of artistic perfection, but in
the sphere of action and of practical ingenuity. As ship
builders, as navigators, as merchants, as miners, as
metallurgists, as dyers, as engravers of hard stones, as
engineers, they surpassed all who preceded them, and were
scarcely surpassed in later times by many. They were the great
pioneers of civilization, and by their boldness, their
intrepidity, and their manual dexterity, prepared the way for the
triumphs of later but more advanced nations. They adventured
themselves, in many cases, where none had ever gone before them,
entrusted themselves to fragile boats, dared the many perils of
the unknown seas, penetrated deep into untrodden continents,
mixed with savages, affronted the dangers of extreme heat and
extreme cold, risked their lives continually night after night
and day after day, not so much stimulated by the expectation of
large profits, as by the pure love of adventure; they explored
all the shores of the Mediterranean, the Propontis, and the
Euxine, passed the Pillars of Hercules, and launched their fleets
bravely into the Atlantic, circumnavigated Africa in one
direction, and reached the shores of Britain, perhaps of Norway,
in another; at the same time they were, in their own homes,
skilled artizans and manufacturers, weavers of delicate fabrics,
inventors of dyes of unrivalled beauty, excellent metalurgists,
good gem-engravers, no contemptible sculptors; while, abroad,
they were the boldest navigators and the most successful traders
that the Old World ever saw, worthy rivals of the Cabots and
Columbus and Di Gamas and Drakes and Raleighs of later times.
Active, energetic, persevering, ingenious, inventive, dexterous,
not much troubled with scruples, they had all the qualities which
ensure a nation, in the long run, commercial prosperity and the
wealth which flows from it; while, by their natural vigour and
adventurousness, their rough lives and hardy habits, they were
well qualified to resist for long ages the corrupting influence
of that luxury which is almost certain to follow upon the
accumulation of riches."

     Prof. L.A.Waddell in his remarkable book, "Phoenician Origin
of Britons, Scots, and Anglo-Saxons," supplies us with material
evidence furnished by monuments, inscriptions, and coins found in
the East and in Great Britain, that a large portion of the people
of the British Isles are the descendants of the seagoing
Phoenicians and particularly the Barat-Phoenicians. This term of
Barat is of particular interest to us.
     Our Plate VI shows an ancient engraving representing the
Phoenician Lady Protector of the Waters, Barati, the tutelary
goddess of good fortune, the Fortuna of the Romans of later days.
The picture shows a seated queen with a pitcher on her head
symbolizing the waters; in her right hand she holds a spear -
like scepter, the Trident, and in her left a cross. She, Barati,
is the Mistress of the Waves and the original of Britannia.

     Of her Prof. Waddell writes, on Pages 58 and 59 of his book:

"Her proper name is now disclosed by the Vedic hymns of the
Eastern branch of the Aryan Barats to have been Barati, meaning
'Belonging to the Barats.' She is also called therein 'Brihad-the
Divine' (Brihaddiva); and she seems identical with Pritvi or
'Mother-Earth.' Her especial abode was on the 'Sarasvati River,'
which, I find, was the modern Sarus River of Cilicia which
entered the sea at Tarsus, the 'Tarzi' of its own coins or
Parthenia, which appears to have been the first sea-port of the
Barat homeland. In these Vedic hymns all the attributes of
Britannia are accounted for; her tutelarship of the waters and of
ships, her lighthouse on the sea, her Neptune trident (as well as
the origin of Neptune himself and his name), her helmet and
shield, her Cross on the shield, as well as the cornucopia, which
she sometimes bears upon the Phoenician and Greco-Roman coins,
taking the place of the corn-stalk on the Briton coins."
In the Vedic hymns she is called 'The Great Mother (Mahi)' and
'Holy Lady of the Waters' and is hailed as 'First-Made mother' in
a hymn to her son 'Napat the Son of the waters' who has a horse
(thus disclosing the remote Aryan origin of the name and
personality of the old Sea-god, Neptune, and his horses, and
accounting for Neptune's trident in her hands). She is a
'Fire-Priestess' and 'shows the light' (thus accounting for the
Lighthouse on the older British coins with Britannia) ....

