DIGEST OF DIVINE LAW
by Howard Rand (1942)
Governments must have revenue and in conformity with the Divine law it is required that the tithe be collected from all the people for this purpose. The law of tithes was covered in chapter VII. In addition to the tithe was the poll tax, collected annually and paid by all those numbered in Israel from twenty years old and upwards.
In paying the tithe, in returning unto Him a tenth of their increase, men acknowledged that all they had was from God! The Levites, who performed the functions of our modern civil sendee, were charged with the responsibility of collecting the tithe.
Now all the tithe does not belong to the church as is erroneously taught by some Christian leaders today, but only a tenth of the tithe was for ecclesiastical purposes.
(INCORRECT - THE TITHE IS CLEARLY SAID TO GO TO THE PRIESTS OF THE TEMPLE. IT WAS FOR THE WORK THEY DID PLUS THE UPKEEP OF THE TEMPLE - Keith Hunt)
The instruction to the tax collectors was as follows:
"When ye take of the children of Israel the tithe which I have given you from them for your inheritance, then ye shall offer up an heave offering of it for the Lord, even a tenth part of the tithe . . . ye shall give thereof the Lord's heave offering to Aaron the priest." (Numbers 18:26-28.)
(THIS WAS THE PRIESTS TITHING ON THEIR TITHE - Keith Hunt)
With the revision of our present complicated system of government to conform with the Israel standard of administration the cost of operation would be materially reduced, while there would be no need of expenditures for relief—as the poor and needy would be provided for under the Israel economy. This answers those who question the sufficiency of the revenue for governmental purposes under the system of tithes. When to the above is also added the fact that there will be no interest to pay, or bonded indebtedness that absorbs so much of the government revenue today, an intolerable burden will have been removed.
(NOT A FULL ANSWER. THE AUTHOR MISSES A TITHE THAT WAS COLLECTED FOR THE POOR AND NEEDY AND WIDOW AND ORPHAN, THE 3RD AND 6TH YEAR OF A 7 YEAR CYCLE. THAT WAS ISRAEL'S WELFARE SYSTEM. AS TO MANY OTHER THINGS NEEDED IN A MORE MODERN WORLD AS OURS, WELL YOU GET A BILL FOR ELECTRIC AND POWER USE, PHONE USE, WATER USE. THE LESS YOU USE THE LESS THE BILL. IN A CORRECT WORLD, THE SUN WOULD POWER MOST THINGS, SO VERY LITTLE EXPENSE. NO TAXES ON HOMES OR LAND. YOU'D HAVE A BILL TO PAY FOR SCHOOL TEACHERS [A PORTION SHARED BY ALL]. JUST ABOUT ALL THINGS WOULD BE PRIVATE ENTERPRISE. YOU'D PAY A FARE TO USE A BUS OR RAIL TRAIN, TAXI AND ETC. TOLL ROADS WOULD BE THE WAY. SO AS IN MANY WAYS TODAY TO USE A SERVICE YOU PAY A BILL. YOU DO NOT USE, YOU DO NOT PAY. IN THE AGE TO COME EVERYONE WOULD BE IN FULL HEALTH, NO HOSPITALS TO SUPPORT AS LIKE TODAY, NO JAILS TO SUPPORT [NO CRIME] NO POLICE, NO ARMY, SOLAR POWER, BETTER CLIMATE.....WELL MUCH EXPLAINED IN MY STUDIES ON THE 1,000 YEAR AGE TO COME. THE TITHE WILL GO TO THE WORK AND WORKERS OF SPREADING THE GOSPEL....YES SPREADING WILL BE NEEDED, AGAIN EXPLAINED IN MY OTHER STUDIES ON THAT AGE TO COME.
