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United Flight 93 - 9/11

The Details!

                       UNITED FLIGHT 93 - WIKIPEDIA


United Airlines Flight 93 - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


United Airlines Flight 93


     United Airlines Flight 93 was a United States domestic
passenger flight from Newark International Airport, in Newark,
NJ, to San Francisco International Airport, in San Francisco, CA
that was hijacked by four hijackers as part of the September 11
attacks in 2001. Over 40 minutes into the flight the hijackers
breached the cockpit, overpowered the pilots, and took control of
the aircraft, diverting it toward Washington, D.C. Several
passengers and crew members made telephone calls aboard the
flight and learned about the attacks on the World Trade Center
and the Pentagon. As a result, the passengers decided to mount an
assault against the hijackers and gain control of the aircraft.
The plane crashed in a field in Stonycreek Township, near
Shanksville, in Somerset County, Pennsylvania. about
80 miles (130 km) southeast of Pittsburgh and 150 miles (240 km)
northwest of Washington, D.C., killing all on board including 40
passengers and crew and four hijackers. ***Many witnessed the
impact from the ground and news agencies began reporting on the
event within an hour.*** The plane fragmented upon impact,
leaving a crater, and some debris was blown miles from the crash
site. The remains of everyone on board the aircraft were later
identified.***

(Read what I just put in *** there were witnesses on the ground
who saw the plane crash. Debris of the plane was blown miles from
the crash. The remains of EVERYONE on board were in time
identified - Keith Hunt)


     Subsequent analysis of the flight recorders revealed how the
actions taken by the passengers prevented the aircraft from
reaching the hijackers' intended target, thought to be either the
White House or United States Capitol. A permanent memorial is
planned for construction on the crash site, with dedication
scheduled for 2011, though it has been the subject of criticism.
Of the four aircraft hijacked on September 11 (American Airlines
Flight 11, American Airlines Flight 77 and United Airlines Flight
175 being the others), United Airlines Flight 93 was the only
aircraft that failed to reach its intended target.


UA93 

Date September 11, 2001

Type: Hijacking


Site: Stonycreek Township, Somerset
County, Pennsylvania

Passengers: 37 (including 4 hijackers)

Crew: 7

Fatalities: 44

Survivors: 0

Aircraft type: Boeing 757-222

Operator: United Airlines

Tail number: N591 UA

Flight origin:

Newark International Airport
(now Newark Liberty
International Airport)

Destination:   

San Francisco International Airport


HIJACKERS

     The hijacking of Flight 93 was led by Ziad Jarrah, a member
of Al-Qaeda. 1  Jarrah was born in Lebanon to a wealthy family
and experienced a secular upbringing. 2  He intended to become a
pilot and moved to Germany in 1996, enrolling at the University
of Greifswald to study German. 3  A year later, he moved to
Hamburg and began studying aeronautical engineering at Hamburg
University of Applied Sciences. 4  While living in Hamburg,
Jarrah became a devout Muslim and associated with the radical
Hamburg cell. 4/5  In November 1999, Jarrah disappeared from
Hamburg and went to Afghanistan, where he spent three months. 6
While there, he met with Al-Qaeda leader Osama bin Laden in
January 2000. 7  Jarrah returned to Hamburg at the end of
January, and obtained a clean passport in February by reporting
his passport as stolen. 8/9
     In May, Jarrah received a visa from the U.S. Embassy in
Berlin, 10  and he arrived in Florida in June 2000. There, he
began taking flying lessons as well as training in hand-to-hand
combat. 11/12  Jarrah maintained contact with his girlfriend in
Germany and his family in the months preceding the attacks. 13
     This close contact upset Mohamed Atta, the tactical leader
of the plot, and al-Qaeda planners may have considered another
operative, Zacarias Moussaoui, to replace him if he backed out.
14  Soon after the attacks, Jarrah's family asserted that he was
an "innocent passenger" onboard the flight. 15
     Three "muscle" hijackers trained to storm the cockpit and
overpower the crew accompanied Jarrah on Flight 93. 16  One of
them, Ahmed al-Nami, arrived in Miami, Florida, on May 28, 2001,
on a six-month tourist visa with United Airlines Flight 175
hijackers Hamza al-Ghamdi and Mohand al-Shehri. Another Flight 93
hijacker, Ahmed al-Haznawi, arrived in Miami on June 8 with
Flight 11 hijacker Wail al-Shehri. The third Flight 93 muscle
hijacker, Saeed al-Ghamdi, arrived in Orlando, Florida, on June
27 with Flight 175 hijacker Fayez Banihammad. 11  Passports of
Ziad Jarrah and Saeed al Ghamdi were recovered from the crash
site of United Airlines Flight 93. 17

