In Search of... The Origin of Nations
CHAPTER FOURTEEN - SECTION FOUR:
GERMANY'S DESTINY AND THE EUROPEAN UNION
Great British 'bulldog' leader, Sir Winston Churchill, as the Germans were invading Russia, said:
"I see advancing in hideous onslaught the Nazi war-machine, with its clanking, heel-clicking, dandified Prussian officers, its crafty expert agents, fresh from the caning and tying down of a dozen countries. I see also the dull, drilled, docile, brutish masses of the Hun soldiery plodding on like a swarm of crawling locusts”.2200
Let us now explore the mind of these German "Hun", so described by Churchill.
The German Racial Psyche
The German personality and psyche - its expression of their centuries of experiences and hereditary gene ancestry - is not unlike that of their forebears related in section two. Velikovsky in his Mankind in Amnesia speaks of the collective unconscious mind: an invisible membrane which unites nations and causes them to act in unison. He wonders whether
"A collective mind is a product merely of some process akin to telepathy, or whether it may also link consecutive generations” 2201
One researcher thinks that "this collective unconscious does not develop individually, but is inherited. It consists of pre-existent forms, the archetypes.”2202 Another states that
" ... as a species, all humans share some common memories and experiences, and that these jointly owned racial treasures are stored away in the collective unconscious ... that all of our unconscious life (our dreams, our impulses, our mythologies, our artistic creativity etc) mirrors the world of pure archetypes, drawing its psychic energy from them and diffusing their patterns throughout our personalities and behaviour.”2203
Velikovsky also labels inherited unconscious memory as a racial memory - an 'instinct' that causes national actions in the wake of various stimuli such as crises. Allow him to explain:
"The existence of a racial memory does not mean that an impression absorbed by one generation can be remembered by the following ones, but that impressions, especially traumatic and repetitious impressions, experienced by many of the forebears, may become a permanent though unconscious mneme or mneme complex, providing adequate responses in suitable situations.”2204
2200. Churchill 22.6.1942. The Scythians, too, are described by ancient peoples and historians alike as "locusts", destroying forests and fruit plantations.
2201. Velikolvsky 1982:18
2202. Jung 1968:43
2203. Zohar 1982:108. See also Paul Colinvaux's The Fate of Nations (1980).
Velikovsky 1982:108. In an article "Memory: where are the keys?" published in 77ie Australian 9 September 1998, we find the following interesting statement:
"LeDoux reckons that the difficulty in overwriting established neural circuits is one reason why phobias are so difficult to cure. Even after apparently succesful treatment, fearful memories lurk deep within the brain. When the victim of a phobia comes under stress, tht stress somehow reactivates the old pathways and the terrifying memories come to life once again." It should not be a surprise, therefore, if there are national memories and phobias, well entrenched within our brains and racial memories. That even if time is spent in re-educating a nation in a new way (eg democracy), the old ways will be restored when the appropriate stresses come upon the people. Modern psychology and science cannot undo thousands of years of human experience.
2205. Stirk 1941:29
2206.. Hearnshaw 1940:271-2
Thus a nation's collective mind and character, its actions and thoughts, has been shaped by generations of experience and reactions to various stimuli and kept within the racial memory of nations. Over time, behavioural patterns emerge which become deeply ingrained due to repetitive activities. This, in turn, becomes carried through the generations via the collective genes and subconsciousness of the nation.a characteristic (ie character or national personality is set). This national character is then
Similarly, the forefather of a nation, in this case Assur, gave his nature to his descendants, the modern Germans. No wonder the Germans operate in predictable cycles of peace and war. Their national mood at the present time is likened to that of the 1920's, according to many tourists. In the war cycles, they unfortunately exhibit unsavory qualities.2205 The entire book by Baynes Germany Possessed (1941) discusses this phenomenon over 305 pages. According to Hearnshaw, the tragic story of Germany is one.”
"... of a people always warlike, always aggressive, an Esau among nations, a rogue among elephants ... A constant source of disturbance in the heart of Europe ... This is all the more lamentable because the German peoples have throughout the ages displayed qualities which in happier circumstances might have rendered great service to humanity. They have shown high courage in danger; amazing endurance in suffering; pathetic submission to leaders; a remarkable capacity for believing what they are taught and for doing what they are told to do ... All these gifts, however, have been prostituted to selfish and unworthy ends.”2206
Hearnshaw details the war spirit of the German mind: 1. Early tribal wars. 2. Early medieval wars. 3. Later medieval wars. 4. The thirty years war. 5. The wars of Frederick the Great. 6. The Revolutionary and Napoleonic wars. 7. The Danish war. 8. The Austro-Prussian war. 9. The Franco-German war. 10. World War I. 11. World War II.
Why the German capacity for causing of so many wars? As we have seen, obviously all national characteristics are stored in the mind and passed on from generation to generation via the genes and societal experiences, all the way from the peoples extant directly after the flood. And if Assur is indeed Sargon, this makes even more sense.
Occasional Characteristics of German Behaviour
Today, the Germans are enjoying the pacifist phase of their cycle. They show little visible manifestation of violence toward other nations. However German undercurrents, and thinking and philosophy run deep and are not apparent to sheep-like, naive Anglo-Saxon-Keltic man.
Now listen to what others have observed about the German mind. Sir Winston Churchill, glorious warrior, hero and champion of the British, before the House of Commons, best summarized the German character trait:
"The Germans combine in the most deadly manner the qualities of the warrior and the slave. They do not value freedom themselves and the spectacle of it in others is hateful to them. Whenever they become strong, they seek their prey, and they will follow with an iron discipline anyone who will lead it!”2207
Could anything be plainer? Surely one as experienced with the German mind as Churchill should know what he is talking about? Gerhard Marx who researched extensively for his M.A. thesis A Two Thousand Year Analysis of the German Character warns that the:
"inherent characteristics of a people do not change over the centuries. They might be modified, periodically restricted, but essentially they remain unchanged. If there was an overriding German character trait that struck the Romans, it was the cruel, aggressive, warlike nature of theirs.”2208
Hamblock in his Germany Rampant2209 concurs; he states that they have a warlike character which "has remained unchanged for centuries." No amount of social engineering will ever change them or any other nation for that matter. For example, as one writer put it, "Germany has contributed more military leaders than any other nation in history."2210 Wolfgang Manzel,2211 a most popular German writer of his time candidly admits the following:
"We Germans were in the past the leading people of Europe, we were the most warlike
people ever to have existed on earth.”2212
Do you see the red lights flashing? Will you heed the warning? Now is not the time to ignore the lessons of history. Rather, now is the time to be glued to world news - watching news trends in the light of Bible prophecy. Let us continue. The Romans even used certain German tribes to fight other German tribes. "For centuries the Roman army had consisted for the most part of foreigners, chiefly Germans."2213
To the nations they attacked, the Belgians2214 , the Gauls,2215 Celts2216 and others, historians always record their unbelievable barbarity and how the effect on their opponents was "disastrous" and vicious. They have always been noted for their warlike attributes.2217 Not unlike their forefathers, the. Assyrians. The Roman historian, Tacitus, had much to say about the Germans when writing in the latter half of the first century A.D. His views are listed below:
(1) The Germans worshipped the god Tuisto.2218 (2) Their youths sought out other tribes who were at war if their own tribe was stagnating under a protracted peace.2219 ( 3) They had no taste for
2207. Churchill 11.12.41
2208. Marx 1969:7
2209. Hamblock 1939:11
2210. Hoeh 1969 (vol 2):8
2211. Wolfgang 1799-1873
2212. quoted in Poliakov 1974:252
2213. Williams 1908 (vol 6):822
2214. McEvedy 1978:55
2217. Hertz 1957:23
2218. Tascitus Germania: chapter 2
2219. ibid: chapter 14
peace.2220 (4) They loved indolence but hated peace. 2221 ( 5) They taught Rome the severest lessons. 2222 (6) The Germans were the fiercest soldiers in the Roman army.2223 (7) They mercilessly tortured their Roman prisoners. 2224 (8) Surpassed all nations in arms and in loyalty. 2225 ( 9) Had a passion for deciding all issues by the sword.2226
What is true of Germany then, was true under Hitler and will be again soon. Finally, Gooch in his The German Mind and Outlook states:
"The German mind may, therefore, be understood as the sum of the habits of thought, modes of feeling, and ways of behaviour commonly found in Germans.”2227
What are these "ways of behavior commonly found in Germans"? I might add, also, in Assyrians too? Surely, you must know the answer by now?
