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Flight 77 and the Pentagon

The plane smash of 9/11

             9/11 AMERICAN AIRLINES FLIGHT 77 AND THE PENTAGON


From American Airlines Flight 77 - Wikipedia, the free
encyclopedia   


American Airlines Flight 77

Two still images from a Pentagon security camera video
immediately before and after the crash highlighting Flight 77
prior to impact

Date Tuesday, September 11, 2001

Type Hijacking

Site Pentagon, Arlington, Virginia

Passengers     58 (including 5 hijackers)

Crew 6

Fatalities     189 (all 64 onboard Flight 77, 125 on ground)

Survivors 0

Aircraft type  Boeing 757-223

Operator  American Airlines

Tail number    N644AA

(http://registry.faa.gov/aircraftinquiry/NNum_Results.aspx?
NNumbertxt=644AA)

Flight origin  Washington Dulles Int'l Airport

Destination    Los Angeles Inf1 Airport
......


American Airlines Flight 77
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


American Airlines Flight 77 was the third flight hijacked as part
of the September 11 attacks. It was deliberately crashed into the
Pentagon. The flight from Washington Dulles International Airport
to Los Angeles International Airport was hijacked by five Islamic
extremists less than 35 minutes into the flight. The hijackers
stormed the cockpit and forced the passengers to the rear of the
aircraft. Hani Hanjour, one of the hijackers who was trained as a
pilot, assumed control of the flight. Unknown to the hijackers,
passengers aboard were able to make calls to loved ones and relay
information on the hijacking.

The aircraft crashed into the western side of the Pentagon at
09:37am EDT. All 64 people on board the aircraft and 125 in the
building were killed, including the hijackers. Dozens of people
witnessed the crash and news sources began reporting on the
incident within minutes. The impact severely damaged an area of
the Pentagon and ignited a large fire. A portion of the Pentagon
collapsed and firefighters spent days trying to fully extinguish
the blaze. The damaged sections of the Pentagon were rebuilt in
2002, with occupants moving back into the completed areas on
August 15, 2002.

The 184 victims of the attack are memorialized in the Pentagon
Memorial adjacent to the Pentagon. The 1.93-acre (7,800 m2) park
consists of 184 benches, one for each of the victims, arranged
according to the year of birth, ranging from 1930 (age 71) to
1998 (age 3). Flight 77's flightpath cuts directly through the
park.


HIJACKERS

The hijackers on American Airlines Flight 77 were led by Hani
Hanjour, who piloted the aircraft into the Pentagon. 1  Hanjour
first came to the United States in 1990. 2  He trained at the CRM
Airline Training Center in Scottsdale, Arizona, earning his FAA
commercial pilot's certificate in April 1999. 3  He had wanted to
be a commercial pilot for the Saudi national airline, but was
rejected when he applied to the civil aviation school in Jeddah
in 1999. Hanjour's brother later explained that, frustrated at
not finding a job, Hanjour "increasingly turned his attention
toward religious texts and cassette tapes of militant Islamic
preachers". 4  Hanjour left Saudi Arabia in late 1999, telling
his family that he was going to the United Arab Emirates to work
for an airline. 5  Instead, Hanjour likely ended up in
Afghanistan where Al Qaeda recruits were screened for special
skills they may have. Already having selected the Hamburg Cell
members, Al Qaeda leaders selected Hanjour to lead the fourth
team of hijackers. 6

In December 2000, Hanjour arrived in San Diego, joining "muscle"
hijackers Nawaf al-Hazmi and Khalid al-Mihdhar, who had been
there since November 1999. 5/7  Soon after arriving, Hanjour and
alHazmi left for Mesa, Arizona, where Hanjour began refresher
training at Arizona Aviation.  5  In April 2001, they relocated
to Falls Church, Virginia, where they awaited the arrival of the
remaining "muscle" hijackers.  5  One of these men, Majed Moqed,
arrived on May 2, 2001 with Flight 175 hijacker Ahmed al-Ghamdi
from Dubai at Dulles International Airport and moved into an
apartment with alHazmi and Hanjour. 8