(Ah, did you catch the last sentence - two passports were
recovered at the crash site - this was NOT some made up story 
or something that some "conspiracy" fellows think never existed -
Keith Hunt)


FLIGHT
     
     The United Airlines Flight 93 aircraft was a Boeing 757-200,
registration number N591 UA. 18  The airplane had a capacity of
182 passengers, but the September 11 flight carried only 37
passengers and seven crew members. This represented a load factor
of 20 percent, considerably below the 52 percent average Tuesday
load factor for Flight 93. 19  The seven crew members were pilot
Jason Dahl, First Officer LeRoy Homer, Jr., and flight attendants
Lorraine Bay, Sandra Bradshaw, Wanda Green, CeeCee Lyles, and
Deborah Welsh. 20

(Yes, they were real people, with real names, and real other
people knew them - relatives, friends etc. Now try conspiring to
"pay off" all people down the line in a ficticious story that the
USA Government conspired to use so they could go to war with Iraq
and make sure the eastern "oil" flowed into the USA - the idea is
DUMB beyond any logic - Keith Hunt)


BOARDING

     Between 07:03 and 07:39 Eastern Time, the team of four
hijackers checked in for the flight. 21  At 07:03, al-Ghamdi
checked in without any luggage while al-Nami checked in two
bags.) 19  At 07:24, Al-Haznawi checked in one bag and at 07:39,
Jarrah checked in without any luggage. Al-Haznawi was the only
hijacker selected for extra scrutiny by the Computer Assisted
Passenger Prescreening System (CAPPS). 21  His checked bag
underwent extra screening for explosives, with no extra scrutiny
required by CAPPS at the passenger security checkpoint. 22  None
of the security checkpoint personnel reported anything unusual
about the hijackers. 19/23
     Al-Haznawi and al-Ghamdi boarded the aircraft at 07:39 and
sat in first class seats 6B and 3D respectively. Al-Nami boarded
one minute later and sat in first class seat 3C. Jarrah boarded
at 07:48 and sat in seat 1B. 19/21  The aircraft was scheduled to
depart at 08:00 and pushed back from its gate A17 at 08:01. 24 
It remained delayed on the ground and did not take off until
08:42 because of airport congestion. 25  The three other hijacked
flights all departed within fifteen minutes of their scheduled
time. By the time Flight 93 became airborne, Flight 11 had
already been commandeered, Flight 175 was being hijacked, and
Flight 77 was climbling normally, only to be hijacked in 9
minutes. 26  By 09:02, the aircraft reached its cruising altitude
of 35,000 feet (11,000 m). 18  With the attacks unfolding, air
traffic officials began issuing warnings through the Aircraft
Communication Addressing and Reporting System (ACARS). Ed
Ballinger, the United flight dispatcher, began sending text
cockpit warnings to United Airlines flights at 09:19, after he
became aware of the second World Trade Center impact by Flight
175. 19  As Ballinger was responsible for multiple flights, he
did not send the message to Flight 93 until 09:23. Ballinger
received a routine ACARS message from Flight 93 at 09:21. 19  At
09:22, after learning of the events at the World Trade Center,
LeRoy Homer's wife, Melody Homer, had an ACARS message sent to
her husband in the cockpit asking if he was okay. 27  At 09:24,
Flight 93 received Ballinger's ACARS warning: "Beware any cockpit
intrusion--two a/c [aircraft] hit World Trade Center". 28  At
09:26, the pilot sent an ACARS message back: "Ed, confirm latest
mssg plz -- Jason". 28  At 09:27:25, the flight crew responded to
routine radio traffic from air traffic controllers. This was the
last communication made by the flight crew before the hijacking.
29


