In Search of... The Origin of Nations




Who has not heard of the ancient Assyrian World Empire? Of its brilliance, grandeur, exploits, mercilessness and extremes in cruelty? What were these terrible Assyrians like? Most importantly, what is the link between Sargon and modern nations? We shall see as we progress through the incredible true history contained within this book, they have everything to do with today's world events!

Brief outline of Assyrian history

It is appropriate that we take a succinct look at the history of the mighty descendants of Asshur. The Assyrians descend from Asshur, or Assur, second son of Shem (Genesis 10:22) and possibly twin brother to Arphaxad. Traditionally, offspring are listed according to age: the firstborn is often listed first. In Genesis 10:22, we find listed five sons of Shem.

Elam is clearly the firstborn but for some reason was not granted the birthright - we have here another example of a birthright shift or displacement. If Asshur was a twin brother of Elam, this would surely have been mentioned as are other twins in Scripture. But the antagonisms between Asshur and Arphaxad demonstrate that in all likelihood that they were twins with Asshur's birth probably preceding Arphaxad's (compare Genesis 25:21-23). Arphaxad and Asshur may have been twins for Scripture states that Arphaxad was begotten "two years after the Flood" (Genesis 11:10). In other words, Elam was begotten in the first year after the Flood and his two brothers begotten a year later. It is impossible for three separate births to have occurred within two years unless Elam was conceived on the ark. It is unlikely that he was conceived on the ark because of the health and safety issues surrounding Noah's family at that time. Indeed, the entire family would have had their hands full caring for the animals and having a baby at that time would have been unwise.

Regardless, a birthright shift occurred and antagonism seems to have resulted between Assur and Arphaxad due to the latter inheriting the incredible birthright blessings and not Assur.

Asshur's name means 'strong' or 'powerful'. Or, as Josephus put it:

"Ashur lived at the city Nineve; and named his subjects Assyrians, who became the most fortunate nation, beyond others."1748

In other words they were a greatly blessed people, second only to the descendants of Arphaxad. As we shall see later in this book, God, by covenanting with Arphaxad and electing that line to do His work of servant leadership, seemingly has led to Assur's jealousy of Arphaxad and an antagonism which has been been ongoing for centuries and will culminate in a great show-down between their descendants in the years just ahead.


1748 Josephus Antiquities, I.vii.4


The supreme god of the Assyrians was Asshur 1749 who later became known in Europe as Tyr or Tir, derived from Atir or Athur, which is the Indo-Germanic form of the Hebrew Asshur. According to Ragozin, 1750 Assur's original name may be spelled Asshur, and the central, original district of Assyria was known as Aturia. 1751 Asshur may also be spelled Assyr. 1752 The Medes named the land Assura 1753 and the Persians Athursa.1754 After Assyria fell, the region of Assyria became known as Arziri 1755 and as Athura when it was a satrapy in the Persian Empire. It is possible that this may be the origin of the name Arthur and the Germanic god Thor, who with his hammer, the swastika, crushed the enemies of his worshippers. It should also be noted that in front of the temple to Assur in the city of Assur we find displayed a swastika on a limestone slab.

The Assyrians were peoples of vast accomplishments. They had a love for the establishment and building of new cities 1756 (see Garner's Royal Cities of Assyria), and were great road-builders1757 as well a pontoon bridges, boats and such like.1758 Their greatest city was, of course, Nineveh, also known as Ninus or later as Hierapolis.1759 We know too that Sargon of Akkad (who may have been Assur himself, as we have seen) defeated Lugalzaggessi (probably Nimrod), and loved to build new cities1760. He

"set up a pattern of royal behaviour which was to be taken up later by the Middle Assyrian Kings ... It therefore may not be an accident that Sargon's name was adopted by more than one Assyrian King.”1761

Oppenheim claims that the Assyrian kings loved hunting down animals, especially lions. 1762 Indeed, the lion became an important symbol of the Assyrian Empire. One of the most prominent symbols of Assyria was the eagle: is this where many of the eagle symbols of Central Europe originate? 1763. Comparisons have been made between the Nazi eagle with spread out wings and that utilised by the Assyrians, (compare Deut 28:49) The prophet Micah himself equates Assyria with "the land of Nimrod" (Micah 5:6). Nimrod founded Babel (Genesis 10:10; 11:1-9), from which Babylonia arose. Under the Assyrians, Babylon often had special privileges and freedoms and was considered holy ground. 1764 Assyrian dictator Ashurbanipal himself said:


1749. Ragozin 1887:5

1750. ibid:2

1751. ibid:3

1752. Perry 1923:217

1753. Hannay 1916:52

1754. ibid

1755. Lempriere 1866:94

1756. Oppenheim 1964:124; Ward-Perkins, p 11

1757. Pfeiffer 1959:33

1758. von Soden 1994:119

1759. MarcellinusxIV.8.6-7

1760. Of further interest the Book of Jasher says that "And Ashur son of Shem and his children and household went forth ... and they built themselves four cities ... Ninevah, Resen, Calach and Rehobother ..." (10:32-33). And Genesis 10:11-12 may be rendered in the original as "Out of the land went forth Assur and built Nineveh" etc, rather than "Out of that land he [Nimrod] went forth to Assyria". This shows that Assur founded Assyria, not Nimrod, who ruled to the south.

1761. Oppenheim 1964:125

1762. ibid:46

1763. Mackenzie 1930:343-345

1764. Ahmed 1968:136


"Since Babylon is the 'bard' of [all] lands, the privilege of kidinnw-status [legal protection] is assured for anybody who enters it, and an allotment to citizen-status is certain for any Babylonian citizen; not even a dog which enters it is killed."1765

The Assyrians gradually spread out and during the Old Assyrian period (Ca. 1900 B.C. to 1365 B.C.) they found themselves often as dependants of the Babylonians and later of the Mitanni. During this period they excelled as merchants and established a plethora of colonies in Anatolia, particularly at Cappadocia. 1766 Assyria emerged in the 14th century B.C. as an independent state comprising the Middle Assyrian period (cl365-1013 B.C.), fully militarized and immensely powerful. Its power declined after the death of Tukulti-Ninurta (Ca. 1208 B.C.) but was briefly restored upon the ascension of Tiglath-pileser I. With the arrival of the 9th century B.C., a new period of expansion began, known as the Neo-Assyrian period (Ca. 1013 B.C. to 612 B.C.) with the arisal of a series of very strong kings, in particular the terrible Tiglath-pileser III, Sargon II, Sennacherib and Esharhaddon.1767 They succeeded in uniting most of the Near East from Egypt to the Persian Gulf into one gigantic imperial power bloc. It is interesting to note that historians refer to Pax Assyriaca, a period of approximately 70 years of peace, from 700 to 630BC enforced by the Assyrian Empire1768

The Assyrian Character and Ethnicity

Historians sometimes label the Assyrians as the "Prussians of the Ancient World" 1969 whose function it was "to safeguard the civilized world against [Barbarian] threats”1770 much like the function of Germany during the Middle Ages. We know too that the Assyrians were a very nationalistic people. Writes Oppenheim:

"In Assyria there was a strong sense of participating in a common and native way of life which repeatedly proved persistent enough to survive military defeats and foreign domination. Who the carriers were who kept the political and cultural tradition and the Assyrian language alive through the eclipses of political power is extremely difficult to say. The right answer would reveal to us the very fountain head of Assyrian strength and staying power."1771

We shall see shortly who the carriers of Assyrian culture and civilization were. Unlike other nations, the Assyrians were very submissive to their centralized authority for no trace may be found anywhere of popular reaction to the royalty and its administration.1772 Their military discipline and political organization was quite unique in the Semitic world.1773 Indeed it was unique, for the 'true blue' Assyrian was not an Arabic Semite at all. If this be so, then within which ethnic group may they be classified? In the ancient Middle East, historians, archaeologists and linguists

"cannot define and describe the racial or ethnic groups. The relation between these three categories, linguistic, racial and ethnic, is exceedingly complex in Mesopotamia and still far from being sufficiently investigated ... racial, ethnic, and linguistic categories only rarely correspond in such complex civilizations.”1774


1765. quoted in ibid

1766. Cotterell 1980:102

1767. Encyclopaedia Britannic, Micropaedia, "Assyria"

1768. Gitin 1990:39

1769. McCulloch 1982:224

1770. Wiseman 1973:171

1771. Oppenheim 1964:66

1772. Ibid: 104

1773. Los 1967:149 

1774. ibid:48


Thus, for anyone who dogmatically states that the Assyrians were Semites, is dwelling in a pure fantasy world.1775 Another historian, Worrell, in his work A Study of Races in the Ancient Near East

states that "we have little evidence of the state of affairs in ancient times.”1776 Many different peoples dwelt within the Assyrian Empire for they conquered a variety of ethnic groups: Kassites, Qutians, Lullumeans, Subarians, Kadmukh, Uqumen and Papkhu (Human mountain folk).1777 Note also the following quote from the authoritative Pictorial Biblical Encyclopedia: "The ethnic origins of the Assyrians are still disputed among scholars [but] appear to lie in a mixture of Old Akkadian ... with Hurrian "1778. The Hurrians were an Aryan or Indo-European people.

