THE  HERESIES  OF  WESTCOTT  AND  HORT #11


The Heresies of Westcott and Hort on the Work of the Lord Jesus Christ. A. Westcott explained away some of the miracles of the Lord Jesus Christ by downplaying or omitting the literal phase of the miracle.

(John 6:21) It will be obvious that these two "signs" are introductory to the discourse which follows. Both correct limited views springing out of our material conceptions. Effects are produced at variance with our ideas of quantity and quality. That which is small becomes great. That which is heavy moves on the surface of the water. Contrary elements yield at a divine presence. Both "signs" in other words, prepare the way for new thoughts of Christ, of His sustaining, preserving, guiding power, and exclude deductions drawn from corporeal relations only. He can support men, though visible means fall short. He is with His disciples, though they do not recognize or see Him. . . .

—Westcott—John, op. cit., p. 99

This sounds like a modernistic apostate explaining away the miracles alluded to above. He wants to de-emphasize "material conceptions" and "exclude" completely any "deductions drawn from corporeal relations only." Thus the literalness of these miracles is suspected and bypassed by Westcott, in favor of a spiritualization of them.

(John 11:25) The resurrection is not a doctrine but a fact: not future but present: not multitudinous, but belonging to the unbroken continuity of each separate life. ... I am—not I shall be hereafter—I AM. . . .

—Westcott—John, op. cit., p. 168

Here is Westcott's flat denial of the future resurrection, holding only to some sort of undefined, spiritualized "present" form.


B. Westcott and Hort deny or have a false meaning to the literal, bodily resurrection of the Lord Jesus Christ, and remain in general.

1. Westcott falsely thought the "resurrection of Christ" was the "restoration" of the "Tabernacle of God's presence to men." He wrote:

(John 2:19) Destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise it up) On the other hand the resurrection of Christ was the raising again of the Temple, the complete restoration of the Tabernacle of God's presence to men, perpetuated in the church, which is Christ's body.

—-Westcott—John, op. cit., p. 42

All Westcott the apostate and heretic has for the bodily resurrection of our Lord Jesus Christ is the "restoration of. . . God's presence to men" which is "perpetuated in the church, which is Christ's body." Just so there is a visible church, for Westcott, there is a resurrection. Heresy, pure and simple, and ugly.


2. Westcott falsely thought Christ's body passed through "earthly dissolution" in his wrong view of the resurrection. He wrote:

(Hebrews 7:16) The life of Christ was not endless or eternal only. It was essentially "indissoluble" (Ajkatavlup-to). Although the form of its manifestation was changed and in the earthly sense He died, yet His life endured unchanged even through earthly dissolution. . . .

—Westcott—Hebrews, op. cit., p. 185

There was no "earthly dissolution" of the body of the Lord Jesus Christ, because He "saw no corruption." His body was literally and physically resurrected from the dead, and He is still at the Father's right hand to this very hour, as the "man, Christ Jesus," raised bodily, ascended bodily, seated bodily at the Right Hand of God the Father, and coming one day bodily as He promised.

THE  PHYSICAL  BODY  OF  CHRIST  WAS  RAISED,  BUT  THAT  PHYSICAL  BODY  COULD  APPEAR  AND  DISAPPEAR.  GOD  HAS  THE  POWER  TO  MAKE  HIMSELF  PHYSICAL  FLESH  AND  BONE  AND  BE  TOUCHED,  THEN  DISAPPEAR  AND  BE  A  SPIRITUAL  BODY.  SO  IN  THE  RESURRECTION  THE  PHYSICAL  BODY  IS  WAY  DIFFERENT  THAN  THE  PHYSICAL  BODY  WE  HAVE  TODAY.  ALL  ABOUT  GOD  AND  THE  RESURRECTION  IS  FULLY  COVERED  ON  THIS  WEBSITE - Keith Hunt 


3. Hort wrongly spiritualized the resurrection from the dead in 1 Peter 1:3. He wrote:

(1 Peter 1:3) (by the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead) How our Lord's Resurrection was the instrument by which a new life of hope was brought into mankind may be read in many places of the Acts and the Epistles. It reversed every doom of every kind of death, and thus annulled the hopelessness which must settle down on every one who thinks out seriously what is involved in the universal empire of death. It was by the faith in the Resurrection that mankind was enabled to renew its youth.