TO ANSWER A SILLY ARGUMENT ON TITHING. PEOPLE SAY ONLY THE PRODUCE OF THE LAND WAS TITHED. JUST NOT SO IF LOGIC IS USED. IF ONLY FARMERS HAD TO TITHE, IN A CARNAL NATION AS ISRAEL WAS, YOU CAN BET FEW WOULD WANT TO FARM. TO THINK THE SHOEMAKER, THE TAYLOR, THE CARPENTER ETC. DID NOT HAVE TO TITHE IS NOT ONLY LUDICROUS THINKING, BUT IT ALSO MAKES GOD A RESPECTER OF PERSONS AND HAD LAWS FOR ONE SET OF PEOPLE AND NOT THE OTHER, WHEN ALL WORKING PEOPLE MAKE A PROFIT. WELL ALL ABOUT TITHING AND ANSWERING THE ARGUMENTS USED IS IN STUDIES ON THIS WEBSITE - Keith Hunt)
In chapter VII the need of a monetary system in which the medium of exchange represented by a unit of value was shown to be the God-given Israel system of exchange. The Divine economy provides for the recognition of this unit of value as the standard of wealth against which the medium of exchange should be issued. Because money has been regarded as wealth, rather than our goods, our present system has imposed a burden upon government and people from which there can be no escape until our nation returns to the standard of Divine economy under the direction of a government which conforms with all the requirements of the Law of the Lord.
Representative Form of Government
When Israel was organized into a Kingdom at Mount Sinai no one questioned the continuation of the position and leadership of Moses whom the people had elected to follow out of Egypt. But Moses needed assistance in the administration of the government, the enduring foundation of which was laid when he received the commandments, statutes and judgments of the Lord to be administered as the law of the Kingdom. A representative form of government was instituted and the rule by which these men were selected is set forth in Exodus 18 and is as follows: Able men and, men who feared God, men of truth, hating covetousness, were to be selected and placed as rulers over thousands, rulers over hundreds, rulers over fifties and rulers over tens. They were to judge and govern the people and only the cases too hard for them were to be appealed for final disposition before the national leaders. Government was to act definitely in an administrative and judicial capacity only.
Three Types of Government
So let us look for a moment at the three types of government represented in 1) autocracy, 2) democracy and 3) a republic and the combinations of these. Now autocracy is the absolute rulership of one man who holds full authority and power over his subjects. Democracy in its fullest sense is the the rule of the mob in which the political system is directly exercised or controlled by the people collectively; it is government by the people. A republic is a government in which the people elect representatives who are charged with the responsibility of administration and through whom they act; these representatives functioning independently of the people in matters of state, carrying out the affairs of government in accordance with the requirements of the law.
A democracy, therefore, is a form of government in rebellion against God, being a government by the people in which the final court of appeal is public opinion. The law of the Lord definitely points out that public opinion, or the voice of the majority, should in no way have a bearing or influence against the law or its righteous administration. His commandments, "Thou shalt not," took precedence over every opinion, either private or public. His statutes, governing administration in the nation as well as the economic life and well-being of His people, were never intended to be subject to popular referendum or amendment. His judgments were to be kept more scrupulously than any judgment rendered in a court of law.
All this is confirmed by Moses, who said, "Ye shall not add unto the word which I command you, neither shall ye diminish ought from it, that ye may keep the commandments of the Lord your God which I command you." (Deut. 4:2.)
Moses codified the law of the Lord, it became Israel's constitution, the people were admonished to adhere strictly to all of its requirements! The first demonstration of the democratic tendency in Israel and the manifestation of a desire to depart from these laws was made by the people when Moses was absent from the camp. The people assembled before Aaron and demanded that their voice be heard. Aaron acquiesced in their appeal. The Golden Calf was built and democracy, the rule of the people, was in full operation when Moses returned. The conversation which took place between Moses and Aaron is of real interest. Moses stood for the keeping of the law while Aaron gave the politician's answer for acceding to the demands of the people in their desire for democratic rule, for he gave the people what they wanted.