All historians know that the Assyrian army was not of sufficient size to supply forces to guard all other numerous strategic points in their vast but complex empire. As the population was relatively small, they could not provide an army large enough to protect their expanding empire. This led to a loss of manpower and consequent need to fill the ranks.   "This was done by recruiting auxiliary forces of foreign origin mainly from conquered countries or vassal states.’’1779 As a result, the Assyrian army was composed of various nationalities; yet, they were loyal to the King of Assyria. 1780

Saggs explains:

“it is mentioned frequently in royal inscriptions - that peoples from outside Assyria were constantly being added to [Assyria].

... the massive influx of Semitic-speaking peoples from the south-west, to be continually reinforced until Assyria as an empire existed no more.

They incorporated the troops of conquered or vassal states into the Assyrian army, and Ashurnasir-pal even populated his new capital Calah with people from conquered territories.

... Assyrian cities thus became cosmopolitan and polyglot; with the possibility that within them people of actual ancient Assyrian descent were a minority.”1781

We know that not all peoples called "Assyrian" were ethnically descendants of Assur, for Assyria became an empire of many tribes and peoples. Historian Larsen states that "the continual channeling of conquered populations into the palace and the private sectors of the four great cities of Assyria was clearly a deliberate move to meet a labor shortage at the centre of the empire ….”1782

It is my contention that they were not dolicocephalic (long-headed) Arabic Semites. However, it is known that many dolicocephalic Babylonians brought as deportees for Assurbanipol, 1783 became


1775. For instance, one author states: "The ethic origins of the Assyrians are still disputed among the scholars ... Thus the origins of the Assyrians appear to lie in a mixture of Old Akkadian ... with Hurrian ... The Assyrian kings regarded themselves as the true bearers of the Sumero-Akkadian culture and by the early 2nd millenium BCE they began to adopt the names of the great kings of Akkad" (Cornfield 1964: 137-38). Also, "the Assyrian portraiture was heavily stylized, and does not trace physiological distinctions with the same accuracy [as the Egyptians]". (McGregor 1993:458-59).

1776. Worrell 1927:33, quoted in Moscati 1957. See Mackenzie 1930: 355: "The early Assyrian kings had non-Semitic and non-Sumerian names", giving further credence to the difference in race between the true Assyrians and the later Semitic inhabitants of their territory.

1777. Saggs 1984:46, 53

1778. Cornfield 1964:137

1779. Oded 1979:50

1780. ibid:53,51

1781. Saggs 1984:127-8

1782. Larsen 1979:210

1783. Sayce 1928:203


Assyrian subjects and liable for both civil and military duty.1784 Conversely, there were many Assyrians which indicated clear brachycephalicy 1785 (round-headed. See also figure 18 in Albenda).1786 The Alpine element also dominated the peoples of Asia Minor and Sumeria.1787  The portrait of a noble lady of Ashur in Olmstead's work1788  is clearly meso-or brachycephalic - typical also of Central Europeans. A similar type is found in the gypsum statue of a noble of Asshur.1789

Historians certainly do recognize that alongside the Semites in the Middle East also dwelt a brachycephalic type.1790 These 'Alpine' types dwelt in Syria and Mesopotamia.1791 It was also through Northern Assyria that the dividing line more-or-less ran between Alpines and the Semites.1792 Of course, many Alpine Assyrians also dwelt in the south, but it seems that the bulk of them dwelt in the north next to their racial brethren, the Aramaeans. Of these Aramaeans, Cotterel1793 writes that in the 9th Century B.C. Assyria was undergoing a major ethnic change during this period in that the Aramaic element in the population was increasing dramatically. This was brought about, not only by the peaceful infiltration of Aramaeans into the state, but also by the Assyrian practice of transporting gigantic numbers of conquered foreigners, most of whom were Aramaeans at that time, to Assyria to work on the enormous building projects of the day. Over the generations this new element or at least a proportion of it, slowly worked its way up the social and economic scale, so that by the eighth century B.C. there were Aramaeans at a very high level in the civil service and army, and the Aramaic language had virtually replaced Assyrian as the everyday language. The effects of such language change in identifying ethnic groups does not assist with ethnic identification by us removed thousands of years from such events.1794

Of the change in language from Semitic to the Germanic (Indo-European), the Oxford Companion to the Bible says that

"Ashurnasirpal II (884-859 B.C.E.) ... brought large numbers of Aramaeans into the heartland of Assyria, swelling the ranks of the court ... and, by the early seventh century, replacing the Assyrian language with Aramaic as the vernacular”1795

Woolley writes of the Martu (Amuru or Amaraeans):

"To the north and east of them [the Assyrians], in the Zagros hills and across the plain to the Tigris, there lived a very different stock, fair-haired and speaking a 'Caucasian' tongue, a hill-people akin to the Guti... they failed to gain a footing in the new delta and remained in what was afterwards, Assyria, the neighbour land of Akkad."1796

A portrait of Ashurnazirpal, based on the sculptures in the British Museum show him with typical European features.1797. The same is true of other Assyrians.1798 Such European-type Assyrians may


1784. Oded 1979:85-86

1785. Oppenheim 1964, plates 3,8.10 between pp 214-5

1786. Albenda 1974:23

1787. Haddon 1912:21, caption

1788. Olmstead 1951: opposite page 13, figure 14

1789. ibid: opposite page 16, figure 16

1790. Worrell 1927:32

1791. Field 1939:521

1792. Taylor 1947:135, figure 33

1793. Cotterell 1980:104-5f

1794. see von Soden 1994:14

1795. Oxford Companion to the Bible, page 63. See also Saggs 1984: 65 and Seters 1975:32

1796. Woolley 1929:5

1797. Williams 1908 (vol 1):381


be regarded as the ruling class, inner elite or core of the empire.   They were neither a Semite (Arabic) people nor Aryan, 1799  but their culture was related to that of the Indo-Europeans or


The Indo-European (Aryan or Nordid) Mitanni ruled Assyria for some time and consequently influenced Assyria both culturally and ethnically.1801 Contenau wrote that nations collectively called Khar-men (Gar-men) meaning "men of war" had "dominated for a long time the land of Assyria ...

[and populated] Mesopotamia, and all the territory of Assyria to the Zagros Mountains.”1802 We find, then, several ethnic elements comprising Assyria. However, the description of the original type appears to be fair Alpine which is of a mesocephalic (mid-range between long and round headed types) or brachycephalic skull type.

This privileged upper class comprising the high administrative officials and citizens of the old privileged cities were protected by the King for he dared not offend them.1803 It is this inner core, shall we estimate twenty percent, who were the direct descendants of Assur, for he was White, not Arabic (Semitic). A lengthy quote from Sayce's Races of the Old Testament sums up the physical and mental characteristics of the Assyrians:

"[Their] hair was black and artificially curled in the whiskers and beard. The eyes also were black, the skin white [not brown like the Arabic Semites] ... his favourite occupations were commerce and war. But the Assyrian remained to the last merely a conquering caste. His superiority, physical and mental, to the older population [i.e. the Semites] of the country had made his first invasion of it irresistible, and the iron discipline and political organisation which he subsequently maintained enabled him to preserve his power. He had been called the Roman of the East, and in many respects the comparison is just. Like the Romans he had a genius for organising and administering, for making and obeying laws, and for submitting to the restraints of an inexorable discipline. The armies of Assyria swept all before them, and the conception of a centralised empire was first formed and realised by the Assyrian Kings. [Eventually] the older population became predominant ... and had continued to exist by the side of them.”1804

Los agrees, stating that "as soon as this class was exhausted their empire was ruined1805 Haddon also mentions the dramatic Semitisation which occurred in Assyria 1806 as does Roux’.1807  No wonder the inscriptions portray the majority of Assyrian citizens as Semitic.  However, the ruling class was Alpine White, with mainly dark hair and eyes. With them were many Nordids as we have seen.