—Hort—1 Peter, op. cit., p. 34

This is a spiritualization of the resurrection. It doesn't "enable" "mankind" to "renew its youth." It teaches that every born-again believer will one day receive a new body, physically raised from the dead or transformed instantaneously from a mortal body to an immortal body at His Coming. Hort knows nothing of this glorious hope, but spiritualizes it away to nothingness.


I  DO  NOT  UNDERSTAND  HORT'S  WORDS  AS  WAITE  DOES.  THE  TRUTH  OF  THE  RESURRECTION  GIVES  NEW  MENTAL  AND  EMOTIONAL  ZEAL  OF  YOUTH;  YOU  HAVE  THE  STRENGTH  OF  YOUTH  AS  A  MIND-SET  BECAUSE  YOU  KNOW  THERE  IS  SURE  PROMISE  THAT  AFTER  DEATH  THERE  IS  A  RESURRECTION  TO  LIFE  AGAIN - Keith Hunt

C. Westcott refused to stand for "propositions about Christ," thinking that it was all right just simply to "believe" "in Christ," whoever He might be.        

(John 14:1) (believe also in me) The belief is "in Christ,"   and not in any propositions about Christ.

—Westcott—John, op. cit., p. 200

This may sound all well and good, but just how, pray tell, can you believe "in Christ" if you don't have the slightest idea about just who He is, based on the Bible, and all of its definite "propositions about Christ." This is the chief heresy of Westcott, that is, his disdain to be pinned down to "propositions about Christ." He has passed on this heresy to many, many twentieth century people today as well, sad to say.

D. Westcott was very heretical concerning the "Second Coming" of the Lord Jesus Christ.

1. Westcott heretically believed in many different "comings" of the Lord Jesus Christ in John 14:3. He wrote:

(John 14:3) (. . . I will come again, and receive you unto myself;) But though the words refer to the last "coming" of Christ, the promise must not be limited to that one "coming" which is the consummation of all comings." Nor again must it be confined to the "coming" to the church on the day of Pentecost, or to the "coming" to the individual either at conversion or at death, though these "comings" are included in the thought. Christ is in fact from the moment of His Resurrection ever coming to the world and to the church, and to men, as the Risen Lord (Comp. i. 9). This thought is expressed by the use of the present I come, as distinguished from the future I will come, as of one isolated future act. The "coming" is regarded in its continual present . .. side by side with this constant coming. . ..

—Westcott—John, op. cit., p. 201

This comment, for those who know the Bible on the Second Coming of the Lord Jesus Christ, needs no further elaboration by me. Its heresies are obvious. For Westcott, words don't mean anything. He can make them whatever he might wish to make of them. Many modernist apostates and heretics of today have followed his lead here, especially including John MacArthur who changes "blood" to mean merely "death." For a full discussion on this, see my book, John MacArthur's Heresy on the Blood of Christ.


WESTCOTT  DOES  NOT  DENY  THE  LAST  COMING  OF  CHRIST;  HE  IS  MERELY  SHOWING  THAT  CHRIST  IS  ALWAYS  COMING  THROUGH  THE  HOLY  SPIRIT  TO  THE  CHURCH  OF  CHRIST.  CHRIST  IS  ALWAYS  PRESENTLY  COMING,  LIVING  AGAIN  WITHIN  THE  CHRISTIAN - GAL.2:20.  A  WEAK  ARGUMENT  BY  WAITE - Keith Hunt