A National European Socialist Empire
To commence our discussion, let us turn our attention to the 1930s period and the rise of the Nazis. Many of the conservatives, industrialists, landlords, aristocrats and monarchists all over Europe which initially supported Hitler, thinking they could control him, turned against him after he began to control them and became too radical for their liking. They regarded him as a crude, rough 'n tumble type from non-elite heredity. To them he was anti-establishment (somewhat like Napoleon), overly racial, neo-pagan, and in some ways a rural romanticist who wanted to turn the clock back too far even for their own liking. They found that his racism deeply offended Germany's Caucasian neighbors and his invasion of them to forge a U.S. of Europe was unacceptable. In contrast, they preferred a U.S. of Europe to be built block by block, and for the Church of Rome to have a permanent place, not a temporary use. Nazism was, in some ways, an aberration in Roman revivals over the centuries (cf. Revelation 17:11).
I highly recommend to the reader Robert Herzstein's fascinating work When Nazi Dreams Come True. Herzstein is also editor of The Holy Roman Empire in the Middle Ages: Universal State or German Catastrophe? and The War that Hitler Won. One cannot even begin to summarize the book, but the author briefly traces European unity thought in such historical institutions as the Hanseatic league, Holy Roman Empire and Napoleon's attempts. It contains chapters on the Empire as fundamental to German history, its belief that it was the peace-giver to the world, that it was a joint Christian/Roman concept and that it was a place for the regency of God upon the earth - the Kingdom of God on earth:
"Without the ecclesiastical developments that took place in Germany during this same period the Papacy would not have become an absolutist force in the thirteenth century ... The task of the Empire was to be God's protagonist on earth, to fulfil His aims here, to protect Christianity and the Church, and to preserve the righteousness of God and the divine order of the universe on earth. The earthly Empire was the transitory reflection of
2221. Ibid. chapter 15
2222. Ibid. chapter 37
2223. Histories: II.22
2224. Annals: 2.61
2225. Ibid. XIII.54
2226. ibid. XIIII.57
2227. Gooch 1948: 191
the eternal City of God ... God had created the [Roman] Empire so that Christianity might expand"1228
"Frederick Barbarossa felt himself to be the protector of Christendom ... This resumption of the old Roman imperial claims ... claims that asserted dominion over the world."2229
It was Constantine the Great who legalised Christianity and stopped the persecutions in AD 313 - -Christianity was brought into the government and tied to it so that it could be controlled or would work closely together. The following year he claimed to see a sign of the cross in the sky and in AD 321 designated Sunday as a general holiday by AD 330 he ceased issuing coins with the image of the Sun-god with whom he was identified. Just 46 years later the Germanic tribes crossed the Danube into the Empire, led by the Visigoths. One hundred years later, Odovacar, the Herulian, deposed Romulus Augustulus, the last Emperor in the west, at Ravenna, marking the traditional date for the end of the Roman Empire. Little by little the Empire collapsed - it just petered out - it did not have a massive fall as such.
Back to the historical flow: Constantine selected Byzantium (later renamed Constantinople - the modern Istanbul) as his new capital in AD 324 and, 'coincidentally', like Rome, was built on 7 hills. Later Justinian restored the Empire in the west (AD 554-586) with the reconquest of Italy AD 535-54 and his Empire (which was really a continuity of the Roman system reborn in the east and the first resurrection of the Roman Empire), eventually withered away and a powerful Frankish Kingdom arose. This Kingdom was made up of the Salian Franks (those that dwelt near the sea) and the Ripuarian Franks (those that dwelt by the riverbank). From the former came many northern French and the latter certain German tribes including the Hesse.2230
Charlemagne's crowning in AD 800 began the reign of the Carolingians (AD 800-924 - the second resurrection of the Roman Empire! which is regarded by historians as a revival of the Roman Empire.2231 This crowning by the Pope while kneeling in prayer before the altar of St Peter may have been a complete surprise to him according to some sources. His Empire included all the old Western Roman Empire (with the exception of most of Spain and southern Italy) plus large areas east of the Rhine never ruled by Rome. He even minted coins with the inscription "Empire Restored."2232
Over time, Charlemagne's2233 rule was followed by the later German Emperors, the Holy Roman Empire, Austro-Hungarian Empire and so on - they were all dominated by German peoples2234. Otto the Great (AD 936) was himself crowned at Aachen (Charlemagne's capital) and his coronation banquet was of Roman origin. (The Ottomans, Salians and Hohenstaufen's ruled AD 962-1250 -third resurrection of the Roman Empire).
2228. Herzstein 1966:64
2230. note that Frankfurt still carries this name as does Franconia in Germany. But overall this name has been lost in Germany but continued in the name of France.
2231. Charlemagne's crowning was the "revival of the Roman Empire and a rebirth of the ancient pagan Roman Empire in the guise and shape of a new Latin-Christian one which was for all practical purposes identical with the notion of Europe" says historian Alien Brown in The Origins of Modern Europe (quoted by Dr Douglas Winnail, "Revival in the Heart of Europe", World Ahead, May-June 1997: 8-11, 30)
2232. It is interesting that the experimental Euro coin in Belgium contained Charlemagne's bust.
2233. He derived from the eastern Franks and his real name was Karl der Grosse with his capital in Aachen, Germany. To this day German and French historians argue over his nationality.
2234. Heer 1967: 1. Historian W.R Southern states, "It is not absurd to say that the Roman Empire achieved its fullest development in the thirteenth century" under the German kings and the papacy - which was the "ghost of the Roman Empire sitting crowned on the grave thereof (quoted by Dr Douglas Winnail, "Revival in the Heart of Europe", World Ahead, May-June 1997: 8-11,30)
When the Crusades occupied and divided up the old Eastern Roman Empire and Constantinople in the 12thand 13th centuries, this effectively linked East and West and they decided to award the imperial crown to Count Baldwin of Flanders. These two halves have more-or-less remained to this day ethnically and religiously divided (the West became increasingly Latinised and the East Graecised), but seeking co-operation. Wars and desire for unity come and go in this region. The Holy Roman Empire generally occupied the West while the Hapsburg Dynastic lands which were mainly outside of the Empire, were in the East. Later the Hapsburgs ruled (AD 1273-1806 - fourth resurrection of the Roman Empire) both halves2235 and Charles V was their most prominent ruler (with the Turks destroying Constantinople in AD 1403, the Eastern Empire came to a close).2236 Some aspects of the Eastern Empire transferred to Imperial Russia under the auspices of Ivan III (the Great) who was regarded as the first national sovereign of Russia:
"By his marriage in 1472 to Zo6 (Sophia), niece of the last Byzantine emperor, Constantine XI Palaeologus, Ivan also made creditable his claim to be the protector of the Orthodox church. Soon after his marriage Ivan added the two-headed eagle of the Byzantine escutcheon to his own coat of arms and, modeling his regime on that of the autocratic Byzantine rulers, drastically curtailed the powers and privileges of the other Russian princes and the Russian aristocracy. Ivan also issued the first Muscovite legal code in 1497"2237
His marriage to Zoe was arranged by the pope in the hope of bringing the Russians into the Roman church. Instead
"The marriage was of importance in establishing the claim of Russian rulers to be the successors of the Greek emperors and the protectors of Orthodox Christianity (theory of the Three Romes, of which Moscow was to be the third and last... Ivan took the title of Tsar, i.e. Caesar and the practice of court ceremonial)".2238
So some aspects of the Eastern Empire were transferred, politically, to Russia and it may be that this could lead to rivalry between the future Holy Roman Empire and an Imperial Russia. But in reality, the Austro-Hungarian Empire absorbed the Eastern Empire (I am not here excluding the possibility of a German-led United Europe and Russian co-operation for some time prior to their falling out).2239
Back to the story flow. In the 12th and 13th centuries, when the German Emperor's powers were being dismantled, the Popes accumulated the titles, ranks, offices and duties of the Emperors and the Empire; the Church's Curia used the structure and procedures of the Imperial chancery; the Emperor's vestments were usurped by the popes and so forth. The pope could now claim that:
2235. It is of interest that maps of Napoleon's Empire shows it to consist of two halves: France and the Rhineland states. Similarly Germany and Italy as well as Germany and many south-eastern European nations co-operated in World War II. There have been two parts of the resurrections to the Roman Empire over the centuries and no doubt we shall see two halves of Europe (east and west) co-operating under a single Emperor again before a final disintegration.
2236. It is interesting to note that their first and last leaders had the name of Constantine as Rome's first and last leaders were known as Romulus. Perhaps, as the first Holy Roman Emperor was called Charlemagne or Karl der Grosse, so the final Emperor may well also carry this name?