The Semite remnants of this once powerful Empire are called Assyrians, Assyroids or Aissores by Anthropologists.   Since 70 A.D. they have been Christians.   They fled the Mongol invasions to Turkey, settling in the Kurdish country south of Lake Van. 1808 Other remnants of the Assyrian


1798. ibid:419

1799MacKenzie 1930:279

1800. Gayre 1973:33.

1801. Wiseman 1973:156; Gayre 1973:20

1802. Conteneau 1934:89, 64

1803. Oppenheim 1964:103

1804. Sayce 1928:189-190

1805. Los 1967:149

1806. Haddon 1912:19

1807. Roux 1982:87, 89

1808. Coon 1948:630


Empire appear to be the Ossettes. Today over 300,000 Assyroids live in the United States, but these are not the original Assyrians.

The Terrible Assyrian War Machine

The nations of the ancient world, like those of today, had special identifying characteristics which historians acknowledge and describe. For example the Carthaginians are known as a merchant power. So guess what historians universally agree as to the nature of the Assyrian Empire? A great commercial and military power. Their character, writes Cottrell,1809 was that of oppressors and warriors - a nation in which the kings of Assyria perfected despotism. The Encyclopedia Brittannica states  that the  Assyrians  were  famous  for ther cruelty,  fighting prowess  and builders  of monuments1810

It should come as no surprise that Assyrian outposts had such names as kar-sharrukin and kar-nineb, the word "kar" meaning "fortress." 1811 The ferocious Assyrian army was armed to the hilt with the most glittering and technologically advanced weapons of their day. 1812 As a result, throughout all the ancient Middle East, the very thought of the beastly Assyrian war machine sent spine-chilling shivers down their opponents spines! Baikie in his Lands and Peoples of the Bible bluntly states thus of them:

"With the possible exception of the Huns, or the wild hordes of Tamerlane, there has probably never existed, in the history of the world, a power so purely and solely destructive, so utterly devoid of the slightest desire to make any real contribution to the welfare of the human race, as Assyria. But the Huns and the hordes of Tamerlane were untaught savages. In the case of Assyria you have a highly organised and civilized people ... [they have] a tremendous aptitude for organisation and discipline ... with the ruthless spirit of a Red Indian brave and an absolute delight in witnessing the most ghastly forms of human suffering ... the outside, a splendid specimen of highly developed humanity - the inside a mere ravening tiger."1813

Their conquered lands lived in a constant state of fear and terror of what Piotrovsky calls the "Assyrian Secret Service.”1814  These Gestapo-like agents were cunning and clever, ruthlessly dealing with the faintest of opposition.1815The Assyrian troops were taught to be deliberately cruel and as savage as possible to the conquered peoples - to be horribly barbaric, mercilessly cruel - and to enjoy it! Many of the conquered peoples were simply tortured for the pleasure of it! For example, they would destroy faces by applying boiling asphalt or severing lower lips, fingers and ears. 1816 They simply destroyed and burned whole towns. They often destroyed through incendarism1817      while hostile rulers were skinned alive or impaled1818 (See Isaiah 36:12)


1809. Cottrell 1975:65

1810. Encyclopedia Brittannica, vol 1, 15thed,:648

1811. Ragozin 1887:262

1812. Bray 1982:26

1813. Baikie 1914:99

1814. Piotrovsky 1969:86

1815. ibid:87

1816. Kinder &Hilgermann 1974:31

1817. Yamauchi 1982:44

1818. Pfeiffer 1966:108


Kalyanaraman writes how the Assyrian cruelty and brutality has never been equaled as they were 'dedicated' to spreading ruin, bloodshed and indiscriminate slaughter wherever they set foot.1819 At any given time the King of Assyria could muster a gigantic army running into literally hundreds of thousands of men. It consisted of tightly organized, well disciplined troops integrating specialist units of many types.1820 This vast army was the core instrument used by the Kings of Assyria in their attempts at world conquest. They attempted to conquer the world! In so doing, they created an empire vaster than any previous to it.1821 From the time of Shalmaneser I onwards, the Assyrian Kings called themselves by the title of 'Shar Kishshati' - meaning 'King of the World.’1822 It is from this that the titles Caesar, Shah, Tsar, Czar and Kaiser probably originate. Although the Assyrians used peoples of various nations to fight with them,1823 "each ethnic group retained its identity for fighting purposes" 1824 much like the nations that fought with Germany in WW2.

Oded's masterpiece Mass Deportations and Deportees in the Neo- Assyrian Empire reports that millions of people were deported! The Assyrians did not split the deportee's families and then disperse them throughout the empire. Rather they "Were anxious to preserve the community life of the deportees by resettling them together as homogenous small groups, as far as kinship, religion and culture were concerned."1825

Note, the Assyrians were race-conscious and they demanded that ethnic diversity be maintained. These cruel and oppressive deportations led to the deportees being transported over distances that historians simply term 'enormous.' 1826 An entire, vast civil service was established to run this enterprise and to maintain its operation at a very efficient level.1827 The Kings of Assyria, far from hiding their barbarity, loved to boast of their shocking cruelty during military campaigns,1828 (See also Isaiah 36:4-5) for war was their favorite occupation.1829 For example, Tiglath-Pileser I, the nearest ancient form to Hitler, addressing the gods in about 1100 B.C., said:

"Asshur, father of the gods, empowered me to depopulate and to repopulate, to make broad the boundary of the land of Assyria."1830

On another occasion he proudly boasted of his attack upon the Aramaeans and Hittites:

"I slaughtered them, and brought back booty, possessions and goods innumerable ... I burned, I laid waste and I destroyed …”1831

We know that on at least one occasion he used the swastika as a decoration.1832 This should tell us something of the dark forces of evil inspiring him. One king after his conquest of Babylon, wrote:


1819. Kalyanaraman 1969(vol 1):143

1820. Saggs 1984:243

1821. Childe 1926:208

1822. Williams 1908 (vol 1):373

1823. ibid:369

1824. Saggs 1984:244

1825. Oded 1979:25

1826. ibid:27

1827. ibid:32

1828. Pfeifer 1966:100

1829. Oded 1979:25

1830. Saggs 1984:247

1831. Moscati 1957:65


"I slew one of every two. I built a wall before the great gates of the city. I flayed the chief men of the rebels and I covered the walls with their skins. Some of them, I enclosed alive within the bricks of the walls; some of them were crucified alive with stakes along the wall. I caused a great multitude of them to be flayed in my presence, and I covered the walls with their skins."1833

Famous Assyrian king, Assurbanipal wrote:

"For one month and twenty-five days, I devastated the districts of Elam; sons of kings, sisters of kings, members of Elam's royal family, young and old; prefects, governors, knights, artisans, horses and mules, more numerous than swarms of locusts, 1 carried them off, as booty, to Assyria. I put an end to their fields, which I left for the asses, the gazelles and all manner of wild beasts, to dwell."

Heads were cut off yet while people were still alive, as were tongues before they were flayed alive and tossed into a red-hot furnace. After sieging cities, the inhabitants were forced to kill their own children and eat their flesh. Enemy soldiers who were not killed, committed suicide or starved to death were treated in the following fashion according to the very words of Ashurbanipal himself:

"I ripped out the tongues of those officers whose mouths had blasphemed against Ashur, my master, and then slaughtered them. Any soldiers who were found still alive were flogged in fromt of the winged bulls built by Sennacherib's tomb, and then tossed their quivering flesh for the jackals, the birds and the fish to eat. In this way I placated the wrath of the gods who had become incensed by their ignominious deeds.”1834

Even recalcitrant family members were dealt with: Esarhaddon's younger brother, the governor of Babylon, was dealt with in a very cruel manner, after he revolted against Esarhaddon's rule.