(Copyright From Waddell's "Phoenician Origin of Britons, Scots,
and Saxons"]

The name 'Fortuna,' by which the Romans called this Barat
tutelary goddess of Good Fortune, as well as the English word
'Fortune,' now appear to be coined from her title of 'Barati' -
the letter F being interchangeable dialectically with P and B, as
we have seen in the Egyptian 'Fenkha' for 'Phoenic' and the Greek
Pyr for Fire, and P with B; and its affix una or 'one' is now
disclosed to be derived from the Hitto-Sumerian ana ('one'), thus
giving the title of 'The one of Barats' (or 'Fortune'). The o
came in dialectically like the w in Prwt on the Newton Stone and
the u in Brut, the name of the first Briton king in the Ancient
British Chronicles, as we shall see later. 'Fortuna' was figured
in identical form and symbols with Barati and Britannia and in
the same associations with water.

Further striking positive inscriptional proof of this Barati
title for the Aryan marine tutelary (Britannia) and also of her
Phoenician origin is now gained from the records of Ancient Egypt
and Mesopotamia, both of which lands are now disclosed in these
pages to have derived their civilization from the Aryan

End Quote

     Thus is disclosed the real origin of the name Britain, the
title giver to the Western Isles by Brutus of Troy about 1100 
B.C. Brutus gave the land he occupied the name of his own
race--Barat, B'r'i, Brit, Prat, Prut or Prydi-the B and P being
interchangeable in the Phoenician, as well as the unwritten
vowels. On Plate VII, Fig. 1, we have a reproduction of the Barat
name as found by Prof. Waddell on a Phoenician tombstone in
Sardinia. This same title is also found on the Newton stone in
Aberdeenshire, erected by another Barat prince, Part-olon, king
of the Scots, about 400 B.C.  (See Plate X.)

"The names 'Brit-on' and 'Brit-ain' and 'Brit-ish' also are
derived from this early Phoenician 'Barat' title. The former two
names, we are told in the Ancient British Chronicle, as seen
later, were given to the people and the country by the first king
of the Britons in Britain, after his own patronymic name. The
original form of the name 'Brit-on' is now disclosed to have been
'Barat-ana' or 'Brihad-ana.' Thus 'Barat-ana' or 'Brihat-ana'
modernized into 'Brit-on' means 'One of the Barats or Brits.' The
earlier form of the name is better preserved in the name
Dun-Barton or 'Fort of the Bartons (or Britons).' We have already
seen that it was spelled 'Pryd-ain' by the Cymric Welsh and
Pretan-(oi) by the Greeks. But the earlier form was simply
'Barat,' in series with the 'Prwt' or 'Prat' of the Newton Stone.
Similarly, 'Brit-ain' for the 'Land of the Brit,' presumes a like
original 'Barat-ana' (or Brithat-ana), having for its affix the
same Hitto-Sumerian ana. And this geographic use is in series
with the Indo-Aryan names, Rajput-ana for 'Land of the Rajputs,'
Gond-wana for 'Land of the Gonds,' etc., the Cappadocian Cataoma
or 'Land of the Catti,' and the old Persian Susi-ana for 'Land of
Susi,' and Airy-ana or Air-an, the older form of Ir-an or 'Land
of the Aryas or Aryans' for Persia. The Anglo-Saxon vagaries in
spelling the name 'Britain' well illustrate the dialectic
variations in spelling proper names before the introduction of
printing, and before the influence of the journalistic press has
only relatively recently fixed the spelling of words rigidly in
one stereotyped form an important historical fact which requires
always to be borne in mind when dealing with the ancient
variations in spelling the same name.

The Anglo-Saxons spelled the name 'Britain' in their documents
never as 'Britain,' but Bryten, Bryton, Breoton, Breoten, Breten,
Broten, Brittan, Britton, and Brytten.'"

