From the book
"God's Plan for Man"
FORWARD BY KEITH HUNT
Finis Dake was a good Bible scholar to a point. He was somewhat
"radical" at times, with ideas and statements he made and gave no
Bible Scriptures to back himself up. Yes, somewhat radical for he
profusely gave Scriptures to back most of his teachings. As he
was a fundamental Protestant teacher, I would strongly disagree
with him on certain subject he taught and wrote about. I do agree
about 99% with what Dake has written on the subject of Angels. So
I here produce 99% of his study on this specific subject.
The Bible is the only Book in the world that gives an insight
into the heavenly and infernal worlds. There are hundreds of
Scriptures revealing to man all that he needs to know, and we may
say, all that he wants to know of the unseen worlds. We mean by
the spirit-world all the various spirit beings that inhabit the
unseen material worlds about us. There are many kinds of spirit
beings revealed in Scripture..... The Scriptures are full of the
supernatural. There is but a step from the natural world to the
spiritual world. The following are some of the spirit beings in
1. ANGELIC BEINGS CALLED SEREPHIM
These are mentioned only two times in Scripture, but their
description proves that they are angelic creatures and heavenly
"I saw also the Lord sitting upon a throne, high and lifted up,
and his train filled the temple. Above it stood the seraphims:
each had six wings: with twain he covered his face, and with
twain he covered his feet, and with twain he did fly. And one
cried unto another, and said, Holy, holy, holy, is the Lord of
hosts: the whole earth is full of his glory. And the posts of the
door moved at the voice of him that cried, and the house was
filled with smoke .... Then flew one of the seraphims unto me,
having a live coal in his hand, which he had taken with the tongs
from off the altar. And he laid it upon my mouth, and said, Lo,
this hath touched thy lips; and thine iniquity is taken away and
thy sin purged" (Isa. 6:1-7).
II. ANGELIC BEINGS CALLED CHERUBIM
These are mentioned in several passages, which are too lengthy to
quote; so we will give a brief description of them. Ezekiel saw
them as the heavens were opened, and he saw visions of God and of
cherubims. The cherubims look like men except that each one has
four faces and four wings and feet like a calf. Two of their
wings join tip to tip, and the other two cover their bodies.
Their faces are like those of a man, a lion, an ox, and an eagle.
Their general appearance is like fire and lightning. They move
with the speed of lightning. They are connected to wheels which
look like a wheel within a wheel. The wheels are very high and
look like a beryl and have many eyes in them. They have a
firmament over their heads colored like a crystal. Above this
firmament there is a throne on which God sits and He has the
appearance of a man. Fire and lightnings and glory are all about
the throne and a rainbow is round about the throne (Ezek. 1:5-28;
8:1-4; 10:1-22). Cherubims drove man from Eden and guarded the
tree of life (Gen. 3:24).
111. ANGELIC BEING CALLED ZOA OR LIVING CREATURES
These are beings similar to the cherubims, except that they have
only one head each and are full of eyes before and behind. They
are like the seraphims in that they have six wings. One has a
face like a lion, one like a calf, one like a man, and one like a
flying eagle. They cry, "Holy, holy, holy" to God day and night
(Rev. 4:6-9). The word translated beast in this passage is 'zoa,'
meaning living creature. The zoa are pictured in Rev. 4:6-5:14 as
having harps and singing and worshipping God. They are seen also
in other scenes of the book of Revelation saying and doing things
such as man does (6:1-8; 7:11; 14:3,9-11; 15:7; 19:4).
IV. SPIRIT HORSES AND CHARIOT DRIVERS
Paul taught that there were many things in the invisible world
like the things we have in the visible world: "For the invisible
things of him from the creation of the world are CLEARLY SEEN,
being understood by THE THINGS THAT ARE MADE" (Rom. 1:20). He
further taught that in his trip into the third Heaven he "heard
unspeakable words, which is not lawful for a man to utter"
(2 Cor. 12:1-4). In other words, men would have thought he was
raving mad if he had told them all that he had seen and heard in
Heaven. It vas not best for him to tell all that he knew for fear
it would cause men to reject his message of the gospel.