2. Westcott repeats similar errors concerning the Second Coming of the Lord Jesus Christ throughout his works. He refers the Second Coming to the coming of the Holy Spirit (cf. Westcott—John, op. cit., John 14:16, p. 205); he speaks of "several comings of Christ" (cf. Westcott—1-3 John, op. cit., 1 John 2:18, p. 69); he refers to the expression, "as often as Christ comes" (cf. Westcott—1-3 John , op. cit., 1 John 2:18, p. 71); He says that "He is still coming" in the "flesh" (cf. Westcott—1-3 John , op. cit., 1 John 4:2, p. 142); and he refers to a "continuous spiritual coming" of Christ (cf. Westcott—1-3 John , op. cit., 1 John 5:6, p. 182). These all perpetuate Westcott's heresy in this vital department of Christology.

WESTCOTT  IS  CORRECT  IN  WHAT  HE  STATES.  CHRIST  IS  ALWAYS  PRESENTLY  COMING  INTO  THE  FLESH  OF  CHRISTIANS.  IT  IS  THE  TRUTH  OF  GAL. 2:20.  WAITE  HAS  A  ONE  TRACK  MIND,  OR  TUNNEL  VISION - Keith Hunt

E. Westcott and Hort had a false and heretical view of the vicarious, substitutionary sacrifice of the Lord Jesus Christ.

1. Westcott believed the heresy that the "redemptive efficacy" of "Christ's 'work" was found "in His whole life," rather than in His death. He wrote:

(John 1:29) (which taketh away the sin of the world) The parallel passage in the Epistle (I.e.) shews that the redemptive efficacy of Christ's word is to be found in His whole life....

—Westcott—John, op. cit., p. 20

Here is a verse, John 1:29, which shows that the "Lamb of God" took away the sin of the world by His offering on the cross, and yet Westcott used it to show "redemptive efficacy" is found "in His whole life." This is nothing short of blatant heretical modernistic apostasy. Jesus Christ's life did not nor could not redeem us. It was only the shedding of His blood at the cross which is the basis of man's redemption.

WAITE  AGAIN  HAS  TUNNEL  VISION  AND  MISSES  READING  THE  WHOLR  NEW  TESTAMENT,  OR  DELIBERATELY  FORGETS  PARTS  OF  IT.  HERE  IT  IS,  BEEN  THERE  FOR  2,000  YEARS..... SEE  IT,  MARK  IT..... ROMANS  5:8-8. AND  ROMANS  8:9-11. WHAT  IS  "REDEEMING"  IN  SALVATION.  IT  IS  THE  FORGIVENESS  OF  SINS.  YES  THE  BLOOD  AND  DEATH  OF  CHRIST  FORGIVES  US  OF  OUR  SINS  TO  THE  POINT  OF  OUR  REPENTANCE  AND  CONVERSION  TO  ACCEPTING  CHRIST  AS  PERSONAL  SAVIOR.  BUT  REDEEMING  WORK  GOES  ON  FROM  THERE.  AGAIN  SEE IT  FOR  YOURSELF - 1 JOHN 1.  IT  TAKES  THE  LIFE  OF  CHRIST,  AS  THE  SINLESS  ONE,  AND  AS  THE  RISEN  ONE  TO  SAVE  US,  TO  REDEEM  US  TO  IMMORTALITY.  SEE  ALSO  1  COR. 15:12-19. JESUS  IS  NOW  ALIVE  AS  OUR  HIGH  PRIEST  IN  HEAVEN  INTERCEDING  FOR  US.  REDEMPTIVE  WORK  GOES  ON  UNTIL  OUR  DEATH.  SO  INDEED  IT  DOES  TAKE  THE  DEATH  AND  LIFE  OF  CHRIST  TO  REDEEM  US  TO  INHERIT  ETERNAL  LIFE.  WAITE  AGAIN  IS  USING  TUNNEL  VISION  IN  READING  THE  NEW  TESTAMENT - Keith Hunt


2. Westeott wrongly thought John 6:51 did not speak of Christ's "atonement." He wrote:

(John 6:51) (my flesh) The thought here is of support and growth, and not of atonement.

