Keith Hunt - "Evening" as used in the Old Testament #4 - Page Four   Restitution of All Things

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"Evening" and its use in the Old Testament #4

Finishing the books of Moses




LEV.6:20(13), "...half thereof at night..."

     Here "evening" is translated "night" though it could have
been translated as "evening." The sense remains either way, a
meal offering was offered in the morning, which does not mean at
noon or in the afternoon, and also again in the evening or night,
which also does not mean noon or middle of the after-noon. It was
to be offered after the sun went down below the horizon or when
it was dark. It is that simple!

LEV.11:24,27,31,39, "...shall be unclean until the even..."
25,28,32,40,40, "...be unclean until the even..."
14:46, "...shall be unclean until the even..."
15:5,6,7,8,10,11,16,17,21,22,27, "...and be unclean until the
even..."
10,19,23, "...shall be unclean until the even..."
18, "...and be unclean until the even..."
17:15, "...and be unclean until the even..."
22:6, "...shall be unclean until even..."

     This context is talking about being ceremonially unclean or
defiled, by various reasons, under the laws of Moses. Now, did
such a person remain unclean only till the second after,
high-noon or until about 3 p.m. in the middle of the after-noon?
     Suppose you became unclean at 11:15 a.m. in the morning.
were you then clean the split second after high-noon?
     Such thoughts are ridiculous to contemplate. All Jews know
that under Moses' laws and the Old Testament economy you were
unclean till sun-set or dusk.

LEV.23:5, "...the fourteenth day of the first month at even
(lit.between the two evenings)..."

     The phrase "between the two evenings" is covered in-depth in
a study under the Passover studies. It is dusk or twilight or the
time from sun-set to darkness.

LEV.23:32, "...the ninth day  of the month, at even, from even
unto even..."

     The Israelites were to observe this day of Atonement and the
Sabbath days from the evening of the 9th day to the evening of
the 10th day. Here the "exception" rule is used once more.
Evening is put with the preceding day, the 9th day is connected
(by "evening") with the evening of the actual 10th day. And you
stopped observing the Sabbath at the onset of the evening of the
10th day. Once more as all Jews (excluding possibly some strange
fringe ones) know, you observe Atonement and all Sabbaths from
sun-set or dark until sun-set or dark (some Jews say from when
the first star appears). 
Either way (some latitude of anywhere from half an hour to an
hour, which ever you choose to follow, you do not observe the
Sabbath from just after high-noon or from 3 p.m. in the middle of
the after-noon.

LEV.24:3, "...from evening until the morning..."

     The lamps were to burn continually without the veil of the
testimony, in the Tabernacle of the congregation, from "evening"
until the "morning" - Israelites were to bring pure olive oil
beaten for the light to burn continually. The clear sense is that
the oil was renewed in the "evening" and in the "morning" - about
a 12 hour separation. As Jesus said, "does not the day have 12
hours..." hence the evening or night has 12 hours also.

     They did not renew the oil just after high-noon or in the
middle of the after-noon.

NUM.9:3, "...the fourteenth day of this month, at even, (marg.
between the two evenings)..."
5, "...the fourteenth day of the first month at even (lit.
between the two evenings)..."
11, "...the fourteenth day of the second month at even (lit.
between the two evenings)..."
28:4,8, "...the other lamb shalt thou offer at even, (marg.
between the two evenings).

     I refer you to my in-depth study of this phrase "between the
two evenings" under the Passover studies.

NUM.9:15, "...at even there was upon the Tabernacle..." 

     Fire, or so it appeared, was on the Tabernacle from evening
until the morning. Again, common sense would lead you to
understand this as meaning from sun-set or darkness until the
break of day or sun-rise, there was as it appeared, fire, upon
the Tabernacle.
     Common sense would not have you think this was talking about
just after high-noon or the middle of the after-noon, when the
appearance of fire was upon the Tabernacle.

NUM.9:21, "...when the cloud abode from even unto the morning..."

     The context is about the cloud upon the Tabernacle,
sometimes for days, sometimes for a day or for a night, from even
unto the morning, the Israelites did not move ground or journey
on. Common usage of "from even unto the morning" would teach you
the meaning is simply from sun-set or darkness unto the breaking
of day or sun-rise.

NUM.19:7, "...the priest shall be unclean until the evening..."
8,10, "...be unclean until the even..."
19, "...shall be clean at even..."
21, "...shall be unclean until even..."
22, "...(it) shall be unclean until even..."

     Again, concerning the laws of ceremonial un-clean-ness and
being clean once more. Un-clean-ness did not last only till the
second after high-noon or only till the middle of the after-noon.
A person or thing was unclean till sun-set or dusk.

DEUT.16:4, "...the first day at even..."

     From all that is clearly taught in the books of Moses, there
is no reason whatsoever (unless you have an ideology to uphold
come hell or high-water) to deviate here from the plain truth of
what "evening" means. It means sun-set, or dusk or twilight, or
in a few cases - darkness or night. It NEVER means the second
after high- noon or 3 p.m. in the after-noon.

DEUT.6:6, "...sacrifice the Passover at even..."

     The Sadducees, the Samaritans, and the Karate Jews, know
exactly what "even" means. They taught and teach that the
Passover sacrifice was not to be killed until the "evening" or
between the two evenings, during dusk or twilight time.

     "Even" or "evening" has nothing to do with the second past
high-noon or the middle of the after-noon.

DEUT.23:11(12), "...when evening cometh on..."    

     "Cometh on" and "when the sun is down" are two ways of
saying the same thing, or repeating what was said, with other
words, both meaning the same thing. It is a type of "figure" of
speech (of which there are dozens - see Bullinger's "Figures of
Speech in the Bible" - a 1,000 page expounding of figures of
speech in the Bible), where what is stated is sated again in a
slightly different way. We often do the same thing in our many
modern and old figures of speech in our English language of
today, as we converse with people in communicating talk or the
written word.

     The context is again talking about being ceremonially
unclean and when unclean-ness can be removed and the person or
thing is again clean - at sun-set or dusk or twilight, or between
the two evenings.

DEUT.28:67, "...would God it were even! And at even thou shalt
say..."

     The context is Israel NOT observing to do all the words of
this law that was written in a book by Moses. They would then
eventually fear what was to come upon them ALL the time, from
morning to evening, from evening to morning. They would wish in
the morning to was evening, and in the evening that it was
morning.
     Figurative language meaning they would fret and fear the
troubles to come on them ALL THE DAY LONG, never having any peace
of mind. 
     Obviously, morning and evening, or evening and morning, are
put as in contrast to each other, yet part of the whole 24 hour
day. Common sense usage of words and phrases, even as we today
would use them, leads you to understand, "morning" stands for the
day light hours of the day and "evening" stands for the night
time hours of the day, in general about 12 hours for each
(remember Jesus' words, "are there not 12 hours in the day...")

     We have come to the end of seeing how "even" or "evening" is
used in the books of Moses, the first five books of the Bible.

     The truth of the matter should be very plain and easy to
see, as long as you have no "pet doctrine" or "theological idea"
you must cling to with every hand and toe nail of your body.

                    ....................

TO BE CONTINUED


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