HIJACKING

     The hijacking on Flight 93 began at 09:28. 30  By this time,
Flights 11 and 175 had already crashed into the World Trade
Center and Flight 77 was within minutes of striking the Pentagon.
The hijackers on these three flights had waited no more than 30
minutes to commandeer the aircraft, most likely striking after
the seat belt sign had been turned off and cabin service had
begun. 19  It is unknown why the hijackers on Flight 93 decided
to wait approximately 46 minutes to begin the assault. The flight
suddenly dropped 685 feet (209 m) in half a minute. 19  At
09:28:17, a crew member in the cockpit began shouting, "Mayday!
Mayday! Mayday!" over the radio amidst sounds of violence. 31  A
Cleveland Air Traffic Controller replied, "Somebody call
Cleveland?", but received no reply. 19
     Thirty-five seconds after the first Mayday call, the crew
made another transmission. Someone in the cockpit shouted,
"Mayday! Get out of here! Get out of here!" 31  There is no
conclusive evidence that points to an exact moment when Flight 93
was under the hijackers' control. Officials believe the hijackers
assaulted the cockpit and moved the passengers to the rear of the
plane at the same time to minimize any chance of either the crew
or the passengers from interfering with the attack. 19  While the
other hijacked flights were taken by five-man teams, Flight 93
only had four hijackers, leading to speculation of a possible
20th hijacker. The 9/11 Commission believes that Mohammed al
Qahtani was the likely candidate for this role, but was unable to
participate as he was denied entry into the United States one
month earlier. 21  With many passengers saying in phone calls
that they saw only three hijackers, the 9/11 Commission believes
Jarrah remained seated until the crew were overpowered and then
took over the flight controls out of sight from any of the
passengers. 21

(Note: there was a "9/11 Commission" - none of these events went
without large scale investigations. Of course the "conspiracy"
buffs will say the "investigations" were also conspiracy laden,
so the conspiracy could be a conspiracy - Keith Hunt)

     The cockpit voice recorder began recording the final 30
minutes of Flight 93 at 09:31:57.32  At this moment, it recorded
Jarrah announcing, "Ladies and gentlemen: here the captain,
please sit down keep remaining seating. We have a bomb on board.
So sit." 33  The controller understood the transmission, but
chose to respond, "Calling Cleveland center, you're unreadable.
Say again, slowly." 34  A flight attendant being held captive is
heard pleading, "Please, please, don't hurt me". 35  Jarrah
instructed the autopilot to turn the plane and head east at
09:35:09. 36  The aircraft ascended to 40,700 feet (12,400 m) and
air traffic controllers immediately moved several aircraft out of
Flight 93's flightpath. 34  The flight attendant in the cockpit
is heard to say, "I don't want to die, I don't want to die"
followed by one of the hijackers saying in Arabic: "Everything is
fine. I finished." 35
     At 9:39 air traffic controllers overheard Jarrah say, "Hi,
this is the captain. I would like you all to remain seated. There
is a bomb on board and are going back to the airport, and to have
our demands (inaudible) Please remain quiet." 34/37  Air traffic
controllers did not hear from the flight again. Passengers and
crew began making phone calls to officials and family members
starting at 09:30 using GTE airphones and mobile phones.
     Altogether, the passengers and crew made 35 airphone calls
and two cell phone calls from the flight. 38  Ten passengers and
two crew members were able to successfully connect, providing
information to family, friends, and others on the ground. 21  Tom
Burnett made several phone calls to his wife beginning at
09:30:32 from rows 24 and 25, though he was assigned a seat in
row four. 31/39  Burnett explained that the plane had been
hijacked by men claiming to have a bomb. He also remarked that a
passenger had been knifed and that he believed the bomb threat
was a ruse to control the passengers. 39  During one of Tom
Burnett's calls, his wife informed him of the attacks on the
World Trade Center and he replied that the hijackers were
"talking about crashing this plane ... Oh my God. It's a suicide
mission." 40  He ended his last call by saying, "Don't worry,
we're going to do something." 40  An unknown flight attendant
attempted to contact the United Airlines maintenance facility at
09:32:29. The call lasted 95 seconds, but was not received as it
may have been in queue. 19  Flight attendant Sandra Bradshaw
called the maintenance facility at 09:35:40 from row 33. 31  She
reported the flight had been hijacked by men with knives who were
in the cabin and flight deck and had stabbed another flight
attendant. 39