On May 21, 2001, Hanjour rented a room in Paterson, New Jersey,
where he stayed with other hijackers through the end of August. 9
The last Flight 77 "muscle" hijacker, Salem al-Hazmi, arrived on
June 29, 2001 with Flight 11 hijacker Abdulaziz al-Omari at John
F. Kennedy International Airport from the United Arab Emirates
and stayed with Hanjour. 8  Hani Hanjour received ground
instruction and did practice flights at Air Fleet Training
Systems in Teterboro, New Jersey, and at Caldwell Flight Academy
in Fairfield, New Jersey.  5  Hanjour moved out of the room in
Paterson and arrived at the Valencia Motel in Laurel, Maryland on
September 2, 2001. 9  While in Maryland, Hanjour and fellow
hijackers trained at the Gold's Gym in Greenbelt. 11  On
September 10, he completed a certification flight, using a
terrain recognition system for navigation, at Congressional Air
Charters in Gaithersburg, Maryland. 12  On September 10, Nawaf
al-Hazmi, accompanied by other hijackers, checked into the
Marriott in Herndon, Virginia. 13


FLIGHT

The American Airlines Flight 77 aircraft was a Boeing 757-223
(registration number N644AA). 14  The flight crew included pilot
Charles Burlingame, First Officer David Charlebois, and flight
attendants Michele Heidenberger, Jennifer Lewis, Kenneth Lewis,
and Renee May. 15  The capacity of the aircraft was 176
passengers, but with 58 passengers on September 11, the load
factor was 33 percent. Tuesdays were the least-traveled day of
the week, with the same level of load factor seen on Tuesdays in
the previous three-months for Flight 77. 16


BOARDING

On the morning of September 11, 2001, the five hijackers arrived
at Dulles International Airport, outside of Washington, D.C. At
07:15, Khalid al-Mihdhar and Majed Moqed checked-in at the
American Airlines ticket counter for Flight 77,  17  and they
arrived at the passenger security checkpoint a few minutes later
at 07:18. 18  Both men set off the metal detector and were put
through secondary screening. Moqed continued to set off the
alarm, so he was searched with a hand wand. 19  The al-Hazmi
brothers checked in together at the ticket counter at 07:29. Hani
Hanjour checked in separately, and arrived at the passenger
security checkpoint at 07:35. 12  Hanjour was followed minutes
later at the checkpoint by Salem and Nawaf al-Hazmi, the latter
who set off the metal detector's alarm. The screener at the
checkpoint never resolved what set off the alarm. As seen in
security footage later released, Nawaf Hazmi appeared to have an
unidentified item in his back pocket, but four-inch utility
knives were nonetheless permitted by the FAA as carry-on items. 
17/19  The passenger security checkpoint at Dulles International
Airport was operated by Argenbright Security, under contract with
United Airlines. 20

The hijackers were also all selected for extra screening of their
checked bags. Hani Hanjour, Khalid alMihdhar, and Majed Moqed
were chosen by the Computer Assisted Passenger Prescreening
System criteria, while Nawaf al-Hazmi and Salem al-Hazini were
selected because they did not provide adequate identification and
deemed suspicious by the airline check-in agent. Hanjour,
al-Mihdhar, and Nawaf al-Hazmi did not check any bags for the
flight. Checked bags belonging to Moqed and Salem alHazmi were
held until they boarded the aircraft. 16  By 07:50, the five
hijackers, carrying knives and box cutters, had made it through
the airport security checkpoint and boarded Flight 77 to Los
Angeles. 17  On the flight, Hani Hanjour was seated up front in 1
B, while Salem and Nawaf al-Hazmi were seated in first class in
seats 5E and 5F. Majed Moqed and Khalid al-Mihdhar were seated
further back in 12A and 12B, in economy class. 21  The flight was
scheduled to depart at 08:10, but ended up departing 10 minutes
late from Gate D26 at Dulles. 16  Flight 77 took off from Runway
30 at Dulles at 8:20 AM.