It was during this time that Assyria conquered Egypt.1835 They perfected the Hurrian war chariot, invented siege machines, knew about different tactics such as flank and frontal attacks and practised an aweful burnt-earth policy. Wherever they could, they took slaves. In one inscription in honour to Shalmaneser I we read:

"I besieged the city, occupied it, killed many of its warriors, carried off much booty, built a mountain of heads outside the city and set fire to fourteen settlements in the area".1836

They had so great a belief in themselves and the leadership of their god, Asshur, that they acquired a sense of divine mission.1837 They maintained their stability upon the Near East through psychological warfare, by impressing upon surrounding nations "that it was vain to attempt to oppose Assyria.”1838 They were such masters of psychological warfare that their foes would often capitulate in horror without offering any resistance.1839 The terrible Assyrian war machine was well


1832. Olmstead 1951:68

1833. quoted in Kalyanaraman 1969 (vol 1):215

1834. quoted in Capt el988:81

1835. Sinnigon and Robinson 1981: 86

1836. quoted in Wendt 1958:91

1837. Simo Parpola {Letters from Assyrian and Babylonian Scholars. State Archives of Assyria) wrote that the Assyrians believed in the "underlying unity of the cosmic powers operative in the universe, 'gods', conceived as aspects of an all-encompassing transcendental god, Assur. By implication, this symbolism called for the political unity of the entire world under the hegemony of Assyria", (vol. x, p. xv)

1838. Saggs 1984:248

1839. Hammond 1956:258


known for its extreme cruelty. Such cruelty was part of an evil military strategy cleverly designed at striking fear and panic into the cities and nations under attack, who, when they heard the dreadful fate of those who resisted, surrendered all the more quickly. For it was within the Assyrian army - its shock troops - that the strength of Assyria lay1840 and who were "characteristically ferocious.”1841 One Assyrian king wrote thus of his hated enemies, the Mushki:

"I brought about their defeat like a storm demon. I piled up the corpses of their warriors on the battlefield (and) made their blood flow into the hollows and plains of the mountains. I cut off their heads (and) staked them like grain piles around their cities.”1842

Another Assyrian King, Assurnasirapli II ( c883-859 B.C.) was famous for his mass executions and cruel scourgings.1843 Assurbanipal ruled through a most efficient governmental system based on highly centralized lines. This made him a totalitarian dictator which no one was able to overthrow, resist or challenge. His centralized system typifies the Assyrian mind and character. Yet a future king, Tiglath-Pileser III (c744-727 B.C.), initiated a policy of mass deportations of defeated or rebellious peoples. They felt that if you could remove a people from their land, language and gods, you could thoroughly break them of their roots, will and spiritual back bone; a policy that really worked.1844

Their continuous military achievements inculcated

"a sense of superiority. This realization of the national ideal promoted the growth of self-confidence and national pride. The Assyrians were the victors, the overlords, while all the other nations were inferiors.”1845

As time progressed, the Assyrians developed an ever more racist attitude, coming to believe that they were the master-race!  This gathered momentum with the impressive gains made by Tiglath-Pileser

III (744-727 B.C.) and Sargon II (c721-705 B.C.). 1846   ° Oded continues:

"This deep-rooted feeling of superiority led to a sterner attitude towards deportees, and sharpened the differentiation between Assyrians ... and non- Assyrians ... More and more, their captives were exploited as a source of manpower mainly for forced labour, and as cheap human material."1847

The description here seems much like the Nazi's methods during World War Two. One technique used upon invaded lands during WW1, in an attempt to starve the inhabitants into submission, was to cut down all their fruit trees and destroy their beautiful forests. In fact, the Assyrians would carry trees away and plant them in their own lands!

II Kings 19:23 refers to this type of practice. Here Sennacherib states: "I will cut down the tall cedar trees thereof, and the choice fir trees thereof (See Isaiah 14:8; 37:24; Jeremiah 6:6).  As a


1840. Hall 1913:446

1841. Yamauchi 1982:25

1842. ibid:26

1843. McEvedy 1978:31

1844. Williams 1989 (vol 1):467

1845. Oded 1979:89

1846. ibid

1847. ibid:90

1848. Olmstead 1951:69


result, wood for fire, implements and industry were destroyed and an entire economy was shattered thereby! Other Scriptures from God's inspired Word back up the historical accounts of Assyrian primitive savagery:

"Behold, thou hast heard what the kings of Assyria have done to all lands, by destroying them utterly; and shalt they be delivered? ... And Hezekiah prayed ... Of a truth, Lord, the Kings of Assyria have destroyed the nations and their lands" (II Kings 19:11, 15, 17).

The Bible also makes reference to the clever but lying Assyrian war propaganda:

"Thus saith the King of Assyria, make an agreement with me by a present, and come out to me, and then eat ye every man of his own vine, and every one of his fig tee, and drink ye everyone the waters of his cistern:

Until I come and take you away to a land like your own land, a land of com and wine, a land of bread and vineyards, a land of oil olive and of honey, that ye may live, and not die; and hearken not unto Hezekiah, when he persuadeth you saying, The Lord will deliver us" (II Kings 18:31-32).

Such lies and propaganda, and so similar to Nazi propaganda of World War II.

The Asuras of Indian Tradition

In the famous Rig Veda, the hymns of the White Aryans of north-west India, mention is made time and again of the demons called the Asuras, the 'hereditary' foes of their gods. 'Asuras' means big, strong, powerful, noble or victorious.1849 gends while the Devas developed into gods. 1850 However, the Iranians took the opposite view:   The Ahuras became gods while the Devas became demons.1851 Historians recognize the Assuras as being references to the Assyrians.1852 These legends arose due to Assyrian brutality against various Aryan peoples of the region such as the Hittites, Kassites and Mitanni. Many of these peoples were forced to flee into northwest India and join other isolated Aryan tribes already located there. One researcher relates it thus:

"The Assyrians ... were distinguished by their clubs and maces, and brazen helmets ... whereby in E. Indian traditions we see them in the Minotaur or Bull-headed Asura."1853

The Assuras were first regarded as elder brothers of the Nordid (Aryan) Hittites but later as their enemies.1854 The strange relationship between the Assyrians and the Hittites will be dealt with later in chapter 14, section 3. Previous to the flight of many Hittites into north-west India, the early scribes and priests of India mention an invasion culminating in the famous battle of Kur-uksetra in ca. 1650-49 B.C. Who were those responsible for the attack upon the Indian King of Mogadha? The Asuras, also known as the Dasyus and Daityas.1855 These terms also later became a title for demons of darkness and were even applied to many Veddoids (some of whom seem to have been formerly Assyrian slaves).   The migration of many Mongoloid peoples out of India and into Burma in Ca.


1849. Kalyanaraman 1969 (vol 1):25

1850. McGovern 1932:83

1851. ibid

1852. Marshall 1985 (no 9):8

1853. O’Flaherty 1981:37

1854. Perry 1923:132


1649 B.C., was a natural consequence of this war. 1856  To this day in India, in the Chola-Nagpur

Forest, dwells a little-known tribe called the Assurs or Asura.1857  They appear to be a blend of both

Mongoloid and Australoid.1858 They are also "hereditary iron-workers”1859 probably acquiring this skill from their Assyrian task-masters whom they appear to have been associated with for some time,1860 and may be a part of the black peoples which the master-race minded Assyrians once expelled to India.1861

The Assyrians, much like the Nazis of World War Two, had a proclivity towards separating and relocation of nations and races.  For example, King Taharka, a black leader of Egypt, was driven

from the throne by the Assyrians.1862

After centuries of barbarity and sheer misery, the peoples of the Near East, with the help of the Scythians, ganged up on Assyria and defeated her, destroying the capital city, Nineveh, in 612 B.C. (Nahum 2:7). Historians claim that they turned the whole area of Assyria into "an empty land," 1863 sending the inhabitants packing, with the Assyrians disappearing from view.1864 This is a point of view that most historians agree with: Assyria was vacated and the region turned into farmland following its conquest and the Greeks of the period, for example, do not record them as having continued their existence or to be an economic power in any sense. Historian von Soden, for example, explains:

"The end of the Neo-Assyrian Empire led to the destruction of most of the Assyrian cities and to immense losses in human life, and was coupled with the dissolution of all earlier forms of order as well".1865

Oppenheim states that the entire Mesopotamian civilization disappeared.1866 What happened to the Assyrians was sweet revenge for the nations that suffered under their heel for so long. So, what then

became of the Assyrians?1867 Centuries later, what little physical constructions may have remained were destroyed by Hulagu, a grandson of Ghengis Khan, who conquered Baghdad in 1258 A.D. He totally devastated what remained of the ancient lands of Assyria and Babylonia, including the artifacts, cities and irrigation systems.