(Now why conspire to make all this up and make your conspiracy so
finely complicated, when it could break down or fall apart,
because it is so complicated. But conspiracy geeks rush on and
never stop to think with any logic - Keith Hunt)

     Mark Bingham called his mother at 09:37:03 from row 25. He
reported that the plane had been hijacked by three men who
claimed to have a bomb. 42  Jeremy Glick called his wife at
09:37:41 from row 27 and told her the flight was hijacked by
three dark-skinned men that looked "Iranian", wearing red
bandanas and wielding knives. 21/39  Glick remained connected
until the end of the flight. 31  He reported that the passengers
voted whether to "rush" the hijackers. 19  The United air traffic
control coordinator for West Coast flights alerted the Federal
Aviation Administration (FAA) Herndon Command Center in Herndon,
Virginia, that Flight 93 was not responding and was off course. A
minute later, the transponder was turned off, but the Cleveland
controller continued to monitor the flight on primary radar. 34
The Herndon Center relayed information on Flight 93 to FAA
headquarters. Joseph DeLuca called his father at 09:43:03 from
row 26 to inform him the flight had been hijacked. 19  Todd
Beamer attempted to call his wife from row 32 at 09:43:48, but
was routed to GTE phone operator Lisa D. Jefferson. 39  Beamer
told the operator that the flight was hijacked and the pilots
were on the floor dead or dying. He revealed one of the hijackers
had a red belt with a bomb strapped to his waist. 43  A United
employee in San Francisco, California, sent an ACARS message to
the flight at 09:46: "Heard report of incident. Plz confirm all
is normal." 19  Linda Gronlund called her sister, Elsa Strong, at
09:46:05 and left her a message saying there were "men with a
bomb". 44
     Flight attendant CeeCee Lyles called her husband at 09:47:57
and left him a message saying the plane had been hijacked. 31
Marion Britton called her friend, Fred Fiumano, at 09:49:12.
Fiumano recalled, "she said, 'We're gonna. They're gonna kill us,
you know, We're gonna die.' And I told her, 'Don't worry, they
hijacked the plane, they're gonna take you for a ride, you go to
their country, and you come back. You stay there for vacation.'
You don't know what to say - what are you gonna say? I kept on
saying the same things, 'Be calm.' And she was crying and - you
know - more or less crying and screaming and yelling." 24
     Flight attendant Sandra Bradshaw called her husband at
09:50:04 and told him she was preparing scalding water to throw
at the hijackers. 31  Passenger Lauren Grandcolas called her
husband twice, once before take off and once during the
hijacking. He missed both of her calls. She then passed her phone
to Honor Elizabeth Wainio. 24  Wainio called her stepmother at
09:53:43 and concluded, four and a half minutes later, by saying,
"I have to go. They're breaking into the cockpit. I love you." 45
Jarrah dialed in the VHF omnidirectional range (VOR) frequency
for the VOR navigational aid at Reagan National Airport at
9:55:11 to direct the plane toward Washington, D.C. 27  Bradshaw,
on the phone with her husband, said "Everyone is running up to
first class. I've got to go. Bye." 46


REVOLT

     The revolt on Flight 93 began at 09:57. 21 

"Are you guys ready? Okay. Let's roll!"