HIJACKING

The 9/11 Commission estimated that the flight was hijacked
between 08:51 and 08:54, just minutes after the first hijacked
plane had struck the World Trade Center in Manhattan at 08:46.
The last normal radio communications from the aircraft to air
traffic control occurred at 08:50:51. 22  At 08:54, American
Airlines Flight 77 began to deviate from its normal, assigned
flight path and turned south. 17  The hijackers set the flight's
autopilot heading for Washington, D.C. 23  By 08:56, the flight
was turned around, and the transponder had been disabled. The FAA
was aware at this point that there was an emergency aboard the
plane. By this time, American Airlines Flight 11 had already
crashed into the World Trade Center, and United Airlines Flight
175 was known to have been hijacked and within minutes of also
striking the World Trade Center. After learning of this second
hijacking involving American Airlines aircraft and the hijacking
involving United Airlines, American Airlines Executive Vice
President Gerard Arpey ordered a nationwide ground stop for the
airline. 17  The Indianapolis Air Traffic Control Center, as well
as American Airlines dispatchers, made several failed attempts to
contact the aircraft. At the time the plane was hijacked, it was
flying over an area of limited radar coverage. 24  With air
controllers unable to contact the flight by radio, an
Indianapolis official declared that the plane had possibly
crashed at 09:09. 24


PHONE CALLS

Two people on American Airlines Flight 77 made phone calls to
contacts on the ground. At 09:12, flight attendant Renee May
called her mother, Nancy May, in Las Vegas.  21  During the call,
which lasted nearly two minutes, May said her flight was being
hijacked by six individuals and they had been moved to the rear
of the plane.  17/21  May also asked her mother to contact
American Airlines, which she and her husband promptly did. 17
American Airlines was already aware of the hijacking. Between
09:16 and 09:26, passenger Barbara Olson called her husband,
United States Solicitor General Ted Olson, and reported that the
plane had been hijacked and that the assailants had box cutters
and knives.  17/25  She reported that the passengers, and
possibly the crew, had been moved to the back of the plane and
that the hijackers were unaware of her call. A minute into the
conversation, the call was cut off. Theodore Olson contacted the
command center at the Department of Justice, and tried
unsuccessfully to contact Attorney General John Ashcroft. 17
About five minutes later, Barbara Olson called again, told her
husband that the pilot had announced the flight was hijacked, and
asked "what do I tell the pilot to do?" 26  Ted Olson asked her
location and she reported the plane was flying over a residential
area.  27  He then informed her of the attacks on the World Trade
Center. Soon afterward, the call cut off again. 17

A plane was detected again by Dulles controllers on radar screens
as it approached Washington, turning and descending rapidly.
Controllers initially thought this was a fighter plane, due to
its high speed and maneuvering. 29  Reagan Airport controllers
then asked a passing Air National Guard C-130 Hercules plane to
identify and follow the aircraft. The pilot, Lt. Col. Steven
O'Brien, told them it was a Boeing 757 or 767, and its silver
fuselage meant it was probably an American Airlines jet. He had
difficulty picking out the plane in the "East Coast haze", but
then saw a "huge" fireball, and initially assumed it had hit the
ground. Approaching the Pentagon, he saw the impact site on the
building's west side and reported to Reagan control, "Looks like
that aircraft crashed into the Pentagon sir".  17/30

"The speed, the maneuverability, the way that he turned, we all
thought in the radar room, all of us experienced air traffic
controllers, that that was a military plane. You don't fly a 757
in that manner. It'd unsafe." (Danielle O'Brien, Air traffic
controller at Dulles International Airport. 28


CRASH

According to the 9/11 Commission Report, as Flight 77 was 5 miles
west-southeast of the Pentagon, it made a 330-degree turn. At the
end of the turn, it was descending through 2,200 feet, pointed
toward the Pentagon and downtown Washington. Hani Hanjour
advanced the throttles to maximum power and dove towards the
Pentagon. Flight 77, flying at 530 miles per hour (853 km/h) 14
over the Navy Annex Building adjacent to Arlington National
Cemetery,  31  crashed into the western side of the Pentagon in
Arlington County, Virginia, just south of Washington, D.C. at
09:37:44, killing all 53 passengers, 5 hijackers, and 6 crew. 32
It clipped five street lampposts and the right wing hit a
portable generator before impacting the Pentagon wall. 33/34  The
flight hit the Pentagon at the first-floor level. 35  As it
crashed, the plane was rolled slightly to the left, with the
right wing elevated. 36  When the plane impacted, the front part
of the fuselage disintegrated, while the mid and tail sections
moved for another fraction of a second, with tail section debris
pieces ending furthest into the building. 35  In all, the plane
took eight-tenths of a second to fully penetrate 310 feet (94 m)
into the three outermost rings  37  and unleashed a fireball that
rose 200 feet (61 m) above the building. 35