End Quote

     It is of interest to know that the Irish name of Bridget is
derived from Barati, as well as "brat," a bad boy; and the
popular provincial English phrase of "O my eye and Betty Martin"
is descended from the old liturgy "O mihi Brito-Martis."
Brito-Martis is a Cretan form of the Phoenician water-goddess and
Mihi or Mahi, the Aryan title of "the great earth mother" - the
Maia of the Greeks and Romans "the goddess of May" and of the
British May-pole Festival. The Maha-Barata Epics are part of the
Ancient Indian Vedas, the Epics of the great Barats. And who were
the Aryan-Phoenician Barats or Great Barats?
     The ancient Indian Vedas refer to these people in the
following passages:

"The able Panch (Phoenicians) setting out to invade the Earth,
brought the whole world under their sway."--Maha-Barata Indian
Epic of the Great Barats.

"The Brihat (Briton) singers belaud Indra ... Indra hath raised
the Sun on high in heaven ... Indra leads us with single sway ..
The Panch (Phoenician Brihats), leaders of the Earth.  Ours only,
and none others' is he." - Rig Veda Hymn. (Indra, or Indara is
the early Indo-Aryan name for Jehovah.)

Phmnician Patronymic titles "Parat" and "Prydi "or "Prudi " on
Phmnician tombstones in Sardinia.

Sun-horse (Asva of the Catti Briton coins) and on the obverse the
head of the Barati-or "Britannia "
(Copyright. From Waddell's "Phoenician Origin of Britons, Scots,
and Saxons ")

(Photos not reproduced here - Keith Hunt)

"The able Panch (Phoenic-fans) are all highly blessed, and know
the Eternal Religion--the Eternal Truths of Religion and
Righteousness." --Maha-Barata Epics.

     They are spoken of as a Dynastic People - the same race of
which we read in the Indian Vishnu Purana Epic: "His sources of
subsistence are Arms and the Protection of the Earth. The
Guardianship of the Earth. The Guardianship of the Earth is his
special province ... By intimidating the bad and cherishing the
good, the ruler who maintains the discipline of the different
tribes secures whatever region he desires."

     These people were commissioned with the Guardianship of the
earth and the protection of the weak. In other words, they were
to be the leading race of civilization, and the great protective
power of the world. 
     This is essentially the same mission and destiny we find in
the Old Testament bestowed upon the sons of Abraham, Isaac, and
Jacob, whose name is Israel. "But thou, Israel, art my servant,
Jacob whom I have chosen, the seed of Abraham my friend ... I
will preserve thee, and give thee for a covenant of the people,
to establish the earth, to cause to inherit the desolate
heritages ... Ye that go down to the sea, and all that is
therein; the isles, and the inhabitants thereof." (Isaiah,
Chapters 41,42, and 49.) 
     Jehovah is here making a covenant with the inhabitants of
the isles who go down to the sea. Now the Hebrew term used here
for a covenant of the people is Brith-am, which is an almost
identical term with the B'r't of the Phoenician Barats. The same
consonants are used; only the am is added, standing for "people"
or "multitude."
     The Hebrew word for covenant is Bryth or Berith. Both
Young's and Strong's Bible Concordances give these terms for
covenant as often as they appear in the Old Testament. We are
fully aware that certain scholars and theologians reject the
derivation of Britain or British from the Hebrew Brith--Covenant.
As, however, Prof. Waddell has shown from substantial evidences
that Britain is derived from the identical Hebrew-Phoenician
Barat or Brit, the origin of the word Britain as well as that of
the early Britons is definitely established. Prof. Waddell
identifies the term Barat and Brits with "Fortunate" or
"Fortunate Ones," and Barat-ana as "Fortunate Land." This is
therefore the pagan Phoenician equivalent to "Blessing," and
those "Blessed People" in the "Fortunate Land or Islands" to whom
pertain the Divine Promises.
     Additional evidence regarding the derivation of the terms
Brith and Brith-am is derived from the Welsh Triads, which speak
of the Bryth-Y-Brithan, meaning "Covenanters of the Land of the
Covenant." This is what the ancient Britons called themselves.
So also is the 'ish' in British derived from the Phoenician and
Hebrew word 'ish' and 'ishi,' meaning "man" or "My man." The term
British, therefore, means nothing less than "Covenant Man." Some
people may reject that because they want to, but we have to take
the facts as they present themselves to us.
     It was Brutus the Trojan who arrived in England about 1100
B.C. whose name is a variant of B'r't-ish and gave the land the
name of Britain --B'r't land - Land of the Covenant. Of him we
shall read more in Chapter IX.