2237. ”Ivan III Vasilyevich," Microsoft (R) Encarta. Copyright (c) 1994 Microsoft Corporation. Copyright (c) 1994 Funk & Wagnall's Corporation.
2238. Langer 1968: 342. Historians regard the concept of the "Third Rome" to be a myth.
2239. (watch for Europe promising Russia the return of Alaska if she stays out of any future European-American conflict)
" ... the Roman Church was the unique legitimate successor of the Roman Empire, the empire of ancient Rome. Only Rome, Papal Rome, could be Rome's heir. The Pope was the only lawful inheritor of the rights and authority of the Roman Emperors”.2240
The first pope was Leo I, in a real sense.2241 And it is during his reign that the Church established "within the Roman Empire, an ecclesiastical state which, in its constitution and its administrative system, was shaping itself upon the imperial model".2242
In The Making of Europe by Christopher Dawson, the chapter entitled The Catholic Church contains the quotes below:
Speaking of the earliest beginnings of the system known as "Christianity" Dawson writes, "It survived because it possessed a system of ecclesiastical organisation and a principle of social authority that distinguished it from all the other religious bodies of the age." (quotes begin on page 47 and from the next several pages). "This conception of a divine apostolic authority remained as the foundation of ecclesiastical order in the post-apostolic period. The "overseers" and elders, who were the rulers of the local churches that were of direct apostolic origin enjoyed a peculiar prestige and authority among the rest."
"This was the case above all with the Roman Church, for, as Peter had possessed a unique position among the Twelve, so the Roman Church, which traced its origins to St. Peter, possessed an exceptional position among the churches. Even in the first century, almost before the close of the apostolic age, we see an instance of this in the authoritative intervention of Rome in the affairs of the Church of Corinth. The First Epistle of Clement to the Corinthians (C.A.D. 96) gives the clearest possible expression to the ideal of hierarchic order which was the principle of the new society." The footnote here states "So clear is this, that Sohm went so far as to regard this epistle as the starting point of the juridical conceptions of the Church, which in his view abruptly replaced the earlier "charismatic" view..." (emphasis mine). "The author Clement argues that order is the law of the universe. And as it is the principle of external nature so, too, is it the principle of the Christian society. The faithful must preserve the same discipline and subordination of rank that marked the Roman army."
Dawson shows that Clement concluded "that the Church of Corinth should submit ….to the lawfully appointed presbyters, who represent the apostolic principle of divine authority."
"The doctrine of St. Clement is characteristically Roman in its insistence of social order and moral discipline." "In this way the primitive Church...organised itself as a universal hierarchical society..." Constantine had a "conviction that the order and universality of the Christian Church predestined it to be the spiritual ally and complement of the universal Empire." "...the power and prestige of the clergy~the Christian ordo~increased as those of the civil ordo-the municipal magistracy-declined, until the bishop became the most important figure in the life of the city and the representative of the whole community. The office of the bishop was indeed the vital institution of the new epoch. He wielded almost unlimited power in his diocese, he was surrounded by an aura of supernatural prestige ... Moreover, in addition to his religious authority and his prestige as a representative of the people, he possessed recognised powers of jurisdiction not only over his clergy and the property of the Church, but as a judge and arbitrator in all cases in which his decision was invoked..."
2240. ibid:75. Halley in his Bible Handbook adds the following thought to our reservoir of knowledge: "The spirit of Imperial Rome passed into the Church ... The Popes of Rome were the heirs and successors of the Caesar of Rome. The Vatican is where the Palace of the Caesars was" (page 731). See also Bailey 1972: 333-345.
2241. Cyclopedia of Biblical Theological, and Ecclesiastical Literature, Vol 7, page 629, quoted in Who is the Beast?, page 23.
2242. Quoted in Who is the Beast?, pages 23-24. It may be of interest to the reader that Hitler modelled the SS on the structure of the Jesuits which, in some ways, he admired. "I learnt above all from the Jesuits. So did Lenin, for that matter, if I remember correctly. There has been nothing more impressive in the world than the hierarchical organisation of the Catholic Church" said Hitler (Rauschning 1939: 236). Himmler, Adolf Hitler's leading light, assembled an extensive library on the Jesuits and even planned on an occasion to train his SS troops along the lines of the Jesuits. Hitler joked about Himmler, calling him "our very own Ignatius Loyola" (founder of the Jesuits) (referred to in Malachi Martin's The Jesuits).
2243Just as tensions existed between Assyria and Babylonia, so it does between many of their descendants in Germany and southern Europe. Just as Assyria pre-dated the Babylonian succession of empires discussed in Daniel 2 and 7, so Assyria may well be the 8th after a break-up of the end-time European Empire inferred in Rev 17:10-11.
2244. The Bible predicted seven resurrections of the Roman system (Dan 7:7; Rev 17:9-12). Six have come and gone. One more is rising before our very eyes.
But tensions between the German leaders and the Popes continued from that time on. This tension and vying for control has not ceased since. The love-hate relationship between the two aspects of the successors to the Roman Empire has continued ever since and will come to the fore again in the last days. Tensions between the pagan Roman spirit of Emperor worship (that is divine kings who reign as incarnations of the gods) and the religious element will resurface close to the end as revealed in Revelation 17:16-18; Is 47:1-18.2243
The Holy Roman Empire - Outline of History
Let us now take a peek at the history of the Holy Roman Empire. The following is taken in its entirety from the Encarta Encyclopedia:
Holy Roman Empire, a political entity in western Europe from 800 to 1806. It was initially known as the Empire in the West. In the 11th century it was called the Roman Empire and in the 12th century the Holy Empire. The title Holy Roman Empire was adopted in the 13th century. Although the borders of the empire shifted greatly throughout its history, its principal area was always that of the German states. From the 10th century its rulers were elected German kings, who usually sought, but did not always receive, imperial coronation by the popes in Rome.
The Holy Roman Empire was an attempt to revive the Western Roman Empire, whose legal and political structure deteriorated during the 5th and 6th centuries, to be replaced by independent kingdoms ruled by Germanic nobles. The Roman imperial office was vacant after the deposition of Romulus Augustulus in 476. During the turbulent early Middle Ages the traditional concept of a temporal realm coextensive with the spiritual realm of the church had been kept alive by the popes in Rome. The Byzantine Empire, which controlled the provinces of the Eastern Roman Empire from its capital, Constantinople (now Istanbul, Turkey), retained nominal sovereignty over the territories formerly controlled by the Western Empire, and many of the Germanic tribes that had seized these territories formally recognized the Byzantine emperor as overlord. Partly because of this and also for other reasons, including dependence on Byzantine protection against the Lombards, the popes also recognized the sovereignty of the Eastern Empire for an extended period after the enforced abdication of Romulus Augustulus.
... After severance of its ties with the Byzantine Empire, the papacy nourished dreams of a revivified Western Empire.2244
... On December 25, 800, Pope Leo HI crowned Charlemagne emperor. This act established both a precedent and a political structure that were destined to figure decisively in the affairs of central Europe. The precedent established the papal claim to the right to select, crown, and even depose emperors that was asserted, at least in theory, for nearly 700 years. In its primary stage, the resurrected Western Empire endured as an effective political entity for less than 25 years after the death of Charlemagne in 814
... The East Frankish kingdom, or Germany, capably led by Henry I and Otto I, emerged as the strongest power in Europe during this period. Besides being a capable and ambitious sovereign, Otto I was an ardent friend of the Roman Catholic church, as revealed by his appointment of clerics to high office, by his missionary activities east of the Elbe River, and finally by his military campaigns, at the behest of Pope John XII, against Berengar II, king of Italy. In 962, in recognition of Otto's services, John XII awarded him the imperial crown and title.
A Union of Germanic States
The empire in the West, at first an unstable union of Germany and northern Italy and later a loose union of Germanic states, remained in almost continuous existence for more than 800 years. During the Italo-German phase, the empire played a significant role in central European politics and ecclesiastical affairs. A central feature of this period was the mortal struggle between the popes (notably Gregory VII) and the emperors (notably Henry IV) for control of the church (see INVESTITURE CONTROVERSY). With the Concordat of Worms (1122), an agreement between Emperor Henry V and Pope Callistus II, the emperor relinquished the right of spiritual investiture, or installation of bishops into ecclesiastical office. All the emperors were German kings, and because imperial duties and ambitions inevitably required their full attention, local German interests were neglected. As a result, Germany, which might have been transformed into a strong centralized state, degenerated into a multiplicity of minor states under aristocratic rule. The agreement at Worms had removed one source of friction between church and state, but through the 12th century the struggle for political ascendancy continued. In 1157 Frederick I, called Frederick Barbarossa, one of the greatest of emperors, first used the designation Holy Empire, ostensibly to increase the sanctity of the Crown. Frederick, attempting to restore and perpetuate the ancient Roman Empire, tried to suppress both the restless nobles of Germany and the self-governing cities of Italy.