Men have such a vague conception of Heaven and spiritual things
that it is hard for them to grasp the realities of the spirit
world. All we know about it is what the Bible reveals; and, if we
take Paul literally in Rom. 1:20, we could very easily believe
that there are many kinds of heavenly creatures such as we have
on the Earth. He did not limit the number of how many invisible
things are made clear by the created things in the Earth; so to
be wise let us not limit them.
We do know that there are horses in Heaven; as proved in the
following Scriptures: "There appeared a chariot of fire, and
horses of fire, and parted them both asunder; and Elijah went up
by a whirlwind into Heaven. And Elisha saw it, and he cried, My
father, my father, the chariot of Israel, and the horsemen
thereof" (2 Kings 2:11-12). Later when the Syrian army came to
get Elisha, he prayed to God to show his servant who was on his
side. God opened the young man's eyes "and he saw: and, behold,
the mountain was full of horses and chariots of fire round about
Elisha" (2 Kings 6:13-17). Zechariah saw red horses, speckled and
white with riders on them. He also saw chariots drawn by red,
black, white, grisled, and bay horses. They were called "the
spirits of the heavens" doing scout work for God (Zech. 1:8-11;
5:1-8). In Revelation 19:11-21 we see the armies of Heaven on
white horses following Christ, who also rides a white horse,
coming from Heaven to seize the governments of this world and to
If there are horses in Heaven there may be all kinds of animals,
for Heaven is called a "better country," and it is sure to be as
good as the planet Earth (Heb. 11:10-16). We know there are
cities, streets, mansions, rivers, trees, and other things in
Heaven as we shall see in Lesson Forty-two. The more we accept
the many plain Scriptures on the things in the heavenly world,
the more real the next life will become to us now.
V. ANGELIC BEINGS CALLED ARCHANGELS
The word archangel is found two times in Scripture - once in
connection with Christ coming in the air to take out of the world
all the dead and living saints (1 Thess.4:16) and once of Michael
who disputed with the devil over the body of Moses (Jude 9). The
word arch simply means chief, and it suggests that there is a
class of beings higher than ordinary angels. Michael is called in
Dan.10:21; 12:1, "the great prince which standeth for the
children of thy people" (the Jews). He is spoken of in Rev.
12:7-9 as the commander of the angels of God who will fight
against the devil and his angels and will cast them to the Earth.
He is called "one of the chief princes" of God in Dan.10:13. If
he is one of them, there must be more chief princes or
archangels. Gabriel is one according to Dan.8:16-19; 9:20-23;
10:8-11:1; Luke 1:19, 26. Lucifer was one of the chief angels and
was given charge to rule the Earth, as we shall see in the next
lesson. In Col.1:15-18 we read of thrones, dominions,
principalities, and powers in Heaven; so there must be many chief
angels. Some of them rebelled along with the devil and are now
under him as rulers of certain kingdoms of this world (Dan.
VI. ANGEL BEING KNOWN AS COMMON ANGELS
The words angel and angels are used 294 times in Scripture. The
word is from the Hebrew and Greek words meaning messenger. It is
used of the second person of the trinity (of course Finis Dake
being a mainline Protestant believed in the "trinity" Godhead -
see my studies on the "Holy Spirit" to see that the Holy Spirit
is NOT separate "person" from God the Father and Christ - Keith
Hunt) who appeared to men as a man, or as a messenger of God. He
is called the angel of God (Gen.21:17; 31:11; Ex.3:2; Judges
6:20; 13:9; Acts 27:23); the angel of the Lord (Gen.16:7-11;
22:11,15; Ex.14:19; Num.22:22-35; Judges 2:1,4; 6:11-12,21-22;
13:3-6,13-21; 2 Kings 1:3,15; 19:35; 1 Chron.21:12-30;
Ps.34:7; 35:5-6; Isa.37:36; Zech.1:9-19; 3:1-6; 12:8; Acts
7:30-38); His angel (Gen.24:7,40; Ex.23:20; 33:2; Num.20:16;
2 Chron.32:21; Dan.3:28; 6:22); the angel (Gen.48:16; Eccl.5:6;
Hos.12:4); mine angel (Ex.23:23; 32:34); and angel of His
presence (Isa.63:9). It is clear that all these passages refer to
the manifestations of God and not of an ordinary angel: In all
other places where "the angel of the Lord" is found, the term
refers to ordinary angels, as in Matt. 1:20,24; 2:13,19; 28:2-5;
Luke 1:11-38; 2:9-21; Acts 5:19; 7:26; 10:3; 12:7-23.