1856. Hoeh 1969 (vol 2):219

1857. Hastings 1909 (vol 2):157-8

1858. Coon 1956:197

1859. ibid

1860. Hastings 1909 (vol 2):157-8

1861. Hoeh 1969 (vol 1):335

1862. Hoskins 1975:12

1863. McEvedy 1967:149

1864. Cottrell 1975: 85

1865. von Soden 1994:81

1867. Oppenheim 1964:206

Note the following observations by a famous Greek historian, Cosmas-Damien Megalommatis, who wrote these words in a letter: "Despite the fact that it is of primordial importance to any Assyriologist to study and know the end of Assyria (still an enigma for many experts), I can assure you that not a single leading Assyriologist attempts nowadays to tackle the matter! This is, of course, a scandal! This shows that young researchers, or even outsiders, can offer much for the time being! The notion of the Elected People. It can be found in Assyria, where it was a key element. The lack of national name of the Assyrians: Assyria, Mat Assuz, was "the land of the God"; Assyrian meant "the man of the God". This helps in understanding the reason of losing the name (along with the language!). The over-populated (compared with the Southern Mesopotamia) Assyria of the first half of the 7th c. BCE [sic] was almost completely depopulated during the reign of Nebukadnezzar, without the Babylonian Chronicle of Assyria's fall mentioning a genocide (we have rather the idea of Babylonians and Medes conquering almost empty cities, where lived only some guards!). It seems that the Migration took place in the last years of Assurbanipal's reign (after 640 BCE). Assyrians and Israelites will be preserved till the End of Time according to the Holy Quran and the Hadith (oral tradition) of Muhammad".


Fairweather writes that mass-movements of hundreds of thousands of people is not out-of-the-ordinary. Such masses are normally attracted to something or are in flight, which should not be surprising to us even in this century: note the millions deported by Stalin, the millions on the move in central Europe at the end of World War Two, or the enormous population swaps between India and Pakistan in the late 1940s. He wrote:

"It was a favourite principle of Eastern despotism to remove large numbers of people from their native settlements to some region within the domains of the conquering power….1868

For example, when the Hyksos were expelled from Egypt, at least 200,040 households with their possessions left Egypt and travelled over the desert to Syria!1869 That could have numbered a million people. An even greater figure may be calculated for the Exodus.

What evidence can we thus find for the migrations of the Assyrians? Where is their modern location today?

In the twentieth century, another leadership practiced similar barbarity:

"... Heinrich Himmler ... declared that 'whether nations live in prosperity or starve to death interests me only insofar as we need them for slaves for our Kultur ... By the end of 1941 almost four million foreigners worked in Germany, most of them Poles... [they rounded up people] in town squares, churches, cinemas, or other places where people congregated in great numbers and ship[ped them] ... back to Germany in freight cars ... As to workers from eastern Europe, the German conquerors treated them essentially like slaves... (p. 488) The rest were either incarcerated in concentration camps, sent to the Reich as slave laborers, or simply allowed to starve to death. Of at least five and half million Soviet prisoners of war, half died ... Most of these grandiose plans [of slavery] reflect the Assyrian nature of German policy toward conquered peoples."1870 [emphasis mine]

The above is quoted from Klaus P. Fischer's work, Nazi Germany: A New History.

The Missing Link!

Let us now trace the remarkable migrations of the Assyrian hordes. Of racial migrations and their causes, Haddon notes:

"It is probable that a migration induced by an attraction is rare as compared with that produced by an expulsion, for as a rule people are loath to leave their fatherland, and it usually requires the double set of circumstances to uproot them."1871

He further states that the

evidences for migrations are to be sought mainly in the physical characters of peoples, their artifacts, customs, folk-tales and language.1872


1868. Fairweather 1894:11

1869. Wilson 1985:7

1870. Fischer 1997: 486, 487, 488,498

1871. Haddon 1912:2

1872. ibid:8


With these principles in mind let us consider what became of those fearsome Assyrians who considered themselves to be the Elect, yet were forced to leave their fatherland - the Assyrian Reich.

Historians understand that the Scythians poured over the Caucasus, united with the Medes, and destroyed both the Vannic kingdom and the cruel Assyrian Empire.1873 Thus after 612 B.C. the Assyrians began to disappear from view. Perhaps many of the Assyrians were taken into captivity by the Scythians - which were a collection of many tribes, including Mongoloids. Regardless, they evidently were forced to seek a life elsewhere. With the Assyrians were the Elamites in the Sarmatian hordes.1874 The Sarmatians were also known as Surmatai or Syrmatai.1875 Matai would have included Madai, the Medes and; and Syr the Assyrians for Asshur may be rendered Assyr,1876 and we know that Syria is named after Assyria. Of the Sarmatians and Scythian conglomerations, historian Filmer writes:

"As the Sarmatian tribes moved into 'Scythia' in South Russia, there was a tendency to confuse them with Scythians, but the Romans introduced the name 'German' for the genuine Scythian (germanus being Latin for genuine) and, except in outlying parts, the name Scythian was dropped in favour of Germans and Sarmatians.”1877

In other words, one nation within the collection of nations called Scythians became known as Germans. Let us now observe some of the incredible similarities between the Assyrians and the Scythians.   First of all,  it has been long recognized that the Scythians "developed a strictly military organization." 1878 How similar to Assyria! Rostovtzeff explains that the Scythians adopted

various Assyrian art forms, especially vases.1879 He labels their art style as "Scytho-Assyrian”.1880 He states that the Scythian military standards and sceptres were almost identical to those of the Assyrians1881 as were their costumes, funeral outfits and armour for "their Neo-Assyrian and Ponto-Cappadocian style can be recognized at a glance" and the inlay of their artforms "was invented somewhere in Babylonia or Assyria.”1882 

Further, the Scythians wielded Assyrian axes1883  and horse trappings.1884 Of the Scythian sword he notes:

"The only parallels, as far as I know, are the swords of the second Assyrian empire ... and some Chinese swords."1885

Of course, for the Scythians in the west were composed of nations such as the Assyrians, while those in the east of Mongoloids. He terms the animal-style of the various tribes of southern Russia as "Assyro-Persian". 1886


1873. Langer 1968:51

1874. Pliny, Natural History, Bk IV, XIII.80

1875. Sulimirski 1970:24

1876. Perry 1923:217

8177. Filmer ca 1970:14

1878. Rostovtzeff 1922:43

1879. ibid:50

1880. ibid:51

1881. ibid:56

1882. ibid:57

1883. ibid:58

1884. ibid:129-30

1885. ibid: 129

1886. ibid:193


"... thereby connected with the late Assyrian animal style. It bears marks of Assyrian influence ... Objects in the form of beasts' heads are common in Scythia ... [like] the Assyro-Babylonian repertory.’1887

Another researcher writes:

"In 1947 evidence was discovered at Zinige, about seventy miles south of Lake Urmia, of the close relationship between the Assyrians and Scythians. A royal treasure dating to the end of the seventh century B.C. was unearthed. Among the items uncovered, some were of Assyrian origin, some Scythian and others a mixture of the two cultures.  It is believed that at least some of the treasure consisted of wedding presents given on the occasion of the wedding between a Scythian king and an Assyrian princess.”1888

Rice reveals that the figurines of the Scythian gods were similar to those of Elam, Babylonia and Mesopotamia.1889 Their  horses'   headdresses   were  "somewhat   similar" to that of the Assyrians1890 as was their knotting of their horses' tails, their raised forelocks and clipped manes, arched necks, saddle-clothes and the wide breast bands. All of these "are Assyrian features.”1891 Amongst their amulets were Assyrian cylindrical seals, 1892 art forms  like that of Assyria1893 while many of the   swords  were Persian in shape and decorated with Assyrian elements.1894 Sulimirksi's observations are in agreement with Rice and Rostovtzeff. He notes that the Scythian decorations Assyrians as was their jewelry. armored cavalry was identical with that of ancient Assyria.1895 The Scytho-Sarmatians abundantly used the horse trappings of the Assyrians with  their embossed geometrical  and animal style decorations1896 and   the upper-garments of their troops were almost identical to that of the assyrians1897 as was their jewelry 1898.  I thought it important to summarize the findings of Rostovtzeff, Rice and Sulimirski. Could the vast similarities between the Scythians (after their return to the Russian steppes following their conquest of the Assyrians) and the Assyrians be mere coincidence? Of course not, for the Assyrian nation was to be found among the Sythians.