... In 1257 another imperial election was followed by the crowning at Aachen of the English Richard, earl of Cornwall, who was, however, unable to win control of the empire. In effect, this signalized papal victory in the protracted struggle with the empire. Beginning in 1273 with Rudolf I, the first of the Habsburg dynasty, various German kings laid claim to the imperial title and, in several instances, these claims were recognized by the popes. The office was little more than honorary, however, and inasmuch as the empire comprised a loose confederation of sovereign states and principalities, imperial authority was nominal.
... In its final phase the Holy Roman Empire served mainly as a vehicle for the imperial pretensions of the Habsburgs, but it performed certain useful functions, including the maintenance of a measure of unity among its component states. The later emperors, all rulers of Austria and concerned mainly with aggrandizement of their personal dominions, were mere figureheads. Futile armed intervention against the French Revolution constituted the last important venture of the empire in European politics. Because of well-founded fears that Napoleon I of France intended to annex the imperial title, Francis II, the last of the emperors, formally dissolved the empire on August 6, 1806, and established the Empire of Austria.
More recently, the concept of the Third Reich (1934-45) held by Adolf Hitler asserted the empire's continuity with the First Reich (962-1806) and the Second Reich (1871-1918).
"Holy Roman Empire," Microsoft (R) Encarta. Copyright (c) 1994 Microsoft Corporation. Copyright (c) 1994 Funk & Wagnall's Corporation.
Although he was not legally leader of the Holy Roman Empire as such, in spirit Napoleon fulfilled the role of a leader of Holy Roman Empire in the west2245 (AD1804-1814/15 - fifth resurrection of the Roman Empire) and even considered himself to be the successor to Charlemagne2246. But Napoleon was never permitted to gain control of the official Imperial Insignia. Francis II rescued
2245. The Treaty of Luneville "practically involved the destruction of the Holy Roman Empire" (Langer 1968: 637) - this was the Austrian line. But instead Napoleon makes a deal or Concordat with the Papacy (page 638) and in spirit continues this system.
2246. Kiesz: 34; Heer 1967: 7
them from Aachen and Nuremberg where they were whisked to various destinations before ending up in Vienna in 1801. On 6 August 1806 Francis II illegally2247 abolished the Holy Roman Empire to prevent Napoleon taking possession of it (he previously created the Austrian Empire which later became known as the Austro-Hungarian Empire, which was the continuum of the eastern half of the Roman system..2248 The Empire had thus split into two clear halves: France and the German Confederation of the Rhine in the West and the Austro-Hungarian Empire in the East. Historian Heer labels this Empire as a 'secret Holy Roman Empire'2249 which was finally destroyed in 1918 by the Anglo-Saxon powers. In other words it continued underground and in spirit for decades - the Beast system continued in the East after the Western part fell with Napoleon.
The northern and western parts began to revive with Bismarck absorbing the lands which were part of the Confederation of the Rhine and allied with the Austro-Hungarian Empire. After World War II, for decades Europe, under the control of Russia in the East and dominated by America in the West, has been kept from restoring her vast Empire. Memories are fading in the Anglo-Saxon nations of our traditional enemies: the Holy Roman Empire, Germany and the Austro-Hungarian Empire which has led to our naive politicians lending support toward a United Europe, which, they believe, will assist in building a world superstructure, when, in fact, it will turn upon them (it may not be of coincidence that the Holy Roman Empire disappeared from view during the years of the rise of Britain and America, the very nations which smashed its seeming attempts at world conquest in World Wars I and II).
Napoleon convinced the German princes to quit the Holy Roman Empire and come together as the Confederation of the Rhine which included much of southern Germany (his Empire would never have survived if the Rhineland German states did not join in his system) which resulted in his absorbing much of the western part of the Holy Roman Empire. He divorced his first wife, Josephine, and married the Archduchess Marie Louise, daughter of Emperor Francis II of Austria in 1810 to give himself Roman legitimacy. Their son became the 'King of Rome' and imperial eagles and banners were adorned upon his cradle.2250 One historian actually states that:
"After the French Revolution ... Napoleon (allied with the Hapsburgs) set out to recreate the Holy Roman Empire."2251
"Francis I, Louis XIV, Napoleon, saw themselves as the Holy Roman Empire"s legitimate heirs. Popes waged a thousand-year-long battle with emperors for the right to Rome."2252
Indeed the revolution of 1789-1814 considered itself alternately as the Roman Republic and the Holy Roman Empire.2253 Napoleon followed the tradition of the Emperor-Pope tensions over the centuries (the Emperor representing the Roman system and the Popes the power behind the throne, manipulating and conniving); during the crowning ceremony, he took the crown from the Pope and
2247 Heer 1967: 7. He had to make his illegal abdication "so that Napoleon could not try to revive the Empire of
2248. Charlemagne" (plate 163, opposite page 267).
This conflict of Napoleon's with Austria may be a type of the future conflicts within the final revival of the Roman system at the very end.
2249. Heer 1967: 2
2250. Heer 1967: 276
2251. Abendsen 1989: 12
2252. Heer 1967: 1
2253. Bookchin 1977:174
crowned himself Emperor in 1804 and the following year proclaimed himself King of Italy. He also arrested Pope Pius VII and took him captive to France not unlike the 'Babylonian captivity' period in the thirteenth century when the French king took the Pope captive to Avignon. The Papal States were annexed, the churches plundered and a pagan edifice erected outside of St Peter's. Emperor desire to be worshipped as God on earth versus papal authority continued and this intense rivalry will culminate in the last days (see Rev 17:16). "Understandably, after 1809 many Catholics began to regard Napoleon as anti-Christian".2254
Other beastly characteristics were: he was "hero-worshipped"2255 according to Desmond Seward in Napoleon and Hitler. A Comparative Biography. He also planned the invasion of Britain and, like Alexander the Great, he planned to invade Persia and India2256 (not unlike the Germans in both WWI and WWII). While he was no Catholic, he recognised that most French were Catholic and saw it as a stabilising force, useful to him and his political-military ambitions.2257 However, given that he was not German and not strictly of the Holy Roman Empire (although part of the Empire joined him under the Confederation of the Rhine), his revival of the Roman Empire is seemingly an anomaly. Similarly, Hitler's neo-paganism (despite his relationship with the Catholic Church) was also in a sense an anomaly.
Upon his abdication in 1814, he was granted the island of Elba as a sovereign principality. His wife received the duchies of Parma, Piacenza, and Guastalla, with sovereign power; both maintained their imperial titles. "So closed a government that dated from August Caesar" (ie from 31BC) writes historian West2258. However, after his attempt to re-take his empire the following year in the 100 days war, he was defeated at Waterloo and sent to live on St Helena as a prisoner for the rest of his days.2259
How similar to the Teutonic Knights and later Germany in World Wars I and II - he invaded Russia, only to be defeated. He also invaded the Near East in similitude to the Crusaders and Hitler and like Hitler and the Germans in World War I, had plans to invade Britain (history repeats and repeats). Hitler's fascination with Napoleon went so far as to actually invading Russia by crossing the Nieman River, the same river that Napoleon crossed in AD 1812, on the exact same day of the year, June
Napoleon's remains were disinterred in 1840 exactly 25 years after he arrived on St. Helena and removed to Les Invalides, Paris, and placed in the famous Napoleon's Tomb.
2254. Seward 1988: 225
2255. ibid:52. A photograph of a statue of Napoleon "as a Roman Emperor" may be found in the collection of photographs in the centre of the book. His Empire had a "taste" for Roman antiquity which was seen in its military colours, a Roman eagle, signia of the Roman Legions and the laurel wreath crown (Neubecker 1976: 125).
2256. ibid: 52-53
2257. ibid: 94. He also set up concentration camps (page 95). Concerning Hitler: "His religion was very like the Emperor's [Napoleon's] deism ... he particularly resented the Catholic Church's natural hostility to his racial theories ... Nevertheless, he feared the Church's hold over the consciences of millions of Germans, and like Napoleon, he hoped to harness it in the
service of his new society. Indeed, he instructed Goebbels to remain a Catholic - so Speer informs us" (page 115). "After the war Hitler planned to impose an emasculated Catholicism which would be the servant of National Socialism" (page 236).