The word angel is used of Christ in Rev.8:3-5; 10:1-11:3. It is
used of men in Rev.1:1,20; 2:1,8,12,18; 3:1,7,14; 19:9,10;
22:6-8,16. In most all other places it is clear that common
angels who are spirit beings and heavenly creatures are referred
THE NATURE OF ANGELS:
They are intelligent and wise (2 Sam.14:20; 19:27; Matt.24:35);
patient (Num.22:22-35); meek (2 Pet.2:11; Jude 9); joyful (Luke
15:1-10); modest (1 Cor.11:10); holy (Mark 8:38); glorious (Luke
9:26); immortal (Luke 20:36); powerful and mighty (2 Thess.
1:7-10; Rev.18:1); obedient (Ps.103:20; Matt.6:10); heavenly
spirit beings (Ps.104:4; Matt.22:30; 24:36; Heb.1:14); not demons
(Acts 23:8-9); not human (Heb.2:16); limited in knowledge (Mark
13:32); higher than men (Ps.8:5); and are always spoken of as
male beings.... They have wills (Isa.14:1214); spirit bodies with
hands, feet, eyes, voice, head, mouth, hair, face, and other
parts and passions as do men (Judges 13:6; Dan.10:5-21; Rev.
8:1-9:21; 14:6-11; 15:11; 6:21; 2 Thess-1:7-10). They need no
rest (Rev.4:8); eat food (Gen.18:8; 19:3; Ps.78:25); can appear
visible and invisible (Num.22:35; John 20:12; Heb.13:2); can
operate in the physical realm (Gen.18:1-19,24; 22:11; 2 Sam.24; 2
Kings 19:35; Ps.78:49; 91:11; Matt.28:2; Acts 10 and 12); can
travel at inconceivable speed (Rev.8:13; 9:1); can ascend and
descend (Gen.28:12; John 1:51); can speak languages (1 Cor.13:1);
and can act and do all things man can do.
THE WORK OF ANGELS:
They drive spirit horses (2 Kings 2:12; 6:13-17; Zech.1:7-11;
6:1-6); guard gates (Rev.21:12); wage war in actual bodily combat
(Rev.12:7-9; 2 Thess.1:7-10); execute judgments (Gen.19; 2 Sam.
24; 2 Kings 19:35; 2 Chron.32:21; Ps.78:49; Matt.13:41-42; Acts
12:23; Rev.8:1-9:21; 15:1-16:2); minister to saints (1 Kings
19:5-7; Dan.6:22; Matt.4:11; Acts 10; Heb.1:14); rule nations
(Dan.10:13-21; 12:1); help each individual (Matt.18:10); sing,
praise, and worship God (Luke 2:13; Ps.103:20; 148:2; Rev.5:11);
strengthen in trial (Matt.4:11; Luke 22:43); lead sinners to
gospel workers (Acts 10:3); direct preachers (Acts 8:26; 27:23);
appear in dreams (Matt.1:20-24; 2:13-19); minister before God
(Rev.8:2; 14:15-19); bind Satan (Rev.20); guard the abyss (Rev.
9:1; 20:1-3); regather Israel (Matt.24:31); protect saints (Ps.
34:7; 91:11; Acts 12:7-10); separate the good and bad (Matt.
13:39-41); accompany Christ to Earth (Matt.16:27; 25:31; 2 Thess.
1:7-10); witness confessions (Luke 15:8-9); receive departed
spirits (Luke 16:22); give laws (Acts 7:53; Heb. 2:2); guard the
tree of life (Gen.3:24); give revelations (2 Kings 1:15; Dan.
8:19; 9:21-23; 10:10-20); impart God's will (Acts 5:19-20;
10:1-6); bring answers to prayers (Dan.9:21-23; 10:12-13; Acts
10); and do many other things for God and man.
ANGELS ARE CALLED:
watchers (Dan.4:13-23); sons of the mighty (Ps.89: 6); sons of
God (Gen.6:1-4; Job 1:6; 2:1; 38:7); congregation of the mighty
(Ps.82:1); saints (Ps.89:7); hosts (Ps.33:6; 103:21; Luke 2:13);
spirits (Heb.1:14) and the elect (1 Tim.5:21).