—Westcott—John, op. cit., p. 106

The whole importance of the teachings in this section of John 6 has to do with the "atonement" of the Lord Jesus Christ. How else can we understand His giving us His "flesh" to eat?

YES  OF  COURSE  JESUS  WAS  REFERRING  TO  THE  GIVING  OF  HIS  FLESH  LIFE  IN  DEATH  TO  ATONEMENT  FOR  US,  AND  OUR  ACCEPTING  OF  THAT  SACRIFICE  FOR  OUR  SINS;  BUT  THAT  STILL  INCLUDES  SUPPORT  AND  GROWTH  AS  JESUS  SAID  IN  VERSE  63.  WESTCOTT  IS  WRONG  BUT  ALSO  RIGHT - Keith Hunt


3. Westcott wrongly took Christ's "flesh" in John 6:51 to be "the virtue of His humanity. He wrote:

(John 6:51, 53) It is not yet indicated how the "flesh" of Christ, the virtue of His humanity, will be communicated to and made effectual for mankind or men. . . . By the "flesh " in this narrower sense we must understand the virtue of Christ's humanity as living for us; by the "blood" the virtue of His humanity as subject to death.

—Westcott—John, op. cit., pp. 106-07

Christ's "flesh" is "communicated to and made effectual for mankind or men" by His crucifixion on the cross. Westcott has misdefined and spiritualized both "flesh" and "blood," rather than taking them literally to refer to what was accomplished on the cross for lost men.


4. Westcott heretically declared that throughout Christ's "last discourses" the "redemptive work of Christ essentially was completed." He wrote:

(John 13:31) (glorified) The thought throughout these last discourses is of the decisive act by which the Passion had been embraced. The redemptive work of Christ essentially was completed (xvii. 4, etc.).

—Westcott—John, op. cit., p.  196

By no means was the "redemptive work of Christ" either "essentially completed" or even partly completed while He was giving His "last discourses." This harks back to Westcott's heresy that Christ's "whole life" has "redemptive efficacy".


IF  WESTCOTT  IS  SAYING  THE  DEATH  OF  CHRIST  WAS  NOT  IMPORTANT,  OR  ONLY  CHRIST  LIVING  A  SINLESS  LIFE  WAS  "REDEMPTIVE  WORK  COMPLETE"  THEN  INDEED  HE  WAS  WRONG  AND  SUCH  TEACHING  WOULD  BE  HERESY - Keith Hunt


5. Westcott gave "plausibility" and "authority" to the false "cause of the death of Christ" as a "rupture of the heart" rather than the biblical cause. He wrote:

(John 19:34) (blood and water) It has been argued (with the greatest plausibility and authority by Dr. Stroud, "The physical cause of the Death of Christ," ed. 2, 1871) that this is a natural phenomenon. The immediate cause of death was (it is said) a rupture of the heart. . . .

—Westcott—John, op. cit., p. 279

No. The "immediate cause of death" was the fact that the Lord Jesus Christ dismissed His Spirit. He simply said, "into  thy hands I commend my spirit" and so gave up His Spirit and died physically. This was the cause of death. It was a miracle of Deity which no human being is capable of performing. If a physical cause of death can be found (other than the biblical one), then how can we be sure He didn't die an "accidental death" and that He did not atone for the sins of the world in His sacrifice? John 10:18 is clear on this point.

IT  WAS  INDEED  NOT  A  RUPTURE  OF  THE  HEART;  IT  WAS  CHRIST  BLOOD  THAT  WAS  POURED  OUT,  THE  SHEDDING  OF  HIS  BLOOD,  AS  FORETOLD  IN  THE  OLD  TESTAMENT.  AND  SO  SPOKE  THE  WORDS  WAITE  GIVES,  AND  DIED  PHYSICALLY - Keith Hunt


6. Westcott wrongly said that "death" rather than the "shedding of the blood" is the "seal" of the validity of a covenant. He wrote:

(Hebrews 9:14) Death again, which makes the blood available, is the seal of the validity of a covenant.