2258. West's Modern History, page 377, quoted in Who is the Beast?, page 10.
2259. Later, Napoleon III (AD 1852-1870) constantly held up the Roman Empire as a model for France (Gollwitzer 1969: 56)
2260. Shirer 1991: 850. When things began to go bad in Russia Shirer writes: "Now, [general] Blumentritt remembered, the ghosts of the Grand Army, which had taken this same road to Moscow, and the memory of Napoleon's fate began to haunt the dreams of the Nazi conquerors. The German generals began to read, or reread, Caulaincourt's grim account of the French conqueror's disastrous winter in Russia in 1812" (page 860).
The emperor's body was transported over the Seine to Courbevoie, a suburb of Paris. Here, the imperial corpse passed its first night on the banks of the Seine. The funeral was held in Paris on 15 December, 1840. The coffin rested briefly under the Arc de Triomphe, which was built on the orders of Napoleon in 1806, but only completed in 1836, and was then taken over the Champs Ely sees, across the Seine, to the Dome des Invalides. Thirty-six sailors from La Belle-Poule carried the coffin through the park in front of the church, to the entrance. There were met by king Louis Philippe, the Royal Family and old field-marshall Moncey, who was in charge of the Hotel des Invalides. Louis Napoleon Bonaparte had been refused permission to attend his uncle's funeral.
It would take more than twenty years before Napoleon's tomb was finished (1861). By that time, king Louis Philippe had been deposed (1848). Louis Napoleon Bonaparte had been elected president in 1849. On 2 December 1851 he seized complete power and exactly one year later, he was proclaimed emperor as Napoleon III.
Napoleon's sarcophagus is fascinating. The famous architect Ludovico Visconti had designed a circular crypt, without a ceiling, so that it is possible to look in from ground-level. The emperor's sarcophagus stands in the middle, on a granite pedestal. Inside it are six more coffins of different kinds of wood and metal. On the side of the crypt opposite the entrance, there is a small chamber. It was created in 1969 to hold the remains of Napoleon's only legitimate child, Napoleon II, also known as the Duke of Reichstadt. His remains were brought to the Dome2261 on 15 December 1940 by Adolf Hitler, who ruled both Paris and Vienna, where Reichstadt had been buried, at that time.
When Hitler entered Paris in June 1940 upon the capitulation of France, he visited the tomb of Napoleon gazing upon it for almost an hour. Considering that he spent only 5-6 hours in the city, the amount of time spent absorbed in Napoleon's tomb may betray the spirit behind him.
The Foe We Face by Pierre J. Huss states (1942)
A six-foot adjutant in the first car had sprung to the ground ... and yanked open the door opposite the driver. Adolf Hitler, wearing a white coat of dustproof gabardine, pushed his right leg slowly to the ground, a little stiff from the long drive into Paris and perhaps again bothered a bit by a twinge rheumatism, and stood up to stare at the suntopped edifice above. He preferred to look up at things, like the stars, rather than down into the depths where men work and struggle below the surface ... Hitler, the mighty Fuehrer of the Third Reich and master of armies swooping over Europe had come to visit Napoleon.
To Hitler it was a pilgrimage, a dream come true, and a miraculous milestone in a passion which guided at least part of his life. He came here to look at the Napoleon he had followed over the battlefields of Europe step by step... he came here to look at the hallowed spot where rests the man whose political ideas for Europe gave Hitler a basic pattern to follow. And here ... lay the man by whose military mistakes Hitler swore to profit.
The German officer who greeted Hitler received a perfunctory salute .... he led the way up the ... steps to a nail-studded wooden door and pushed it open. Hitler stepped inside, walked quickly through the ante-chamber into the great rotunda under the dome, as if he knew his way in the dark ... His men ... were scarcely able to
2261. In 1993, the restoration of the Kaiser's family Church (The Berlin cathedral or Dome) had far enough advanced to have an official opening. The cathedral received a direct hit during an air raid in WW2, and for years it was painstakingly restored. On June 6, 1993 finally was the big day. In the presence of hundreds of invited guests, as well as Chancellor Helmut Kohl, the guest of honor was the 85-year-old son of Germany's last Crown Prince, His Imperial Highness The Prince Louis Ferdinand. Deutsche Welle TV Berlin televised the opening ceremonies around the world. The Prince was overcome with emotions and in his own words " was thankful to have lived to see this day, where this beautiful Church in which he was christened in 1907, was restored to its former splendor." Prince Louis Ferdinand died in 1996 at age 89.
follow him ... Hitler stood [unreadable] the marble balustrade and looked down into the pit at the sarcophagus inside of which Napoleon I sleeps.
He didn't salute; his cap with the golden swastika eagle stayed on his head; he just stood there with hands on the balustrade and mouth slightly open ... His men keenly aware of his mood and temper tiptoed ... to the balustrade and also looked down, saying nothing and most of them far from impressed by what they saw below ... To them...sworn to the daily task of guarding the Nazi Fuehrer with their very lives, this was just another tomb ... Their job at the moment was to keep from sneezing, coughing, or breathing too hard ... They made sure the guns were easy to reach ... They never opened [sic] their mouths or talked to the Fuehrer, unless perchance he threw a word... at the nearest one ... a command to bring him a glass of water or perhaps to call this or that adjutant.
I guess it was a full minute before the Fuehrer broke that strange silence which laid a cold hand on your heart there under the Dome des Invalides that dying day in July ... We had been taken there a little bit earlier on our pledged word of silence on what we would see ... So forestalling a leak to the outside world about an incident... they were not anxious to have published at that time ... Hitler was to make his formal visit to Paris some days later, when the Nazi propaganda machine intended to go to work and make the most of it. On this day the Fuehrer had come in his own right and on a pilgrimage dear to his heart.
We stood opposite the tomb and waited, keenly watching ... him. He was lost in thought, with that faraway expression again creeping over his face. He folded his arms and murmured something we could not hear; his lips moved, as if he were talking to himself, and once or twice he shook his head. Then he came ont of the trance as suddenly as it had begun, and he leaned forward on the balustrade to stare more fixedly into the pit.
"Napoleon, mein lieber, they have made a bad mistake," the guttural voice of the Fuehrer said suddenly out of the void. It startled me, standing there across from a live war lord and above a dead emperor... He had sounded a bit cynical and slightly amused .... turning to his Press Chief, Otto Dietrich, to tap him on the arm. But he was talking to all before him.
"Ja, it is a big mistake they have made," Hitler repeated ... "They have put him down into a hole. People must look down at a coffin far below them. They eyes [sic] cannot come close and really grasp what they are looking for.
"They should look up at Napoleon, feeling small by the very size of the monument or sarcophagus above their heads. You do not impress people if you walk in a street and they are on top of a building. They must look at something above them; you must be the stage and the center of attraction above the level of all eyes. Then the mind reaches out and fastens itself upon the object or the person. It is all a matter of common psychology. The effect of Napoleon and his hold on the nation would have been much greater if people could come and actually touch the stone he sleeps in by reaching their arms up and perhaps by standing on tiptoe. This way, I must assume that the thousands who have come here before me look into their guidebook and go away without remembering more about it than about the next place. Their minds failed to grasp the greatness of Napoleon, and Napoleon down there in that pit failed to touch their hearts and affect his mission after death of keeping alive the spirit and tradition of a great epoch."