Their military prowess and superiority would have led them to eventually take over leadership of the Scythian conglomerate. An observation of some of the Scythian tribal names should be able to throw even further light on the Assyrian hordes in the Russian steppes. We have seen reference to the Syrmatae in southern Russia by Pliny.1899 Those Syrmatae at one time dwelt along the Don which was known as the Syr Darya.1900       A related tribe was the Essedones 1901


1887. ibid: 197,200

1888. Fletcher 1984:17-8

1889. Rice 1958:85

1890. ibid: 119-20

1891. ibid:141

1892. ibid:143

1893. ibid:151,167

1894. ibid: 159

1895. Sulimirski 1970:31

1896. ibid: 140

1897. ibid:69

1898. ibid: 23

1899. Pliny Bk VI. XVIII. 48

1900. Ibid: XVIII. 49

1901. ibid: XIX. 51.. One major tribe was known as the Royal Scythians which were found north of the Crimea. Herodotus wrote that the Royal Scythians were "the largest and bravest of the Scythian tribes, which looks upon all the other tribes in the light of slaves." Some historians even trace the Royal Scythians from the southern shores of the Caspian Sea to the Ukraine. Whether they were Assyrians or Israelites is not yet known.


Other tribes included the Sardi, Siraei, 1902 Issedonians, a cruel people,1903 the Assi,1904 also spelled

Asi or Iasi and who may be derived from the barbaric Issedonians1905. Pliny refers to the "Thussegetse and Tyrcae" inhabiting an area along the Don River.1906 He classifies them, along with other tribes such as the Issi, as Scythians.1907 In his Histories1908 Herodotus claims that the Gelones, Agathysians and Scythians were related. The Thyssagetae were in southern Russia1909 and related to them were the Ircae, east of the Urals, who were also Scythians.1910 Another name for them was Agathysi 1911 who were definitely Scythians.1912

Pliny states that a large island in the Dniester was occupied by the Tyragetae 1913 and that between the Dnieper and Sea of Azov dwelt "the Geloni, Thyssagetae, Budini, Basilidae and Agathyrsi, the last a dark-haired people.”1914 The Agathysi claimed descent from Agathyrsus (or Agathirsus), whose brothers were Gelonus and Scythes,1915 Tuscus, Guths and Peucinger. In the German King Lists Gampar is their father and the sixth generation from Tuitsch who is Shem.1916 This mysterious King List will be further elaborated upon later. The Agathyrsians, Gelonians and Scythians also claimed descent from the god Herakles, according to Scythian tradition.1917 Once again, allow the German King Lists to explain: Herakles or Hercules was originally known as Alman (or Allmann or Airman), the 10th generation from Tuitsch and great-great grandson of Gampar.

Is it any wonder then that Subarian tradition maintains that the Agathyrsians originated in Assur? 1918 Note the names Thussegetae, Tyrcae, Thyssagetae and Aga-thyrsi - prominent names among the Scythian tribes. What do Tyr or Thyr mean? We have seen that Syr or Assyr is another rendition of Assur!  1919 These particular Scythian tribes clearly indicate their Assyrian heritage.

Tyr, Thus, Thyr and Thys were various renditions of Thor, god of war and thunder. He was famous for his hammer, the Swastika. I have before me a copy of David Wilson's (ed.) work, The Northern World. On Page 21 a reprint of a portrait of this god may be found, with the swastika prominently portrayed on his belt. His name is Thuner in Old Low German, Donor in Old High German, and his name may be found in "Thursday" in English, "Donnerstag" in German, "Donderdag" in Dutch and "Torsdag" in both Swedish and Danish.1920


1902. ibid: Bk IV. XII. 83

1903. Herodotus Bk IV. 26

1904. Strabo 11.8.2

1905. Sulimirski 1970:66

1906. Pliny Bk VI. VI. 19,21

1907. ibid: VI. VII. 22

1908. Herodotus Bk. IV. 10

1909. Sulimirski 1970:23

1910. ibid:62

1911. Encyclopaedia Brittannica Mic. art. "Argathyrsi", Vol 1,15th editon

1912. Lempriere 1788:28

1913. Pliny IV. XII. 82

1914. ibid: XII. 88

1915. Aveiy 1972:47

1916. Hoeh 1969 (vol 2): 19-21. Although other sources say that it means God - ie they claim descent from God. So, according to this variation, they claim to be sons of God or people of the Covenant - the replacement people for Israel and therefor the new Zion.

1917. Rostovtzeff 1922:107

1918. Pilkey 1981:204

1919. Perry 1923:217

1920. Wilson 1980:34


We saw at the outset that the Persians called Assyria "Athursa”1921       and that after its fall, the land was still known as Athura. No doubt then that these tribes originated in Assyria. Pliny refers to other Scythian tribes:

"At the river Carcinites begins the Crimea ... The population includes 30 tribes ... the Orgocyni, Characeni, Assyrani. Stactari, Acisalitae and Caliordi, and the Scythotauri ... and... Satauci Scythians."1922

Note:   one of the Scythian tribes was called the Assyrani.  YES - THE ASSYRIANS!   Could anything be more blatant?

Pliny also refers to the Bastiennae German tribe as living north of the  Danube as part of the Scythian hordes.1923 Lempriere's famous Classical Dictionary states:"Bastarnae or Bastemae, apeople of European Sarmatia;”1924 "Peucmi,  a nation of Germany, called also Bastemae.”1925 Here we have direct linkage between the Scythians and the Germans.   John Baker in his absorbing work Race, portrays a photograph of a bust of a warrior of the infamous Bastarnae Scythian tribes which Baker also labels "Germanen" which originally occupied the area between the Black Sea and Carpathian Mountains1926 His hair-style appears similar to that of the ancient Assyrians.1927

The western nations within the Scythian hordes  certainly spread into Central Europe where all scholars claim "they completely disappeared from history.”1928 What became of them? Where are the Scythian-Assyrian peoples today? What are their modem identities? Allow Pliny to give us a clue:

"The name Scythians has spread in every direction, as far as the Sarmatae and the Germans.”1929

Chamber's Encyclopedia throws further light on the subject:

"Herodotus assigned to them [the Scythians] the country between the Don and Dniester, but their tombs show that they once held the region on the Kuban River east of the Sea of Azov, and that they penetrated far to the west. A Scythian burial was found ... just outside of Berlin.”1930

Rostovtzeff in his excellent work, Iranians and Greeks in South Russia, previously referred to, states that the Scythian costumes were very similar to those of the Germans,1931 the decoration of their tombs:

"All these shapes belong to the Oriental repertory:   exactly similar plaques have been found in Assyria."


1921. Hannay 1916:52

1922. Pliny Bk IV. XIII. 85

1923. ibid: IV. XII. 81

1924. Lempriere 1788: 103

1925. ibid: 469

1926. Baker 1974: 215, 218

1927. Olmstead 1951:15

1928. McGovern 1939:61

1929. Pliny Bk IV. XII. 81

1930. Chamber's Encyclopeadia, vol 12, art "Scythians"

1931. Rostovtzeff 1922: 130

1932. ibid


None of this was due to trade or "cultural drift" alone. They were due to the migration of the Assyrians into the southern Russian steppes and thence into Central Europe. We know too that the Scythians reached into Germany, especially Bavaria1933 and that their soothsayers had practices much like that of the Germans of the Middle Ages.1934 The Scythian art-forms are to be found prominently in Austria and in the Rhineland1935 for the "Scytho-Sarmatian influence was particularly marked in Central Europe", claims researcher T. T. Rice.1936 Why so marked in Central Europe? For that is where they settled! Central Europe? - Southern Germany, Austria, much of Switzerland and northeastern France! Here may be found the modern descendants of Assur!