(GOD'S GOVERNMENT IS HIS GOVERNMENT AND HIS LAWS. IT IS A TOP DOWN GOVERNMENT. YOU MIGHT EVEN SAY IT IS A DICTATOR GOVERNMENT. BUT IT IS PERFECT HOLY AND RIGHTEOUS DICTATORSHIP. THAT MAY SHOCK SOME, BUT IN THE AGE TO COME, GOD WILL RULE WITH DICTATORSHIP. NOW WHEN THE NATIONS HAVE JUST ABOUT OBLITERATED EVERY PERSON ON EARTH [IF NOT STOPPED JESUS SAID THEY WOULD] THEN THEY WILL BE IN AN ATTITUDE OF MIND TO LET GOD DICTATE TO THEM HOW LIVING IS GOING TO BE LIVED DURING THAT 1,000 YEAR AGE - Keith Hunt)
Israel's Form of Government
In following the history of Israel it is noted that every time the people departed from the strict observance of the laws of the Lord they adopted in part, or in whole, the principles of a government by the people and for the people, in opposition to the observance of God's laws.
The type of government which God gave to Israel at Mount Sinai was neither an autocracy nor a democracy. It was a constitutional representative form of government with men placed in office to administer the law and assume responsibility for the affairs of state. Under their administration, Judges were appointed to office to hear cases and decide issues. Later on, in place of Moses and the Judges who followed him as leaders, a King came to office —but the type of government was still constitutional and representative.
(IT WAS GOVERNMENT WITH GOD AS HEAD, AND GOD'S LAWS AS THE CONSTITUTION OF THE LAND - Keith Hunt)
United States Constitution
When the time came for the United States of America to adopt a constitution our forefathers modeled it after the perfect Israel system of administration. Whether this was done intentionally or not, God, in His providence, guided the framers of our constitution into drawing a document which led Gladstone to say after reading it, "It is the greatest piece of work ever struck off in a given time by the brain and purpose of man."
However, in the adoption of our constitution, we failed to make mandatory the administration of the law given to Israel when at Mount Sinai there was organized the world's first great Republic. Thus there was left in the hands of the people the power to enact legislation which made it possible for future generations to destroy the Republic. Because this was so, we have the reason for the failure in operation of what otherwise could have been the greatest of all governments since the time of Moses.
(HUMMMM.....HAVE DOUBTS ABOUT THAT LAST STATEMENT. I DO NOT THINK IN THE CONSTITUTION OF THE USA THERE IS ANYTHING THAT SAYS WE WILL BE GOVERNED BY THE HOLY BIBLE AND THE LAWS OF THE HOLY BIBLE. IF YOU CAN FIND THOSE WORDS LET ME KNOW - Keith Hunt)
Quoting from Back to the Republic by Harry F. Atwood:
"Following the adoption of the Constitution and the founding of the Republic of the United States of America there began the first great era of progress govemmentally that the world has ever known. We began to solve problems and to secure privileges that had baffled philosophers and statesmen for ages. . . . We radiated over all the world the rays of light, of hope, of progress, of justice."
(GIVE ME A BREAK......SLAVERY WAS NOT ABOLISHED, EQUALITY DID NOT HAPPEN, WOMEN WERE NOT GIVEN EQUALITY, AND EVEN TODAY MANY WOMEN DO NOT GET THE SAME PAY AS MEN FOR DOING THE SAME JOB. AND EVEN AFTER SLAVERY WAS ABOLISHED IT TOOK AT LEAST 100 YEARS FOR BLACKS TO HAVE EQUALITY. SO GIVE ME A BREAK.....THE USA REPUBLIC WAS FAR FROM THE LAWS OF GOD AND BEING A NATION AS LIKE ANCIENT ISRAEL WAS UNDER MOSES - Keith Hunt)
The author failed to see that all this became possible in our emulation of the principles of government given to Israel at Mount Sinai.
Continuing, the author of the above book says, "Gradually, however, we began to modify our national government through the appointment of boards and commissions, and the creation of various governmental agencies that made it impossible for the government to function in accordance with the plan of the Constitution."
