APPENDIX 5


A.D.   I99 


TERTULLIAN   ‘ADVERSUS  JUDAEOS’   (PATROLOGIA  LATINA, vol. II, p. 610)


"In quern enim alium universae gentes crediderunt nisi in JL Christum qui jam venit? Cui enim et aliae gentes crediderunt "Parthi, Medi, Elamitae et qui habitant Mesopotamiam, Armeniam, Phrygiam, Cappadociam, et incolentes Pontum, et Asiam et Pam-phyliam, immorantes Aegyptum et regionem Africae quae est trans Cyrenem habitantes, Romanae et incolae: tunc et in Hierusalem Judaei (Act ii, 9, 10) et ceterae gentes: ut jam Getulorum varietates et Maurorum multi fines, Hispaniarum omnes termini, et Galliarum diversae nationes, et Britanorum inaccessa loca Romanis, Christo vero subdita et Sarmatarum et Dacorum et Germanorum et Scytharum et additarum multarum gentium et provinciarum et insularum multarum nobis ignotarum et quae enumerare minus prosumus? In quibus omnibus locis Christ! nomen qui jam venit, regnat."


TERTULLIAN,  A.D.   I99 - 1


"For in whom else have all peoples believed except in Christ who has already come?'

In whom have the diverse nations believed - Parthians, Medes, Elamites, and the dwellers in Mesopotamia, Armenia, Phrygia, Cappadocia, the inhabitants of Pontus, Asia, and Pamphylia, the dwellers in Egypt and the regions of Africa that is beyond Cyrene, both Romans and inhabitants and the Jews which are in Jerusalem, and now other nations also, such as the various peoples of the Getulae, many territories of the Moors, all the corners of the Spaniards, the diverse nations of the Gauls, and the places of the Britons which are inaccessible to the Romans, but all subdued to (the worship of) the true Christ? So, too, the people of the Sarmatians, and Dacians, and Germans, and Scythians, and many additional nations and provinces and islands unknown to us, and which we are scarcely able to enumerate? In all of which places the name of Christ (who now has come) reigns" (Personal Trans.).

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1 Life of Tertullian, Patrologia Latina, vol. i.

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FROM   TERTULLION,   c.   A.D.   200


"To the rulers of the Roman Empire":


"We are but of yesterday and we have filled every place among you - cities, islands, fortresses, towns, market-places, the very camp, tribes, companions, palace, senate, forum - we have left nothing to you but the temples of your gods. For what wars should we not be fit, not eager, even with unequal forces, we who so willingly yield ourselves to the sword, if in our religion it were not counted better to be slain than to slay? Without arms even, and raising no insurrectionary banner, but simply in enmity to you, we could carry on the contest with you by an ill-willed severance alone. For if such multitudes of men were to break away from you and betake themselves to some remote corner of the world, why, the very loss of so many citizens, whatever sort they were, would cover the Empire with shame; nay, in the very forsaking, Vengeance would be inflicted.

Why, you would be horror-struck at the solitude in which you would find yourself, at such an all-prevailing silence, and that stupor as of a dead world. You would have to seek subjects to govern. You would have more enemies than citizens remaining. For now it is the immense number of Christians which makes your enemies so few, almost all the inhabitants of your various cities being followers of Christ" ('Apologeticus' of Tertullian, cap. 37).

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HERE  WE  CLEARLY  SEE  IT  WAS  RECORDED  JUST  HOW  FAR  THE  GOSPEL  HAD  REACHED  THROUGH  THE  ROMAN  EMPIRE  BY  200  A.D.  ALL  THE  WAY  TO  THE  BRITISH  ISLES, TO  THE  WEST.  WE  KNOW  SOUTH  INDIA  WAS  COVERED  WITH  THE  GOSPEL;  CERTAINLY  THE  NORTHERN  PART  OF  THE  AFRICAN  CONTINENT  HAD  BEEN  EXPOSED  TO  THE  CHRISTIAN  GOSPEL.


Keith Hunt