At the time of the attacks, approximately 18,000 people worked in
the Pentagon, which was 4,000 fewer than before renovations began
in 1998. 38  The section of the Pentagon, which had recently been
renovated at a cost of $250 million,  39  housed the Naval
Command Center  40  and other Pentagon offices, as well as some
unoccupied offices. The crash and subsequent fire penetrated
three outer ring sections of the western side. The outermost ring
section was largely destroyed, and a large section collapsed. One
hundred and twenty-five people in the Pentagon died in the
attack.

In all, there were 189 deaths at the Pentagon site, including 125
in the Pentagon building and 64 on board Flight 77. Passenger
Barbara Olson was en route to a taping of Politically Incorrect
with Bill Maher. 41  A group of children, their chaperones, and
National Geographic Society staff members were also on board,
embarking on an educational trip west to the Channel Islands
National Marine Sanctuary near Santa Barbara, California. Also,
Zoe, 8, and Dana Falkenberg, 3, were killed in the crash, along
with their parents, Charles Falkenberg and Leslie Whittington.
The family, of University Park, MD, was going to Australia for
two months, via Los Angeles.  42  The fatalities at the Pentagon
included 55 military personnel and 70 civilians.  43  Of those
125 killed, 92 were on the first floor, 31 were on the second
floor, and two were on the third.  44  The Army suffered 75
fatalities - far more than any other branch. Another 106 injured
were treated at area hospitals. 44  Lieutenant General Timothy
Maude, an Army Deputy Chief of Staff, was the highest ranking
military officer killed at the Pentagon. 45


EYE WITNESSES

The Pentagon is bordered by Interstate 395 and Washington
Boulevard, on the side where the impact occurred. Motorist Mary
Lyman, who was on I-395, saw the airplane pass over at a "steep
angle toward the ground and going fast" and then saw the cloud of
smoke from the Pentagon.  47  Omar Campo, another witness, was
cutting the grass on the other side of the road when the plane
flew over his head. "I was cutting the grass and it came in
screaming over my head. I felt the impact. The whole ground shook
and the whole area was full of fire. I could never imagine I
would see anything like that here." 48  Afework Hagos, a computer
programmer, was on his way to work and stuck in a traffic jam
near the Pentagon when the plane flew over. "There was a huge
screaming noise and I got out of the car as the plane came over.
Everybody was running away in different directions. It was
tilting its wings up and down like it was trying to balance. It
hit some lampposts on the way in." 48  Daryl Donley witnessed the
crash and took some of the first photographs after the crash. 49
USA Today reporter Mike Walter was driving on Washington
Boulevard when he witnessed the crash, which he recounted, "I
looked out my window and I saw this plane, this jet, an American
Airlines jet, coming. And I thought, 'This doesn't add up, it's
really low.' And I saw it. I mean it was like a cruise missile
with wings. It went right there and slammed right into the
Pentagon'". 50  Terrance Kean, who lived in a nearby apartment
building, heard the noise of loud jet engines, glanced out his
window, and saw a "very, very large passenger jet". He watched
"it just plow right into the side of the Pentagon. The nose
penetrated into the portico. And then it sort of disappeared, and
there was fire and smoke everywhere." 51  AP reporter Dave
Winslow recounted, "I saw the tail of a large airliner ... It
plowed right into the Pentagon." 52  Tim Timmerman, who is a
pilot himself, noticed American Airlines markings on the aircraft
as he saw it hit the Pentagon. 53  Other drivers on Washington
Boulevard, Interstate 395, and Columbia Pike witnessed the crash,
as did people in Pentagon City, Crystal City, and other nearby
locations. 47