GENERAL FACTS ABOUT ANGELS:
They were created by Christ before the Earth (Job 38:4-7; Ps.
148:2-5; Col.1:16). They are not to be worshipped (Col.2:16);
they are organized into principalities and powers with thrones
(Col.1:16; 2:16; Rom.8:38; Eph.6:10-18; 1 Pet.3:22); innumerable
(Luke 2:13; Heb.12:22); to be judged or ruled by saints (1 Cor.
6:3); subject to God (Matt.22:30); interested in earthly affairs
(Luke 9:31; 15:7-10; 1 Tim.5:21; 1 Pet.1:12); and are being
taught wisdom by the church (Eph.3:10; 1 Cor.4:9). They desire to
look into the things of salvation (1 Pet.1:10-12); observe us
(1 Cor.4:9); can cook (1 Kings 19:5-7); wear garments (John
20:12); appear unawares (Heb.13:2); have been tested (1 Tim.
5:21; Job 4:18); dwell in Heaven (Rev.12:12; 13:6); stand before
God (2 Chron.18:18). Christ is better than angels (Heb. 1:5-2:16)
They are made subject to Christ (1 Pet.3:22); sinful and
rebellious (Job 4:18; 2 Pet.2:4; Jude 6-7; Rev.12:7-9); evil (Ps.
78:49); to be punished (Matt.24:41; Isa.24:21-23; 25:7; Jude
6-7); to be cast out of Heaven (Rev.12:7-9); to fight against
Christ at Armageddon (Rev.12:7-9; 19:11-21; 20:1-3; Isa.
24:21-23; 25:7); organized into principalities and powers (Eph.
1:21; 3:10; 6:10-17; Col.3:10,15; Rev.12:7-12). They deceive men
(2 Cor.11:14); oppose saints (Rom.8:38; Eph.6:10-18); originally
fell with Lucifer (Isa.14:12-14; Ezek. 28:11-17; Matt.24:41;
Rev.12:7-12); and Hell is prepared for them (Matt.24:41).
THERE ARE TWO CLASSES OF FALLEN ANGELS:
those bound (Rev.9:11,14; 11:7; 17:8; 2 Pet.2:4; Jude 6-7) and
those that are still loose with Satan and will be cast down to
the Earth....(Rev.12:7-12; Eph.6:10-17).....
APPEARANCES OF ANGELS TO MEN:
to Abraham (Gen.18:2; 22:11-18); Hagar (Gen.16:7); Lot and the
Sodomites (Gen.19); Jacob (Gen.28:12; 31:11-13; 32:1,24-32);
Moses (Ex.3); Israel (Ex.14:19; Judges 2:1-4); Balaam (Num. 22:
22-31); Joshua (5:15); Gideon (Judges 6); Manoah (Judges
13:6-20); David (2 Sam. 24:16-17); Elijah (1 Kings 19:5); Elisha
(2 Kings 6:16-17); Daniel (6:22; 8:16; 9:21; 10:5-21; 12:5-7);
three Hebrew children (Dan.3:25-28); Zechariah 2:3; 3:1-2; 4:1);
Joseph (Matt.1:20; 2:13-19); Mary (Luke 1:26-38); Jesus (Matt.
4:11; Luke 22:43); Zacharias (Luke 1:20-38); shepherds (Luke
2:9-14); women (Matt. 28:2-5); disciples (Acts 1:11); Peter and
John (Acts 5:19); Phillip (Acts 8:26); Cornelius (Acts 10:3,
30-32); Peter (Acts 12:7-11); Paul (Acts 27:23); John (Rev. 5-2;
ANGELS HAVE REAL, TANGIBLE BODIES WITH BODILY PARTS LIKE MEN:
They have appeared to men in real bodies, and men could not tell
them from other men, as seen before. Paul said, "Be not forgetful
to entertain strangers: for hereby some have entertained angels
unawares" (Heb.13:2). This could not be true, neither could
scores of facts in the above-mentioned Scriptures be true if all
the above spirit beings were not real and if they did not have
real bodies. The facts stated above also prove that they have
souls and spirits, for they have feelings, passions, appetites,
and desires which constitute soul; and they have wills,
knowledge, intellect, consciousness, and other faculties which
constitute spirit. Thus all seraphims, cherubims, living
creatures, archangels, angels, and other spirit beings have
bodies, souls and spirits like men. If it can be conceived that
all these spirit beings are real and have personal bodies, souls,
and spirits, then it certainly is conceivable that God the
Father, God the Son, and God the Holy Spirit, as three spirit
beings also have spirit bodies, souls, and spirits.(But is the
Holy Spirit a person? Drake would like many Protestant ministers,
say, yes. You need to study my study on this Website for the
truth of the matter on that issue. See my study called "The Holy
Spirit - Trinity?" - Keith Hunt).