Todd Beamer's words heard by operator Lisa Jefferson at 09:55. 47

   The hijackers in the cockpit became aware of the revolt at
09:57:55, exclaiming, "Is there something? A fight?" 32  Edward
Felt dialed 9-1-1 from his cell phone from the lavatory of the
aircraft seeking information. 31  His call was answered by
dispatcher John Shaw, and Felt was able to tell him about the
hijacking before the call was disconnected. 48  There were
reports of Felt hearing an explosion and seeing smoke coming into
the lavatory from under the door. 49  These reports were reported
to be false in other sources. 50  Lyles called her husband once
more from a cell phone and told him the passengers were forcing
their way into the cockpit. 19  Jarrah began to roll the airplane
left and right to knock the passengers off balance. He told
another hijacker in the cockpit at 9:58:57, "They want to get in
here. Hold, hold from the inside. Hold from the inside. Hold." 32

   Jarrah changed tactics at 9:59:52 and pitched the nose of the
airplane up and down to disrupt the assault. 21 

     The cockpit voice recorder captured the sounds of crashing,
screaming, and the shattering of glass. 51  Jarrah stabilized the
plane at 10:00:03. 21  Five seconds later, he asked, "Is that it?
Shall we finish it off?" Another hijacker responded, "No. Not
yet. When they all come, we finish it off." 32  Jarrah once again
pitched the airplane up and down. A passenger in the background
cried, "In the cockpit. If we don't, we'll die" at 10:00:25.
Sixteen seconds later, another passenger yelled, "Roll it!" 21
Jarrah ceased the violent maneuvers at 10:01:00 and recited the
takbir several times. He then asked another hijacker, "Is that
it? I mean, shall we put it down?" The other hijacker responded,
"Yes, put it in it, and pull it down." 21  Nevertheless, the
passengers continued their assault and at 10:02:23, a hijacker
said, "Pull it down! Pull it down!" The airplane descended with
the yoke turned hard to the right. The airplane rolled onto its
back, and one of the hijackers began shouting the takbir. Amidst
the sounds of the passenger counterattack, the aircraft plowed
into an empty field in Stonycreek, Pennsylvania, about 20
minutes' flying time from Washington, D.C. 21  The last entry on
the voice recorder was made at 10:03:09. 32  The last piece of
flight data was recorded at 10:03:10. 52  There is some
controversy between some of the family members of the passengers
and the investigative officials as to whether the passengers
managed to breach the cockpit. The "9/11 Commission Report"
asserts that "the hijackers remained at the controls but must
have judged that the passengers were only seconds from overcoming
them". 21  Others claim that there is no doubt the passengers
breached the cockpit. 53

(All these details are recorded - and to try and say it was all
made up, or that it was all recorded in some secret studio for a
secret conspiracy is DAFT beyond words; such ideas belong in the
mental-ward of some hospital for the mentally retarded - Keith
Hunt)


CRASH

     The plane crashed into a reclaimed coal strip mine in
Stonycreek Township at 10:03:11. 54  The National Transportation
Safety Board reported that the flight impacted at 563 miles per
hour (906 km/h) at a 40 degree nose-down, inverted attitude. 18
The impact left a crater eight to ten feet deep (c. 3 m), and 30
to 50 feet wide (c. 12 m). 55  All 44 people died instantly on
impact. 56  Many media reports and eyewitness accounts cited the
time of the crash at 10:06,  57/58  as did an analysis of
seismographic data in the area  59  but which the 9/11
Commission report states was not definitive. 60  Other media
venues    
......