RESCUE AND RECOVERY

Rescue efforts began immediately after the crash. Almost all the
successful rescues of survivors occurred within half an hour of
the impact. 55  Initially, rescue efforts were led by the
military and civilian employees within the building. Within
minutes, the first fire companies arrived and found these
volunteers searching near the impact site. The firemen ordered
them to leave as they were not properly equipped or trained to
deal with the hazards. 55  The Arlington County Fire Department
(ACFD) assumed command of the immediate rescue operation within
10 minutes of the crash. ACFD Assistant Chief James Schwartz
implemented the Incident Command System (ICS) to coordinate
response efforts among multiple agencies.  56  It took about an
hour for the ICS structure to become fully operational.  57
Firefighters from Fort Myer and Reagan National arrived within
minutes.  58/59  Rescue and firefighting efforts were impeded by
rumors of additional incoming planes. Chief Schwartz ordered two
evacuations during the day in response to these rumors. 60
As firefighters attempted to extinguish the fires, they watched
the building in fear of a structural collapse. One firefighter
remarked that they "pretty much knew the building was going to
collapse because it started making weird sounds and creaking". 60
Officials saw a cornice of the building move and ordered an
evacuation. Minutes later, at 10:15, the upper floors of the
damaged area of the Pentagon collapsed. 60  The collapse area was
about 95 feet (29 m) at its widest point and 50 feet (15 m) at
its deepest. 60  This amount of time between impact and collapse
allowed everyone on the fourth and fifth levels to evacuate
safely before the structure collapsed. 61  After the collapse,
the inter 62  After 11:00, firefighters mounted a two-pronged
attack against the fire. oFFICIALS ESTIMATED TEMPERATURES OF UP
TO 2,000 f (1,090 c) 62
While progress was made against the interior fires by late
afternoon, firefighters realized a flammable layer of wood under
the Pentagon's slate roof had caught fire and begun to spread. 63
Typical firefighting tactics were rendered useless by the
reinforced structure as firefighters were unable to reach the
fire to extinguish it. 63  (***NOTICE - "reinforced structure" --
the season the hole made by the plane was not larger - Keith
Hunt). 
Firefighters instead made firebreaks in the roof on September 12
to prevent any further spreading. At 18:00 on the 12th, Arlington
County issued a press release stating the fire was "controlled"
but not fully "extinguished". Firefighters continued to put out
smaller fires that ignited in the succeeding days. 63

Various pieces of aircraft debris were found within the wreckage
at the Pentagon. While evacuating the Navy Command Center, Lt.
Kevin Shaeffer came across the aircraft's nose cone and landing
gear in the service road between rings B and C. 64  Early in the
morning on Friday, September 14, Fairfax County Urban Search and
Rescue Team members and Brian Moravitz came across an "intact
seat from the plane's cockpit", 65 while paramedics and
firefighters located the two black boxes near the punch out hole
in the A-E drive, 66  nearly 300 feet (91 m) into the building. 
36  The cockpit voice recorder was too badly damaged and charred
to retrieve any information, 67  though the flight data recorder
yielded useful information.  32  In addition to aircraft debris,
investigators also found a part of Nawaf al-Hazmi's
identification card.  68  Personal effects belonging to
passengers and office workers were also found, and taken to Fort
Myer. 69


REMAINS

Army engineers determined by 17:30 on the first day that no one
remained alive in the damaged section of the building.  70  In
the days after the crash, news reports emerged that up to 800
people had died. 71  Army troops from Fort Belvoir were the first
teams to survey the interior of the crash site and noted the
presence of human remains. 72  Federal Emergency Management
Agency (FEMA) Urban Search and Rescue teams, including Fairfax
County Urban Search and Rescue assisted the search for remains,
working through the National Interagency Incident Management
System (NIIMS). 72/73  Kevin Rimrodt, a Navy photographer
surveying the Navy Command Center after the attacks, remarked
that "there were so many bodies, I'd almost step on them. So I'd
have to really take care to look backwards as I'm backing up in
the dark, looking with a flashlight, making sure I'm not stepping
on somebody". 74  Debris from the Pentagon were taken to the
Pentagon's north parking lot for more detailed search for remains
and evidence. 75