In terms of ethnic identity or physical anthropology, the western Scythians were white, not yellow-brown as were those in the east.1937 The racial type of some of the component nations included abrachycephalic head-form and features which are identical to those of the peoples of Central Europe declared the most eminent anthropologist of his day, Carlton Coon.1938 The description that Herodotus gives of them, as well as skeletal remains, clearly reveal them to be neither fair Nordics nor olive, curly haired Mediterranoids, but Central Europeans.1939 Many even had reddish hair and blue eyes1940 while others were blond.1941

McGovern concurs, his massive researches revealing that the west European Alpines inhabited central Asia originally where the Scythians and Sarmatians arose, adding that they were ethnically related1942 , although often in bitter conflict.

Martin Gemol in his work Israelites und Hykson wrote:

"Germany is likened to Gomer in the Midrash ... Medieval Arab authors [however] say that the Assyrians are from the same source as the Germans ... Barhebraeus wrote that 'The Germanikah are a people in Mosel (Nineveh) who came from Persia' ... Arab tradition have the Germanikah as Assyrians".1943 [emphasis mine]

The Celtic Enigma

Most of the peoples of southern Germany and Central Europe are labelled "Celtic" or "Keltic" by historians. Why is this so? "Surely," one would say, "only the Cornish, Welsh, Scots and Irish are Celts." As we shall see, these are indeed the true, original Celts, racially speaking. However the peoples of Central Europe were also known as Celts. Because the Central Europeans dwelt in the same basic territory where the British Celts once settled, they too became known as Celts, and are comprised of two totally separate sub-racial stocks. As a result, confesses Professor Carleton Coon, confusion has arisen in the minds of researchers. 1944 Researcher Raymond McNair concurs:


1933. Kinder 1977:31

1934. Rice 1958: 85

1935. ibid: 188

1936. Ibis

1937. Coon 1948: 198, 562

1938. ibid

1939. World's Last Mysteries, 1977:230

1940. Rice 1958: 8

1941. ibid: 77

1942. McGovern 1939: 42

1943. Gemol 1913: 88-90. Many thanks to Yair Davidy for bringing this to my attention.

1944. Coon 1948:186


"There is every reason to believe that the original Celts ... were primarily of "Nordic"

racial type ... This name "Celt" has certainly been applied in later times to some Alpine

,,1945 types.

Those “Alpine Kelts” or Gauls were so impressed by the Nordic Kelts that they liked to relate themselves to these  Nordics  by dyeing  their  hair to make it look like  that  of the Nordic Kelts1946


It was the Romans who confused the matter by calling both types Galli" or Kelts. The ;an Alpines (Celts) were known to historians as Kelto-Skuthai or Kelto-Scythians1947 Taylor, for example, speaks of the central Europeans as "Celto-Slavic."1948 In his remarkable work, Origines Celticae, Dr. Guest wrote:

"It would appear, then, that as early as the third century B.C. there were certain races called Germani who settled north of the Alps and the upper district drained by the Saone….. These Germani were undoubtedly Celts”1949

According to Dr. Guest, the Keltic Kimbri migrated from Pontic Scythia (a region just north of the Black Sea) where the Assyrians were located as we have seen. 1950 The famous A Smaller Classical Dictionary, states:

"The Germans were a branch of the great Indo-Germanic race, who, along with the Celts, migrated into Europe from the Caucasus and the countries around the Black and Caspian Seas."1951

It is not surprising, then, when we learn that many of those Celtic tribes trace their origins back to Armenia.1952 The Celtae were also known as Cimmerians or Cimbri (a tribe of Germany), 1953 Gimirri, Kymry, Keltoi or Kimmerians. Certain of these may have been a western mutation of Gomer as we have seen, for Gimirri may also be derived from Gomer. The place names of Bohemia and Bologna, for instance, preserve the German Celtic tribal name of the Boii.1954 The Helvetti and other south German tribes in the Alpine regions and along the Danube were also recorded as Celts.1955  The Keltic Marcomanni later became known as the Bavarians.1956 One Celtic tribe was known as the Germara according to Dr. Dinan.1957 Could anything be plainer? The southern German tribes are the direct descendants of the "Celto-Slavs." Dr. Wylie actually connects these Celts with the Scythians 1958 A more modern work, The Barbarians, has this to say of the early Greek writers:

"For those writers the northern barbarians were divided into Celts in the north-west and Skyths, Scythians in the north-east."1959


1945. McNair 1963:148.

1946. Baker 1974:257

1947. Guest 1883:43

1948. Taylor 1889:247

1949. Guest 1883:392

1950. ibid:43

1951. Smith 1894:231

1952. McNair 1963:152

1953. Guest 1883:325

1954. Chadwick 1970:40

1955. McNair 1963:154

1956. Beddoe 1912:106

1957. Dinan 1911 (vol 1):81

1958. Wylie 1860:165

1959. Todd 1972:3


As we have seen, the Central European Celts were definitely the western push of the Scythians. However, the Romans confused the issue, labelling the Germans as Gauls (Celts). Even Strabo wrote of this problem:

"The Romans assigned to them the name 'Germani', as though they wished to indicate thereby that they were 'genuine' Galatae, for in the language of the Romans 'germani' means ‘genuine.’1960

In a footnote, the editor writes:

"So also Julius Caesar, Tacitus, Pliny and the ancient writers in general regarded the Germans as Celts (Gauls). Dr. Richard Braungart has recently published a large work in two volumes in which he ably defends his thesis that the Boii, Vindelici, Rhaeti, Norici, Taurisci, and other tribes ... were originally not Celts, but Germans, and, in all probability, the ancestors of all Germans."

In conclusion, one can only state that the descendants of the Germans may be found among the Celts - the western branch of the Scythians.

History and Tradition Attest to German Origins

The famous Ripley, like so many historians, thinks that

"We know nothing of the German tribes until about 100 B.C. Suddenly they loom up in the world; aggressive foes of the Romans.”1961

All historians really do seem to know is that the Germans have an eastern 


"When Tacitus informs us that the first act of a German on rising was ablution, it will be conceded that his habit was not acquired in the cold climate of Germany but must have been of Eastern origin; as were the loose flowing robe, the long and braided hair, tied in a knot at the top of the head."1962 (this seems similar to the Assyrian hairstyle).1963

The name Ghar-men, whence the name German may be derived, is also of central Asiatic origin.1964 This may also be rendered "Gar-men", "Khar-people", "Kari" or "Cari."1965  We had seen in the previous section where Smith in his A Smaller Classical Dictionary   states that the Germans "migrated   into Europe from the Caucasus and the countries around the Black and Caspian Seas.”1966 Scylax, writing in about 550 B.C., noted that "the coast of the Black Sea ... is called Assyria”1967 Diodorus of Sicily, writing in the first century B.C. reveals just why the coasts of the Black Sea were called Assyria:

Many conquered peoples were removed to other homes, and two of these became very great colonies: the one was composed of Assyrians and was removed to the land between Paphlagonia and Pontus…”1968


1960. Strabo 7.1.2

1961. Ripley 1899:229

1962. Pococke 1856:52

1963. see Olmstead 1951:15

1964. Milner 1941:30

1965. Kephart 1960:180

1966. Smith 1894:231

1967. quoted in Perrot & Chipiez, 1890 (vol 2):261

1968. Diodorus Bk II, 5:43


Paphlagonia and Pontus were provinces in Northern Asia Minor bordering on the Black Sea. Centuries later, when the Celto-Scythian-Hun hordes were invading Europe, Jerome wrote this of them:

"Savage tribes in countless numbers have over-run all parts of Gaul. The whole country between the Rhine and the ocean, has been laid waste by hordes of Quadi, Vandals, Sarmatians, Alans, Gepids, Herules, Saxons, Burgundians, Allemanni and - Alas! for the Commonweal! - even Pannonians. For 'Assur also is joined with them'. The once noble city of Moguntiacum has been captured and destroyed."1969

In the following section he calls them "the barbarians." But, what is so interesting is that he likens these tribes sweeping in from Panonia to the Assyrians! The likeness was too close to ignore. However, unbeknown to Jerome, the Assyrians had colonies in Europe just a few centuries after the flood soon after the tower of Babel incident. They and others are called, collectively, the "Battle-Axe" or "Corded People" in archaeology and history works. They came up from southern Russia, finally settling in southern and central Germany (c2000-1900 B.C.) after the fall of the Akkadian Empire. They are found on both sides of the Caucasus and Black Sea.1970

In addition, a Franconian, Celtis-Pickel (a translator of Tacitus), stated that the Germans were anciently originally in Scythia (the Russian steppes), by the Black Sea.1971 How did the Germans spread from the Black Sea region into central Europe? One researcher explains that the western Scythians lived in covered wheeled wagons, constructed as houses of wicker-work on chariots.1972 Their clothing included belts, baggy trousers and pointed caps1973 Gamkrelidze and Ivanovexplain that the wheeled wagons

"... spread from the place of their inception in the Near East to the Volga-Ural region, the region north of the Black Sea, the Balkans, and central Europe."