     In the twelfth chapter of Genesis we find how God called
Abram out of the land of Chaldea, Verses 1-3: "Now the Lord had
said unto Abram, Get thee out of thy country, and from thy
kindred, and from thy father's house, unto a land that I will
skew thee: and I will make of thee a great nation, and I will
bless thee, and make thy name great; and thou shalt be a
blessing: and I will bless them that bless thee, and curse him
that curseth thee: and in thee shall all. the families of the
earth be blessed."

     In the seventeenth chapter Abram's name is changed into
Abraham-Ab (father)-ra (ruling)-ham (multitude) - which means
"father of a ruling multitude." "As for me, behold, my covenant
is with thee, and thou shalt be a father of many nations. Neither
shall thy name any more be called Abram, but thy name shall be
Abraham; for a father of many nations have I made thee. And I
will make thee exceeding fruitful, and I will make nations of
thee, and kings shall come out of thee. And I will establish my
covenant between me and thee and thy seed after thee in their
generations for an everlasting covenant, to be a God unto thee,
and to thy seed after thee."

     The various promises have been 'discussed by the present
writer in his "Destinies of Israel and Judah," but I wish to
quote here one more passage in which God confirmed his Covenant
with Abraham to his grandson, Jacob, the father of the twelve
tribes of Israel: "And thy seed shall be as the dust of the
earth, and thou shalt spread abroad to the west, and to the east,
and to the north, and to the south: and in thee and in thy seed
shall all the families of the earth be blessed. And, behold, I am
with thee, and will keep thee in all places whither thou goest,
and will bring thee again into this land; for I will not leave
thee, until I have done that which I have spoken to thee of." -
Genesis 28:14-15.

     All these passages show that Israel is to be the ruling race
of mankind and the builders of civilization. This is also the
mission entrusted to the Aryan-Phoenicians, of whom the Barat or
Brits were the central stem, as Prof. Waddell has found from the
Indian Vedas and monumental evidences. It is very unfortunate,
however, that Prof. Waddell has no faith in the Bible and, as he
makes the common mistake of calling Israel the Jews, he fails to
see that the Barat-Phoenicians of 1500 to 1000 B.C. were mainly
the Israelites. (The reader will understand this fully after
reading the next chapters.) Prof. Waddell's discoveries have been
made from sources entirely outside of the Bible, and he is
unwittingly confirming the Bible and what the present writer has
established from other quarters concerning the identity of the
     A passage in the Maha-Barata Epic tells us that the leading
clan, the Barat-Phoenicians, traced their descent from one King
Barat. "And King Barat gave them his name to the Dynastic race of
which he was the founder; and so it is from him that the fame of
the Dynastic people hath spread far and wide." In the Rig Veda
Hymn we find a passage: "Like a Father's Name, men love to call
their names." Prof. Waddell on Page 38 of his book says: "And
King Barat, after whom his ruling clan called themselves, was the
most famous forefather of the First Phoenician Dynasty, which
event, I find by the evidence, occurred about 3100 B.C."

     Now, as we have already seen from other sources, the date
3100 B.C. falls within the years of Enoch, who was the father of
"the house of Enoch" - the Phoenicians - and we know the full
identity of both King Barat and the Barats, Brits, or Britons -
the Covenant Race, coming down from Enoch, Noah, Shem, Eber,
Abraham, and Israel.
     It is very unfortunate that our Oriental scholars who have
interested themselves with the history of the Phoenicians, like
Professors George Rawlinson and Waddell, have been unable to see
that they were the Adamites who survived the Deluge; yet both of
these scholars testify ihat they were pure Monotheists, or
worshippers of the One God of the Universe. Prof. G.Rawlinson in
his "History of the Phoenicians" says: "Originally, when they
first occupied their settlements upon the Mediterranean, or
before they moved from their primitive seats upon the shores of
the Persian Gulf, the Phoenicians were Monothesists ... It was no
idolatry; when the One God alone is acknowledged and recognized,
the feeling is naturally that expressed in the Egyptian Hymn of
Praise: 'He is not graven in marble; He is not beheld; His abode
is not known; there is no building that can contain Him; unknown
is his name in heaven; He does not manifest His form; vain are
all representations.'"