VI1. DEVILS OR UNCLEAN SPIRITS CALLED DEMONS
The subject of demons is very real according to the Bible. The
word demon is not found in Scripture, but it means evil spirit or
devil. The word devil is used of Satan, the prince of demons
(Matt.9:34; 2:24). He is the chief evil spirit and the original
source of evil in the universe. The Greek word for devil used in
connection with Satan is 'diabolos,' meaning adversary, false
accuser, slanderer, devil. It is translated "false accuser" and
"slanderer" and is used of men in 1 Tim.3:11; 2 Tim.3:3; Titus
2:3. It is translated devil once when applied to Judas when he
became an adversary of Christ (John 6:70). In thirty-four other
places it is used of Satan as the chief adversary of God and is
In the other seventy-six places where the words devil and devils
are found, they refer to evil spirits or demons and the word is
derived from two different Greek words - 'diamonion' and
'diamon,' meaning evil spirits or devils. There is only one devil
but there are many demons.....
THE NATURE OF DEMONS:
They are evil (Judges 9:23; 1 Sam.18:9-10); intelligent and wise
(1 Tim.4:1; 1 Kings 22:22-24; Acts 16:16); powerful (Mark
5:1-18)..... not human, for they possess men and can be cast out
(Matt.10:7; Mark 16:17); and are individuals (Mark 16:9); they
have knowledge (Matt.9:29; Luke 4:41; Acts 19:15); faith (Jas.
2:19); feelings (Matt.8:29; Mark 5:7); fellowship (1 Cor.
10:20-21); doctrines (1 Tim.4:1); wills (Matt. 12:43-45);
miraculous powers (Rev.16:13-16); intelligence (1 Tim.4:1; 1 John
4:1-6); emotions (Acts 8:7); desires (Matt. 8:2831); and other
soul and spirit faculties.....
THE WORK OF DEMONS
They possess people and cause: dumbness and deafness (Matt.
9:32-33; Mark 9:25); blindness (Matt.12:22); grievous vexation
(Matt.15:22); lunacy and mania (Matt.4:23-24; 17:14-21; Mark
5:1-18); uncleanness (called unclean spirits twenty-one
times) Luke 4:36); supernatural strength (Mark 5:1-18); suicide
(Matt.17:15; John 10:10); fits (Mark 9:20); lusts (John 8:44;
Eph.2:1-3; 1 John 2:15-17); counterfeit worship (Lev.17:7; Deut.
32:17; 2 Chron.11:15; Ps.106:37; 1 Cor.10:30; Rev.9:20); error
(1 John 4:1-6; 1 Tim.4:1); sicknesses and diseases (Matt.
4:23-24; Acts 10:38); torments (Matt.4:23-24; Matt. 15:22);
deceptions (1 Tim.4:1-2; 1 John 4:1-6); lying (1 Kings 22:21-24);
enchantments and witchcraft (2 Chron.33:6); heresies (1 Tim.4:1);
false doctrines (1 Tim.4:1); wickedness (Luke 11:26); fear
(2 Tim.1:7); worldliness (1 John 2:15-17; 1 Cor.2:12); bondage
(Rom.8:15); discord (Matt.13:39; 1 Kings 22:21-24); violence
(Matt.17:15); betrayals (John 13:2; 1 Kings 22:22-23); oppression
(Acts 10:38); sin (John 8:44; 1 John 3:8); persecution (Rev.
2:10; 1 Pet.5:8); jealousy (1 Sam.16:14; 18:8-10); false prophecy
(1 Sam.18:8-10; 1 Kings 22:21-24); and cause every evil they
possibly can to come to man and God.
teach (1 Tim.4:1); steal (Matt.13:19; Luke 8:12); fight (Eph.