Flight 93 crash site (Wikipedia gives a photo - Keith Hunt)
......


and the 9/11 Commission reported the time of impact as 10:03,
61/62  based on when the flight recorders stopped, analysis of
radar data, infrared satellite data, and air traffic control
transmissions. 21 

     Kelly Leverknight was watching news of the attacks when she
heard the plane. "I heard the plane going over and I went out the
front door and I saw the plane going down. It was headed toward
the school, which panicked me, because all three of my kids were
there. Then you heard the explosion and felt the blast and saw
the fire and smoke." 63  Another witness, Eric Peterson, looked
up when he heard the plane, "It was low enough, I thought you
could probably count the rivets. You could see more of the roof
of the plane than you could the belly. It was on its side. There
was a great explosion and you could see the flames. It was a
massive, massive explosion. Flames and then smoke and then a
massive, massive mushroom cloud." 64  Val McClatchey had been
watching footage of the attacks when she heard the plane. She saw
it briefly, then heard the impact. The crash knocked out the
electricity and phones. McClatchey grabbed her camera and took
the only known picture of the smoke cloud from the explosion.
65/66  Conspiracy theorists have accused her of manufacturing the
photograph. 67

(Oh you bet they would. I mean these nutty conspiracy guys have
an answer for everything, to them it's all made up, it's all a
conspiracy, so the eye witnesses, the photos etc. and etc. are
all "made up in some secret lad" and the witnesses are all "paid
off" - hence their friends and relatives and names of people etc.
all down the line - they are all paid off employees by the USA
conspiracy team that thought all this up in secret meetings in
caves in Washington State, where "big foot" and the "abominal
snowman" were on guard duty. Then the other team of conspiracy
buffs, they say the plane did exist but was "shot down" as plan A
was not working so plan B had to come into effect - shoot it from
the sky. To them the eye-witnesses were "paid off" employees of
the USA Government to tell us they saw the plane crash. And so it
goes. All the facts in the world will not change the mind of
those drugged on conspiracy schemes. All their thrill in life
would be gone, if such conspiracy ideas were smashed to bits [the
pun was not intended - too serious to intend such a pun] - Keith
Hunt)


     The first responders arrived at the crash site after 10:06.
47  Cleveland Center controllers, unaware the flight had crashed,
notified the Northeast Air Defense Sector (NEADS) at 10:07 that
Flight 93 had a bomb on board and passed the last known position.
This call was the first time the military was notified about the
flight. 19  Ballinger sent one final ACARS message to Flight 93
at 10:10: "Don't divert to DC. Not an option." He repeated the
message one minute later. The Herndon Command Center alerted FAA
headquarters that Flight 93 had crashed at 10:13.1191 NEADS
called the Washington Air Route Traffic Control Center for an
update on Flight 93 and received notification that the flight had
crashed. 68

     At 10:37, CNN correspondent Aaron Brown, covering the
collapse of the World Trade Center, announced, "We are getting
reports and we are getting lots of reports and we want to be
careful to tell you when we have confirmed them and not, but we
have a report that a 747 is down in Pennsylvania, and that
remains unconfirmed at this point." 69  He followed that up at
10:49 by reporting that, "We have a report now that a large plane
crashed this morning, north of the Somerset County Airport, which
is in western Pennsylvania, not too terribly far from Pittsburgh,
about 80 miles or so, a Boeing 767 jet. Don't know whose airline
it was, whose airplane it was, and we don't have any details
beyond that which I have just given you." In the confusion, he
also erroneously reported a second hijacked plane heading for the
Pentagon after the crash of the first. 70

(Yes, in the first hours of anything so horrific as 9/11 you will
get false reports, ideas, maybe's, could be's, we think, it's
possible, etc. - Keith Hunt)