     To this Prof. Waddell adds on Page 264 of his Phoenician

"It was this pure and lofty Monotheism of the Early Phoenicians,
expressed in their so-called 'Sun-worship' or 'Bel-worship,'
which they are now found to have cherished down the ages in the
Mediterranean. From it the early Phoenician merchant princes
derived their happy inspiration; they carried it with them as
they ploughed the unknown seas; they invoked it in their hours of
danger, and transplanted it at their various colonies and ports
of call; and they carried it to Early Britain and disembarked and
planted it along with their virile cililization, upon her soil
about 2800 B.C. or earlier.

The early Aryans appear at first to have worshipped the Sun's orb
itself as the visible God. In thus selecting the Sun, it is
characteristic of the scientific mind of these early Aryans that
in searching for a symbol for God they fixed upon that same
visible and most glorious manifestation of his presence that
latter-day scientists credit with having emitted the first vital
spark to this planet, and with being the proximate source and
supporter of all Life in this world.

But at an early period, some millenniums before the birth of
Abraham, the Aryans imagined the idea of the One Universal God,
as 'The Father-God' behind the Sun, and thereby gave us our
modern conception of God. This is evident in the early Sumerian
hymns, and in the prehistoric Cup-marked prayers in Britain; and
it is also thus expressed in one of the oldest Aryan hymns of the
Vedas, in a stanza which is still repeated every morning by every
Brahman in India, who chants it as a morning prayer at sunrise:
'The Sun's uprising orb floods the air with brightness:
The Sun's Enlivening Lord sends forth all men to labour,'"

End Quote

     In the Indian Vedas, God, the Creator, is spoken of as Indra
or Indara and is invoked as the "Creator of the Sun." He is
"man's sustainer, the bountiful protector," "the Most Fatherly of
fathers." "Our Forefathers' friend of old, swift to listen to
their prayers." "There is no comforter but Thee, O Indra, lover
of mankind."

     Prof. Waddell, however, is mistaken in assuming that Sun
Worship was the original worship. The first worship was by means
of a sacrifice offered by Abel, as told in Genesis 4:3. It was
later that the Sun or Bel worship was instituted, wherein the
Creator was worshipped through His visible symbol, the Sun. As
Bel or Baal in Phoenician stands for "Lord," while "God" is El or
Al, it indicated that the Bel or Sun worship was not the original
worship; moreover, the symbol for the Bel worship was two crossed
sticks (being rubbed together to create fire). This seems to
indicate that it was man's creation. There is no doubt that the
Phoenicians and some of the early Britons were worshippers of the
Sun and of Bel, the god of Sun-fire. Thus, for instance, the
Newton Stone in Aberdeenshire was erected in honor of Bel by
Partholon, the Brit. (See Plate X and note the Swastika). Waddell
also finds that the word "blazes" is derived from Bel or "fire." 
The lighting of bon or bet fires and the custom of the young
people of jumping through the fires at the Summer Solstice on the
22nd of June, still prevailing in many parts of Britain and on
the Continent and lately revived as a national custom by the
Nazis in Germany, is a survival of this ancient Sun cult or Bel

     The custom of passing through the fire represented a
ceremonial purification by fire or Baptism by Fire, whereby the
believer is cleansed of his sins and protected by the central
fire of the Sun. Although the Phoenicians themselves and the
early Britons may not have made human sacrifices to Bel, as other
Bel worshippers did, yet both the Sun worship and the "passing
through the fire" are considered abominations in Sacred
Scripture, because in the Sun worship the visible Sun was
substituted for the True Sun of Righteousness and the Creator of
the Sun. (Refer to Ezekiel 8:16). As it is today, so it was in
the days of old: it is very easy for people to leave the real and
adopt the fictitious and to worship an image instead of the True



The original Phoenicians carried with them the true understanding
of the One true Holy God; it time they came to worship the
"creature" instead of the CREATOR; they came to worship the sun
instead of Him who created the sun. So it has been through time;
only a little flock, only the salt of the earth people, remained
faithful to knowing and worshipping the true God, in spirit and
in truth.

Keith Hunt

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