Hitler began to walk slowly around the balustrade, pausing once more at the glass door leading into the church with its tattered flags of Napoleon's wars in Europe, to look almost carelessly into the pit from the opposite side of where he had stood before. I could not help but feel that a sort of disdain had replaced the man's former intentness. "I shall never make such a mistake." Hitler said suddenly." I know how to keep my hold on people after I have passed on. I shall be the Fuehrer they look up to and go home to talk of and remember. My life shall not end in the mere form of death. It will, on the contrary, begin then, [emphasis mine]
To take the place of the defunct Holy Roman Empire in the West, the Germanic Confederation was formed as an act of the famous Congress of Vienna 8 June 1815 (but later abolished by Prussia in
1866 and the territories eventually absorbed into the German Second Reich in 1871 until it fell in 1918 - 6th resurrection of the Roman Empire).2262 In spirit, the system lived on, even 'underground' or not obvious, as one may put it. It lay in the hearts of aristocrats, princes and politicians for decades, awaiting a rebirth. For instance, Frederick William IV of Germany dreamt of a revived Holy Roman Empire to replace the German Confederation, "in which Prussia would play a glorious role, but secondary to that of the Hapsburgs2263
In short, we might state that the Holy Roman Empire sought to recreate a united Christian Europe in similitude to the last years of the Roman Empire and what is arising before our very eyes in the form of the European Union. It was called "Holy" due to the supremacy of the Popes in ecclesiastical affairs and the German Emperors as the secular arm and defender of the Catholic Church. The Hutchinson Softback Encyclopedia actually states that it was
"... the empire of Charlemagne and his successors, and the German Empire 962-1806, both regarded as a revival of the Roman Empire ..."2264
And,4n Encyclopedia of World History records:
"Frederick I (Barbarossa, ie. Red Beard), a handsome man with flowing golden hair, who could both frighten and charm, the embodiment of the ideal medieval German king. A close student of history and surrounded with Roman legists, he regarded himself as heir to the tradition of Constantine, Justinian, and Charlemagne (whom he had canonized by his anti-Pope) and aimed at restoring the glories of the Roman Empire. He began the style Holy Roman Empire."2265 [emphasis mine]
Nazi scholars recognized the history of the European idea and attempted to convince conquered nations that they should join Germany in a U.S. of Europe, but definitely dominated by the Germans.2266 For example, Joseph Goebbels, Hitler's Propaganda Minister, stated in 1943 that the 'aim of our struggle must be to create a unified Europe. The Germans alone can really organize
The back cover of the When Nazi Dreams Come True however notes:
"Even as the Nazis invaded, their plans were drawn up - for the Final Solution, the harnessing of mineral wealth into vast Reich cartels and monopolies, and for the slave labour programme. They dreamed of a 'Common Market', a post-war European Confederation within a common legal and currency system. After the Nazis had surrendered, the planners lived on in the ministries of the Federal Republic, making their theories the cornerstone of policy."2268
Their philosophy has been thoroughly integrated with those of the pan-European royalists and aristocrats. Hitlerism was a political burden they have easily eschewed. Prince Loewenstein in 1934 had published a fascinating work, After Hitler's Fall. In it he advocates a Germany which is Christian and which has its roots more firmly in the Reich concept than the neo-paganism of Hitler's Germany (this is indicative of the ongoing love-hate relationship between the Catholic Church and the Emperors of Europe: the former advocating worship of a Christ; the latter believing that they
2262. For instance Hitler was sometimes portrayed as a Roman Emperor and the Nuremberg rallies took on the characteristics of a pagan Roman festival (Bruce 1974: 58).
2263. Langer 1968: 718
2264. The Hutchinson Softback Encyclopedia, page 398.
2265. An Encyclopedia of World History, page 223
2266. Herzstein 1982:122-3,140,228 etc
2268. Huntington 1996:103
should be worshipped and it, may be, believed that they were descendants of Christ.2269 Here are some exciting and amazing extracts from the pages of that book:
"This book deals with the idea and form of the coming Reich ... For the New Germany for which we are fighting is founded on its mission of universal service ... the beginning of the Reich ... dates from the time when the Roman Empire united all the barbarous tribes ... Hence the foundations are Roman and will remain so till the end of time ... a unified worldwide Reich ... those who fail to understand the real history of the Roman symbol are constantly misunderstanding its significance ... the effects of which will appear anew in the future - "The Holy Germano-Roman Empire" ... there is thus a fraternal relationship between the Roman and German state-ideas ... young Germans enlisted in enormous numbers in the Roman legions ... Even the Caesarean world empire was strongly influenced by German forces; in Gaul, as well as in the East against Pompey, Germans won the victories for the Roman eagles."2270
Note the direct link between Germany and Rome. Prince Loewenstein continues:
"If only our voice could be joined with that of the Vatican, which today forms the one point of stability in the general madness ... not 'Proletarians of all lands - unite!' but 'Catholics of all lands - unite!' is the challenge that must precede the approaching revolution in the West. This Protestantism was the real forerunner of atheism and is guilty of having forced millions out of the Christian community."2271
That inner clique wishes to have also a Catholic-dominated Europe. Let us continue with the words of Prince Loewenstein:
"There is no antithesis between the Reich and what [true] socialism affirms ... but there is a sharp antithesis between the Reich and the negative side of socialism ... [what is needed is] collaboration between the idea of the Reich and the ideas of traditional European Socialism."2272
Finally, Prince Loewenstein exclaims:
" ... I call to mind the twelve men who wore the Germano-Roman Imperial crown and were my ancestors ... A German Reich will arise to fulfill the history of all its centuries - A German Reich, in whose golden eagles is alive the idea of social, political and spiritual liberty."2273
He believed that the Roman Eagle will be a major symbol of the coming Reich, together with the cross.2274 I might add also the extended arm salute used by the Spanish Falangists, Italian Fascists, Germans of the Middle Ages and the Romans.
2269. see Baigent, M The Holy Blood and the Holy Grail and The Messianic Legacy. A more recent book is Bloodline of the Holy Grail by internationally renowned sovereign and chivalric genealogist Laurence Gardner (with a foreword by Prince Michael of Albany). Other similar works such as The Tomb of God dovetail with this theory which legitimises some royal claims in continental Europe to blue-blood relationship to Christ. 2270..
2270. Loewenstein 1934:1-4,12-3,53
2274. ibid:257-9. Metzig notes that the god Asshur was a creature with an eagle's wings and head; and the eagle became the emblem of the might of Imperial Rome and of the Holy Roman Empire (page 8). While Heer states that Imperial symbols such as the eagle "was a battle standard in the time of the earliest Mesopotamian kings and afterwards among the Sumerians ... the Roman legions ... Frederick II.. Emperor of Austria [in WW 1] and of the Tsar of All the Russias" (Heer 1967: 3)
Symbols of the future Holy Roman Empire/European Union
As the European Union evolves more and more into a dictatorship, it will begin to hearken back to its roots in the Roman and Holy Roman systems and utilise the symbols of old.
In addition to the Roman Eagle used by both Napoleon and Hitler, we could see arise the double-headed Eagle representing the co-operation of Western and Eastern Europe (as well as the Church); the Imperial Crown representing the Emperor as temporal ruler and regent of Christ on earth (it includes the cross, an octagonal shape representing the heavenly Jerusalem and 12 stones representing the tribes of Israel); and the Holy Lance (also known as the Spear of Destiny) which supposedly pierced Christ - this was politically the most important relic.2275 which may be traced in its history to Jerusalem via Italy, Lombardy and Burgundy.
The cross, too, will be a very important symbol. These insignia originated with the Sumerian, Babylonian and Assyrian empires: the crown the hat of the King of the Heavens; the sceptre, orb and star mantle represent the claim to rule the entire world and beyond; the vestments are those of a high priest; the throne a triumphal chariot; the solemn processions of the Emperor under a canopy represented heaven; he has a sacred ritual observance including prayer and recalls his predecessors.2276
These insignia reside today in the Treasure House, Vienna, awaiting another Emperor to wear them and fulfill his dream of world peace. The creation of peace was the goal of the Emperors as well as the kings, princes, bishops, abbots and other leaders as they debated back and forth in their imperial diets. Sometimes they failed and war prevailed. At other times they unleashed holy wars to cause peace (in their estimation). In the tradition of the Holy Roman Empire, the Roman Catholic Church, champions peace and is becoming more and more involved with affairs in Jerusalem, the centre of so much conflict.2277
All Holy Roman Emperors wore or utilised these symbols, as a representation of the god of the heavens upon the earth. Whilst Hitler did not wear them, he apparently did make an effort after entering Vienna, to gaze upon them. One report expresses his absolute fascination with the spear of destiny and he apparently held it in his hands, proclaiming that he felt that he held the destiny of the world in his hands. Only Napoleon was not able to obtain them which may be interesting given that he was the only non-German/Austrian of all the Holy Roman Emperors.
Extract from The Holy Roman Empire by Friedrich Heer, page 283
"We know that the holy lance was very early regarded as a relic in the narrowly ecclesiastical sense. In the oldest inventories the holy lance, together with the fragments of the true cross, takes precedence over the imperial crown ...
"These relics of the Holy Roman Empire are relics of a world order founded on the sacred households of the God-Emperor in heaven and upon earth which endured for five thousand years. Today people look at them as one looks at a spectacle and at works of art - yet once they were what men believed in and the condensed manifestation of the Empire's saving power. There they are: the imperial crown, a sacred octagon combining the earthly and the heavenly Jerusalem, surmounted by the bow which demands that the kings of
2275. The Rigby Joy of Knowledge Library. History and Culture 1 1977: 160
2276. The Roman Empire also had its own variations of the cross and swastika. This variation is known as the 'Roman holy cross' which has a swastika at its centre. It contains 3 spokes at all 4 endes with a dot near each comer (according to www.symbols.com)
2277. Heer 1967: 284
the earth pay due service to the King who is Emperor in heaven as upon the earth; the imperial sword, always bome point uppermost, whose inscription - Christus vincit - Christus regnat - Christus imperat - echoes the ancient victory song addressed to the victorious Christus imperat - echoes the ancient victory song addressed to the victorious Christus imperator in the laudes following the imperial coronation and is a prayer for further victories; the Hohenstaufen orb, which ascribes to the Emperor, by placing the globe in his hand, the attributes of Jupiter, in antiquity the orb was surmounted by Nike the victory goddess, in the Holy Roman Empire by the cross. Emperor Otto I had once worn the star-strewn mantle and the tunic fringed with tintinnabula, part of the vestment of the high priest".