—Westcott—Hebrews, op. cit.,p. 261

No."Death" in and of itself is not the "seal" of the Covenant, but, on the contrary, it is the "shedding of the blood" which is the "seal" of the New Covenant and all biblical covenants. "Death" could be by natural causes, and without any shedding of blood whatsoever, and that would not "seal" anything.....


7. Westcott had a wrong view of "blood" as the "idea of life" rather than "death." He wrote:

(Hebrews 9: 12) I have endeavoured to shew elsewhere (Addit. Note on 1 John 1:7) that the Scriptural idea of blood is essentially an idea of life and not of death.

—Westcott—Hebrews, op, cit., p. 293

This is foreign to the Bible's usage. "Blood" is ever used in sacrifices, and is ever spoken of as being "shed." This shedding of blood can hardly speak of "life," but is a picture of the "death" of the sacrifice.

WELL....COME  ON  NOW,  THE  SHEDDING  OF  CHRIST'S  BLOOD,  WAS  LIFE  FOR  THE  BELIEVER  IN  ACCEPTING  JESUS'  SHEDDING  OF  BLOOD,  HIS  DEATH,  FOR  THE  BELIEVER'S  SINS....HENCE THERE  IS  LIFE  IN  THE  BLOOD  OF  THE  LAMB.  IT'S  ALL  IN  THE  PERSPECTIVE  OF  HOW  YOU  ARE  LOOKING  AT  THE  SHEDDING  OF  BLOOD - Keith Hunt


8. Westcott wrongly believed the "offering of the body of Jesus Christ once for all" somehow "slowly matured through life." He wrote:

(Hebrews 10:10) (through the offering of the body of Jesus Christ once for all) Through the offering of the body divinely prepared, which offering, slowly matured through life, was consummated on the cross.

—Westcott—Hebrews, op. cit., p. 312

If this "offering" was indeed "once for all," [and it was, at the cross], how could it be "slowly matured through life"? This again is pure apostate heresy.


AGAIN  IT'S  ALL  IN  THE  PERSPECTIVE  OF  HOW  YOU  ARE  LOOKING  AT  THE  LIFE  OF  CHRIST.  IT  IS  WRITTEN,  "AND  JESUS  INCREASED  IN  WISDOM  AND  STATURE,  AND  IN  FAVOR  WITH  GOD  AND  MAN" [LUKE 2:52].  NOW  YOU  GO  FIGURE  HOW  A  SINLESS  CHRIST  DID  THAT;  BUT  IT  IS  WRITTEN  HE  DID,   YOU'VE  JUST  READ  IT - AND  I  SUPPOSE  HE  DID  UNTIL  HE  DIED - Keith Hunt


9. Westcott wrongly taught that "redemption, forgiveness, atonement" and "reconciliation" came through Christ's "in carnation, " "life," "passion," and "resurrection," rather than just through His sacrifice at Calvary. He wrote:

(Hebrews 10:10) He requires redemption, forgiveness, atonement, reconciliation. All these blessings Christ has brought to humanity by His incarnation, His life, His passion, His ascension.

—Westcott—Hebrews, op. cit., p. 344


All of these great spiritual gifts and benefits-—redemption, forgiveness, atonement, and reconciliation-—-came from the sacrifice of the Lord Jesus Christ at Calvary, and not a single one came from His "life," or "incarnation" only, or even "ascension. " Here is Westcott's downplaying once more the sacrifice of Christ and His shedding of His blood at the cross. It is heresy.