(AND THE CONSTITUTION WAS NEVER BASED ON THE HOLY BIBLE OF GOD. I DO NOT THINK YOU CAN FIND IN THE USA CONSTITUTION ANYTHING THAT SAYS, "WE AS A NATION SHALL LIVE BY EVERY WORD OF GOD AS IN THE HOLY BIBLE." Keith Hunt)
In summing up the shortcomings of the various forms of government apart from a Republic, the same author has this to say, "Socialism is that phase of democracy which negates property rights. Anarchy is that phase of democracy which negates law. The initiative is that phase of democracy which makes it possible for the infuriated mob, under the leadership of the demagogue, to enact legislation. The referendum is that phase of democracy which assumes that the minority should rescind impulsively at a special election the deliberate action of the majority at a regular election. The judicial recall is that phase of democracy which makes it possible to take a case from the court room, where it may be decided in accordance with the law and evidence, to the street corners, where the agitators may appeal to passion and prejudice."
(WELL HE'S BASICALLY SAYING, THERE IS NO FORM OF HUMAN DEVISED GOVERNMENT THAT IS GOD'S GOVERNMENT. THERE WILL BE A WORLD OF GOD'S GOVERNMENT ONE DAY, WHEN JESUS RETURNS TO ESTABLISH THE GOVERNMENT OF GOD UPON ALL NATIONS ON EARTH. A GOVERNMENT BY THE WORD AND LAWS OF GOD - Keith Hunt)
Israel's constitution guarded against all these evils by making it mandatory for the people to keep all the law and forbade them to make or enact laws. That Israel failed to keep the requirements of their constitution is evidenced in the perusal of her history. Because of this departure in turning away from the administration of the law of the Lord the following indictment of the nation for this national sin is recorded against them, "And they rejected his statutes, and his covenant that he made with their fathers, and his testimonies which he testified against them: and they followed vanity, and became vain. . . . And they left all the commandments of the Lord their God." (II Kings 17:15-16.)
Vanity of Israel
Just what did Israel do when they became vain? They considered themselves just as capable of making laws for their guidance as God Himself. They, therefore, legislated laws to take the place of those which God gave them to administer. Omri was the greatest offender in this departure from keeping the law. We are told in I Kings 16:25 that "Omri wrought evil in the eyes of the Lord, and did worse than all that were before him." Micah refers to this sin of Omri, and tells us that the people were following after what he had done, "For the statutes of Omri are kept." (Micah 6:16.)
From the days of Omri and onward the House of Israel began to multiply their legislative enactments as they adopted the principles of and adhered to the democratic form of government. The day is coming when those who are charged with the affairs of state will be appointed to office because of ability and merit and who will continue in office, as the elders continued in office in Israel, so long as they enforce and administer the law of the Lord. This statement is made on the strength of the prophecy of Ezekiel: "I will save them out of all their dwelling places, wherein they have sinned, and will cleanse them: so shall they be my people, and I will be their God . . . they shall also walk in my judgments, and observe my statutes to do them." (Ezekiel 37:23-24.)
Representative Constitutional Government
When it is understood that the basis of the Israel organization is constitutional, with the law of the Lord as the law of the land, and regardless of whatever official title is borne by the leader of the nation, that his task will be to administer the commandments, statutes and judgments of the Lord in equity and justice, and, assisting him in that administration, representatives chosen from among the people for their virtue and integrity, then —and then only —will our nation be on the way to restoring righteousness in administration. Then will have been laid the foundation on which can be built an enduring and lasting government based upon the bed-rock of the commandments, statutes and judgments of the Lord operating as the law of the land.
Following the writing of what Gladstone called the greatest document produced by man must come the awakening of men to the realization of the need of restoring the administration of the law of the Lord. It must also be accepted and recognized that there is no right granted man that enables him to make laws, for governments were organized by God to function strictly in an administrative and judicial capacity and refrain from entering into business activities which, under the law, are assigned to the citizens of the Kingdom.
IN OTHER WORDS AS I'VE POINTED OUT, THERE IS NO MAN MADE GOVERNMENT THAT IS GOOD AND RIGHT, UNTIL MAN IS WILLING TO ABIDE BY AND BE GOVERNED BY THE WORD OF THE LORD AND ALL HIS HOLY COMMANDMENTS, UNTIL MAN IS WILLING TO DO AS JESUS TAUGHT, "MAN SHALL NOT LIVE BY BREAD ALONE BUT BY EVERY WORD THAT PROCEEDS OUT OF THE MOLUTH OF GOD."