Remains that were recovered from the Pentagon were turned over to
the Armed Forces Medical Examiner office, located at Dover Air
Force Base in Delaware. The medical examiner's office was able to
identify remains belonging to 179 of the victims. 76
Investigators eventually identified 184 of the 189 people who
died in the attack. 77  The remains of the five hijackers were
identified through a process of elimination, and were turned over
as evidence to the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI). 78  On
September 21, the ACFD relinquished control of the crime scene to
the FBI. The Washington Field Office, National Capital Response
Squad (NCRS), and the Joint Terrorism Task Force (JTTF) led the
crime scene investigation at the Pentagon. 59  By October 2,
2001, the search for evidence and remains was complete and the
site was turned over to Pentagon officials. 75  In 2002, the
remains of twenty-five victims were buried collectively at
Arlington National Cemetery, with a five-sided granite marker
inscribed with the names of all the victims in the Pentagon. 79
The ceremony also honored the five victims whose remains were
never found. 79


COCKPIT VOICE RECORDER

At around 3:40 a.m on September 14, a paramedic and a firefighter
who were searching through the debris of the impact site found
two dark boxes, about 1.5 by 2 feet long. They called for an FBI
agent, who in turn called for someone from the National
Transportation Safety Board (NTSB). The NTSB employee confirmed
that these were the black boxes from American Airlines Flight 77.
80 Dick Bridges, deputy manager for Arlington County, Virginia,
said the voice recorder was damaged on the outside and the flight
data recorder was charred. But he said the FBI still was
confident the data can be recovered from both. Bridges said the
recorders were found "right where the plane came into the
building." 81

Officials at both American Airlines and United Airlines said the
black boxes aboard their destroyed aircraft were modern
solidstate versions, which are more resistant to damage than the
older magnetic tape recorders. 82  The cockpit voice recorder was
quickly transported to the NTSB lab in Washington, D.C., and its
data was downloaded. Soon afterward, the FBI took charge of the
box and its data. 83  CBS News reported that "Preliminary
information shows there is nothing that appears to be useful on
the cockpit voice tape. The tape appears to be blank or erased.
84  In its report on the CVR, the NTSB identified the unit as an
L-3 Communications, Fairchild Aviation Recorders model A-1 OOA
cockpit voice recorder; a device which records on magnetic tape.
The NTSB reported that "The majority of the recording tape was
fused into a solid block of charred plastic." No usable segments
of tape were found inside the recorder.  85  The Flight Data
Recorder failed to record certain parameters with certainty.
Among the uncertain parameters was the status of the cockpit
door, which showed no sign of having been opened during the
hijacking or previous 40 hours, including 11 flights prior to the
hijacking.[1] (http://www.ntsb.gov/info/AAL77_fdr.pdf)


CONTINUITY OF OPERATIONS

At the moment of impact, Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld was
in his office on the other side of the Pentagon, away from the
crash site. He ran to the site and assisted the injured. 86
Rumsfeld then returned to his office, and went to a conference
room in the Executive Support Center where he joined a secure
videoteleconference with Vice President Dick Cheney and other
officials. 87  On the day of the attacks, Department of Defense
officials considered moving command operations to Site R, a
backup facility in Pennsylvania. Secretary of Defense Rumsfeld
insisted he remain at the Pentagon, instead sending Deputy
Secretary Paul Wolfowitz to Site R. The National Military Command
Center (NMCC) continued to operate at the Pentagon, even with
smoke getting into the facility. 88  Engineers and building
managers manipulated the ventilation and other building systems
that still functioned to draw smoke out of the NMCC and bring in
fresh air. 89  During a press conference held inside the Pentagon
at 18:42, Rumsfeld announced "The Pentagon's functioning. It will
be in business tomorrow." 90  Pentagon employees returned the
next day to offices in areas of the Pentagon mostly unaffected.
By the end of September, more workers returned to the lightly
damaged areas of the Pentagon. 75


AFTERMATH

Early estimates on rebuilding the damaged section of the Pentagon
were that it would take three years to complete. 75  However, the
project moved forward at an accelerated pace and was completed by
the one-year anniversary. 91  The rebuilt section of the Pentagon
includes a small indoor memorial and chapel at the point of
impact. 92  An outdoor memorial, designed by Julie Beckman and
Keith Kaseman, was completed on schedule for dedication on
September 11, 2008. 93

In keeping with standard airline procedure after disasters, the
flight number was changed after the incident. American's morning
flight from Dulles to Los Angeles is now Flight 149, and uses a
Boeing 737-800 instead of a 757-200. An American flag was placed
on top of Gate D26 from which Flight 77 departed Dulles, even
though now gate D26 is now used by United Airlines. 94