The Empire generally portrayed a sense of freedom, well-being, prosperity. It had great feasts, celebrations, banquets, festivals, wars, 'war dramas', mock battles and so forth. It was not a totalitarian dictatorship, but power was given to the Emperor to perform his duties to govern Europe. So it will be again.
"The charters of the emperors of the Holy Roman Empire invoke the One and Undivided Trinity and promise peace 'to the faithful of God and of the Empire', employing a sacral formula which goes back to ancient Roman and pre-Roman times".2278
The double-headed eagle in particular may have ancient origins: for in Mesopotamia, we find double-headed beast motives used extensively from the earliest of times2279, by the Holy Roman Emperors and later the Austro-Hungarian and Russian Empires. In Europe the double-headed eagle, in its most famous form is in Vienna (destined to be the capital of the arch-conservative new Holy Roman/Austro-Hungarian Empire? This is, after all where the Imperial Crown has remained since 1801) It is still the official crest of Albania and Montenegro.
The single-headed eagle dates from at least the Roman Empire2280 representing its single dominance over the region - the eagle was regarded as king of the skies and glorious to behold. But it was Constantine who devolved the Empire into two halves as we have seen, the Eastern half based in Constantinople. From then on, the Empire and thus Europe, functioned in two parts. Speaking figuratively, the neck of this curious creature ran down through the Balkans: on its western side the precursor of modern Croatia, Slovenia and Bosnia. On the eastern side we find Serbia and Greece. The East fell to the Muslim Turks who sent invaders into south-east Europe. In time they learned to tolerate the Eastern Orthodox Churches which grew up in a different fashion to the Roman Catholic Church. The Turks almost took Vienna but were pushed back by the Hapsburgs who subsequently took over much of the western Balkans over the subsequent centuries. In the twentieth century, various states, Serbia in particular, asserted their independence. The Balkans were now permanently split: peoples of the same Slavic race practised different forms of Christianity, spoke different dialects, and even the architecture differed. All of this is traced back to Constantine's decree and may be found symbolised by the double-headed eagle.2281
Another symbol may well be the Roman extended arm salute: Migene Gonzalez-Wippler explains in The Complete Book of Spells, Ceremonies and Magic that it has an ancient origin:
"The High Priestess [representing Selene, Isis, Diana, Artemis and Ishtar] moves behind the altar that faces the east quarter of the earth. Her right knee bent slightly, her left leg stretched behind her, she pushes her left arm back against her body and raises her right arm straight in front of her in a gesture similar to the fascist salute. This is the sign
2278. Heer 1967: 6
2279. Childe 1952: 81
2280. in my notes I chronicle the usage of this curious beast from the ancient Middle East.
2281. It may be traced to Mesopotamia according to Heer 1967:3
of Zelator, one of the degrees conferred on the magician during the first Initiation. The Nazis, who borrowed this sign and that of the swastika from ancient occult rituals, were reputed to be practitioners of black magic ... The dagger's blade rests, between her palms, tip pointing upward, as she ends the sign of the cross ... The swastika or truncated cross is one of the symbols representing Isis mourning for Osiris."2282 [emphasis mine]
As with so many Roman-German symbols, all roads lead back to Babylon. The Assyrians, too, practised this salute, raising their arms to indicate their "submission and loyalty to the king, a common theme in Assyrian glyptic art."2283 It was also utilised by the Hittites2284 and in the Holy Roman Empire2285. The Bible reveals that Empires which succeeded the Assyrians actually continued their political heritage. For example, the king of Babylon, Nabopollasar, is actually called the king of Assyria in II Kings 23:29. This was shortly after the fall of Nineveh in 612 B.C. (cf. Jeremiah 50:17-19). Referring to the returned Jewish captives in the days of Zerrubabel we read of the following event in 515 B.C.:
"And [they] kept the feast of unleavened bread seven days with joy: for the Lord had made them joyful, and turned the heart of the king of Assyria unto them, to strengthen their hands in the work of the house of God ..." (Ezra 6:22)
As Assyria had fallen a century previous to this, the only conclusion one can draw is that according to the context the reference here is clearly concerning Darius I who stepped into the heritage of the Assyrians after Babylon had fallen in 539 B.C. and their king [Nabonidus] captured some time later.2286
When the new Holy Roman Empire comes - a military United Europe (of which the current EU is the beginning), it will probably be full of pomp and ceremony, drawing upon the history of Europe: one can imagine the coming glorious ceremonies, pageants, symbolism, parades with soldiers dressed in Roman uniforms, intense teaching of Roman and Holy Roman history in schools and such like.
2282. Gonzalez-Wippler 1978:108-09. See also Ravenscroft's The Spear of Destiny which contain some interesting postulations.
2283. Shanks 1987:62. See also Mackenzie cl900:347 where he describes the god Asshur lifting up his hand as if blessing the people who adore him.
2284. McMahon 1989: 68. Josephus (3:5:4) refers to this salute by the Romans as does the New International Dictionary of Biblical Archaeology (page 358)
2285. The extended arm salute was accompanied by the cry "sieg und heil" (victory and salvation). See also Heer 1967: 33. The title of Assur, the national god of Assyria, was Saha "victorious, the mighty, overcoming". Sana is cognate with the Gothic "sig" and the German "sieg" (Waddell 1929: 418)
2286. Darius calls himself "an Asura and a son of an Asura" according to Kalyanamaran, vol 1: 142. It is interesting that Bullinger in his Number in Scripture states that the prophecies concerning the king of Assyria "reach through " to the heads of all the Gentile powers mentioned in Daniel (page 68). Interestingly, Elagabalus, a Roman Emperor (AD218-222), dressed as the Popes do and was the Roman Pontiff of his day. He also elevated the Babylonian/Canaanite priests from Syria which migrated to Rome to the official priesthood of Rome. He wanted to be addressed as the ancient Assyrian king Asshur-banipal who had actually brought the Babylonian priests into Samaria and Syria. Elagabalus also claimed that the Roman Empire, under his direction, was actually the revival of the Assyro-Baby Ionian Empire (Historians History of the World, vol 6, page 378).
Writing in Ca. 788-696 B.C. Isaiah equates the Egyptians with the Assyrians (Isaiah 52:4; cf. Jeremiah 2:18). It seems that this passage refers to Exodus Chapter One and has little to do with the later Assyrian captivities which were not done "without a cause". Note also Ezekiel 31:3: "Behold, the Assyrian was a cedar in Lebanon with fair branches, and with a shadowing shroud, and of an high stature; and his top was among the thick boughs."
As the context is Egypt, Bullinger, in his Companion Bible, writes that "Ginsburg thinks this should read te-Ashshur (= a box tree) instead of'Ashshur (= an Assyrian). There is no article; and Egypt is the subject here, not Assyria."2286 However, God appears to be playing on words here and is hinting at the Assyrian influence in Egypt and vice-versa. Symbolically this passage also refers to Satan (Compare Zechariah 11:1-2; Isaiah 2:13; 10:33-34; Psalms 37:35; 27:6; Isaiah 41:19; 60:13). In Isaiah 7:18 the bee is a symbol of Assyria as it was of Napoleon.
As if to verify this claim, former German Chancellor Helmut Kohl has publicly stated
"The future will belong to the Germans - when we build the house of Europe."2287
In the 1950s, Hans Seebohm who was a member of the Adenaur government commented similarly:
"Germany is the heart of Europe and the limbs must adapt themselves to the heart."2288
Or as Germans have said for centuries, Der Tag - The Day. One Day Frederich Barbarossa will rise again to lead Germany triumphantly. For he is presently sleeping under the Kyffhauser in a cave, with his great red beard growing through the marble top of a table he has slumped on.
We have seen the rise and fall of the First Reich (the Holy Roman Empire of the German Peoples); the Second Reich from Bismarck to the end of WW I - the neo-Protestant Prussian period; and of course the Third Reich with WW II - the Hitlerian period with some neo-pagan influences). The Day will come when the Germans and the European Union will be the world's supreme power on earth through the powerful Fourth Reich - the seventh revival of the Roman Empire combined with eventual emperor worship.