By the time the Assyrians reached Central Europe,   their language had 

drastically changed. However, the peoples of southern Germany and Switzerland still have traces of ancient Asiatic-

Etruscan (Near Eastern) in their tongue. 1975 As the Assyrians settled in beautiful Germany, their reputation as warriors spread. Lempriere clearly illustrates this point:

"Germania, an extensive country of Europe, at the east of Gaul. Its inhabitants were warlike, fierce, and uncivilized, and proved watchful and indefatigable opposers of the power of Rome. Caesar first entered their country, but he rather checked their fury than conquered them. The ancient Germans were very superstitious, and, in many respects, their religion was the same as that of their neighbours the Gauls; whence some have concluded that these two nations were of the same origin ... they built no temples to their gods, but paid great attention to the heroes and warriors which their country had produced.”1976 [emphasis mine]


1969. Jerome Letter 123, Section 16, Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers

1970. Coon 1948:128, 136

1971. Poliakov 1974:82

1972. Smith 1910:475

1973. McNair 1963:297

1974. Gamkredlidze & Ivanov 1985:13

1975. Hertz 1928:114

1976. Lempriere 1788:282


One of their goddesses, the Queen of Heaven, was Ostern, Ostara or Eastre. In ancient Assyria they called the Queen of Heaven Ishtar. Yes, the names of some of their gods and goddesses were carried with them into Central Europe. Note my previous discussion on Thor.

We have also seen how the name Ashur has many forms such as Asura or Ashira.1977 The Indian form and title of the national god of Assyria was Saha, meaning "the mighty", "overcoming" or "victorious" in the Sanskrit. The Gothic Cognate (i.e. a word having the same source or origin) is "sig" or "sigis"; the German is "sieg" which also  means "victory"  and was  written  by the mysterious Axe sign.1978 This is the origin of the warlike "sieg und heil" ("victory and salvation") salute used for centuries by the Germans before the Nazis.

A further deity of Germany was Thuisto, 1979  Tuisto or Tuisco from whom they claimed descent. 1980 Who was this god?   In 1605 a publication appeared in England with the title of Restitution of Decayed Intelligence in Antiquities. It had this to say of the origin of the name Deutsche:

"Tuysco, the most ancient and peculiar god of all the Germans... of this Tuisco, the first and chiefest man of many among the Germans, and after whom they do call themselves Tuytshen, that is dutsches and duytsch people, I have already spoken."1981

We see then, that Deutsch and Deutschland is directly derived from Tuisto or Tuitsch.  One of the Assyrian kings was named Teutamus1982 but whether there is any connection to the name Tuitsch, is not known (see the chart on the Kings of Nineveh). Remember the reference to the Assyrians by the Indians in the previous chapter? They called them Daityas (that is Deutsche). In the ancient speech of the Aryan peoples of north-western India, the term Djapatischta meant "chief of the race" and may be a corruption of Deutsche. It does not appear to be a derivation of Japheth.

As to who this Deutsch or Tuitsch was, we must turn to the German King list as revealed in the Bavarian Chronicle. The list extends to some thirty-nine kings.1983 The first twelve will suffice for the purpose of this study which may be viewed at the end of this chapter.

In this list we find that Tuitsch could be interpreted as either Shem or Assur! According to some the name Teutes or Deutsch means holiness or God1984 - perhaps they claimed that they were the sons of God. The southern Germans claim them as their forefathers, not Gomer. German history also relates how their oldest city, Trier, was founded by a son of Ninus (it lies just four miles east of Luxemburg). Bihl in his In Deutschen Landen explains this:

"The inhabitants of Trier maintain that their city is the oldest in all Europe. Trier was founded by Trebeta, a son of the famous Assyrian king Ninus. In fact, one finds ... in Trier the inscription reading 'Trier existed for 1300 years before Rome was built.' "1985


1977. Waddell 1929:417

1978. ibid:418

1979. Lempriere 1788:629

1980. Poliakov 1974:81-2

1981. Verstegan 1605

1982. Lempriere 1788:616

1983. Hoeh(vol2):19-22d

1984. Wilson 1881:54

1985. Bihl 1953:69


A very old painting depicting the legend of Trebeta and Ninus and which tells the story of an ancient migration of Assyrians to Germany was kept in the conference room of the Burgermeister (mayor) of Trier. The following is from the Museum text:

"Trier is such an old city that it was begun to be built in the neighbourhood of Germany 2098 years before Christ in Abraham's time by Trebeta, the brother [or son?] of King Ninus. Trebeta had 

been driven out of Assyria by Queen Semiramis. After the great Ninus' death, Semiramis became suspicious and hostile toward Trebeta. He then left the kingdom with a great multitude of Assyrians and came to the area of Belgia Galica, not far from the Rhine, a very fertile region. There Trebeta laid the foundations of this city and called it Treverum [Trier] after himself." 

This is what is found actually written on the picture itself in 1559:

"Semiramis, a queen of the Assyrian Kingdom, the wife of Ninus. All the countries and the great number of subjects she had were not enough for her. The world was simply too small for her. In addition, as the writings tell us, her stepson Trebeta was chased out of the kingdom. He left his father's land and built Trier."

A final Bavarian tradition should be stated here. One of their oldest traditions categorically claims that they came into Central Europe from the Armenian region, by the Black Sea. This is where the Scythians retreated after conquering Assyria, perhaps taking many Assyrians with them. The Black Sea region is where the Assyrani are mentioned by Pliny and the coasts of which was named Assyria, according to Scylax. There we have the ultimate proofs of whom the modern Assyrians are the peoples of southern Germany and other parts of Central Europe.1987


1986. Poliakov 1974:76

1987. A small Turkic element may also reside in southern Germany.



Archer, C. (1986) 

The Assyrian Empire. Shakespeare Head Press, Sydney.

Garner, G.G. (1981)

Royal Cities of Assyria. The Australian Institute of Archaeology,


Jochelson, W. (1928) 

Peoples of Asiatic Russia. American Museum of Natural History.

Lloyd, S. (1984) 

The Archaeology of Mesopotamia. Thames & Hudson, London.

Rice, T.T. (1958) 

The Scythians. Thames & Hudson, London.

Rostovtzeff, M. (1922) 

Iranians And Greeks in South Russia. Russell & Russell, New York.

Roux, G. (1964) 

Ancient Iraq. Penguin, Harmondsworth.

Saggs, H.W.F. (1984) 

The Mighty that was Assyria. Sidgwick and Jackson, London.

Hallo, W.W. & (1971)

The Ancient Near East. A History. Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, Simpson, W.K.

Publishers, San Diego

Sulimirski, T. (1920) 

The Sarmatians. Thames & Hudson, London.

Todd, M. (1972)

The Barbarians. B.T. Batsford Ltd., Londo




Date B.C.

Assur-nadin-ahhe II


Eriba-Adad I


Middle Assyrian Period:

Assur-uballit I




Adad-nirari I


Shalmaneser I


Tukulti-Ninurta I




Assur-nirari III






Assur-dan I


Assur-res-isi I


Tiglath-Pileser I






Eriba-Adad II


Samsi-Adad IV


Assurnasirpal I


Shalmaneser II


Assur-nirari IV


Neo-Assyrian Period:

Assur-rabi II


Assur-res-isi II


Tiglath-Pileser II


Assur-dan II


Adad-nirari II


Tukulti-Ninurta II


Assurnasirpal II


Shalmaneser III


Samsi-Adad V


Adad-nirari III


Shalmaneser IV


Assur-dan III


Assur-nirari V


Tiglath-Pileser III


Shalmaneser V


Sargon II














Assur-uballit II