SECURITY CAMERA VIDEO


On May 16, 2006, the Department of Defense released filmed
footage that was recorded by a security camera of American
Airlines Flight 77 crashing into the Pentagon, with a plane
visible in one frame, as a "thin white blur" and an explosion
following.  95  The images were made public in response to a
December 2004 Freedom of Information Act request by Judicial
Watch.  96  Some still images from the video had previously been
released and publicly circulated, but this was the first official
release of the full video of the crash. 97  A nearby Citgo gas
station also had security cameras, but this video released on
September 15, 2006 did not show the crash because it was pointed
away. 98/99  The Doubletree hotel, located nearby in Crystal
City, Virginia, also had a security camera video, and on
December 4, 2006 the FBI released the video in response to a
freedom of information lawsuit filed by Scott Bingham. The
footage is "grainy and the focus is soft, but a rapidly growing
tower of smoke is visible in the distance on the upper edge of
the frame as the plane crashes into the building". 100


SEE ALSO

September 11 Attacks, American Airlines Flight 11, United
Airlines Flight 175, United Airlines Flight 93,


REFERENCES

(I HAVE ***NOT*** CORRECTED ANY MISTAKES MADE BY THE SCANNER AS I
HAVE NOT THE TIME. THE READER CAN VERIFY EXACTLY WHAT IT SHOULD
BE FROM THE WIKIPEDIA WEBSITE FROM WHENCE THIS WAS TAKEN - Keith
Hunt)


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9. a b Martin, John P. (2001-09-27). "Landlord Identifies
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10. Masters, Brooke A.; Smith, Leef; Shear, Michael D.
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11. Olson, Bradley (2006-09-09). "MD. Was Among Last Stops For
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13. Federal Bureau of Investigation (2008-02-04). "Hijackers'
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14. a b "Flight Path Study - American Airlines Flight 77"
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15. "American Airlines Flight 77"
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17. a b cd e jg h ij k "'We Have Some Planes'"
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19. a b "New Video of 9/11 hijackers at Dulles Airport before
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80. Rosenberg, Debra (2001-09-28). "Washington's Heroes: On the
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82. "FBI analyzing voice, data recorders from two
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83. Bert, Ray (Spring 2002). "Hearing Voices"
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93. Shaughnessy, Larry (2008-05-24). "Nearly complete Pentagon
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94. American Airlines (http://www.aa.com/aa/homePage.do)

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99. "Videotapes dispel conspiracy; Plane, not missile seen
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External links

Arlington County After-Action Report
(http://www.arlingtonva.us/departments/fire/edu/about/fireeduabou
tafterreport.aspx) - Arlington County Fire Department, July 23,
2002

Picture of Aircraft Pre 9-11 (http://www.airliners.net/open.file?
id=0188155&size=L&width=1024&height=631&sok=&photo nr--1813/) 
Archive of American Airlines site
(http://web.archive.org/web/20010911233514/http://www.aa.com/) -
explaining that all aircraft are accounted for (September 11,
2001)

Archive of American Airlines site with condolences for deceased
(http://web.archive.org/web/20010912191349/http://www.aa.com/)
(September 12, 2001)

Categories: Islamist terrorism in the United States I Deliberate
airliner crashes I American Airlines Flight 77 / Accidents and
incidents on commercial airliners in the United States /
Accidents and incidents involving the-Boeing-757 [September 11
attacks / Airliner hijackings resulting in crashes

This page was last modified on 2 June 2010 at 13:12.

                        ...........................


Despite all the piles of evidence the dye-in-the-wool conspiracy
buffs, will still say all this here presented is a "conspiracy"
made up of false statements and false documents and false
writings. They'll probably tell you the different Websites and
links given in this study, are also a-made-up conspiracy by the
USA Federal Government, who have the manpower and the money to
"pay off" people to write all this and to also make up fancy
websites links, and to write all that you can find on those links
and websites. They'll say this is all a conspiracy within a
conspiracy, and when it comes to that mind-set, you cannot win no
matter what evidence you present.

To be continued with "Proving a Boeing 757 Struck the Pentagon"

Keith Hunt

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