4:27; 6:10-18; 1 Pet.5:8); get mad (Matt.8:28; Rev.12:12); tell
fortunes (Lev. 20:27; Acts 16:16); be friendly (called familiar
spirits sixteen times, Lev. 20:6,27); can go out and come back
into men as they will, unless cast out and rejected (Matt.
12:43-45); travel (1 Kings 22:21-24; Mark 5:7,12); speak (Mark
1:34; 5:12; Acts 8:7); imitate departed dead (2 Sam.28:3-9; 1
Chron.10:13; Isa.8:19; Deut.18:11); and do many things when in
possession of bodies through whom they operate.
THEY ARE CALLED:
devils (Mark 16:17); familiar spirits (Lev. 20:6); unclean
spirits (Mark 1:27); evil spirits (Luke 7:21); seducing spirits
(1 Tim. 4:1); and other things. They are made subject to Christ
and believers by the atonement, the name of Jesus, and the Holy
Spirit (Matt.8:16-17; 12:28; Mark 16:17; Luke 10:17; Acts 19:15).
Thousands of them can enter into and take possession of one man
at the same time (Mark 5:9). They must be discerned, tested,
resisted, and rejected by believers (1 John 4:1-6; 1 Cor.12:10;
Eph.5:27; 6:10-18; 1 Pet. 5:8-9).
They are possessed of more than ordinary intelligence (Matt.
8:29); their rightful place is in the abyss (Luke 8:31; Rev.
9:1-21); they have a personality (Luke 8:26-33);....are Satan's
emissaries (Matt.12:2629); and are numerous (Mark 5:9). They
enter into and control both men and beasts (Mark 5:1-18) and seek
embodiment (Matt.12:43-45; Luke 8:32): Demon possession and demon
influence are different (Matt.4:23-24 with 16:21-23). They know
their fate (Matt.8:31-32) and those who have power over them
(Acts 19:13-17). They fear God (Jas.2:19); inflict physical
maladies (Matt.12:22; 17:1518); war on saints (Eph.6:10-18) and
influence men (1 Tim.4:1-5; 2 Pet. 2:10-12). All unbelievers are
more or less possessed (influenced is a better way to describe it
- Keith Hunt) with them (Eph. 2:1-3). The only resources against
them are prayer, bodily control, and the whole armour of God
.....Traffic with demon spirits is forbidden in both Testaments
(Lev.19:31; 20:6; Deut.18:10; Isa.8:19-21; 1 Chron.10:13-14; Luke
4:41; Acts 16:16; 1 Tim.4:1-5; 2 Pet.2:1-3; 1 John 4:1-6).
V111. OTHER SPIRIT BEINGS IN SCRIPTURE
There are many kinds of demon spirits, fallen angels, and other
spirit beings mentioned in Scripture. It is certain they were not
created wicked. They were originally created perfect and sinless
and became fallen and unclean. Even the prince of demons is
spoken of as being "perfect in thy ways from the day that thou
was created, TILL iniquity was found in thee" (Ezek.28:11-17).
God could not and did not create anything sinful. Everything in
the spirit and human realms that is wicked and rebellious has
become this way because of sin and because of free choice.
The fallen angels, demons, and those mentioned below are all
rebels in connection with the planet Earth. They have sinned with
the original rebellion on Earth under Lucifer, or they would not
be confined in prisons under ("on" - is the truth not "under" -
Keith Hunt) the Earth or be operating on he Earth now against
God..... They perhaps lived on the Earth when Lucifer ruled. At
any rate they are not a part of Adam's creation that was created
in the six days of Gen.1:3-2:25. They are supernatural beings, as
is clear from the description of them. Whether there are many
other kinds of creatures now confined in the Earth is not known..
We have mention of the fact that "every knee should bow, of
things in heaven, and things in the earth, and things under the
earth, and that every tongue should confess that Jesus Christ is
Lord to the glory of God the Father" (Phil.2:9-11).
Eternity will reveal the many kinds of creatures that are...but
it is now revealed that there are some, and that they all have
knees and tongues; so they must be real creatures with spirit
bodies, souls, and spirits. All creatures we have listed thus far
are intelligent creatures....In other words, enough is revealed
in Scripture to give a clear idea of the existence of real
creatures - some sinful and some holy; some rebels confined in
prisons for sin and others still loose; and some rebellious and
some still faithful to God.....
Entered on Keith Hunt's Website August 2003