AFTERMATH

Further information: Reactions to the September 11, 2001 attacks

     Flight 93 fragmented violently upon impact. Most of the
aircraft wreckage was found near the impact crater. 71
     Investigators found some very light debris including paper
and nylon scattered up to eight miles (13 km) from the impact
point in New Baltimore, Pennsylvania. 72  Other tiny aircraft
fragments were found 1.5 miles (2.4 km) away at Indian Lake,
Pennsylvania) 73  All human remains were found within a 70 acre
(28 ha) area surrounding the impact point. 73  Somerset County
Coroner Wally Miller was involved in the investigation and
identification of the remains. As he walked through the wreckage,
the only recognizable body part he saw was a piece of spinal cord
with five vertebrae attached. 74  Miller later found and
identified 1,500 pieces of human remains totaling about 600
pounds (272 kg), or eight percent of the total. 75  The rest of
the remains were consumed by the impact. 76  Investigators
identified four victims by September 22 and eleven by September
24. 77/78  They identified another by September 29. 79 
     Thirty-four passengers were identified by October 27. 80 
All the people on board the flight were identified by December
21. 
     Human remains were so fragmented investigators could not
determine if any victims were dead before the plane crashed.
Death certificates for the 40 victims listed the cause of death
as homicides and listed the cause of death for the four hijackers
as suicides. 81  The remains and personal effects of the victims
were returned to the families. 82  The remains of the hijackers,
identified by the process of elimination, were turned over to the
Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) as evidence. 83

(And all this, all the stuff given back to the families etc. we
are to believe from the conspiracy geeks, was all planned and all
things and people either "paid off" because some conpiracy people
say it all never happened, others "paid off" to say they saw the
crash, when in fact it was shot down, according to some
conspiracy people. There is enough conspiracy modes going, that
whatever conspiracy thrills you the most, you can pick and choose
which conspiracy you like and want to stick with - Keith Hunt)

     Investigators also found a knife disguised as a cigarette
lighter. 84  They located the flight data recorder on September
13 and the cockpit voice recorder the following day. 85/86  The
voice recorder was found buried 25 feet (8 m) below the crater.
The FBI initially refused to release the voice recording,
rejecting requests by congresswoman Ellen Tauscher and family
members of those on board. 87  The FBI subsequently allowed the
relatives of the Flight 93 victims to listen to the recording in
a closed session on April 18, 2002. 88  Jurors for the Zacarias
Moussaoui trial heard the tape as part of the proceedings and the
transcript was publicly released on April 12, 2006. 89

(Of course now remember the conspiracy geeks will tell you all
this recording was done in some secret studio, in some secret
cave .... well you know what I'm thinking .... and with secret
super good actors and sound effects. Oh believe me the conspiracy
buffs ... well such evidence will not stop them, they are so
drugged on "conspiracy" ideas NOTHING will stop them from
believing Flight 93 and everything else on 9/11 was NOT a
conspiracy. Though the truth should smack them in the face,
they're not about to give up on what gives them their thrill -
conspiracy!! - Keith Hunt)

     The intended target of Flight 93 has never been decisively
confirmed. 90  Before the attacks, Khalid Sheikh Mohammed, Osama
bin Laden, and Mohammed Atef developed a list of potential
targets. 8  Bin Laden wanted to destroy the White House and the
Pentagon. Sheikh Mohammed wanted to strike the World Trade Center
and all three wanted to hit the Capitol. No one else was involved
in the initial selection of targets. 8  Bin Laden told 9/11
planner Ramzi Binalshibh to advise Mohamed Atta that he preferred
the White House over the Capitol as a target. 91  Atta cautioned
Binalshibh that this would be difficult, but agreed to include
the White House as a possible target and suggested they keep the
Capitol as an alternate in case the White House proved too
difficult. Eventually, Atta told Binalshibh that Jarrah planned
to hit the Capitol. 91  Atta briefly mentioned the possibility of
striking a nuclear facility, but balked after the other attack
pilots voiced their opposition. 91  Based on an exchange between
Atta and Binalshibh two days before the attacks, the White House
would be the primary target for the fourth plane and the Capitol
the alternate. 27