Further, Berlin is now once again the official capital of Germany2289 but the liberal ruling class of the Anglo-Saxon powers are blinded to the dangers. One news story stated that Berlin will become the de-facto capital of the European Union.2290 Indeed. Although one might add that the final political capital of Europe will probably be in a city more acceptable to European nations, Vienna. It is 'neutral', yet German. It stands between north and south, east and west; between Catholicism, Lutherism and Orthodox Christianity. Thus, it may very well utilise again, the symbol of the double-headed eagle.
We have seen in the pages of this book the mysterious origins of the Assyrians. Through the misty past we have seen what history records of the Assyrians and their wanderings into Scythian Russia. Reference was also made to the Hittites and an outline of the modern Assyrians and Hittites was presented to further forge this immensely important truth. Most importantly we have dealt with the amazing destiny of the German peoples. The Germans have been a terribly destructive force in European affairs over the centuries. And yet, paradoxically, brilliant inventors and admirable creators of culture, science, music and the arts. How like their ancient Assyrian ancestors.2291
However, today they seek to forge a European Union or United States of Europe - a revived Holy Roman Empire controlled by the Father (land) and Mother (church) of Europe. Such a
2287. quoted in Atkinson 1996:107. Indeed even Hitler, just before he committed suicide, predicted the following based on his political knowledge and nous: that Germany would be divided up, America and China would rise to become great powers, Germany would later re-unite and become a world power once again.
2288. Atkinson 2001: 20
2289. See "Topping out the Reichstag. Future Home of the German Bundestag", Deutschland, December 1997.
2290. Kopczynski 1998: 8. He also states that united Germany "will be a giant that keeps its claws pressed to its side so as to hide its true strength". See also Holloway 1998: 30.
2291. Worrell 1927:1048 wrote: "The Assyrian state is without parallel in history for economic destructiveness, organized rapacity, and calculated frightfulness. The cruelty of the Assyrians is a thing that stands out hideously ... His greater energy and efficiency he devoted effectively to war. He fought with chariots and horses, with the new iron weapons of the Hittites, and with battering rams of his own invention ... His chief god was the war-god Asshur. He set the example of world empire, followed in turn by the Persians, Greeks, Romans, French and Prussians".
Europe will turn out to be unfriendly toward the Anglo-Saxon and Israelitish nations. In the book, Germans: Biography of an Obsession, by George Bailey, he notes: "...can we be sure that history has written finis to what was perhaps the grandest design ever conceived by man: the Holy Roman Empire?"2292
In a small book written in 1942, Basil Stewart noted:
"The Almighty will see to it that Germany and her leaders reap as they have sown. Just as the original Babylon was brought down by human agents prepared by God for the purpose, as foretold in the fifty-first chapter of Jeremiah, who emphasises in verse 56 that it is 'the Lord God of recompenses that shall surely requite,' so will the modem counterpart in its final form - Germany - be 'spoiled.' “2293
Yet we know that the Assyro-Hittites will repent and share in God's great blessings and future He has in store for them. Then God will use their talents mightily during the Millennium and they will be a force for good and a wonderful example of repentance in the eyes of the world.
[DO NOT EXPECT GERMANY AND EUROPE TO BE ANYTHING LIKE THEIR HISTORY IN THE PAST. YES GERMANY WILL BE THE SPEAR-HEAD NATION; THE CATHOLIC CHURCH WILL BE PART OF THAT SPEAR-HEAD. BUT THE WORLD SCENE WILL BE DIFFERENT IN MANY WAYS FROM THE WORLD SCENE OF THE LAST TWO WORLD WARS. THE POPE-FALSE-PROPHET WILL BE DOING MIRACLES. THERE IS TO RISE A POWER TO THE SOUTH, CALLED THE “KING OF THE SOUTH” IN DANIEL 11:40-45. IT WILL BE AN ARAB UNION OF NATIONS. IT WILL PUSH AT THE “KING OF THE NORTH” - THE LAST 7TH RESURRECTION OF THE HOLY ROMAN EMPIRE. THE KING OF THE NORTH WILL COME AGAINT THE KING OF THE SOUTH AND WIN THE BATTLE. THE WESTERN WORLD WILL BE IN SUCH A WEAKNESS FROM WHATEVER GOD BRINGS ABOUT, THE EUROPE BEAST POWER WILL BE ABLE TO CONQUER THE WESTERN WORLD. THIS WILL USHER IN THE LAST 42 MONTHS, OR ABOUT 3 and 1/2 YEARS OF THIS AGE, BEFORE JESUS RETURNS.
THERE IS MUCH, VERY MUCH YET TO HAPPEN ON THE WORLD SCENE BEFORE ALL THIS COMES TO PASS. BUT IT WILL COME TO PASS. THE TIME ELEMENT IS ENTIRELY IN THE HANDS OF GOD THE FATHER.
I HAVE EXPOUNDED ALL THE PROPHETIC BOOKS OF THE BIBLE FOR YOU UNDER “PROPHECY” ON THIS WEBSITE. YOU HAVE THE KEYS; YOU JUST HAVE TO KEEP WATCHING FOR THE SIGNS AS JESUS TOLD US TO DO - Keith Hunt]
The German poet, Heinrich Heine, wrote the following chilling message in the mid nineteenth century concerning a future German leader:
[he will] ... be terrible because he will appear in alliance with the primitive powers of nature, able to evoke the demonic energies of old German Pantheism - which there will awake in him that Battle-madness which we find among the ancient Teutonic races who fought neither to kill nor conquer, but for the very love of fighting itself.
... then will come crashing and roaring forth the wild madness of the old champions, the insane berserker rage, of which Northern poets say and sing ... The old stone gods will rise from long forgotten ruin, and rub the dust of a thousand years from their eyes, and Thor, leaping to life, with his giant hammer, will smash the Gothic cathedrals.
German thunder is indeed German, and not in a hurry, and it comes rolling slowly onward; but it will, and when ye hear the crash as naught crashed before in the whole history of the world, then know that der Deutsche Donner, our German Thunder, has at last hit the mark ... There will be played in Germany a drama compared to which the French Revolution will be only an innocent child.
But once the blood again begins coursing in the veins of the German people, once they again feel their heart beating, no longer will they listen to the pious chatter of the Bavarian hypocrites, or to the mystic murmurs of the Swabian imbeciles; their ear will only hear the great voice of one man.
Who is this man?
He is the man whom the German people awaits, the man who will turn to them their lives and their happiness - the happiness and the life they have so longed for in their dreams. How much longer will you wait - you whom our old people have prophesied with burning desire - you for whom youth waits with so much impatience - you who carry the divine sceptre of liberty, and the imperial crown with the cross?
[SOMEWHAT VAIN AND ARROGANT, BUT THE GERMANS IN ANCESTRY WERE FIERCE WARRIORS, BUT WERE DEFEATED BY THE BABYLONIANS, HENCE THERE MOVE INTO EUROPE. THEY HAVE BEEN DEFEATED BY THE ANGLO-SAXONS IN TWO WORLD WARS. THE THIRD AND LAST WORLD WAR WILL SEE THEM VICTORIOUS OVER THE WESTERN WORLD, BUT DEFEATED AND DESOLATED BY THE KINGS OF THE EAST, I.E. RUSSIA AND CHINA ETC. IN THIS MODERN 21ST CENTURY, THE GERMANS (ASSYRIA) DO NOT THINK ABOUT WORLD DOMINANCE OR RULE (SEE ISAIAH 10: 5-7), BUT WHEN THE SITUATION IS SUCH, THEY WILL LEAD A RESURRECTED HOLY ROMAN EMPIRE, WITH THE ROMAN CATHOLIC CHURCH, TO BRING THE RULE OF GOD, THEIR STYLE, AND TO DESIRE THE ONE TRUE CHURCH, AS THE RC CHURCH CALLS ITSELF, TO BRING THE GOVERNMENT OF GOD AND PEACE, TO A WORLD THAT WILL BE EVER GOING MAD AND CRAZY. TO THEM, THE EUROPE BEAST POWER, IT WILL SEEM THEY ARE DOING GOD’S WILL, TO RULE THE WORLD. SUCH WILL BE THE DECEPTION AT THE VERY END TIME, AS JESUS SAID, SO EVEN IF POSSIBLE, THE VERY ELECT WOULD BE DECEIVED - Keith Hunt]
2292. Bailey 1972:360
2293. Stewart 1942: 26
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The Messianic Legacy. Jonathan Cape, London.
Bailey, G (1972)
The Biography of an Obsession. Germans. World Publishing, New York.
Hartrich, E. (1980)
The Fourth and Richest Reich. Macmillan Publishing Co., New York.
Herzstein, R.E. (1982)
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Herzstein, R.E. (1966)
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