WESTCOTT  IS  NOT  DOWNPLAYING  THE  SACRIFICE  OF  CHRIST  AT  ALL.  HE  IS  JUST  GIVING  THE REST  OF  WHAT  THE  NEW  TESTAMENT  TEACHES.  SEE  ROMANS  3:25; 5:9-10; 8:9-11; 33-34; HEBREWS 4:15-16; 1 JOHN 1:6-10 - 2:1-2. REDEMPTIVE  WORK  WAS  BECAUSE  CHRIST  WAS  SINLESS  IN  LIFE,  DIED  ON  THE  CROSS,  ROSE  AGAIN  TO  INTERCEDE  FOR  US  AS  OUR  HIGH  PRIEST,  AND  COMES  WITHIN  US  VIA  THE  HOLY  SPIRIT [GAL.2:20]. ONCE  MORE  REDEMPTIVE  WORK  IS  MORE  THAN  JUST  CALVARY - SEE  IT  AGAIN,  MARK  IT....1  COR. 15:12-17  -  Keith Hunt


10. Hort denies that in 1 Peter 1:2, there is no "reference" to the idea of "ransom" in the words, "sprinkling of the blood of Jesus Christ." He wrote:

(1 Peter 1:2) In the N.T. the blood of Christ is associated with various images which need to be clearly distinguished. There is here no direct reference to the idea of purchase or ransom, as in vv. 18.19 . . . or to the ideal of sacrificial atonement, as in several other books of the N.T.

—Hort—1 Peter, op. cit., p. 23

Hort is heretical here again. There is no reference to the "blood of Jesus Christ" in the New Testament which does not refer and relate directly to "purchase," or "ransom," or "sacrificial atonement."


11. Hort failed to find the reference to the "blood of unblemished and unspotted lamb" as a reference to the Lord Jesus Christ, the Lamb of God. He wrote:


(1 Peter 1:19) (But with the precious blood of Christ, as of a lamb without blemish and without spot) In this allusion to the blood of an unblemished and unspotted lamb, what had St Peter in mind? Chiefly, I think, and perhaps solely the paschal lamb.

—Hort—1 Peter, op. cit., p. 77

There is no mystery nor wonder as to the reference to this "Lamb" to the simplest believer—and it is not to the "paschal" or "passover" lamb of Exodus 12. It is to the "Lamb of God" who taketh away the sin of the world (John 1:29). What a pity that the heresies of Hort preclude his discernment of spiritual verities in this. Hort holds that the "paschal lamb" is in view later in the discussion as well (Cf. 1 Peter, op. cit., p. 79) in connection with the same verse.


12. Hort stated that Christ's "precious blood" in 1 Peter 1:19 is only "figurative language" as a "ransom." He wrote:

(1 Peter 1:19) The true lesson is that the language which speaks of a ransom is but figurative language. . . .

—-Hort-—1 Peter, op. cit., p. 80

In other words, Hort holds to the heresy that the blood atonement of the Lord Jesus Christ really didn't take place literally, but the whole idea of redemption through Christ's "precious blood" is all "figurative." ..........

....................


SO  WE  END  D. A. WAITE'S  SUPPOSED  HERESIES  OF  WESTCOTT  AND  HORT.

CERTAINLY  THOSE  TWO  MEN  DID  HAVE  HERESIES,  BUT  NOT  ALL  AS  WAITE  WOULD  WANT  US  TO  BELIEVE.


ONE  VERY  LARGE  HERESY  WAITE  LEAVES  OUT  IS  THAT  WESTCOTT  AND  HORT  ESPOUSED  THE  WRONG  GREEK  NEW  TESTAMENT.  THEY  DRANK  DEEP  AND  LONG  ON  THE  CORRUPT  MSS  OF  THE  VATICANUS  AND  SINAITICUS,  WHICH  MOST  MODERN  TRANSLATIONS  OF  THE  NEW  TESTAMENT  ARE  BASED  ON  TODAY. 


THE  READER  IS  ENCOURAGE  TO  STUDY  THE  WHOLE  SECTION  ON  THIS  WEBSITE  CALLED  "HOW  WE  GOT  THE  BIBLE"  FOR  THE  FULL  AND  IN-DEPTH  DETAILS  OF  THE  HERESIES  OF  MODERN  NEW  TESTAMENT  TRANSLATIONS,  WHICH  WESTCOTT  AND  HORT  WERE  FOUNDING  FATHERS.

......