     Immediately after the attacks, there was speculation that
Camp David was the intended target. 92  According to testimony by
captured al-Qaeda member Abu Zubaydah, U.S. officials believed
the White House was the intended target. 93  A post-9/11
interview with Sheikh Mohammed and Binalshibh by Al Jazeera
reporter Yosri Fouda revealed that Flight 93 was headed for the
Capitol. 94  The 9/11 Commission Report cited the actions of the
crew and passengers that prevented the destruction of either the
White House or the Capitol. 21  According to another testimony by
Sheikh Mohammed, bin Laden preferred the Capitol over the White
House as a target and Sheikh Mohammed revealed that the interview
to Fouda was a lie to make the 9/11 attacks seem larger than they
were. 27  Salim Harridan, bin Laden's driver, told interrogators
that he knew the flight was headed for the Capitol. 95

     The 9/11 Commission found that North American Aerospace
Defense Command (NORAD) and the FAA gave inaccurate testimony. 96
NORAD insisted that fighters would have intercepted Flight 93
before it reached its target in Washington, D.C., but the
commission disagreed concluding that "had Flight 93 not crashed
in Pennsylvania, it would have arrived in the Washington area 10
to 20 minutes later". 97  The 9/11 Commission Report stated that
NEADS fighters pursued Delta Air Lines Flight 1989, a flight
thought to be hijacked. 21  All passengers and crew on board
Flight 93 were nominated for the Congressional Gold Medal on
September 19, 2001. 98  Congressman Bill Shuster introduced a
bill to this effect in 2006, 99  however as of 2008 these awards
have not been granted. 100

     Beamer's final words, "let's roll," became a national
catchphrase. 45  The Port Authority of New York and New Jersey
changed the name of Newark's airport from Newark International
Airport to Newark Liberty International Airport. 101  Flight 93
has been the subject of various films and documentaries including
"The Flight That Fought Back,"  "Flight 93,"  and  "United 93."
102/103

     In keeping with standard airline practice after disasters,
the flight number "93" was discontinued by United Airlines after
the hijacking. United's early-morning nonstop from Newark to San
Francisco is now Flight 91 using an Airbus A319. 104


Memorials

Main article: Flight 93 National Memorial

     A temporary memorial formed from spontaneous tributes left
by visitors in the days after the attacks at the crash site. 105
Foundations across the country began to raise money to fund a
memorial to the victims within a month of the crash. 106
Two years after the attacks, federal officials formed the Flight
93 National Memorial Advisory Commission responsible for making
design recommendations for a permanent memorial) 107  A national
design competition was held to create a public memorial in the
Pennsylvania field where Flight 93 crashed. The winning design,
"Crescent of Embrace," was selected out of a pool of 1,011
submissions on September 7, 2005. 108  The site plan features a
large crescent pathway with red maples and sugar maples
planted along the outer arc. 109  This design ran into opposition
over funding, size, and appearance. Congressman Charles H. Taylor
blocked $10 million in federal funds toward the project as he saw
it as "unrealistic." 110  Republican Congressional leaders later
persuaded him to acquiesce to political pressure and began
approving some federal funds. 111  The proposed design has also
attracted critics who see Islamic symbolism in the crescent
design. 112  An important milestone was announced August 31, 2009
marking an agreement between the landowners and the National Park
Service to allow the purchase of land for around 9.5 million
dollars. The plan is to build the memorial by September 11, 2011
for the 10th year anniversary of the September 11th 2001
terrorist attacks with groundbreaking scheduled for November
2009. 113


     On August 25, 2008, hundreds of New York City firefighters
donated and installed a cross made of steel from the World Trade
Center. The beam, mounted atop a platform shaped like the
Pentagon, was erected outside the firehouse of the Shanksville
Volunteer Fire Department. 114

See also

United 93 (film)
Flight 93 (TV film)
The Flight That Fought Back (TV film)

                           ....................


The numbered references given in this article, I will produce for
you in the next segment, as it shows the massive amount of facts
available to show 9/11 was no conspiracy by the mad-minded USA
Government so they could make war on Iraq and make sure "oil"
would still flow from the Middle East, or whatever else the
conspiracy geeks would like to believe, as to why they believe
the USA Government invented this conspiracy for war agianst Islamic
leaders and/or Iraq - Keith Hunt


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